Gamal Abdel Nasser

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Gamal Abdel Nasser. He is seen here "giving a job" to a homeless person.
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Gamal Abdel Nasser (1918–1970), born in Bakos, Alexandria, was an Egyptian military officer and the second president of Egypt from 1956 to 1970 (and Syria from 1958 to 1961Wikipedia), and is generally considered the man who modernized Egypt. The Suez Crisis occurred during his presidency, and he established friendly relations with the Soviet Union after a series of diplomatic setbacks with the United States. That being said, he was also an opponent of communism in addition to democracy. Despite his socialist economic policies, he persecuted atheists and Marxists.[1]

In 1954, there was a serious attempt on his life by a member of Muslim Brotherhood. Following this, Nasser cracked down on the organization and staged a coup, putting President Mohamed Naguib under house arrest and assuming executive office in 1956. In 1966, Sayyid Qutb was convicted of plotting the assassination of Gamal Abdel Nasser and was executed by hanging.


Nasser was a believer in pan-Arabism and his political ideology is known as Nasserism. Nasserism was a mixture of Arab nationalism and socialism, but it was different from Soviet and Western concept of socialism. The fundamental characteristics of Nasserism are:

  • Arab nationalism and pan-Arabism
  • Opposition to Western imperialism
  • Opposition to atheism and Marxism
  • Secularism
  • Socialist economics
  • Modernization
  • Industrialization
  • A belief that Zionism is an extension of European colonialism

See also[edit]


  1. Abdel-Malek, A. (1964-03-19). "Nasserism And Socialism" (in en). Socialist Register 1. ISSN 0081-0606.