Arab supremacy

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Arab supremacy is an ideology that promotes the "racial", cultural and ethnic superiority of Arabs over non-Arab Middle Easterners such as black Africans, Kurds, Turks and Persians.[1] Arab Supremacy is a reactionary but toxic ideology that arose as a response to the colonization of the Middle East by European powers. The concept of Arab supremacy has been getting studied as more Middle Eastern feminists and other marginalized peoples in the Middle East are being emboldened to speak out on it now.[2]

Like white supremacy, which promotes the assimilation, murder, and oppression of "non-whites", Arab supremacy simply ignores minorities in the Arab world and kills them if they resist being "Arabized."

History[edit]

Arab supremacy has a relatively short history. While ethnic prejudices between Arabs and the other ethnic groups were common in the past, the idea of Arab supremacy didn't arise until after the destruction of the Ottoman Empire. [3]

Roots[edit]

Arab supremacy has its roots in various ideologies such as Pan-Arabism. Pan-Arabism is an ideology that promotes the creation of an Arab state that has a unified language, culture and ethnicity. Like all ideologies that preach ethnic unity in a multi-ethnic area, Pan-Arabism was used as justification for racism against non-Arabs in the Middle East such as Kurds, Yazidis, Persians, Berbers, Jews, Turks and black Africans.[4]

Other than the failed and brief union (1958-1961) of Egypt and Syria (United Arab Republic),Wikipedia's W.svg Pan-Arabism has not become the basis of an entire nation for a variety of reasons. For one, despite the fact these Arab nations were all Arab, many of them still pursued their own national goals at the expense of other Arab nations which only inflamed tensions between the them. The Arab losses against Israel in the Six-Day WarWikipedia's W.svg and the subsequent Yom Kippur WarWikipedia's W.svg also hurt Pan-Arabism, not helped by the death of the President of Egypt at the time, Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1970.

Ba'athism arose as another Arab supremacist ideology as it preaches a non-Marxist form of socialism known as Arab Socialism.[5]. Ba'athism had a bad tendency of becoming a military dictatorship when it came to power rather than a socialist state. Ba'athism wasn't really popular and the only two Ba'athist nations in the world (Iraq and Syria) openly despised one another. Ba'athism died during the 2004 invasion of Iraq, although Pan-Arabism is still supported by the current governments of Iraq and Syria.

Numerous attempts to create an Arab nation, all have failed, mostly due to political infighting, the rise of Islamism and the rise of nationalism within Arab nations.[6] Despite this, Arab supremacy remains a powerful force in the Middle East.

Examples[edit]

Much of the oppression of minorities in Middle Eastern nations is increasingly being called racism by outside scholars as it supersedes the authoritarianism that already oppresses all the citizens of these nations.

  • Darfur: Arab Sudanese are killing the black Sudanese for a mixture of racial and religious reasons. The "race" section of this conflict is a great example of how the racial aspects of Arab supremacy are fluid. Despite much intermarrying between Arabs and Africans, Sudanese politicians still promote a separation of Arabs and Africans.[7] Darfur is labeled a genocide by the UN.[8]
  • Black Egyptians report being victims of open racism by Arabs.[10]
  • Daesh: Sunni Arabs killing Kurds, Yezidis, and Assyrians. Daesh has attacked many Kurdish areas in Syria and Iraq with the purpose of ethnically cleansing the Kurds and replacing them with Arabs. They encouraged Arabs living under their rule to go to Kurdish areas, loot towns, and take household appliances, money, and other goods. Daesh also enslaved thousands of Yezidi women and children, killing the men. Finally, it has kidnapped and killed hundreds of Assyrians and other Christians with the purpose of forcing them to leave. Daesh has taken a softer stance towards Turkmen, allowing them to join and fight with Daesh.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]