There is no RationalWiki without you. We are a small non-profit with no staff – we are hundreds of volunteers who document pseudoscience and crankery around the world every day. We will never allow ads because we must remain independent. We cannot rely on big donors with corresponding big agendas. We are not the largest website around, but we believe we play an important role in defending truth and objectivity.
If everyone who saw this today donated $5, we would meet our goal for 2021.
| Fighting pseudoscience isn't free.|
We are 100% user-supported! Help and donate $5, $20 or whatever you can today with !
“”Sin lies only in hurting others unnecessarily. All other "sins" are invented nonsense.
“”If you are going to sin, sin against God, not the bureaucracy. God will forgive you but the bureaucracy won't.
|—Hyman Rickover, admiral in the US Navy.|
| Preach to the choir|
|Crux of the matter|
|Speak of the devil|
|An act of faith|
In the simplest terms, sin is . . .
- An abbreviation for the sine of an angle,[note 1] ratio of the length of the opposite side to the length of the hypotenuse in a right-angled triangle.
- The wilderness/desert of Sin, a roadstop during the Book of Exodus.
- The patron deity of the ancient city-state of Ur.
- The airport code for Singapore Changi International: check your luggage tag. This is the real SIN city!
- The willful act of breaking religious and/or moral laws
- The innate desire to break religious and/or moral laws.
- Perhaps, just being naughty.
- Cardinal Sin
- 1 Origin of sin: The Biblical position
- 2 Origin of sin: one humanistic explanation
- 3 Mortal and venial sins
- 4 The seven deadly sins
- 5 Sin in modern times
- 6 If you think you're a hopeless sinner, just remember…
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
Origin of sin: The Biblical position
According to the Bible, sin originated when Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit and gained knowledge of good and evil. As punishment for this act — known as the fall from grace and the act of original sin — all humans since Adam and Eve have lived a life of suffering and sinfulness. (The question of why YHWH would put this tree in the middle of the Garden of Eden, then tell Adam and Eve not to eat its fruit — like the question of how they could be expected to know it was sin when they literally didn't have an inkling of right and wrong until they ate it — is one of those "mysteries of the divine" that fundamentalists choose to gloss over.)
The Christian concept of sin is the sense of having offended a personal God. This is, of course, the same God who demanded the genocide of the Amalekites (including women and children), out of the blue, two centuries after they hassled the Israelites. The same God who sets aside his own "eternal" commandment not to commit murder so that Samuel could kill their helpless, captive king and complete the genocide.
Origin of sin: one humanistic explanation
What Christianity calls "sin" is really our survival instincts kicking into action. Human society does not thrive when individuals think only of their own survival while ignoring the needs of others. Therefore, society needs law codes to rein in self-centeredness. Ancient societies called the more anti-social actions "sins." They involved their God/gods in the law codes to scare people into promoting civility and rejecting selfishness.
Mortal and venial sins
In traditional Catholic theology, mortal sins are those sins which result in eternal damnation if not absolved by the sacraments before death. Venial sins are the less serious sins which do not threaten one's salvation.
To be mortal, a sin must be (1) serious; (2) committed with full knowledge of its sinfulness, and of the gravity of its sinfulness; (3) committed with full consent. All three elements are necessary; the absence of any one of them will render the sin venial instead. While the first criterion, seriousness, is an objectively ascertainable matter of the nature of the act committed, the other two components are subjective factors of the mindset of the sinner. Thus, from mere knowledge of an act (e.g., abortion), we cannot say whether it is a mortal or venial sin in a particular case, only that it is potentially mortal; to know whether it actually be mortal or venial, we would need to know the mind of the sinner at the time of the sin.
While, in the Catholic view, venial sins do not immediately threaten one's salvation, they will result in temporal punishment in Purgatory after death, unless that punishment be remitted through indulgences. However, even though they do not immediately threaten one's salvation, they can lead to patterns of behaviour or character traits (vices) which can eventually lead to the commission of mortal sins.
Other Christians, especially Protestants, reject the distinction between mortal and venial sins. Protestants believe that everyone is equally damned due to original sin and all other sins are therefore just icing on the cake with regard to the damnation; however, they also believe in the concept of sola fide, by which all repented sins are forgiven through faith, even those committed after baptism. Some of the more doctrinaire Protestants, such as Calvinists, also believe that salvation, once gained, can never be lost at all (perseverance of the saints, a.k.a. "once saved always saved" or Predestination).
The seven deadly sins
At the end of the 6th century, Pope Gregory I (in office 590–604) established the list known today as the "seven deadly sins". Below are illustrations of all of them from French artist Jacques Callot.
- Gluttons are forced to eat rats, spiders, and toads. This one doesn't sound too bad depending on how these foods are prepared.
- The lustful get burned with fire and brimstone.
- The wrathful get dismembered "alive", even though you're technically dead in Hell. This one's confusing.
- The prideful get "broken on the wheel", which is worse than it sounds.
- The greedy get boiled "alive". Again with the "alive" in Hell problem.
- The envious get dunked in freezing water.
- The slothful get dumped in a pit of snakes. Especially bad if you're Indiana Jones.
Sin in modern times
Although all Christian denominations have different ideas about what constitutes sin, many agree that sin can be roughly summed up as "anything
we don't agree with the god we believe in has implicitly or explicitly told us not to do". Among other things considered sins by religions today are:
- Being an atheist or agnostic, or being a member of another denomination/religion (Mostly fundies)
- Blasphemy (Again, mostly for fundies)
- Murder (Unless
done bythe government supported by others)
- Abortion (For the more conservative churches)
- Homosexuality (For the more conservative churches, colloquially known as being a Queer)
- Birth control (Mostly Catholics and Mormons, and of course Hobby Lobby)
- Sex in general, unless it's with one's own spouse for producing more souls.
Sin and noetics
A number of modern Christian theologians, broadly starting with Stephen K. Moroney, think that sin can affect the human mind and its intellectual faculties. This has become a fun tool for presuppositionalists to bash atheists with: the truth of Christianity is simple — non-Christians can't believe true things because their minds have been distorted by sin. (Unfalsifable? Circular? You betcha!)
Gilligan's Island and the seven deadly sins
In 1964 a sitcom called Gilligan's Island debuted on CBS-TV. Created by Sherwood Schwartz — not a Catholic — the series featured seven characters which many fan theories interpreted as representing the seven deadly sins:
- Gilligan: gluttony (always hungry)
- "Skipper" Jonas Grumby: anger/wrath (always mad at Gilligan)
- Thurston Howell III: covetousness/greed (obviously)
- "Lovey" Howell: sloth (lived idly off her husband's wealth)
- Ginger Grant: lust (inspired it in other men; lusted after the Professor)
- "Professor" Roy Hinkley: pride (in his intellect)
- Mary Ann Summers: envy (of Ginger's fame and sensuality)
There are several alternate models to the above. The most popular one assigns both gluttony and anger/wrath to the Skipper, and makes Gilligan into Satan. (He always wears red; the brim of his sailor's cap is bent out above his ears, resembling horns; and he always screws up the others' chances of escaping the island — his island.)
If you think you're a hopeless sinner, just remember…
"For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;" including the Pope, Pat Robertson, Andrew Schlafly and the other chuckleheads at Conservapedia. Why do they consider themselves superior to everyone else? Pride would be a good guess.
- Whatever reason mathematicians have for compressing the term into three letters surely is sinful.
- Sin. Wikiquote.
- Hyman G. Rickover. Wikiquote.
- Genesis 3
- To Hell with It: A Sinopsis of the 7 Deadly Sins and Their Punishments. Covalent Logic.
- See the Wikipedia article on Breaking wheel.
- See also Heresy, Apostate and Infidel.
- How Sin Affects Scholarship: A New Model
- "The Seven Deadly Sins of Gilligan's Island": Gilligan's Island Fan Club Website 
- Romans 3:23, King James Version