|A lunatic Chaplin imitator|
and his greatest fans
|First as tragedy|
|Then as farce|
The National Socialist Workers Party of Iran (SUMKA) was an Iranian Neo-Nazi party founded by Davud Monshizadeh, an Iranian Neo-Nazi and a supporter of Nazism during and after World War II. Monshizadeh and his party continued their activism after WWII ended and the Nazi party dissolved.
A bit of history
While World War II was raging on in Europe, some countries such as Iran showed sympathy to the Nazis for their "Aryan cause". One of these people was Davud Monshizadeh, one of Hitler's biggest fanboys outside of Germany. He even fought in the battle of Berlin in 1945 and was wounded in the aftermath. Monshizadeh had been living in Germany in 1937 prior to the rise of the Nazi Party, and became an SS member during that time. In 1940, Monshizadeh founded SUMKA alongside fellow neo-Nazi Morteza Kossarian. Kossarian was also an SS member who fought in the first Battle of Kiev and the Battle of Stalingrad, and was wounded in the process.
SUMKA would go on to spread violence against the opposition (as fascists do), namely against Mossadegh and the Tudeh Party, a communist party in Iran. SUMKA supported the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and demanded that he stay in power. They got their wish, but at a price: their activity eventually waned after the 1950s when the CIA led a coup against the democratically elected Mossadegh and gave the Shah absolute power.
SUMKA’s activity seemed to eventually end sometime during the 1970s, when the ayatollah took power and outlawed all protest and opposition. SUMKA’s activities after this time were not known.
Despite the party officially no longer being active, advocates for Nazism exist today on blog sites for nazism, mostly among the younger generation fed up with the current Islamic regime. Though they are currently small, they are unfortunately an increasing minority. SUMKA's legacy remains as a way for Iranian youth to become radicalized into neo-Nazism and white supremacy, creating an online army of rabidly xenophobic youth becoming radicalized into Neo-Nazism. There are even a few chat forums formed around nazism (think an Iranian version of Stormfront or The Daily Stormer).
- One such site
- "Resurrecting the Reich: Middle Eastern and North African Digital Nazi Communities", Global Network on Extremism & Technology.
- Leonard Willy Michael, National socialist propaganda in late Reza-Shah Iran: the case of Khaterat-e Hitler by Mohsen Jahansuz. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, Volume 50, 2023, p. 180-198.
- Reza Zia-Ebrahimi, Self-Orientalization and Dislocation: The Uses and Abuses of the "Aryan" Discourse in Iran. Iranian Studies 44:4, July 2011, pp. 445-472.
- Iran lifts ban on pro-Nazi website. Alarabia, 22 November 2010.