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Rock Against Racism
| The colorful pseudoscience|
|Hating thy neighbour|
|Divide and conquer|
RAR was originally conceived by Red Saunders and Roger Huddle as a one-off concert, but nothing came of the idea until August 1976 when Eric Clapton drunkenly praised Enoch Powell. Saunders, Huddle and two members of Kartoon Klowns responded with a letter to New Musical Express announcing the launch of the Rock Against Racism movement and calling for collaborators; Huddle since claimed that they received hundreds of letters in reply. RAR was ultimately part of a broader anti-racism movement (its frequent partner, the Anti-Nazi League, was founded in 1977) that grew up in response to the National Front.
The original incarnation of RAR gradually faded away during the eighties, although an arguable successor — Love Music Hate Racism — was set up in 2002 following the elections of BNP councillers in Burnley.
- Exactly who or what Kartoon Klowns were appears to have been largely forgotten.
- Andy Beckett, "When the Lights Went Out: Britain in the Seventies", Faber & Faber, 2009, pp. 449-50.