Aung San Suu Kyi
|Oh no, they're talking about|
“”It is not power that corrupts but fear. Fear of losing power corrupts those who wield it and fear of the scourge of power corrupts those who are subject to it.
|—Literally Aung San Suu Kyi|
Aung San Suu Kyi (born 1945) is a pro-democracy activist and General Secretary of the National League for Democracy in Burma (a.k.a. Myanmar) and a noted former prisoner of conscience and advocate of nonviolent resistance. She was detained from 1989 until her release in November 2010. Kyi was finally released and won a national election. It is not clear how independent she was from the military junta nor the amount of control they exerted on her, though it was likely considerable. Because of this and possibly because she was never sincerely the full-out universal idealist she claimed, she went absolutely batshit and turned against all the principles that she struggled for, won awards for (mostly retracted), and has turned into one of the biggest disappointments in modern rights-based politics. This was due largely to her doing absolutely nothing to stop genocide happening in her own country, refusing to acknowledge that genocide is occurring, staying silent when journalists and activists were rounded up by the military, unwillingness to condemn the military she used to fight against, and galling attempts to justify the genocide. She was removed from power in a coup d'etat in the early months of 2021.
According to the results of the 1990 general election, Suu Kyi earned the right to be Prime Minister, as leader of the winning party, but her detention by the military junta prevented her from assuming that role. She presented a major headache for the junta — too powerful to ignore and too well-known to simply be taken out and shot.
In June 2013 she announced that she wanted to be a candidate for the Myanmar Presidency in 2015. As a natural-born citizen of Myanmar, she would seem to be eligible. However, the military rulers have concocted a law disqualifying anyone who has foreign children from the presidency. Suu Kyi's sons, Alexander and Kim Aris, were born in the UK and have UK citizenship.
Suu Kyi's father, Aung San, was the head of the Burmese Army that secured Burmese independence from Britain in 1945; however, he was assassinated the very year she was born. After studying in the UK, where she received her Ph.D. in African and Oriental studies, Suu Kyi returned to Burma to lead the National League for Democracy.
She also has a lesson for world leaders, not that they will take heed:
“”Government leaders are amazing… so often it seems they are the last to know what the people want.
In 2015 her party won a majority of seats in parliament – no small feat, considering only 75% of the seats were up for election according to the rigged constitution that reserves a quarter of the seats for unelected military representatives. Her party won at least 255 seats in the House of Representatives and 135 seats in the House of Nationalities. In addition, Suu Kyi won re-election to the House of Representatives. As the constitution bars anyone from running for the presidency if they have foreign citizens in their family, Suu Kyi announced that she was "above the president," and that she would hold the real power in any NLD government — this in addition to her incredible grip on the party, to the point where they largely served as her proxies rather than comrades. Many found this to be rather authoritarian, and little better than the junta she opposed for so long.
Her silence on the genocide of Rohingya was foreshadowed years before she became head of government. Suu Kyi has refused to condemn the persecution of Muslims in Burma stretching back decades. In October 2013, after a tense interview with BBC presenter Mishal Husain (during which Suu Kyi blamed "both sides" for the ethnic cleansing of Muslims), she was heard to mutter: "No one told me I was going to be interviewed by a Muslim." This all changed in April 2017, when she gave an interview to the BBC in which she stated "I don't think there is ethnic cleansing going on. I think ethnic cleansing is too strong an expression to use for what is happening." This means she has joined the bandwagon of denialists. By August 2017, more than 620,000 have fled to neighboring Bangladesh, "driven out by the military’s systematic campaign of massacre, rape, and arson in Rakhine" State, amounting to what is widely viewed as ethnic cleansing.
- 1990: Rafto Prize
- 1990: Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought
- 1991: Nobel Peace Prize
- 1992: Jawaharlal Nehru Peace Prize
- 2007: Made an Honorary Citizen of Canada (at the time, one of only five people to have this honor bestowed upon them) — revoked in 2018 over the Rohingya crisis
- 2009: Amnesty International's Ambassador of Conscience Award — withdrawn in 2018 for "shameful betrayal"
- 2012: Elie Wiesel Award (U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum) — rescinded in 2018 for Suu Kyi's inaction regarding the Rohingya crisis
- Aung San Suu Kyi: 'It is not power that corrupts but fear', Freedom from Fear -1990, Speakola
- "Myanmar's jailed reporters and Suu Kyi's silence," BBC
- "Aung San Suu Kyi: Myanmar democracy icon who fell from grace," BBC
- Who killed Aung San? by Kin Oung, White Lotus Press (1996).
- 'No Such Thing as Rohingya': Myanmar Erases a History by Hannah Beech (Dec. 2, 2017) The New York Times.
- Senate votes to strip Aung San Suu Kyi of honorary Canadian citizenship by Kathleen Harris (02 Oct 2018 15.44 EST; last modified 03 Oct 2018) CBC.
- Aung San Suu Kyi stripped of Amnesty's highest honour over 'shameful betrayal' by Rebecca Ratcliffe (Mon 12 Nov 2018 12.32 EST; Last modified on Mon 12 Nov 2018 20.00 EST) The Guardian.
- Holocaust Museum Rescinds award to Nobel winner Aung San Suu Kyi over Rohingya issue by Michelle Boorstein & Anne Gearan (March 7, 2018 at 2:44 PM) The Washington Post.