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Giovanni Gentile

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Gentile contemplating life
Thinking hardly
or hardly thinking?

Icon philosophy.svg
Major trains of thought
The good, the bad,
and the brain fart
Come to think of it

Giovanni Gentile (30 May 1875–15 April 1944) was an Italian philosopher, politician[1] and an educator known as the "Philosopher of Fascism." He contributed to the rise of Italian fascism and was the ghostwriter of Benito Mussolini's essay, The Doctrine of Fascism. He was influenced by Karl Marx, Engels and Friedrich Nietzsche among others. Under Il Duce, Gentile became the Minister of Public Education and started a reform of Italian education.[2]

Following the Allied invasion of Italy in 1943, Gentile supported Mussolini's creation of the Nazi puppet state, the Italian Social Republic (or "Salò"), under which he accepted a position as head of the Academy of Italy. In 1944, Gentile was killed by anti-fascist communists.[3]


Gentile has been referred to as the "official philosopher of Fascism in Italy."[4] He was a supporter of rejection of individualism, collectivism and the recognition of the state as the ultimate authority.[5] He wanted fascism to have been based on his own philosophy.[6]


  4. Benedetto Croce, Guide to Aesthetics, Translated by Patrick Romanell, "Translator's Introduction," The Library of Liberal Arts, The Bobbs–Merrill Co., Inc., 1965
  6. The philosophical Basis of Fascism By Sir Giovanni Gentile.