Chico Xavier

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It's fun to pretend
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Fails from the crypt
Chico Xavier (left) with Otília Diogo in bed sheet.

Chico Xavier (1910–2002) was a Brazilian spiritualist medium and claimed psychic healer. He was a major figure in the Spiritism religion.

Over a period of sixty years Xavier produced over four hundred books, all of which he claimed were actually written by spirits. He termed this style of writing "psychography". He is also known for his abnegation and charity work.


A fellow medium and close associate of his, Waldo VieiraWikipedia (1932–2015), is sometimes quoted as having exposed him as a fraud, although this is subject to debate.

Xavier would receive information about his clients from staff at his spiritist center (Centro Espírita Luiz Gonzaga).[1] According to an article in the Skeptical Inquirer:

"Workers from the Spiritist Center went to the line [of followers] to get details from the deceased. Or they used stories told by relatives in the letters where they asked for a meeting. The messages from Chico had this information," Vieira revealed. That would explain his "psychographed" letters with details that "only the deceased had known." More than cold reading, this was just plain hoaxing. There were other hoaxes, according to Vieira.[2]

There are also embarrassing photographs of Xavier with another medium Otília Diogo dressed in white bed sheets as a spirit.[2]

Despite the fakery of this case, Xavier has retained a strong following in Brazil and is still supported as the real deal by some modern parapsychology cranks. Guy Lyon Playfair wrote an entire book about Xavier describing him as a "hero" and the "medium of the century".[3] Go figure.

See also[edit]


  1. Stollznow, Karen. (2014). Language Myths, Mysteries and Magic. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 113. ISBN 978-1-137-40484-8 "Xavier was revealed to be a cheat. In what is called hot reading, Xavier's staff at his spiritist center in Brazil gathered information from clients as they lined up to see the psychic. In the letters from the dead, these details were presented back to the clients as though they had been psychic messages."
  2. 2.0 2.1 Spiritualism in Brazil: Alive and Kicking
  3. Playfair, Guy Lyon. (2010). Chico Xavier, Medium of the Century. Roundtable Publishing. ISBN 978-0956449313