Orval Faubus

From RationalWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Faubus in 1959
God, guns, and freedom
U.S. Politics
Icon politics USA.svg
Starting arguments over Thanksgiving dinner
Persons of interest
Charles: Why is he so sick and ridiculous?
Danny: He won't permit integrated schools.
Charles: Then he's a fool!
—Charles Mingus, Original Faubus Fables[1]

Orval Eugene Faubus (1910–1994) was the Dixiecrat governor of Arkansas from 1954-1967.

Early political achievements[edit]

During the first few months of his administration, Faubus desegregated public transportation in Arkansas and investigated the possibility of integrating public schools, which was quite a courageous endeavor for a man of his time (and place).[2] His progressive approach to civil rights reform would prove to be short-lived, however.

Central High crisis[edit]

Never piss off Ike.

In 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that public schools had to be integrated. White Arkansans were not amused. In a stunning display of political douchebaggery, Faubus (envious of the success his opponents were having using segregationist rhetoric to stir up white voters) decided that the wisest course of action would be to deploy the Arkansas National Guard to Little Rock Central High School at the beginning of the 1957-58 school year in order to block nine African American students from entering. They were known as the Little Rock Nine.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower was not amused. He gave Faubus an epic presidential bitch-slap and federalized the Arkansas National Guard. He then deployed the 101st Airborne Division of the US Army to the school in order to suppress the inevitable redneck uprising mob violence that ensued and enforce the federal court order.[3] Students would have to finish the remainder of the school year under the supervision of the U.S. military. The school was closed for the 1958-59 school year, ending any hopes of the football team going to the state championship that season.[4] Amazingly, Faubus continued on as governor until 1967, when he chose not to run again, thank God. He ran for the Democratic presidential primary nomination over and over until 1986. He died in 1994.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]