User:DiamondDisc1/CRISPR

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CRISPR is generally known as the name for a genetic engineering tool. CRISPR is the acronym for Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats. (Very simple complicated, isn't it?)

History[edit]

CRISPR was first known as segments of prokaryotic DNA that contained short repetitive base sequences. In 2012, two men women, Jennifer DoudnaWikipedia and Emmanuelle CharpentierWikipedia, discovered that CRISPR could be used as a quick way to edit DNA when studying a Streptococcus pyogenes bacterium. (AKA the bacterium that causes strep throat. Who knew those bacteria would actually be useful one day?) They named the tool CRISPR/Cas9. (Cas9 is the enzyme used in the CRISPR process.)

Effect On Society[edit]

This discovery revolutionized gene editing and took the genetics world by storm. Scientists have used it to produce mutated monkeys, glow in the dark plants, and (controversially) edit the genes of non-viable human embryos. Jennifer Doudna and Emmanuelle Charpentier received many awards for their discovery. The discovery also proves that women can do SCIENCE and revolutionize the field!!! (As if it hadn't been proven enough already)

Works Cited[edit]

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jennifer_Doudna#Honors_and_Awards https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emmanuelle_Charpentier#Awards_and_honors

In a nutshell[edit]

Relevant Links[edit]

CRISPR/Cas ToolsWikipedia

CRISPR interferenceWikipedia

CRISPRWikipedia

Mainspace Equivalent[edit]

See also[edit]