Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
|Oh no, they're talking about|
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919–1980) was the hereditary dictator of Iran prior to the 1979 revolution by Ayatollah Khomeini. He was a strong ally of the United States, especially since the CIA put him in power (with the support of the Iranian military) to check the power of the Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh. He was removed from power in the 1953 Iranian coup d'état. The coup that brought Pahlavi to power was also instigated by the British, who had previously had Iran in their sphere of influence and were worried about losing their oil contracts within the country.
Pahlavi was always considered a tool of the West, as he was put in power over his father due to an Anglo-Soviet invasion during World War II. The previous Shah did not allow the transport of US military equipment to the USSR, and so he was deposed.
The Shah was seen in the West as the perfect example of an enlightened Eastern king and reformer; to be fair, he did give women the right to vote. However, elections were mostly meaningless in the Shah's Iran, there being only two legal political parties,[note 1] and were a rare scenario of a de jure two-party system. Even in the West there were many who were upset at how his reforms were always promised and never acted upon. Today, he is almost universally seen for the dictator he was, though most would consider his reign as better than that of the current Iranian government.
Some Iranian expatriates occasionally talk of trying to put Pahlavi's son Reza Pahlavi in power. He has consistently denied any such ambitions, though he pushes (from the United States) for a more democratic Iran.
- They were nicknamed the "Yes Party" and the "Of Course Party" for their attitudes to royal rule, 
- "A Prize from Fairyland", Andrew Bacevich, London Review of Books, Vol. 39 No. 21, 2 November 2017, pages 5-6. Review of Foreign Relations of the US, 1952-54, Iran, 1951-54, edited by James Van Hook for the Department of State, Washington DC. Chiron Academic Press, 2017
- John W. Limbert, Negotiating with Iran: Wrestling the Ghosts of History. U.S. Institute of Peace Press, 2009, ISBN 9781601270436, p. 76.
- The Shah's Health: A Political Gamble, New York Times, May 17, 1981
- See the Wikipedia article on Monarchism in Iran.
- How 'Iran' and 'Aryan' Are Connected, Ha'aretz, May 30,2010
- Perceptions of Iran: History, Myths and Nationalism from Medieval Persia to the Islamic, Ali M. Ansari, I.B. Tauris, 30 Nov 2013, p131