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Ueno Chizuko (上野 千鶴子) (1948–) is a Japanese sociologist. One of the few prominent feminist figures in Japan. She has achieved some mainstreaming of gender studies, which was a non-mainstream study at Japanese universities.
Even though she is Japanese, she made statements about "comfort women" used by the Japanese Army during World War II. Her position is that the Japanese government should apologize and compensate the comfort women as much as possible. That's why right-wing to far-right and nationalists in Japan hate Ueno Chizuko very much.
She takes a somewhat unique view of sexism historically. She believes that modern sexism is more serious than the premodern sexism, and has argued that modern gender discrimination is not due to tradition but an acute product of post-industrial economic structure. She is opposed to racism, nationalism and discrimination against sexual minorities.
- Prideaux, Eric (5 March 2006). "Speaking up for her sex". The Japan Times.