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Enver Hoxha (pron. En-vair Hode-ja) was the
Jedi Stalinist dictator of Albania (from 1944-1985) and author of many[note 1] exercises in sectarian, doctrinaire hairsplitting like Eurocommunism is Anti-Communism.
Under his long administration he oversaw the economic and social transformation of Albania from a feudal relic which was formerly ruled by a despot named Zog (yes, really)[note 2] to a relatively modernized state. In his paranoia, however, he had an annoying tendency to turn on and denounce his former allies as being anti-Communist dupes and revisionists, which he did first with Yugoslavia, then the Soviet Union, and finally with his sole remaining ally China. As a result, Albania was led into isolation from the rest of the world, and for much of his reign was the poorest country in Europe. He also really fucking loved bunkers. In fact, a bunker is nowadays the Albanian equivalent of the backseat of a car in America when it comes to losing one's virginity.
Along with Romania, Albania was one of the most bizarre Eastern European Communist regimes. They banned bell bottoms, for example. They also banned beards so the Muslims and Christians couldn't tell each other apart. They also tried, tortured, and executed many clergy and believers. He took Karl Marx "opiate of the masses" line to the extreme and brutally persecuted religion in Albania. These campaigns against religion were unsuccessful and probably were counterproductive.
- See the Wikipedia article on Bunkers in Albania.
- See the Wikipedia article on Enver Hoxha.
- See the Wikipedia article on Hoxhaism.
- "Enver Hoxha".
- Daniel Kalder (2018). The Infernal Library: On Dictators, the Books They Wrote, and Other Catastrophes of Literacy. Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 1627793429.
- Enver Hoxha (1980). Eurocommunism Is Anti-Communism. Norman Bethune Institute. ISBN 0888030908.
- O'Donnell, James S. A Coming of Age: Albania under Enver Hoxha. New York: Columbia University Press. 1999. p. 186.
- "Hoxha's Antireligious Campaign".
- "The Revival of Religion".