Swedish Model Report
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The report claimed great success on the part of the Swedish Model, which criminalized buying, but not selling, sex (in short: you can legally prostitute yourself, but if caught, your customers would be arrested). This initially led to great rejoicing among anti-prostitution activists... until further analysis revealed the report to be one of the most ideologically-driven studies to ever claim scholarly merit.
Among other things the study assumed correlation equaled causation (there was an international trend of decreasing street sex workers, which could just as easily explain the decrease in the number of street walkers), assumed the highest possible number of sex workers from before the act was passed (despite their estimate having a margin of error of 50%), ignored the possibility that sex workers might simply have become more difficult to document now that they had to protect their clients (prostitution had previously been legal in Sweden), and generally fell victim to mountains of confirmation bias.
- Susanne Dodillet and Petra Östergren. "The Swedish Sex Purchase Act: Claimed Success and Documented Effects." Decriminalizing Prostitution and Beyond: Practical Experiences and Challenges (conference). 2011 March 3.