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Bronze-level articleUnited Kingdom Independence Party

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The United Kingdom Independence Party (usually shortened to UKIP or Ukip, commonly pronounced "YOU-kip"; the members may be kippers) is one of the UK's political parties. UKIP is actually a backronym, as the party is actually named for the stultifying dullness of its promotional output. They are currently led, somewhat unwillingly, by Nigel Farage, after Putin apologist Diane James won a leadership election and then refused to take the post.[1][2] she has been described by UKIP's Welsh leader Neil Hamilton as Josef Stalin without a moustache just two hours after being elected leader.[3]

As their name implies, they want Britain to leave the European Union, and their origins were as a single issue party dedicated to that goal (although precisely what they would replace it with and how the transition would be effected is not always apparent). UKIP garnered meaningful numbers of votes from British voters who consider themselves not quite racist enough to vote for the BNP.

On 9 October 2014, UKIP won its first seat in Westminster, as Douglas Carswell, who had defected from the Tories and resigned as an MP, retained his seat in a byelection.[4] They have also won a number of seats in the European Parliament in previous elections, but they hardly ever show up, let alone vote.[5] So that was useful, then. It will be interesting to see if this tendency will persist after the increase in their seats after the 2014 elections (see below). UKIP also has a number of councillors, winning a handful for the first time in 2013.

Dave Cameron described UKIP in 2006 as "fruitcakes, loonies and closet racists, mostly."[6] Margaret Thatcher met with the then-leader of the party to give them tips, apparently finding the Conservative Party too pro-European in her later years.[7]

Their support for nationalism, xenophobia and policies influenced by right-wing populism, along with their hardline social conservatism, essentially make them the British equivalent of the Tea Party, though operating as a separate party rather than joining the Conservatives to try to drag them further right. The party has been mostly made up of former Tory politicians and, following Britain's vote to leave the European Union, many UKIPpers have defected to Theresa May's Conservative Party, as they believe she will implement UKIP policy ("Brexit means Brexit"!)[8][9]

It's gotten to the point where even the most anglophile politicians have decided they don't want any of that shit in their union. One of the big reasons for including the UK in the first place was its tradition of tolerance and political stability, and that's all out the window now.[10]

Contents

[edit] Policies

A significant cross section of the British population is antipathetic towards the EU, and a moderate party presenting a half-way sensible eurosceptic agenda might conceivably achieve some electoral success, but UKIP has to date avoided this trap by being careful not to convey any appearance of moderation or sensibility. Of conservative bent, they very effectively limit their appeal by espousing such things as global warming denialism, a flat tax and other policies of great concern to wealthy wingnuts and their useful idiots. By this means they do manage to steal some votes from the Conservative Party (who are too mainstream and pro-European) and the BNP (who are too vulgar and working class, and perhaps also just a little bit too overtly racist).

[edit] Science

A very small child crying very small tears for UKIP.

They are more-or-less completely scientifically illiterate, as demonstrated by an interview published in The Guardian, in which Christopher Monckton, their science spokesman at the time (and former deputy leader), proposed that they would cut funding for climate science unless, as they see it, sufficient evidence should arise to change their mind on anthropogenic global warming, which he claims "large sums now squandered on addressing." In the same interview Monckton went on to say that health risks associated with excessive salt consumption are merely "unjustifiable fears" in regards to just one example. When asked on stem cell research, Monckton compared it to "the killing of very small children."[11]

The UKIP Policy Statement on Health from 2010 endorsed a number of alternative medicine practices including herbal medicine, homeopathy and traditional Chinese medicine, and calls for the repeal of bans on herbal medicine. On homeopathy, the policy argues against the House of Commons Science and Technology select committee report which blasted homeopathy on the NHS as running counter to the practice of evidence-based medicine:[12]

UKIP rejects the recent House of Commons report on homeopathy as an unbalanced and short-sighted dismissal of a branch of medicine that last year treated 54,000 people on the NHS. UKIP endorses the remarks of the Chief Executive of the British Homeopathic Association who pointed out that "the [select committee] inquiry was too narrow in its remit, there is plenty of evidence to support homeopathy, with 100 randomised controlled trials, and many more on outcome measures, which reflect how patients say they feel." UKIP believes that homeopathy has much to offer patients and notes that in a recent survey carried out at England's NHS homeopathic hospitals, some 70 per cent of patients said they felt some improvement after undergoing treatment. UKIP will continue to support homeopathy through the NHS.

UKIP have responded to criticism of this policy by arguing that it is a 2010 statement, while the 2012 policy makes no mention of alternative medicine.[13][14]

[edit] Gay rights

Sensing an opportunity to attract the traditionalist wing of the Conservative Party over to UKIP, in 2012, Nigel Farage and co. decided to strongly oppose plans to implement equal marriage rights for same-sex partners.[15][16]

A number of UKIP members have expressed some rather homophobic views:

  • In 2004, Kellie Maloney (formerly Frank Maloney), a UKIP candidate for London mayor said she would not campaign in the borough of Camden because it had "too many gays," that gay people don't do a lot for society and "there is a problem with gay parades."[17] Ironically she later came out as transgender.[18]
  • In the European Parliament, the UKIP MEP Godfrey Bloom decided to call former UKIP MEP Nikki Sinclaire "a queer."[19]
  • In 2012, while campaigning in Soho (the hub of London's gay community), UKIP's press officer Gawain Towler tweeted a photo of a man setting light to a photograph of the openly gay candidate Liberal Democrat candidate Brian Paddick.[20]
  • Winston McKenzie, UKIP candidate for Croydon North, saying gay adoption is "unhealthy,"[21] is a form of "child abuse"[22] and that children adopted by gay parents are "thrown away to the dogs."[23]
  • Another then-UKIP candidate — Julia Gasper — suggested that gay people should "stop complaining and start thanking straight people," because apparently gay people need to show a bit more gratitude for being born in the first place.[24] Dr Gasper also claimed on a private UKIP forum that gay people frequently engaged in sex with animals, and "[a]s for the links between homosexuality and paedophilia, there is so much evidence that even a full-length book could hardly do justice to the ­subject", a statement agreed to by UKIP member Jan Zolyniak.[25]
  • In the run up to the 2013 local elections, candidate John Sullivan was found to have published on Facebook a post claiming that "Victorian" physical exercise regimes in schools would prevent people from being gay (completely oblivious to the 'gym bunny' stereotype in gay culture) and praising the Russian government for banning Pride marches.[26]
  • In January 2014 Henley on Thames UKIP councillor and Fred Phelps wannabe David Silvester was suspended from the party after writing a letter to the local paper laying the blame for the winter 2013/2014 floods in the UK on the legalisation of gay marriage.[27]
  • In May 2014, Dave Small, UKIP's councillor for Redditch borough council, was discovered to have posted racist and homophobic comments on Facebook including the following: "Why on earth is this useless Government pandering to Puffs? I refuse to call them gays, as what has gay to do with Perverts like Elton John and Clair Balding who get their jollies in such disgusting ways. To sum up, they should not allowed to be married, they should go back to the closet." Small's Facebook posts also concluded that Muslim immigrants were responsible for the spread of tuberculosis and that Muslims in Birmingham were "jabbering in an alien voice".[28] Small was dropped by the party, but not before it was revealed that he used to edit 'Blues Zulu' magazine, a Birmingham City fanzine. In this capacity, he was arrested for inciting racial hatred following an article entitled "Fucking foreigners" which criticised various foreign-born football players and managers.[29]
  • In 2015, despite being the only major political party not to address LGBT issues within its manifesto (claiming the party is not "driven by the needs of differing special interests groups"),[30] the party has stated that it will not "un-marry" same-sex couples, despite opposing same-sex marriage in the first place. The party's mini-manifesto for Christians also supported a religious conscience clause, not dissimilar to the anti-LGBT "religious freedom" laws in the US.[31][32]

In 2015 it was reported that then UKIP leader Nigel Farage supported Father Tadeusz Rydzyk, a Polish priest who has been described as both homophobic and anti-Semitic (note the irony when you look in the next section) and who said of the election of the first openly gay Polish MP "the sodomites are coming; this is a very serious matter."[33]

Despite Farage's claim that UKIP is a "party of freethinkers," in January 2013, UKIP fired Olly Neville, leader of UKIP youth organisation ('Young Independence') after he stated that he supported gay marriage.[34][35] Richard Lowe, UKIP candidate for Chester, also had to resign after he supported gay marriage.[36] Homophobia also occasionally seeps from the UKIP official forums.[37][38]

Despite originally being allowed to participate in 2015 Pride in London, UKIP were banned from the celebrations due to safety concerns as many in the LGBT community rightly questioned why UKIP should be allowed to march, given their anti-gay views.[39] Despite this, a handful of LGBTQ* in UKIP members did get involved in the event.[40]

Perhaps to clean up their image following the parade of homophobic nutjobs (sorry "freethinkers") who have stood for election on the UKIP ticket, UKIP approved an 'LGBTQ* in UKIP' group, who thus far seem to have done very little other than grumble about how there aren't enough sane "socially liberal" people in UKIP[41] and has revelled in the Tory homophobia over the Sadiq Khan/Zac Goldsmith mayoral campaign in London, accusing him of being an "Islamist scumbag" and saying voting for Khan is "like cutting our own heads off"[42] – not a subtle reference to Daesh's beheadings at all.

[edit] Race relations

The general attitude to foreigners and racial/ethnic minorities is summed up by this quote from Paul Wiffen, the now-former UKIP London chairman:[43]

You Left-wing scum are all the same, wanting to and our birthright to Romanian gypsies who beat their wives and children into begging and stealing money they can gamble with, Muslim nutters who want to kill us and put us all under medieval Sharia law, the same Africans who sold their Afro-Caribbean brothers into a slavery that Britain was the first to abolish.

Don't let UKIP critics fool you into thinking that the party is racist though. Consider this:[44][45][46]

Have you noticed that if you ­rearrange the letters in ‘illegal ­immigrants,’ and add just a few more letters, it spells, ‘Go home you free-loading, benefit-grabbing, resource-sucking, baby-making, non-English-speaking ********* and take those other hairy-faced, sandal-wearing, bomb-making, camel-riding, goat-fucking raghead ******** with you.

Upon reading this, you might think that the man whose Facebook account this appeared on — that of Chris Pain, UKIP leader of Lincolnshire council — is a raving racist nutjob. But obviously it's because his Facebook got hacked.

Disgraced TV presenter Robert Kilroy-Silk was elected as a UKIP MEP in 2004 (he later left the party); his comments on anyone who isn't English are particularly telling.[47]

Of course, one must avoid jumping to conclusions. For instance, a former UKIP candidate for Somerset, Alex Wood, came under sharp fire in the press after he had been tagged on a photo in which many people thought he was giving a Nazi salute, but it later turned out that he had been (in context with other photos) "imitating a pot[ted] plant".[48] Police also confirmed that other racist comments ostensibly on his Facebook, which suggested that all Africans lived in mud huts, had not been posted by Wood and, in fact, never existed on his actual account in the first place, having been hoaxed through photoshop or a puppet account.[49] Suspicions currently lie on Joshua Bonehill-Paine, a notorious troll and sockpuppeteer who was more recently arrested for imitating Wood during a Twitter abuse scandal in April 2015.[50] The Mirror, which originated the accusations of racism, subsequently apologized for the error.[51] Wood has since left the party.

On the other hand, East Sussex candidate Anna-Marie Crampton faced a hailstorm of criticism in 2013 after posts were made on her Facebook citing a falsified book to defend the existence of the Illuminati and a Zionist conspiracy behind WWII, which she also claimed were made by Facebook hackers.[52] While there hasn't seemed to have been an investigation into the matter, perhaps a lesson in good password etiquette is in order.

In a May 2014 interview Farage claimed that he would feel "concerned" if Romanian people moved next door to him. When asked what the difference is between the Romanian people and his German national wife and children, he jokingly answered "you know the difference."[53] The day after the interview, he expanded on this assertion, discussing the high crime rate in the Romanian community.[54] He then double tracked on both of these assertions, claiming his mistake was due to tiredness.[55]

Ukip MEP Bill Etheridge is a fan of golliwogs, widely considered a racist caricature of black people.[56]

[edit] Disability

Geoffrey Clark, UKIP candidate for Kent County Council has some intriguing plans to help the disabled:[57]

Other items for review: ceasing all free IVF treatment on the NHS; cutting unecessary waste e.g the destruction of drugs in care homes when residents move on to the next care home or the next world; the pregnancy abortion time limit; compulsory abortion when the foetus is detected as having Downs, Spina Bifida or similar syndrome which, if it is born, could render the child a burden on the state as well as on the family.

After the revelation of Clark's mandatory-abortions-for-disabled-foetuses plan, he was promptly dropped as UKIP candidate. Good to see that the party rigorously checks the quality and sanity of their candidates before they stand for election.

[edit] "Drivel!"

Nigel Farage, in an attempt to wash away the shit-my-dad-says-grumblesponge image of UKIP, claimed the 2010 manifesto was "drivel", citing that "he didn't read it".[58]. Ignoring both (A) the fact that Nigel Farage wrote the foreword to the UKIP 2010 Manifesto, as well as co-authored some of the policies[59] and (B) the more problematic issue of implying that he approved a list of policies to campaign on for both his party and as a man trying to become Prime Minister, without reading (or much caring for) exactly what it was he was campaigning for.

[edit] Notable political activity

[edit] EU Parliament

UKIP's European Parliament members are often moderately entertaining, when they bother to show up. Highlights include:

  • Nigel Farage referring to Belgium as a "non-country" and telling EU President Herman Van Rompuy that he has "a loathing for the very concept of the existence of nation states" and stated that Van Rompuy had "the charisma of a damp rag."[60]
  • Godfrey Bloom interrupting a German politician to shout "Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Fuehrer."[61]
  • MEP Steven Woolfe getting into a fight with another UKIP MEP (allegedly, m'lud) during a party meeting and spending the night in hospital.[62]

[edit] 2010 UK General Election

  • Having a candidate, John Boakes, die too close to the election, forcing a by-election at a later date.[63]
  • Farage being flown around in a light aircraft towing a banner on election day: the plane crashed injuring pilot and passenger.
  • Nicking enough votes from the Tories' troglodyte wing to significantly reduce the number of seats the Tories won — possibly depriving them of a clear majority — thus driving Dave into Nick's arms.[64]

[edit] 2014 EU Parliament Election

UKIP won the largest share of the votes (27.5%) in the election, followed by the Labour (25.4%) and the Conservative party (23.9%). This increased the number of their MEPs to 24.[65] While the eurosceptic bloc is still a long way from power, it will unfortunately force people to take them a teensy bit more seriously.

[edit] 2014 UK by-elections

UKIP won its first seat in the House of Commons when Clacton's incumbent MP, Douglas Carswell, defected from the Conservative Party (UK) and won 59.75 percent of the vote.[4]

UKIP then went on to win their second seat in the house of commons when the incumbent MP for Rochester and Strood, Mark Reckless, also defected from the Conservative Party (UK) and won 42.1 percent of the vote.

[edit] 2015 UK General Election

Mark Reckless lost his seat to his conservative rival Kelly Tolhurst, leaving only Douglas Carswell in the Commons. However, the party increased its share of the vote to 3,881,129, a swing of +9.5% on 2010. Nigel Farage had repeatedly said that he would stand down from the leadership if he failed to win his South Thanet seat. He didn't win the seat and made a video saying he would stand down as leader, but later said that the UKIP Executive had not accepted his resignation and he would remain as leader. He also suggested that even if his leadership resignation had been allowed, he would have run for leadership again in the autumn of 2015. This caused an embarrassing internal spat for UKIP, after which most of Farage's opposition (of former aides) was quietly purged.

[edit] 2015 UK by-elections

If the British media were to be believed, UKIP seemed to have a serious claim on taking the safe Labour seat of Oldham West and Royston at the by-election in December 2015. Reality then emerged and Labour won the seat with an increased majority. At first Farage blamed this on an "Asian bloc vote" and that too many constituents did not speak English. Later it was apparently due to crooked postal votes. A good loser is Nigel.[66][67]

[edit] 2016 elections

In 2016 they failed to win a seat in the Scottish parliament, but won 7 seats in the Welsh assembly, including one for disgraced ex-Tory Neil Hamilton.

[edit] Brexit referendum

Despite the Brexit referendum being a brainchild of David Cameron, UKIP heavily campaigned in its favor, as it was supposedly the single issue the party got founded on.

[edit] Diane James

Nigel Farage quit the leadership after the 2016 Brexit referendum, and in September 2016 he was replaced by Diane James, a member of the European Parliament for South East England since 2014.[68] Before then, she had served as an Independent councillor and made a strong showing for Ukip in the 2013 Eastleigh by-election but came second to the Lib Dems. In 2015 she attracted some controversy for expressing admiration for Vladimir Putin's fierce nationalism.[69] She also defended Farage's possibly racist election posters, but in her favour she doesn't like the odious Welsh Ukip assembly member Neil Hamilton.[70] She failed to advance any policies during her leadership campaign[71] so it's hard to know exactly what she stands for other than nationalism and opposition to immigration. She has a degree in business and before entering politics she worked in private healthcare.[72] James resigned from the role of leader of the party after a mere 18 days, which begs the question, why even bother?[73] No worries though, a new leader will be elected soon enough. Steven Woolfe, the party favourite, has thrown his hat into the ring and is sure to succeed James as leader - provided, of course, that he manages to get his forms in on time this time.[74] You'd think he wouldn't let anything stand in his way this time around. Right?

[edit] Other criticism

Amongst the party's current critics is its original founder Alan Sked, who called it "morally dodgy" and accused it of focusing too much on opposing Islam and immigration rather than on other issues such as the economy.[75]

UKIP is also one of the only parties to receive substantial criticism on aesthetic grounds, largely as a result of its unfortunate decision to pick fuchsia as an official colour. Reading their garish, multicoloured campaign material[76] can cause temporary blindness. It is also questionable that UKIP is an anti-EU party, with seats in the EU Parliament. This becomes doubly bizarre when you consider the possibility of them causing mischief with their far-right friends in the Europe of Freedom and Democracy group.

In 2010, Lord Pearson, then a UKIP leader, told voters in Somerset to avoid UKIP candidates and vote for Conservatives instead.[77] It's quite a feat when your own Lords are telling people not to vote for you...

In the run up to the elections in May 2014, UKIP released a leaflet which exploited D-Day war dead for their own political gain. This was in bad taste even by The Sun's standards.[78]

[edit] UKIP and the BNP, EDL etc.

The BNP hate UKIP for stealing their anti-EU thunder and devoted considerable effort in UKIP's early days to messing them up. Fortunately, UKIP were sufficiently incompetent to do quite a good job all on their own. UKIP and BNP's stated policies are very similar,[79] the difference being that the BNP are Nazi chancers and UKIP are horribly sincere about everything.

UKIP attempts to distance themselves from other British extremists were somewhat undermined when their Thanet South branch followed in the footsteps of the EDL[80] and mistook Westminster Cathedral, no less, for a mosque.[81] "The people's army are not all wholly trained," responded Farage.[82]

[edit] Footnotes

  1. Mason, Rowena (9 April 2015). "Senior Ukip politician lauds Vladimir Putin's leadership". The Guardian. 
  2. [https://www.ft.com/content/b9f9a392-8aee-11e6-8cb7-e7ada1d123b1 Feuding Ukip sees off Diane James as leader;
  3. Bloom, Dan (16 September 2016). "Neil Hamilton ditched from Ukip party conference list". Wales Online. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 UKIP gains first elected MP with Clacton win, BBC News website, posted and accessed 9 October 2014.
  5. UKIP MEPs laziest in Europe, Left Foot Forward
  6. Theresa May accused of lifting cat anecdote from Ukip leader, The Guardian
  7. Exclusive: Thatcher advised UKIP on party morale, The Telegraph
  8. Clark, Thomas G. (29 September 2014). "12 significant Tory-UKIP defectors". Another Angry Voice. 
  9. Asthana, Anushka; Mason, Rowena (16 September 2016). "Nigel Farage aide defects to Tories claiming a mass exodus from Ukip". The Guardian. 
  10. Chassany, Anne-Sylvaine, "Hollande demands tough Brexit negotiations", FT 10.7.16. De Gaulle was right.
  11. Ukip answers questions about its science policy, The Guardian
  12. Thank you, Wayback Machine.
  13. Vote_UKIP on Twitter
  14. Health: UKIP Policy
  15. Gay marriage row: Ukip plans to derail David Cameron, The Guardian
  16. UK Independence Party aims to exploit Tory equal marriage divide
  17. UKIP candidate sparks gay anger, BBC News
  18. Boxing legend Frank Maloney: 'I'm undergoing a sex change to become a woman'
  19. Nikki Sinclaire wins UKIP sex discrimination case, BBC News
  20. Brian Paddick Picture Burnt In Soho By Ukip Supporters, Huffington Post
  21. UKIP By-election candidate: Gay people should not be allowed to adopt
  22. UKIP Culture Spokesman: Same-sex adoption is ‘child abuse’
  23. UKIP's McKenzie says gay adoption is like throwing kids to 'dogs'
  24. UKIP candidate suggested gays ‘stop complaining and start thanking straight people’
  25. Ugly face of UKIP: Sunday Mirror exposes racist and homophobic views of party members, Sunday Mirror
  26. Physical excercise prevents you becoming gay, claims UK councillor candidate
  27. “Since the passage of the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act, the nation has been beset by serious storms and floods"
  28. Ukip councillor in homophobia and racism row over Elton John ‘pervert’ and immigrant ‘scum’ comments – just 48 hours after being elected, The Independent
  29. Sacked UKIP councillor was Blues Zulu mag editor who was once quizzed by cops over 'racist article', Birmingham Mail
  30. Gander, Kashmira. "UKIP is the only main political party to not address LGBT rights in its manifesto". (15 April 2015). The Independent.
  31. Mason, Rowena. "Ukip offers legal protection to Christians who oppose same-sex marriage". (28 April 2015). The Guardian.
  32. Hill, Symon. "UKIP's 'Christian Manifesto' Will Be Repulsive to Many Christian Voters" (29 April 2015). The Huffington Post.
  33. Nigel Farage heads for row over Ukip's anti-gay allies, The Guardian
  34. Ukip youth leader Olly Neville dropped in gay marriage row, Channel 4
  35. So much for the libertarians! How Ukip sacked me after I said I support equal marriage, The Independent
  36. UKIP Parliamentary candidate forced to resign for supporting gay equality
  37. Users of official UKIP website compare homosexuality to bestiality and paedeophlia
  38. We've singled out this screenshot.
  39. Sandhu, Amit. "Ukip banned from gay pride march after party's inclusion stokes anger". (5 June 2015). The Guardian.
  40. Nick Duffy and Joseph Patrick McCormick. "UKIP LGBT group marches at London Pride despite being banned" (27 June 2015). PinkNews.
  41. UKIP LGBT group: ‘We really need more candidates from the socially liberal side of society’
  42. Duffy, Nick. "UKIP's LGBT members: Sadiq Khan is 'Islamist scum' and voting for him is 'like cutting our own heads off'" (28 March 2016). PinkNews.
  43. London chairman of Ukip suspended over racist remarks, Evening Standard (Note that in fact, other nations banned slavery before Great Britain, notably revolutionary France (before reinstating it under Napoleon), some American colonies, and most especially Haiti after the slaves freed themselves.
  44. What a load of tosh, Hope Not Hate
  45. More Ukip horror as investigation exposes racist abuse
  46. UKIP councillors' racist rants: More of Nigel Farage's troops exposed as bigots, Daily Mirror
  47. Robert Kilroy-Silk's views about foreigners
  48. http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2013/06/14/alex-wood-ukip-pot-plant_n_3441740.html
  49. Alex Wood Cleared Of Posting Racist Comments On Facebook, Huffington Post
  50. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/jack-monroe-man-posing-as-ukip-candidate-arrested-for-abusing-gay-poverty-campaigner-10187482.html
  51. http://www.mirror.co.uk/for-the-record/alex-wood-an-apology-6209529
  52. http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/ukip-anna-marie-crampton-suspended-anti-semitic-461674
  53. Ukip's Nigel Farage Tells LBC Radio: I Don't Want Romanians as my Neighbours, International Business Times
  54. UKIP leader stands by his assertion that people have a right to be concerned if a group of Romanians move in next door, the official UKIP website (not part of the 'vast media conspiracy')
  55. ‘Tired’ Nigel Farage regrets comments, BBC News
  56. New UKIP MEP wrote book celebrating 'golliwogs' after being suspended by Tory party, Mirror, 1 Jun 2014
  57. Mencap slam UKIP candidate who called for "compulsory abortion" of disabled people, New Statesman
  58. [1], BBC News
  59. [2], Guardian
  60. Farage defiant after calling Belgium 'a non-country', BBC News
  61. UKIP MEP Godfrey Bloom ejected over Nazi jibe, BBC News
  62. Steven Woolfe 'smiling and well' after alleged fight with Ukip MEP
  63. Funeral for UKIP election candidate John Boakes, BBC News
  64. General Election 2010: Ukip challenge 'cost Tories a Commons majority', The Telegraph
  65. UKIP storms European elections, The Telegraph
  66. Labour's Jim McMahon wins Oldham byelection - as it happened
  67. Nigel Farage: UKIP Will Struggle To Win Oldham By-Election Due To “Block Vote”
  68. Diane James becomes UKIP leader, BBC, 16 Sept 2016
  69. See the Wikipedia article on Diane James.
  70. Ukip Elects Diane James as New Party Leader, Guardian, 16 Sept 2016
  71. Why Ukip leadership hopeful Diane James is not proposing any policies, Daily Mail/Press Association
  72. Diane James offers crumbling Ukip a safe pair of hands, The Guardian, 16 Sept 2016
  73. https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2016/oct/04/ukip-leader-diane-james-resigns-after-just-18-days-in-job-reports
  74. http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/ukip-steven-woolfe-leader-nomination_uk_579e07c1e4b0459aae5d9174
  75. Ukip Founder Alan Sked Says The Party Is 'Morally Dodgy' And 'Extraordinarily Right-Wing', Huffington Post
  76. In this example they invoke the spirit of Winston Churchill, who is famous for going into Europe.
  77. UKIP asks voters in Somerset to back the Tories, BBC News
  78. "Ukip leaflet which exploits Britain's war dead uses snap of French graves", The Sun
  79. UKIP and the BNP - What's the difference?
  80. http://wonkette.com/517369/english-defence-league-knows-what-will-stop-terrorism-burn-down-anything-that-looks-muslimy
  81. Hope Not Hate blog post with screenshots
  82. Washington Post story; BBC video on Facebook.
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