Bat Ye'or

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Bat Ye'or is the pseudonym of Gisèle Littman (née Orebi) (1933–), a major figure and "ideological leader" of the Islamophobic counter-jihad movement and author of several virulently anti-Muslim books. She is most notorious for coining the conspiracy theory called "Eurabia," which notably served as the main ideological inspiration for the Islamophobic mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik.[1][2]

Littman lives in Switzerland.


  1. Bat Ye’or: Theorist of the ‘counterjihad’ movement by Bob Pitt (September 3, 2013) Islamophobia Watch
  2. International ‘Counter-Jihadist’ map: Switzerland Hope Not Hate (archived from July 5, 2014).