| How the sausage is made|
Europe between the world wars
After World War I the victorious allies were determined to, in the words of the embarrassment that was Eric Campbell Geddes, "squeeze Germany till the pips squeak." Allied governments and people who had suffered during the Great War both supported this. John Maynard Keynes was very critical of the terms. The Germans and Austrians were forced to pay reparations and this caused severe hardship for ordinary people who had not been responsible for the war. Resentment over reparations together with sheer economic desperation were major factors in the rise of Hitler and the development of Nazi Germany. Heckofajob, Allies.
Soviet-Afghanistan War and Al-Qaeda
“”By the end of 1993, in Afghanistan itself there were no roads, no schools, just a destroyed country — and the United States was washing its hands of any responsibility. It was in this vacuum that the Taliban and Osama bin Laden would emerge as the dominant players. It is ironic that a man who had almost nothing to do with the victory over the Red Army, Osama bin Laden, would come to personify the power of the jihad.
|—George Crile III, Charlie Wilson's War|
In the 1980s, the Soviet Union and the United States were engaged in a proxy war in Afghanistan. The CIA had helped the rebel mujaheddin with $3.2-20 billion from the United States through the CIA operation "Cyclone." While many of them were anti-Islamist, there were a few that weren't who pocketed the rest. These payments quite naturally caused Osama bin Laden's movement to grow considerably.
After the war, he organized what he had into Al Qaeda. The organization was involved in many terrorist operations. However, the group truly came to prominence on September 11, 2001, in a series of attacks known as 9/11.
- Blowback's a bitch, Mark Galeotti