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|Fails from the crypt|
Over a period of sixty years Xavier produced hundreds of books which he claimed were written by spirits. He termed this style of writing "psychography". He was eventually exposed as a fraud by a close associate of his, Waldo Vieira (1932–2015).
"Workers from the Spiritist Center went to the line [of followers] to get details from the deceased. Or they used stories told by relatives in the letters where they asked for a meeting. The messages from Chico had this information," Vieira revealed. That would explain his "psychographed" letters with details that "only the deceased had known." More than cold reading, this was just plain hoaxing. There were other hoaxes, according to Vieira.
Despite the fakery of this case, Xavier has retained a strong following in Brazil and is still supported as the real deal by some modern parapsychology cranks. Guy Lyon Playfair wrote an entire book about Xavier describing him as a "hero" and the "medium of the century". Go figure.
- Stollznow, Karen. (2014). Language Myths, Mysteries and Magic. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 113. ISBN 978-1-137-40484-8 "Xavier was revealed to be a cheat. In what is called hot reading, Xavier's staff at his spiritist center in Brazil gathered information from clients as they lined up to see the psychic. In the letters from the dead, these details were presented back to the clients as though they had been psychic messages."
- Spiritualism in Brazil: Alive and Kicking
- Playfair, Guy Lyon. (2010). Chico Xavier, Medium of the Century. Roundtable Publishing. ISBN 978-0956449313