| Fiction over fact|
|How it didn't happen|
The claims that Nazi Germany built and operated "advanced propulsion craft" (i.e. flying saucers) that are responsible for (at least some) UFO sightings are a subset of the more general category of claims that (at least some) UFOs are vehicles of terrestrial origin. Different versions include either home-grown Nazi technology, or reverse-engineered alien technology. In scope, they vary from "mundane" top-secret craft limited to Earth's atmosphere to full-scale Nazi colonization of the Solar System. However, this allegedly sophisticated technology didn't exactly help them win the war...or did it?
The belief probably stems from the Nazis' forays in the occult (giving birth to the "Nazi mystique") and the reports of foo fighters by Allied warplane pilots during WWII. Nazi propaganda often touted so called wunderwaffe ("miracle weapons"); the frequently outlandish weapons proposed and produced by the Third Reich's war-machine (like the 1500 ton tank). Late in the war, the Luftwaffe were the first military flying branch to field rocket (Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet) and jet (Messerschmitt Me 262) propelled airplanes. The performance of these planes far exceeded the prop-driven planes flown by the Allies. The Luftwaffe also had numerous advanced prototypes by the end of the war, and the designs of some of these planes, like the Horten Ho 229's flying-wing or the coal-powered ramjet(!) of the lawn-dart shaped Lippisch P.13a, were radical, even by today's standards. It's not hard to imagine what the young US and Russian soldiers who came across prototypes and plans for these bizarre looking aircraft may have thought. There is also the fact that Nazi Germany was the cradle of modern (space) rocket technology and that the people responsible for it later became very visibly involved in the US space effort (most notably, Wernher von Braun). Robert Heinlein's Rocket Ship Galileo (in which the Nazis have gotten to the Moon first and established a base there) probably also bears some responsibility.[note 2]
According to one version, the Nazis encountered an alien civilization and obtained some of their technology, resulting in the development of an anti-gravity engine called "Die Glocke" ("the bell"). Shortly before Germany's surrender, they somehow managed to sneak this device out to Antarctica, of all places, where they set up a new base. They're apparently still around, and when they're not busy bullying Jewish penguins, regularly patrol the globe, resulting in numerous UFO sightings.
Notable proponents include Vladimir Terziski and Jan Udo Holey (under the pen name Jan van Helsing). Richard Hoagland is a supporter of the idea. Military futurist Mike Sparks in 2011 documents British military intelligence and MI6 operative Commander Ian Fleming as being aware and deeply involved in combating Nazi Anti-Gravity Craft, South American exile, Operation PAPERCLIP scientist duplicity (re: Moonraker) in his book, "James Bond is Real: The Untold Story of Political & Military Technological Threats Ian Fleming Warned Us About".
The independently produced 2012 science fiction comedy Iron Sky takes the Nazi UFO tale to a new level, summed up by the film's tagline: "In 1945 The Nazis Went To The Moon. In 2018 They Are Coming Back." One wonders why they didn't call the film Astronauzis.
- Area 51: Like the Nazi UFO mythology, much (false) speculation surrounds the United States' top-secret aerospace research programs.
- New Swabia: Nazi Germany's attempt at claiming an Antarctic territory.
- Kevin McClure, The Nazi UFO Mythos, Magonia, an 11-part series of articles
- Iron Sky trailer
- Jews in Space
- RationalWiki hereby officially apologized to Fox Mulder for mentioning him in the same sentence with this Neo-Nazi bastard.
- At around the same time sci-fi author John Wyndham wrote the novel Plan for Chaos which features Nazi flying saucers, so clearly it was a topic on people's minds at the time. In Wyndham's case, however, he successfully predicted that some Nazis fled to South America.
- While these planes greatly out-performed Allied aircraft, the Nazis were not able to build enough of them so late in the war to have any real influence on the outcome.
- Robert Shaeffer: "Nazi Saucers and Antigravity," Skeptical Inquirer, vol. 33.1.
- Iron Sky. IMDb. 2012.