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But one thing is certain, and it's that I’m a jerk for making this site…
—Mark Zuckerberg[1]
Facebook has horrible ads that claim your friends have a crush on you. How yuk is that?
But if you were where Meta currently is, which is presiding over a hugely profitable but ungovernable, unwieldy, widely detested derangement engine ruled by a sociopathic algorithm and an overbearing cadre of psychotic power users, reviled and abandoned by younger users and in every sense but the most literal a haunted space station overrun by goblins and skunks, you too would want to live in the future.
—by David Roth[2]

Facebook (or Meta as it is known post-2021 to avoid negative feelings associated with old name) is a social media platform and stalking tool for approximately everyone in the bloody world who has regular access to the internet. It started in 2004 as a special elite website for students at Harvard, where its founder Mark Zuckerberg (1984–) was studying at the time. It gradually expanded to other educational establishments through 2005 before welcoming the uneducated masses in 2006.[3]

It reached peak popularity with the addition of online gaming, notably the 2009 launch of FarmVille, an espionage tool[4] that filled up everybody's feeds with stuff about wheat. FarmVille incurred the wrath of white nationalist Oscar Yeager, owner of the blog "Day of the Rope" (both names are references to books by William Luther Pierce), as eggs laid by black chickens are worth more points than those laid by white chickens. Or, as Yeager put it, eggs laid by "nigger chickens" are worth more than eggs laid by "Aryan chickens".[5] But that was just the start of it.

Since all the yoof moved to Snapchat, Instagram and TikTok, Facebook is 90% occupied by elderlies posting antivax screeds interspersed with a ton of advertising for everything from your neighbor's old bicycle on Facebook Marketplace to right-wing political propaganda. The remaining 10% of Facebook is occupied by employees of eastern European and Russian troll farmsWikipedia goading the elderlies into yelling at each other by posting propaganda that sows racial and religious discord.[6]

Privacy[edit]

It's worse than that "graph of things Michael Jackson blames it on"

Facebook often receives a shitstorm of attention regarding its "privacy" settings, which people are generally too stupid to use; they're actually quite powerful and useful, from being able to easily restrict what you share with certain friends to sending you a one-time password via text message if you're using an unsecured connection that you don't trust. The privacy controversy really developed in November 2007, when the staff launched Facebook Beacon, in which Facebook's partner e-commerce websites, including eBay and Travelocity, provided the site with news of all your purchases (the partner websites knowing you are on Facebook because you have cookies from the site stored on your browser disclosing your identity to these other websites). Incredibly, Facebook then broadcast news of every purchase you made off-site to all of your "friends", initially without even requiring the user to first opt-in to Beacon. Needless to say, a public outcry rapidly arose over this practice, and Beacon's "opt-out" status was quickly reversed. Facebook's integration with other websites has continued to be relentless, but it's mostly less creepy, and mostly used by social-media nerds.

Although Facebook is no longer the most popular site among young people, it's still a site where people of all ages can inadvertently publish their interests, foibles and deranged conspiracy theories, whether it's students adding their boss as a friend while they still have a profile picture of them being a drunken lunatic at a stag party, or elderly relatives revealing their fondness for antisemitic conspiracy theories. But in short, with Facebook privacy, if you don't want it public, don't fucking put it on the site in the first place; this includes the people who post their phone numbers to "public" groups.[7] Facebook makes it difficult to delete your account and data permanently, and even when it does get deleted, there's no guarantee it isn't still in the database somewhere.[note 1] Although it's possible to delete everything by request, it's easier and quicker to just post some random anti-religious screed, to engage in openly racist diatribe, or start posting porn in order to get banned by the administrators. To make it easier for people to come back, Facebook administrator-gnomes prefer "deactivation", which basically is the same as deletion, but it keeps your data on the server in case you want to come back (how nice!). The site also engages in a little emotional blackmail by telling you how many of your friends will "miss you" when you're gone.

Users...terrible, terrible users[edit]

Since Facebook replaced MySpace as most people's social networking site of choice, some long-term users have noted a trend towards puerile harping and frivolity. Basically, all the people from MySpace came over to Facebook because they were sick of how crap MySpace was, turned Facebook into MySpace, and are now getting sick of how crap Facebook is now that they've turned it into MySpace. To get an idea of the average IQ of a Facebook user, just check out the complaints every time they make a change; with the "news feed", for example. Following a change from a feed that featured selected highlights of what your friends have done (which could be controlled via an options panel), they switched to a "live feed", which just threw everything at you as it happened. There were many complaints and groups demanding for it to be switched back. A later change altered this "live feed" into a news feed (nearly identical to the first "news feed" incarnation) and people still complained, although in fairness, many of them were directed at the absence of any form of notification. If you ever needed proof that people are just plain scared of change that they don't understand, check Facebook.

Facebook has also become an intellectual cesspool for religious glurge-pushers,[note 2][8] as well as a rather vicious, manager-bullying, toilet paper-hoarding, woo-pushing, vaccine and mask-denying species that forces all of these views onto her poor "little angels" (around whom she thinks the world revolves): the dreaded Karenii antimaskus. This rather annoying type of white boomer mom will often whine about how oppressed they are by radical liberal communist BLM vaccine mask deep-state antifas, and how "anti-Karen is code for anti-white".[citation NOT needed]

Jesus himself endorses Facebook,[9] and according to The Onion, so does the CIA.[10] However, the Daily Mail has a long-running hate-on for Facebook,[11] as its editorial staff thinks it may cause cancer. To see the best, or perhaps worst, of the site, visit lamebook.[12]

Oh, what a tangled web we weave[edit]

Facebook's web of entanglement[13]
Oh, what a tangled web we weave,
When first we practise to deceive!"
—Walter Scott[14]

Destroying democracy in the name of profit[edit]

I think it's more useful to make things happen and then, like, apologize later…
—Zuckerberg[15]
In those days, 'move fast and break things' didn't seem to be sociopathic. It wasn't that they intended to do harm so much as they were unconcerned about the possibility that harm would result.
—Roger McNamee, early Facebook investor[15]
We have a responsibility to protect your data, and if we can't then we don't deserve to serve you.
—Mark Zuckerberg[16]

Zuckerberg has indicated that he has a desire for total monopoly of service, something that is anathema to democracy.[citation needed] When informed by future Nobel Prize-winning journalist Maria Ressa that 97% of Filipino internet users used Facebook, Zuckerberg responded, "What are the other 3 percent doing, Maria?"[17] Facebook's near-monopolistic penetration of the Philippines and feeble monitoring-practices enabled Rodrigo Duterte's troll armies to use "violent, threatening, often sexualized online vitriol" to falsely discredit legitimate journalists.[18]

Russia has also endorsed Facebook for its ability to destroy democracy. Despite then-President Obama warning about Russian dissemination of fake news on the site during the 2016 election, Facebook ignored him.[19] By 2017, Zuckerberg began to own up to Facebook's culpability in Russian interference,[20] admitting that Russia had purchased over 3,000 ads to influence the election and to sow racial and religious discord.[21] The Russians used Facebook's "Custom Audiences" tool to target specific messages to specific audiences.[22] (In March 2022 a Russian court declared Facebook "extremist" and banned Meta,[23] so expect no more problems from that quarter.)

In 2018, it emerged that Cambridge Analytica illegally obtained data from Facebook, which it used to sway voters in the 2016 election towards Donald Trump.[24] Facebook was directly responsible for the data breach, but due to shortcomings in the British legal system, the maximum fine was a puny £500,000 - an amount which the site makes every five-and-a-half minutes.[25]

Facebook has proven to be an extremely useful tool to autocrats around the world by allowing state-hired online trolls that support authoritarian governments to use the site to harass opposition and human-rights organizations, sow division, and undermine opposition and independent media. In a memo obtained by Buzzfeed NewsWikipedia, one former Facebook data scientist claimed that she "found multiple blatant attempts by foreign national governments to abuse our platform on vast scales to mislead their own citizenry, and caused international news on multiple occasions", but the site "simply didn't care enough to stop them".[26]

Facebook was also used to help incite the 2021 U.S. Capitol riot, even though the company had restrictions on "stop-the-steal" content. With simple keyword changes, would-be insurrectionists were able to evade the mediocre protections Facebook had in place and use its "groups" feature to coordinate plans. Once the protections were evaded, Facebook's response to pro-insurrection posts was to display advertisements promoting body-armor, firearm accessories and other tactical products.[27] The issue of groups being used in this manner was known within the company long before the riot happened. The Wall Street Journal obtained an internal Facebook document which data scientists created in August 2020. According to the document, "70% of the top 100 most active US Civic Groups are considered non-recommendable for issues such as hate, misinfo, bullying and harassment." One of the top groups in terms of engagement "[aggregated] the most inflammatory news stories of the day and [fed] them to a vile crowd that immediately and repeatedly called for violence". According to company sources who spoke with the Wall Street Journal, Facebook management responded to this report with a shrug.[28]

Supporting hate in the name of profit[edit]

Facing increased criticism for its facilitation of fake news and its influence upon the 2016 election, Facebook hired the Republican opposition-research firm Definers[29] or the PAC America Rising[30] to… generate more fake news! This time it included anti-George Soros fake news, which generally comes off as thinly-veiled antisemitism.[31] This is bizarre to say the least, because Zuckerberg has controlling interest in Facebook and is himself ethnically Jewish.

Brenton Harrison Tarrant, the Australian behind the 2019 Christchurch terrorist attacks in New Zealand, used Facebook to livestream part of the shooting that killed 50 and injured 50 more at Al Noor Mosque and Linwood Islamic Centre.

Facebook's notorious permissiveness regarding fake news, as well as a lax, tolerant attitude towards hate speech (including the increasingly inflammatory, appallingly racist rhetoric of Donald Trump), caused several problems for the company in 2020. Before then, conservative social media (playing the victim, as they usually do) loved to decry that Facebook was "censoring" racist "conservative" posts.[32][33] By 2019, however, compared to its competitors, the social media giant was taking a more "hands-off" stance concerning posts displaying key elements of modern "conservatism" (e.g. racism, hate speech, far-right murder plots[34] and the like). Bullshit media sources such as Breitbart and the Daily Caller were given prominent exposure in news feeds. Unlike their competitors, Facebook refused to prohibit politicians from using micro-targeting (which can easily be used to spread disinformation).[35] Key players in the company, such as board member Peter Thiel[36] and vice president of global policy Joel KaplanWikipedia[37] (who threw a celebratory party for Supreme Court justice Brett Kavanaugh after his confirmation),[38] are said to be more aligned with Trump's ideology, and are thus responsible for this shift in direction. However, it's had consequences for the company.

Shortly after the killing of George FloydWikipedia in May 2020, Trump went on Twitter and tweeted "when the looting starts, the shooting starts,"Wikipedia a violence-glorifying and inciting phrase infamously first uttered by Miami police chief Walter Headley during riots in 1967.[39] Trump then posted the same phrase on Facebook. Twitter correctly flagged the tweet for glorifying violence, but Facebook did nothing, as Zuckerberg believed that the phrase had "no history of being read as a dog whistle" for violence by vigilantes.[40]

As a result of this inaction, on June 1, 2020, hundreds of Facebook employees (many working remotely due to COVID-19) staged a "virtual walkout" over the inflammatory posts of Trump and Zuckerberg's reluctance to do anything about it.[37]

In June 2020, several prominent social advocacy organizations (including the ADL, the NAACP and others) likewise were fed up with the bullshit on Facebook, and started the campaign Stop Hate for Profit.[41] This campaign advocated that corporations advertising on Facebook should boycott the company due to their lax stance on hate speech, racism, harassment, voter suppression, and even climate science denialism.[42] By July 1, over 500 companies had joined the boycott.[43]

Unfortunately, since the site is largely funded not by major company advertisements but by small businesses,[44] and a significant chunk of advertising revenue comes from scams and disinformation,[45][46] Facebook's response to this boycott was to not change a damn thing.[47]

Promoting genocide in the name of profit[edit]

In Myanmar, military personnel posed as normal people just like you, average citizen, while "exposing" the nefarious deeds of the evil Muslims and their plans of conquering the world.[48] The main targets of these lies were the Rohingya, one of the country's Muslim minorities and one that has been marginalized for decades, who were falsely accused of a variety of crimes, including massacres of other populations. Of course, the military played both sides into a state of fear that only they could solve. The tally is over 200 villages burned, an unknown amount of deaths and rapes which may be in the thousands, and over 800,000 Rohingya that fled the country, the majority going to neighboring Bangladesh.

Facebook was confronted with its to remove hate speech that was targeted at Rohingya as early as November 2013 by documentary filmmaker Aela Callan in 2013 when she met with Elliott Schrage, vice president of communications and public policy.[49] The meeting did not results in any action by Facebook. In December 2014, Matt Schissler, a doctoral student in anthropology at the University of Michigan, communicated with Facebook about the problem between March 2014 and March 2015,[49] but little action by Facebook seemed to have resulted in the communications. David Madden, a tech entrepreneur who owned Phandeeyar in Myanmar, gave a talk in May 2015 at Facebook to an audience of a dozen to sound the alarm about the problem of hate speech against Royhinghas on the platform.[49] The Rohingya genocide began in 2016. In 2018, Zuckerberg testified before the US Senate and falsely claimed that Facebook was "able to proactively remove tens of thousands of accounts that — before they — they could contribute significant harm."[50] Shortly before the testimony, Phandeeyar and five other Myanmar groups blasted Zuckerberg for making a similar claim, stating "We believe your system, in this case, was us.[49]

Once Facebook was forced to publicly acknowledge what it had allowed to happen, it finally took measures of banning a number of accounts and pages involved with the spread of fake news, pretending that the worst was over. By 2020, the company was accused of purposefully obstructing the investigation of its role in the genocide, saying the investigation was being "too broad" and that it would be too difficult for them to get the requested data.[51] This kind of hate building isn't something that happens overnight, it takes years, and the military once had over 700 people working on the project at its peak.[48]

Promoting pseudoscience in the name of profit[edit]

Facebook allows advertisers peddling pseudoscience and quackery easy access to suckers customers who might be receptive to such things. Its bullshit detector will handily find all users who have expressed interest in various forms of bullshit, and will happily allow companies to exploit said users for profit. In April 2020, an investigation by The MarkupWikipedia (a non-profit organization focused on ethics in data-driven journalism) found that Facebook had allowed advertisers to specifically target users who expressed interest in "pseudoscience".[52] In 2019, it was possible for Facebook advertisers to target people who believed in "vaccine controversies".[53] In 2017, it was possible to target "Jew haters" with a Facebook ad.[54] After each investigative report, the specific offending category was removed from the advertising target selection list.[55] Despite this, in July 2020, the New York Times reported that merely posting that you have breast cancer on your Facebook feed will cause your timeline to be flooded with ads for quackery cures for cancer (such as colloidal silver, cuminWikipedia seeds and questionable "alternative medicine" clinics).[56]

Promoting conspiracy theories in the name of profit[edit]

In another sign that Facebook is happy to take money from any group that wants to advertise on its platform no matter how questionable, an internal investigation by NBC News discovered 185 advertisements praising, supporting or representing QAnon (a conspiracy theory designated as a potential domestic terrorist threat by the FBI in 2019). The advertisements generated $12,000 for Facebook within 30 days, and had four million impressions. Some analysts believe that private Facebook groups have played a key role in the growth of QAnon over the last few years.[57]

Promoting fake news in the name of profit[edit]

In March 2021, the research group Cybersecurity for Democracy, a part of the New York University Tandon School of EngineeringWikipedia,[58] published an analysis of 8.6 million posts and used likes, comments and other interactions on various sources, to determine what type of news and media was most engaging, from both a political and accuracy perspective. Far-right news sources classified as "misinformation" received considerably more interactions per thousand followers than any other category.[59] Facebook's initial response to this study (which helped add to a considerable body of evidence that the site's algorithm favors misinformation no matter how harmful it is to society) was to state that internal data showed a vastly different picture than what Cybersecurity for Democracy found. (But of course, independent researchers aren't allowed access to this internal data... data transparency is not allowed at Facebook!)[60] Later in August, Facebook decided that the best way to prevent those meddling researchers from creating unflattering reports was to disable the Cybersecurity for Democracy's accounts on the site.[61]

Co-opting Snopes[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Snopes

Facebook entered into a cooperative agreement with the fact-checking site Snopes between 2016 and 2019.[62] Facebook paid as much as $100,000 to Snopes in 2017 alone[62] — small change for Facebook, which was making $220,000 per minute in 2021.[63] The idea of Facebook entering into a cooperation agreement with a fact-checking site sounds like a good idea, except Snopes was being used for "crisis PR" according former Snopes managing editor Brooke Binkowski, which was confirmed by past and present Facebook employees.[64] Just imagine — Facebook bought Snopes' reputation for well under the average wage of a single Facebook employee[65] to do something about the torrent of lies that Facebook produces.

Mark Zuckerberg[edit]

Mark Zuckerberg (b. 1984) is generally credited as the founder of Facebook, as well as fulfilling various corporate roles at Facebook, being CEO as of 2021. He is one of the world's richest people through his shareholding in Facebook.[66] He has been the subject of a lot of criticism, much of it justified, some not. The 2010 film The Social Network mythologized the founding of the company, portraying Zuckerberg as a loner who was hated by women who set Facebook up for a combination of revenge and companionship, when he actually had a girlfriend at the time.[67]

As someone of Jewish ethnicity, Zuckerberg has been the subject of antisemitic abuse and conspiracy theories, portrayed as one of the fictional Jewish overlords ruling the world, while also coming under attack for Facebook's failure to take action on antisemitic abuse and conspiracy theories (it only banned holocaust denial content in 2020).[68][69][70][71]

He was criticised for his closeness to Donald Trump during the latter's presidency. There were claims of some sort of a deal between Trump and Zuckerberg in which Zuckerberg would let Trump continue to post lies and inflammatory comments on Facebook (which continued until Trump was banned after the 2021 U.S. Capitol riot). This was supposedly discussed in a 2019 meeting at the White House between Trump, Zuckerberg, and Facebook board-member and libertarian crazy Peter Thiel.[72] According to Mother Jones, after Twitter started publishing factchecking information alongside Trump's tweets in May 2020, Zuckerberg called Fox News to say he wouldn't censor or factcheck the big orange Trumpster.[73][74]

He and his wife Chan have been somewhat involved in philanthropy, collaborating with Bill Gates and Warren Buffett to pledge in 2015 to give the vast majority of his wealth to charity at some point in his life (assuming Facebook doesn't go the way of MySpace). The New Yorker noted that his donations of stock could be offset against taxes on money he earned/received, as well as meaning that the government doesn't receive any earnings from Facebook shares held by his charitable foundation (in contrast to income from shares held by individuals or corporations, which is taxable).[75] His actions include donations to Ebola and COVID research. The Zuckerbergs are also involved in more commercial research operations, funding biological research at Chan Zuckerberg Biohub in San Francisco, and funding solar sail research for deep space exploration with the possibility of Facebook on Alpha Centauri in 20 years.[76][77]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. Anecdote alert: I have occasionally seen the "groups" feature glitch and display the names and profile pictures of groups that were deleted several years ago (so it's not a local cookies or temp files glitch). Although clicking on them redirects to the main page like with most deleted accounts, there is the uncomfortable possibility that if the titles can still be accessed via a glitch, the content is still in the "recycling bin" even after 3-4 years.
  2. As in, those who create those annoying performative posts saying "pLeEz lIeK iF u LuV jEeZoOs/uR mOm aNd iGnOr iF u hAtE tHeM aNd wUv sAy-TaN1111!!!oneoneelventy11one!!111one!!!11!!" for likes, or who share pareidolic images of Jesus or of Mother Mary followed by "CHECKMATE AYTEEISTZ!!1".

References[edit]

  1. https://archive.fo/IMW19
  2. Facebook/Meta Asks: “Wouldn’t It Be Nice To Die?” by David Roth (10:41 AM EST on Feb 16, 2022) Defector.
  3. A brief history of Facebook, The Guardian, July 25, 2007
  4. Facebook in Privacy Breach: Top-Ranked Applications Transmit Personal IDs, a Journal Investigation Finds by Emily Steel & Geoffrey A. Fowler (Updated Oct. 18, 2010 12:01 a.m. ET) The Wall Street Journal.
  5. http://fstdt.net/QuoteComment.aspx?QID=75302
  6. "Troll farms reached 140 million Americans a month on Facebook before 2020 election, internal report shows" by Karen Hao, MIT Technology Review, 2021 September 16
  7. Evil
  8. Glurge- TV Tropes
  9. Jesus's Facebook profile.
  10. "CIA's 'Facebook' Program Dramatically Cut Agency's Cost"
  11. BBC dot.Rory — Facebook v Daily Mail
  12. lamebook.com
  13. See the Wikipedia article on Octalysis.
  14. See the Wikipedia article on Marmion.
  15. 15.0 15.1 Inside Facebook’s Early Days by Patrice Taddonio (October 29, 2018) Frontline, PBS.
  16. Zuckerberg on Facebook's data privacy issues: 'We need to step up' by Jason Abbruzzese (March 21, 2018, 6:28 AM PDT / Updated March 21, 2018, 1:01 PM PDT) NBC News.
  17. Memo from a 'Facebook nation' to Mark Zuckerberg: You moved fast and broke our country. Maria Ressa, the journalist who co-founded Rappler in the Philippines, warns that her country is a "cautionary tale" for the United States. by Eric Johnson (Dec 11, 2018, 11:38am EST) Vox.
  18. Why the Nobel Peace Prize award is a huge blow to Facebook by Nina Jankowicz (October 9, 2021) The Washington Post.
  19. Obama tried to give Zuckerberg a wake-up call over fake news on Facebook by Adam Entous et al. (September 24, 2017) The Washington Post.
  20. See the Wikipedia article on Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections § Social media and Internet trolls.
  21. Russian operatives used Facebook ads to exploit America’s racial and religious divisions by Adam Entous et al. (September 25, 2017) The Washington Post.
  22. Russians took a page from corporate America by using Facebook tool to ID and influence voters by Elizabeth Dwoskin et al. (October 2, 2017 at 8:00 PM) The Washington Post.
  23. Farrell, James (21 March 2022). "Russian court bans Meta, calling Facebook and Instagram 'extremist'". SiliconANGLE Media Inc. "A Russian court today ruled that Meta Platforms Inc.'s Facebook and Instagram apps are both 'extremist' and should be banned in Russia. [...] Meta's other big platform, WhatsApp, has not been affected." 
  24. See the Wikipedia article on Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data scandal.
  25. Facebook fined for data breaches in Cambridge Analytica scandal: Firm fined £500,000 for lack of transparency and failing to protect users’ information
  26. "I Have Blood on My Hands": A Whistleblower Says Facebook Ignored Global Political Manipulation" by Craig Silverman, Ryan Mac, and Pranav Dixit, Buzzfeed News, 2020 September 14
  27. "'Stop the steal' groups hide in plain sight on Facebook" by Brian Fung and Donie O'Sullivan, CNN, 2021 January 15
  28. "Facebook knew it had a huge problem with hateful groups 5 months ahead of the Capitol riot, internal docs show" by Isobel Asher Hamilton, Business Insider, 2021 February 1.
  29. See the Wikipedia article on Definers Public Affairs.
  30. See the Wikipedia article on America Rising.
  31. Delay, Deny and Deflect: How Facebook's Leaders Fought Through Crisis by Sheera Frenkel (Nov. 14, 2018) The New York Times: "Facebook also used Definers to take on bigger opponents, such as Mr. Soros, a longtime boogeyman to mainstream conservatives and the target of intense anti-Semitic smears on the far right."
  32. "Facebook, where it's all fun and conservative-censoring games" by Cheryl K. Chumley, Washington Times, 2020 June 23
  33. "Republican-led report finds Facebook has ‘significant work’ to earn conservatives’ trust" by Lauren Feiner, CNBC, 2019 Aug 20
  34. "How boogaloo members allegedly used Facebook to plot a murder" by Dara Kerr, CNet, 2020 June 19
  35. "How conservatives learned to wield power inside Facebook" by Craig Timberg, Washington Post, 2020 Feb 20
  36. "Facebook Is a Right-Wing Company, Part One Million" by Alex Shephard, The New Republic, 2019 December 18
  37. 37.0 37.1 "Facebook Employees Stage Virtual Walkout to Protest Trump Posts" by Sheera Frenkel, Mike Isaac, Cecilia Kang and Gabriel J.X. Dance, New York Times, 2020 June 1
  38. "How key Republicans inside Facebook are shifting its politics to the right" by David Smith, Guardian, 2019 Nov 3
  39. "The police chief who inspired Trump’s tweet glorifying violence" by Julio Capó Jr., Washington Post, 2020 June 1
  40. "Zuckerberg, Trump and the protests: Facebook’s muddled makeover" by Hannah Murphy, Financial Times, 2020 June 8
  41. Stop Hate for Profit home page
  42. "An Open Letter to the Companies that Advertise on Facebook" by Jonathan A. Greenblatt, CEO of ADL, 2020 June 25
  43. "Target, Best Buy Join Over 500 Companies In Growing Facebook Boycott" by Jemima McEvoy, Forbes, 2020 June 30
  44. "This new Facebook ad targets the only people left who actually like the brand" by Jeff Beer, FastCompany.com, 2021 February 27
  45. "Here's How Shopping Scams on Facebook Are Ripping Off Thousands of Customers, With the Money Flowing Overseas" by Andrew R. Chow, Time, 2020 December 18
  46. "Facebook Gets Paid" by Craig Silverman, Buzzfeed News, 2020 December 10
  47. "Why a Real Facebook Ad Boycott Is Doomed" by Shoshana Wodinsky, Gizmodo, 2021 September 21
  48. 48.0 48.1 Myanmar’s Military Said to Be Behind Facebook Campaign That Fueled Genocide by Paul Mozur (October 2018) The New York Times.
  49. 49.0 49.1 49.2 49.3 Why Facebook is losing the war on hate speech in Myanmar by Steve Stecklow (Aug. 15, 2018, 3 p.m. GMT) Reuters.
  50. Transcript of Mark Zuckerberg’s Senate hearing (April 10, 2018) The Washington Post.
  51. Facebook Wanted to Be a Force for Good in Myanmar. Now It Is Rejecting a Request to Help With a Genocide Investigation by Matthew Smith (Aug 18 2020) Time.
  52. "Want to Find a Misinformed Public? Facebook’s Already Done It" by Aaron Sankin, The Markup, 2020 April 23
  53. "Revealed: Facebook enables ads to target users interested in 'vaccine controversies'" by Julia Carrie Wong, The Guardian, 2019 15 Feb
  54. "acebook Enabled Advertisers to Reach ‘Jew Haters’" by Julia Angwin, Madeleine Varner and Ariana Tobin, ProPublica, 2017 Sep 14
  55. "Facebook gets rid of 'pseudoscience' ad-targeting category" by Elizabeth Culliford, Reuters, 2020 April 23
  56. "I Have Cancer. Now My Facebook Feed Is Full of ‘Alternative Care’ Ads." by Anne Borden King, New York Times, 2020 July 10
  57. "QAnon groups have millions of members on Facebook, documents show" By Ari Sen and Brandy Zadrozny, NBC News, 2020 August 10
  58. CyberSecurity for Democracy: About page
  59. "Far-right news sources on Facebook more engaging" by Laura Edelson, Minh-Kha Nguyen, Ian Goldstein, Oana Goga, Tobias Lauinger, and Damon McCoy, Cybersecurity for Democracy, 2021 March 3
  60. "Fake news got more engagement than real news on Facebook in 2020, study says" by Nathan Place, Independent, 2021 September 5
  61. "We Research Misinformation on Facebook. It Just Disabled Our Accounts." by Laura Edelson and Damon McCoy, New York Times, 2021 August 10
  62. 62.0 62.1 Snopes quits fact-checking partnership with Facebook by Salvador Rodriguez (FEB 1 20192:35 PM EST; UPDATED FRI, FEB 1 20193:03 PM EST) CNBC.
  63. Facebook's massive outage costs the company an estimated $60 million in revenue: The social network is losing ad dollars every second its platforms remain offline. by Queenie Wong (Oct. 4, 2021 3:51 p.m. PT) CNET.
  64. 'They don't care': Facebook factchecking in disarray as journalists push to cut ties by Sam Levin (13 Dec 2018 03.00 EST) The Guardian.
  65. Facebook Salaries Comparably (archived from March 15, 2021).
  66. See the Wikipedia article on Mark Zuckerberg.
  67. Is the Facebook movie the truth about Mark Zuckerberg?, BBC News, Sep 30, 2010
  68. News site apologises over cartoon showing Facebook’s Zuckerberg as a ‘parasite’ controlling the world, The Jewish Chronicle Oct 8, 2021
  69. ADL Says Facebook Won’t Crack Down On Anti-Semitic Hate, Forbes, June 2, 2021
  70. Facebook bans Holocaust denial, distortion posts, AP News, Oct 12, 2020
  71. Conspiracy Theories and Anti-Semitism, Discourse Magazine, Feb 22, 2021
  72. Facebook Needs Trump Even More Than Trump Needs Facebook, Bloomberg, Sep 17, 2020
  73. This Week, Mark Zuckerberg Sided with Donald Trump. History Won’t Forget It., Mother Jones, June 2020
  74. Twitter tags Trump tweet with fact-checking warning, BBC News, May 27, 2020
  75. Mark Zuckerberg and the rise of philanthrocapitalism, New Yorker, December 2, 2015
  76. Chan Zuckerberg Biohub funds first crop of 47 investigators, Science.org, Feb 8, 2017
  77. Hawking, Zuckerberg unveil $10B plan to reach Alpha Centauri in 20 years, April 13, 2016