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Hadrian in all his rosy-cheeked glory.
Tomorrow is a mystery,
but yesterday is

Icon history.svg
Secrets of times gone by

Hadrian, born Publius Aelius Hadrianus, (76—138 CE) was a Roman emperor from 117 to 138 CE. He conquered Britain, rebuilt the Pantheon and is regarded as one of the so-called "Five Good Emperors".

Hadrian suppressed the Bar Kokhba revoltWikipedia in Judaea — the last major concerted military effort by a Jewish armed force prior to the rise of Zionism.

Further, Hadrian, acting on the advice of his proconsul of Asia, Minucius Fundanus, decided that Christians wouldn't be killed without a trial.[1] He also took AntinousWikipedia, a young boy at the time, to be his lover until the latter's death at age 20.

Christian apologism[edit]

Some Christians, seeking Evidence for the historical existence of Jesus Christ, have quoted Eusebius, quoting a letter from Hadrian to Minucius Fundanus:[2][3]

I do not wish, therefore, that the matter should be passed by without examination, so that these men may neither by harassed, nor opportunity of malicious proceedings be offered to informers. If, therefore, the provincials can clearly evince their charges against the Christians, so as to answer before the tribunal, let them pursue this course only, but not by mere petitions, and mere outcries against the Christians. For it is far more proper, if any one would bring an accusation, that you should examine it.

Interpreting this as evidence of Jesus' existence doesn't hold up, for several reasons:[4]

  • Time: Hadrian was born about 45 years after the supposed crucifixion.
  • Content: The letter doesn't even mention Jesus or Christ, merely the persecution of Christians; nobody denies that Christians were persecuted, and yet this persecution is irrelevant to the existence of Jesus.
  • Eusebius: The letter is found only in the writings of Eusebius, who has, ah, questionable reliability.

Beginning of the end of the empire?[edit]

The emperors Trajan and Hadrian are commonly cited as those who reigned over the Roman Empire at its greatest territorial extent. This means in reverse that Hadrian actually shrank the empire when he constructed his famous wall, as territory previously claimed and tenuously governed by Rome was now lost and would never be regained. Most of his contemporaries did not see the loss of a few acres of snow as a huge tragedy and the fact that Adriano/Adrian are still popular names both in Italy and his native Spain show that he is widely regarded more positively than - say - Nero.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]