| The woo is out there|
|Aliens did it...|
|...and ran away|
Gordon Cooper was an US astronaut, one of the Mercury Seven - the original seven astronauts chosen for Project Mercury, the first US human spaceflight program. Like Edgar Mitchell, he is famous among ufologists as he has come out with various wild claims that the US government has been covering up information about UFOs.
Mercury-Atlas 9 — 15 May 1963. 22 orbits. Last Mercury flight.
Gemini 5 — 21-29 August 1965. Command Pilot, with Pilot Pete Conrad. Noted for long duration, and first fuel cells.
The Gordon Cooper UFO mythology
UFOs over Germany
1951, during military training in F-86 fighters, Cooper alleged that he saw a considerable number of UFOs flying from west to east at altitudes that the F-86 fighters couldn’t go up to. This allegedly took place over the span of a day and a half. According to Cooper, the official explanation that came back was high flying seed pods. However, many witnesses did not report seeing such UFOs and in 1976, Jack Acuff (the director of NICAP) stated that Cooper dismissed the UFO sighting as a weather balloon.
Edwards AFB UFO
3 May 1957. Cooper was a test pilot at the Air Force Flight Test Center. The mythology is that he saw "a strange-looking craft" land on the dry lake bed, then take off again. A film camera crew shot film of it. Cooper reported the incident to the Pentagon and was ordered to send the undeveloped film to Washington. He did so and, according to the mythology, the film was never seen again.
The reality is that some shots were taken from a distance of about a mile by a so-called Askania camera. This is a 35mm film camera shooting one frame per second, used to evaluate aircraft performance. The film did not disappear but was sent to Wright-Patterson AFB and the mystery object positively identified as a weather balloon originating from a weather unit a few miles west of the Askania location.
Mercury 9 UFO
15 May 1963. Many UFOlogists have erroneously reported that Cooper saw a UFO during this mission. It was described as "a greenish object moving east to west," or "a greenish UFO with a red tail"
These descriptions are garbled accounts of the flashing beacon experiment that was an important part of the flight. At 03:25 GET Cooper flipped a switch and ejected a six-inch spherical tracking target equipped with a xenon strobe. The purpose of the experiment was to test his ability to see the target under various lighting conditions. From the mission transcript:
03:25:06 "I am on fly-by-wire, have armed the squib -- pitching up very very slowly, and will deploy the flashing light at the minus 20 degree point. Flashing light is deployed."
Not until about 90 minutes later did he see it, and reported to the Muchea tracking station:
05:05:03 "Have been looking for the flashing beacon. ... This light's in sight, it is below me. It is quite a brownish, reddish brown and considerable altitude above the ground. Every time I fire a pitch-down thruster I get a shower of these little fireflies. The light is flashing now. ... It's quite bright -- quite discernible ... it appears to be about 10 to 12 miles away, about the order of a second magnitude star."
Quotes and misquotes
"Intelligent beings from other planets regularly visit our world in an effort to enter into contact with us. NASA and the American government know this and possess a great deal of evidence. Nevertheless, they remain silent in order not to alarm people. I am dedicated to forcing the authorities to end their silence."
That famous (mis)quotation[note 1] from astronaut Cooper was used by Columbia Pictures to promote the Spielberg classic Close Encounters of the Third Kind. But Cooper never said it, and sued Columbia for false use of his name. In 1980 he said "I'm engaged in a lawsuit against people who used my name for a commercial venture, quoting me to the effect that I'm dedicated to forcing the government to tell the truth about UFOs. I never said that at all. If any UFO information is being suppressed, it's certainly not in the U.S. Air Force, because I was at a high enough level to know about it."
However, there is no doubt that, for whatever reason, Cooper was a believer. He really did say "People have seen flying saucers at close hand. And in many cases they have been verified on radar. It is ridiculous for anyone to say that they're all completely unreal." On a TV chat show he was asked if he thought extraterrestrial visitors had "ever been here", and Cooper replied "Yes, I think they have and are here regularly."
Although Cooper’s beliefs were cranky, they were mostly harmless. However, later in life Cooper’s story became even more questionable with some of them seemingly being used to perpetuate suprising amount of woo and bullshit. Some speculate that these beliefs may have been inspired by potential mental illnesses.
- Gordon Cooper's biography at NASA's Johnson Space Center website
- In Search of Gordon Cooper's UFOs, James Oberg
- The alleged source of the quotation is the French tabloid newssheet Nostra, dated 30 August 1973. Here's the French original: "Des êtres intelligents, venus d’autres planètes, visitent régulièrement notre globe et cherchent à entrer en contact avec nous. J’ai rencontré plusieurs de leurs engins au cours de mes voyages intersidéraux. La N.A.S.A. et le government américain le savent. Ils possèdent même de nombreuses preuves. Pourtant ils continuent à garder le silence. C’est, sans doute, pour ne pas alarmer les populations. Mais je suis bien décidé, moi, à dire tout ce que je sais, car ce "mur du silence", finalement, est terriblement néfaste." A pdf of the page is here. A fuller translation is "Intelligent beings from other planets regularly visit our world and attempt to get in contact with us. I have come across several of their spacecraft during my spaceflights. NASA and the American government know this and possess a great deal of evidence. Nevertheless, they remain silent. Doubtless this is so as not to alarm people. However, I am determined to say what I know because this "wall of silence" is, in the end, terribly harmful."
- Interview with Cooper
- Jerry Cohen’s “rebuttal” of my investigation of Gordon Cooper’s UFO stories p4-5
- The puzzle of Astronaut Gordon Cooper‘s UFO stories
- Letter to a UFO newsletter in June 1957 by Major Robert F. Spence of the Edwards AFB Office of Information Services.
- See Project Bluebook case report
- Is Something Up There? by Dale White, Scholastic Book Services, Doubleday, 1968
- "Edge of Reality" by J. Allen Hynek and Jacques Vallee
- OMNI, March 1980, p. 106
- Merv Griffin Show, 10 April 1978
- Loss of faith: Gordon Cooper’s post NASA stories