Bronze-level articleBritish National Party

From RationalWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Union Jack[wp] rolls over in his grave.
A guide to

U.K. Politics

Icon politics UK.svg
God Save the Queen?
We are pledged to stemming and reversing the immigration and migration of peoples into our British Homeland that has, without the express consent of the Indigenous British, taken place since 1948, and to restoring and maintaining, by legal changes, negotiation and consent, the Indigenous British as the overwhelming majority in the make up of the population of and expression of culture in each part of our British Homeland.
—The British National Party's Constitution as of April 2010[1]
Once we're in a position where we control the British broadcasting media, then perhaps one day the British people might change their mind and say, 'yes, every last one must go'. But if you hold that out as your sole aim to start with, you're not going to get anywhere. So, instead of talking about racial purity, we talk about identity ... The British National Party isn't about selling out its ideas, which are your ideas too, but we are determined now to sell them, and that means basically to use the saleable words, as I say, freedom, security, identity, democracy. Nobody can criticise them. Nobody can come at you and attack you on those ideas. They are saleable.
—Nick Griffin, addressing an audience with David Duke by his side[2][3][4]

The British Nazi National Party (or BNP) was the token nationalist, racist and xenophobic political party in the United Kingdom (the United Kingdom Independence Party is the popular alternative for those who prefer less overt racism and xenophobia). It was delisted as a party January 8, 2016, for failing to send in financial reports.[5]

Contents

[edit] Origins of the current BNP

The current BNP was formed in 1982 from the ashes of previous extreme-right political parties in 1970s Britain. John Tyndall, founder of the BNP, was a member of the openly racist National Front from which he led a splinter group in 1980; founding the New National Front which would become the BNP two years later. It has been widely observed that the BNP is a presentational rebranding of the National Front, dropping the violent street thuggery and replacing skinhead gear with suits and ties.[6]

Early BNP leaders did not deny their fascist connections. Tyndall is known to have remarked, "Mein Kampf is my bible."[7] After the wonky-eyed Chairman and Fat Hitler impersonator Nick Griffin replaced Tyndall in 1999 (and Tyndall was expelled from the party), the BNP has attempted to change its image by using spin and political euphemisms. For example, the BNP denies that it is a white supremacist organisation, claiming instead that it represents the interests of "the indigenous peoples of these islands in the North Atlantic which have been our homeland for millennia."[8] Those Celts and Anglo-Saxons were good friends, after all.

Until recently membership was, like the National Front, open to white citizens of British origin only;[9][10] a ruling in September 2009 found this policy to be in breach of the UK's Race Relations Act. Fighting such a ruling could cost the party enough money to prevent it running in an election (what a shame) or possibly bankrupting it (our hearts bleed, they really do). Eventually, unable to raise the funds to fight the hefty legal battle - which they'd have little chance of winning because, well, it's the law — they gave in and said that they would make "all reasonable endeavours" to change their constitution in order to accept non-white members.[11] In February 2010, members voted to abandon the whites-only rule.[12] The rules were later ruled to still be discriminatory by a judge, who said, "I hold that the BNP are likely to commit unlawful acts of discrimination within section 1b Race Relations Act 1976 in the terms on which they are prepared to admit persons to membership under the 12th addition of their constitution."[13] This remains a matter of legal compliance, and is unlikely to signify any change in the party's attitudes, policies and demographics.

[edit] Popularity (or lack thereof)

Despite being ostracized and condemned by mainstream (read: sane) politicians and the media, the BNP at its height in the late 2000s held two seats in the European Parliament and over 50 seats in local councils, largely in northern English cities such as Bradford, Burnley, Oldham and Leeds, which have a history of racial tensions between the white working class and Asian communities. Most BNP councilors have been too stupid and incompetent to understand the workings of local authorities, and the electorate soon saw through their ludicrous posturing.[14] By 2014, the party was down to only two councillors (out of 21,871 in the United Kingdom, according to Wikipedia) and had lost both its European seats.

The party received a significant amount of attention in the year preceding the 2010 general election in the United Kingdom after BNP leader Nick Griffin and former British National Socialist Movement member and National Front leader Andrew Brons[15] won seats in the 2009 European Parliament elections for North West England and Yorkshire and Humber respectively.[16][17] Following this, a controversial decision by the BBC saw Nick Griffin allowed onto Question Time — a weekly show discussing politics and current events. Following the appearance, the party's popularity and prominence increased, with 3% of the UK electorate afterwards supporting the BNP and as many as 22% "seriously considering" voting for them.[18] Despite their surge in popularity, the BNP failed to gain any seats in the May election, though they garnered over half a million votes and 1.9% of the national vote.[19][20][21]

By early 2016, the party had only two local councillors left in the whole of Britain, and was stripped of official political party status by the Electoral Commission after failure to submit its annual accounts and other reporting formalities. At this time, it was estimated that BNP assets totaled less than GBP 50,000. [22]

[edit] Policies

The BNP's proposals for Britain.
If it's black, send it back!
—BNP motto[citation needed]

The British National Party advocates British withdrawal from the European Union (which exists for one reason alone) and, according to its constitution, "is wholly opposed to any form of racial integration between British and non-European peoples." Hence the party is "committed to stemming and reversing the tide of non-white immigration and to restoring, by legal changes, negotiation and consent, the overwhelmingly white makeup of the British population that existed in Britain prior to 1948."[23]

If enacted, this policy would involve deporting "back to their own country" not only recent immigrants, but all members of the sizeable Asian and West Indian communities that have grown in Britain over the past sixty years, Chinese communities that have been in Britain for over 200 years and African communities that have been in Britain for over 500 years; notwithstanding that most of the current generation of these ethnic minorities have lived their entire lives in Britain. Let's not even get into all those Moroccans the Romans brought.[24] So yes, keep going with your 1948 date.

In a statement of the party's policies and intentions, Griffin repeatedly emphasised that the party is "not racist," while describing Britain as a "fundamentally white nation," condemning miscegenation as unnatural, and reiterating that he considers non-Caucasians, or white citizens who choose non-whites as sexual or marriage partners, are unsuitable for party membership. He stated that, once the BNP has removed the majority of immigrant groups from the country, "[t]hose non-Europeans who stay will have British passports and will be protected by our laws, but they will be regarded as permanent guests, and not as native English, Scots, Welsh or Irish, because such status springs from blood and not from printers’ ink."[25] Griffin claims to be opposed to racism, describing the Ku Klux Klan as "a vile organisation" despite meeting with its Grand Dragon. He also claims to be "the most loathed man in Britain in the eyes of the Nazis," saying that they see him as "a sell-out." Clearly he hasn't read his article on Metapedia.

Anti-Semitism has also been a significant aspect of BNP ideology, and BNP leaders have made several statements of Holocaust denial. On Question Time, Nick Griffin was challenged on it but refused to comment on why he changed his views or why he originally denied it, muttering something about it being illegal and free speech or something, even after Justice Secretary Jack Straw pointed out that he could not, and would not be prosecuted for it (Holocaust denial is not a crime in the UK, as it is some European countries). However, in recent years the party has decided that its major enemy is — you guessed it — Islam. A BNP statement during 2006 asserted that "[t]he real enemies of the British people are home grown Anglo-Saxon Celtic liberal-leftists who seek to destroy the family as the building blocks of society and impose multiculturalism on a reluctant indigenous population and the Crescent Horde - the endless wave of Islamics who are flocking to our shores to bring our island nations into the embrace of their barbaric desert religion."[26] Presumably they would enjoy the deep family values of Islam if that ever actually happened.

The BNP's attempts to disguise its racialist roots and pose itself as a legitimate political force are hardly convincing, especially as many of its prominent members have past convictions for violent offences and hate crimes. Its attempts to sound the alarm about the supposed Islamic "threat to all of us" also comes off as hollow in the wake of this quote from Mr. Griffin, which manages to be both bigoted and unprincipled:

We bang on about Islam. Why? Because to the ordinary public out there it's the thing they can understand. It's the thing the newspaper editors sell newspapers with. If we were to attack some other ethnic group — some people say we should attack the Jews... But... we've got to get to power. And if that was an issue we chose to bang on about when the press don't talk about it... the public would just think we were barking mad. They'd just think oh, you're attacking Jews just because you want to attack Jews. You're attacking this group of powerful Zionists just because you want to take poor Manny Cohen the tailor and shove him in a gas chamber. That's what the public would think. It wouldn't get us anywhere other than stepping backwards. It would lock us in a little box; the public would think 'extremist crank lunatics, nothing to do with me.' And we wouldn't get power."[27]

Predictably, their law and order policies follow the "hang um and flog um" line. But they mean it literally. They would "re-introduce corporal punishment for petty criminals and vandals"[28] and "Restore capital punishment for paedophiles, terrorists and murderers as an option for judges in cases where their guilt is proven beyond dispute."[29]

The party has also advocated the recognition of November as White History Month.[30][31]

[edit] WikiLeaks does its job

Map created by WikiLeaks showing geographical distribution of British National Party members on the list.

In November 2008, a list of the BNP's members was released on the Internet.[32] The list included many people from all walks of life across the entire country, including a policeman and a priest. Many were down as members, others down as "activists" and several were labelled that they would like their membership made discreet due to professional concerns. Griffin claimed that the list was outright stolen, rather than misplaced, possibly in reference to blunders by the UK government during 2008 where data was lost or misplaced by (incompetent) civil servants.

[edit] Splinters

As with its predecessor the National Front, the BNP has spawned a good number of splinter groups. Generally, these were founded by people loyal to far-right politics but critical of Nick Griffin's leadership. Examples include the British "Freedom" Party, the British "Democratic" Party, Britain First and Patria.

[edit] People associated with the BNP

Man with the knickers on his head: Britain First leader, Paul Golding, former BNP activist (here he was still in the National Front). The man in the middle of the photo appears to be Mark Collett.
  • John Tyndall: Founder; dethroned and deceased.
  • Nick Griffin: Leader from 1999-2014.
  • Adam Walker: Current leader.[33]
  • Lee Barnes: Former legal officer, now a dissident after falling out with Griffin.
  • Jonathan Bowden: Served as cultural officer before falling out with Griffin; deceased.
  • Andrew Brons: One of the BNP's two MEPs, until he left to start his own party after falling out with Griffin.
  • Jim Dowson: Former fundraiser; later left the party to create Britain First with comrade Paul Golding (has since left BF)
  • Sarah "Maid of Albion" Davies: Blogger.
  • Kenneth McKilliam‎: Involved in the party in its early days; died in 1993.
  • Alan O'Reilly: Activist and raving fundie.
  • Clive Potter: Former parliamentary candidate and leader of alleged BNP front Solidarity; now involved with English nationalism.
  • Carlos Cortiglia: Uruguayan-born candidate for Mayor of London in 2012.
  • A bloke in a rubber horse mask.
  • Young BNP leader Mark Collett[wp], who featured in a Channel 4 documentary Young, Nazi and Proud[wp] and RE:BRAND Naziboy, where he called HIV/AIDS a "friendly disease" and expressed his admiration for Adolf Hitler to the Jewish journalist, unaware he was being filmed.
  • The leader of the Youth BNP[34] in the North West, Jack "Boot" Renshaw, made international news[35] after claiming that his gay dog undermined his principles by "licking the penises of other male dogs" (The horror! It's almost as is this sort of thing happened in nature...[36]), claiming that "my principles will likely win!.[37] The party consequently crashed dramatically in the European elections[wp] of that year.

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

[edit] Footnotes

  1. BNP Constitution v12.2, Section 3, Clause 3.2.3, page 7, courtesy of Liverpool Antifascists
  2. Burgess, Kaya (12 June 2009). "White supremacist gunman James W. von Brunn had links to BNP". London: Times Online. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/us_and_americas/article6481475.ece. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  3. Cahal Milmo; Kevin Rawlinson (22 October 2009). "10 things you should know about the BNP when you watch Question Time tonight". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/10-things-you-should-know-about-the-bnp-when-you-watch-question-time-tonight-1806874.html. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  4. "PANORAMA: UNDER THE SKIN [Transcript"]. BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/audio_video/programmes/panorama/transcripts/transcript_25_11_01.txt. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/i-am-a/journalist/electoral-commission-media-centre/news-releases-donations/electoral-commission-statement-on-removal-of-british-national-party-from-register-of-political-parties
  6. The BNP's breakthrough: Booted and suited, The Economist, 11 June 2009
  7. Expelled BNP founder plans court battle, The Observer, 24 August 2003.
  8. BNP website: "Mission Statement"
  9. Caution: fucking horrible website.
  10. "Constitution of the British National Party", 2004 ("Section 2: Membership")
  11. BNP to consider non-white members, BBC News, 15 October 2009.
  12. BNP votes to ditch whites-only membership rule, BBC News, 14 February 2010.
  13. BNP membership rules still discriminatory, court rules, BBC News, 12 March 2010.
  14. "The sorry tale of the BNP councillors", Hope not Hate's profile of BNP Councilors
  15. Andrew Brons: the genteel face of neo-fascism, The Guardian, 8 June 2009.
  16. European Election 2009: North West, BBC News, 8 June 2009.
  17. BNP wins Yorkshire Euro seat, Yorkshire Evening Post, 8 June 2009
  18. BNP support in poll sparks anger, BBC News, 24 October 2009.
  19. Election 2010 United Kingdom - National Results, BBC News
  20. BNP National Parliaments and General election performance[wp] at Wikipedia
  21. BNP vote increases, but fails to win seat, BBC News, 7 May 2010.
  22. BNP stripped of official status as a political party by the Electoral Commission
  23. "Constitution of the British National Party", 2004 ("Section 1: Political Objectives")
  24. Borders folk may be descended from Africans, The Telegraph
  25. Nick Griffin, "The BNP: Anti-asylum protest, racist sect or power-winning movement?", 2004, at the BNP website.
  26. BNP news archive, 28 July 2006.
  27. Nick Griffin Speaking at Burnley Branch Meeting, Lancashire Telegraph 22 March 2006.
  28. Nothing tells a 15 year-old "don't spray paint that wall again" better than beating the crap out of them.
  29. Nothing stops paedophiles, terrorists and murders from molesting, terrorising and murdering better than killing them.
  30. Anger over BNP's 'white history month', New Statesman, 26 November 2008.
  31. "BNP ‘White History Month’ whitewashes history", Harry's Place, 12 November 2008.
  32. Leaked list 'exposes BNP members', BBC News, 19 November 2008.
  33. Griffin defends record after stepping down as BNP leader, BBC News, 21 July 2014.
  34. Not a typo, it's been through many incarnations. See the Wikipedia article on Resistance (YBNP).
  35. Such as this from The Young Turks, who describe him as "conservative", showing that they really don't understand British politics at all.
  36. Yes, I know this is an example of the nature fallacy, but considering the fact that homosexuality is "unnatural" seems to be his argument, two can play at that game...
  37. BNP Youth Member Jack Renshaw Has Principles Challenged By His 'Gay Dog'" The Huffington Post UK
Political parties of the United Kingdom
Britain First - British Freedom Party - Christian Party - Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist) - Conservative Party (UK) - English Democratic Party - English Democrats - Green Party - Green Party of England & Wales - Green Party of England and Wales - Islamic Party of Britain - Labour Party - Liberal Democrats - Liberty GB - National Front - New Communist Party of Britain - Official Monster Raving Loony Party - Plaid Cymru - Political parties of the United Kingdom - Revolutionary Communist Party (UK) - Scottish Green Party - Scottish National Party - Socialist Party of Great Britain - Socialist Workers Party - Trades Union and Socialist Coalition - United Kingdom Independence Party - Workers Revolutionary Party -
Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
Navigation
support
Community
Tools