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Origin and examples
The term "crisis actor" appears to have had very limited use since 2007, and started to get picked up after August 2011.
Sandy Hook massacre
The term was popularized in early 2013 after Professor James Tracy of Florida Atlantic University, who has a history of promoting anti-government paranoia, attracted some media attention for blog posts claiming that the media coverage of the Sandy Hook massacre of December 2012 had been misleading. Tracy claimed that the many witnesses interviewed or photographed by the press were actually "crisis actors" portraying the "official story" as part of a cover-up of whatever did or didn't actually happen.
Use of the phrase "crisis actors" quickly spread within the clogosphere, becoming popular with conspiracy theorists who queried or denied the accepted accounts of Sandy Hook and other crises such as the Aurora shootings of July 2012. The concept has obvious crank appeal, allowing easy explanations for the huge volumes of film footage, photographic evidence and eyewitness testimony surrounding such events, and fitting nicely into the dog whistle politics and pseudo-military jargon common among post-9/11 conspiracy nuts.
Disturbingly, some of these assholes took to naming and harassing individuals whom they perceived as possible crisis actors. Ordinary citizens who had been interviewed at Sandy Hook, or done what they could to help survivors and the distraught community, found not only their media interviews but their private lives and Facebook profiles under hostile scrutiny and their privacy invaded with aggressive telephone calls and hate mail. Most famous is the case of Gene Rosen, a local resident who, on the day of the Sandy Hook massacre, had looked after six children who fled the school. He was interviewed many times during the media coverage of the shootings. As the Sandy Hook "truther" movement picked up momentum, Rosen quickly became identified by various bloggers and conspiracy pundits as a crisis actor, and suffered sustained campaigns of online and real life harassment.
Boston Marathon bombing
“”It takes both a special kind of paranoia and a complete lack of shame to call a bombing victim a paid government shill for somehow not looking enough like a bombing victim.
|—Mike Rothschild, Skeptoid|
The crisis actor meme resurfaced in the wake of the Boston Marathon bombing in April 2013, with some cranks (including James Tracy once again) claiming that the publicised footage of explosions and injured victims was unrealistic, and that the whole thing had been staged as a false flag operation.
In particular, a Before It's News blogger claimed that images of a man who lost both legs in the bombing were unconvincing and that he was actually an amputee actor dressed up in fake gore. Many, many others parroted the line.[etc. ad nauseam]
Of course, there is absolutely no evidence that Baumann and Vogt are the same people, and a huge amount of evidence that they aren’t. For one thing, they had different injuries, with Vogt losing his legs above the knee, and Baumann below the knee. Also, a cursory visual comparison of the two men confirms they look almost nothing like each other, other than both being Caucasian and dark-haired. But to crisis actor believers, those facts do nothing other than lend confirmation to the conspiracy. To them, Vogt was pretending to be Baumann, taking on a lead role in the government’s latest false flag – a pernicious fake designed to take away our rights and heap the abuse of restrictive laws upon us.
2014 Sydney Siege
In the aftermath of the 2014 Sydney Siege, numerous conspiracy theorists claimed that the incident was a false flag and that the hostages involved were crisis actors, and also that the perpetrator was also an actor of some kind.
DAESH Paris Attack
After the 2015 attack in Paris many blogs went crazy coming up with conspiracy theories to prove that the attack was a false flag. Before It's News posted an image of a Parisian comparing her with other accused crisis actors.
- An Orlando shooting survivor was harassed online for being a paid actor.
"Crisis actor" proponents appear to have some degree of prosopagnosia (the inability to recognise faces) and be unaware of it, or that people in general are much better than them at recognising faces. Evidence for "crisis actors" is frequently two people who don't actually have the same face, but who have similar hair, skin colour and clothes. This is surmise, though, and there have yet to be studies.
- Crisis Actors Uncovered?, Snopes
- Reddit - I was a disaster drill actor, AMA
- Crisis Actors
- Google trends
- Skeptoid.com - Crisis Actor? What Crisis Actor?
- Sun Sentinel, "FAU prof stirs controversy by disputing Newtown massacre", January 7, 2013.
- Salon, "This man helped save six children, is now getting harassed for it", January 15, 2013.
- James Tracy, "Witnessing Boston’s Mass Casualty Event", Memory Hole blog, April 22, 2013.
- Before It's News, "Pictures That Prove Double Amputee Was An Actor at Boston Bombings", April 21, 2013.
- Hard Proof Sydney Hostage Crisis was a Movie Set
- Sydney Siege Psyop Hoax – Crisis Actor Marcia Mikhael: Bizarre Demands
- Crisis actors from Boston bombing spotted during Sydney siege