Ruth Bader Ginsburg
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Ruth Joan Bader Ginsburg (March 15, 1933 - September 18, 2020) was a United States Supreme Court Justice and the first Jewish woman to serve in this capacity. Part of the court's liberal wing, she was the only American Supreme Court Justice who has ever carried a powerful feminist voice. Prior to her appointment to the Supreme Court in 1993, Ginsburg was an attorney for the American Civil Liberties Union; she was the founder of their Women's Rights Project. As the oldest liberal Justice, this Clinton appointee was the last civil rights lawyer on the Court. She often wrote dissents in politically charged cases.
As a judge, some of her comments in the political sphere have gained somewhat unwanted attention for Ginsberg. In 2016, a fake quote was put about by supporters of Donald Trump, claiming that Ginsberg would resign if Trump became POTUS. This was based off comments Ginsberg made about "the next president, whoever she will be," which was obviously seen as an attack on Trump. The website making these claims was a "hybrid" site of truthful and satirical news. In the same year, she also called Colin Kaepernick's refusal to stand for the national anthem "dumb and disrespectful," whilst arguing that it was within his constitutional rights to do such a thing.
In 1975, RBG suggested that the Equal Rights Amendment shouldn't be opposed because of the "potty issue". This statement was about the manufactured fear that a constitutional amendment barring sex discrimination would force the creation of unisex bathrooms. Though, this view is clearly transphobic it would be fallacious to state that she has held this view in modern times.
Justice Ginsburg was one of four dissents to Bush v. Gore. She outlined what has been seen by many as a clear violation of the role of the SCOTUS, and did not hold back in her written dissent to chastise the Court at large. She stated in her opinion:
“”All respect for the office of the presidency aside, I assumed that the obvious and unadulterated decline of freedom and constitutional sovereignty, not to mention the efforts to curb the power of judicial review, spoke for itself.
She wrote the opinion in Stenberg v. Carhart (2000), where she commented that Roe v. Wade may have actually hindered women's rights, by making into "soft law" that which should have been legislated. While it was, she states, the right thing to do at the time, judicially, it caused a backlash because it was only a ruling by the Court and not the law from elected representatives.
In 2007, she wrote two scathing dissents, one in Gonzales v. Carhart (in which the majority upheld the ban on late-term abortions) chastising the Court for treating women as second class citizens, belittling their intelligence and ability to make decisions, and treating them like children by saying that the State must protect women from bad choices.[note 1]
In 2014, she wrote a fiery dissent in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby which gave corporations religious rights. Her dissent centered on the dangerous precedent the court had set by broadening its definition on "religious liberty" and the burden it would levy on women's rights.
Fighter of cancers
Justice Ginsburg was diagnosed with colorectal cancer in 1999, pancreatic cancer in 2009, and lung cancer in 2018, but had recovered from two. Ginsburg succumbed to pancreatic cancer on September 18, 2020.
On a woman's reproductive rights:
“”I said on the equality side of it, that it is essential to a woman's equality with man that she be the decision-maker, that her choice be controlling.
“”The state controlling a woman would mean denying her full autonomy and full equality.
On her position as Supreme Court Justice:
“”I would not like to be the only woman on the court.
- Sandra Day O'Connor — the first female Justice.
- Antonin Scalia — the other justice whose death set up a political crisis.
- For comparison, in most European countries, abortion on demand is only permitted up to 12 weeks, or the end of the first trimester.
- "Ruth Bader Ginsberg", Encyclopedia of the Jewish Woman's Archive.
- Ruth Bader Ginsburg shows 'no evidence of remaining disease,' Supreme Court says. CNN. January 12, 2019.
- Supreme Court Justice Kennedy: Who are the nine justices? BBC News Magazine. October 8, 2018.
- Evon, Dan (July 9, 2016). "Ruth 'See Ya Later' Ginsburg", Snopes.
- Couric, Katie (October 10, 2016) "Ruth Bader Ginsburg on Trump, Kaepernick and her lifelong love of the law". Yahoo! News.
- Greenhouse, L. (September 18, 2020). "Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Supreme Court’s Feminist Icon, Is Dead at 87". New York Times.