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The Handmaid's Tale
The Handmaid's Tale (1985) is a dystopian science fiction novel by Canadian author Margaret Atwood that presents a scary future in a religious totalitarian society in which women have lost all control over their reproductive lives.
It won the first Arthur C. Clarke Award in 1987.
Background to the story
The setting is an unspecified future date following the transformation of the United States into a theocracy called the "Republic of Gilead". The story follows the tribulations of Offred, a "handmaid" who belongs to a man named Commander Fred (hence the name, "Of Fred") living in the area formerly known as Cambridge, Massachusetts. The premise allowing Atwood to critique control of women's sexuality and reproduction is the fact that in the book's post-apocalyptic setting, most women have become infertile. Women lose all value as anything but walking incubators. Women are classified by their economic background and their ability to have children. Those that have financial status are, or become, "wives." If they are unable to conceive, they are given a "handmaid" whose job is to conceive and bear the wife's child. Any handmaid who has had three failed pregnancies is killed. All women are denied any education, and reading is a criminal offense for them.
This dystopian (or utopian to a fundamentalist) novel is apparently considered a handbook for how to run the country by some people. Gender treachery has the death penalty, as do many other crimes. The Jews have been forced to convert or go back to Israel, though many (perhaps all) of the boats were scuttled, while the Children of Ham (what black people are called in Gilead) have been resettled in North Dakota (it's implied they are being killed there). And all are safe under the ever vigilant Eyes of God.
In the Handmaid's Tale, women's only true role is that of sexual reproduction. For the Elite, sex is not supposed to be an act of pleasure, but a job that demands minimal time spent in the act itself.[note 1] The clear ties to a Puritan existence, where pleasure and sin are conflated, is easily apparent.
Women in Gilead are divided into castes based on their "job":
- Handmaids (The aforementioned walking incubators) wear red.
- Wives wear blue.
MaidsMarthas wear green.
- Econowives, wearing a mix of red, blue, and green, serve men who cannot afford a more elaborate
- Daughters wear white.
- Jezebels who are sterilized prostitutes.
- And so on.
Why you should read the book or see the movie
- Pat Robertson hates both.
There have been two adaptations of the book.
- The first, made in 1990, was a film starring Natasha Richardson, Faye Dunaway, and Robert Duvall.
- The second, a TV series on Hulu starring Elisabeth Moss, Alexis Bledel, Yvonne Strahovski, and Joseph Fiennes, premiered in April 2017. The show is easily the more famous of the two adaptations, winning critical acclaim and helping to put Hulu on the map as a major streaming service and rival to Netflix, especially after it swept the 2017 Emmys with thirteen nominations and eight wins. Ironically, Moss, who plays Offred, is a member of the Church of Scientology, a religion that itself does not have the greatest track record on women's rights, something that hasn't gone unnoticed. 
- The Handmaid's Tale at TV Tropes
- See the Wikipedia article on The Handmaid's Tale.
- IMDb: The Handmaid's Tale (1990)
- IMDb: The Handmaid's Tale (2017)
- And exceptionally creepy, no matter the reader's sexual tastes.
- Where Does 'The Handmaid's Tale' Take Place? The Setting Has A Biblical & Historical Basis Romper.com
- Otterson, Joe. "Hulu Carried to Emmys Glory by Eight Wins for 'Handmaid’s Tale'." Variety, 17 September 2017 (recovered 15 December 2017).
- Merlan, Anna. "Isn't It Relevant That the Star of The Handmaid's Tale Belongs to a Secretive, Allegedly Oppressive Religion?" Jezebel, 26 April 2017 (recovered 15 December 2017).