Islam in the United States
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Islam is perhaps the fastest growing religion in the United States of America due both to immigration and to conversions. Various estimates put the number of Muslims in the United States between 1 and 6 million. The vast majority of American Muslims have South Asian, Arabic, or African ancestry; about one-quarter are African-Americans. As of 2010 the United States had 2,106 mosques, up 74% in 10 years.
Contrary to what Dominionists might have you believe, Muslims figured among the earliest Old World immigrants to areas that would become the US. A Moroccan slave named Estevanico was shipwrecked in what is now Galveston, Texas in 1528; he traveled through much of what is now the American Southwest. Anthony Jansen van Salee, a Dutch-Moroccan, arrived in New Amsterdam (later New York City) in 1633. An estimated 20% of African slaves professed Islam, at least before slave owners suppressed their religion. A few Muslims fought in the American Revolution (though mostly on the British side) — two were known to have fought with the Americans: Yusuf ben Ali and Bampett Muhamed. Ali and Muhamed likely did not fight with the purpose of making the thirteen colonies a Christian nation. The first iftar dinner, ending Ramadan, that celebrated in the White House was in 1805 and hosted by Thomas Jefferson for Sidi Soliman Mellimelli, the Tunisian ambassador.
As with every other religion, no set theology, political view, or level of religious conservatism correlates with the practice of Islam in the United States. The trend appears more progressive than in European and Middle Eastern Islam, possibly because many American Muslims (particularly the African-American segment) do not come from a culturally Muslim background and many converted for political reasons. However, that is by no means true of all American Muslims.
Muslim women in the US are often offered more access to the religion in the United States than in Europe, the Middle or Far East. Women are taking active roles in redesigning the mosques they attend, teaching classes for both men and women, and even pressing to become imams.
Famous and infamous American Muslims
- Ahmed H. Zewail — chemist and recipient of the 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- Art Blakey (aka Abdullah Ibn Buhaina) — jazz drummer
- Busta Rhymes — rap artist
- Dawud Salahuddin — assassin and film actor
- Kareem Abdul-Jabbar — basketball player (prev. Lew Alcindor)
- Keith Ellison — first Muslim elected to Congress in 2006
- Kool & the Gang — Ronald and Robert "Kool" Bell
- Malcolm X (born Malcolm Little, he also used the name El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz) — human rights leader. Was a member of the Nation of Islam, but converted to Sunni Islam in the last year of his life.
- Muhammad Ali — boxer (born Cassius Clay)
- Nidal Malik Hasan — spree killer (Fort Hood shooting)
- Stephen Schwartz — journalist
- Warith Deen Mohammed — religious leader (converted most of the membership of the Nation of Islam to orthodox Sunni Islam)
- Yusef Lateef — Grammy-winning jazz musician
- Zalmay Khalilzad — US Ambassador to the United Nations.
Barack ☭HUSSEIN☭ Obama
- Because the US does not track religion in the census, exact numbers are very hard to come by.
- USA Today: Number of U.S. mosques up 74% since 2000
- The Muslims of Early America by Peter Manseau (February 9, 2015) New York Times.
- Anthony Jansen van Salee, the Turk by Bill Greer
- Encyclopedia of Muslim-American History. https://books.google.com/books?id=owZCMZpYamMC&pg=PA561&dq=Yusuf+ben+Ali+and+Bampett+Muhamed&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Db25U_DTLLD60gWezYDwAg&ved=0CB0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Yusuf%20ben%20Ali%20and%20Bampett%20Muhamed&f=false. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- Trump just ended a long tradition of celebrating Ramadan at the White House by Amy B. Wang (June 24, 2017, 4:56 PM) The Washington Post.
- Abdul-Ghafur, Saleemah, ed (2012). Living Islam Out Loud: American Muslim Women Speak (1 ed.). Boston, Massachusetts: Beacon Press. ISBN 9780807096925. https://books.google.com/books?id=sxM2j8eKs8MC. Retrieved 2017-01-22.
- Muslim Women in America: The Challenge of Islamic Identity Today by Yvonne Yazbeck
- Nobel Prize-winning Egyptian chemist Zewail dies August 2, 2016 Reuters.