RationalWiki's 2020 Fundraiser

There is no RationalWiki without you. We are a small non-profit with no staff – we are hundreds of volunteers who document pseudoscience and crankery around the world every day. We will never allow ads because we must remain independent. We cannot rely on big donors with corresponding big agendas. We are not the largest website around, but we believe we play an important role in defending truth and objectivity.

If everyone who saw this today donated $5, we would meet our goal for 2021.

Fighting pseudoscience isn't free.
We are 100% user-supported! Help and donate $5, $20 or whatever you can today with PayPal Logo.png!

Donations so far: $2120Goal: $3500

The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion

From RationalWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
It's a genuine first edition of a genuine fake document.
Hate for hate's sake
Anti-Semitism
Antisemitismicon.svg
Perpetuating prejudice
Hate mongers

The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion is a fabricated booklet written by Mathieu Golovinski, a French-Russian Okhrana operative. It purports to detail the agenda for a Jewish conspiracy to take over the world, including how to control the media, the banks, and the government. The Protocols have been the basis for innumerable anti-Semitic tracts throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, most notably Henry Ford's The International Jew and Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf. The Nazis heavily promoted the booklet to justify oppression of the Jews and the Holocaust, and paradoxically acted much like the Jews depicted in Protocols in plotting and enacting the exploitation and abuse of nearly anyone not a German in good standing -- except with even more brutality.

Hoax[edit]

Despite being shown to be a hoax as far back as 1921,[1][2] it is still distributed and believed by people who swallow whatever fiction fits with their racist views.[3] In addition to its exposure as a fabrication (by journalist Philip Perceval Graves of The Times) in 1921, a pamphlet containing three essays by Lucien Wolf called The Myth of the Jewish Menace in World Affairs debunking the Protocols was released in the same year.[4] A Swiss judge ruled the pamphlet to be a forgery in a 1935 decision in a case known as the Berne trial.[5]

Origin[edit]

The text of the book that now circulates was originally plagiaristically cobbled together from three sources:[6]:97[7]:47,114

  1. The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu,Wikipedia an 1864 political satire by Maurice Joly that did not mention Jews
  2. A chapter from the antisemitic the 1868 novel Biarritz by Hermann Goedsche
  3. Der Judenstaat,Wikipedia an early Zionist tract by Theodor Herzl (1896)

The earliest known publication of The Protocols was when it was serialized in the Russian newspaper Znamya in August–September 1903, though The Protocols was first mentioned in 1902.[8]

Current use[edit]

Anti-Semitic groups have been pushing the book, and it is still in print, even promoted by such conspiracy-minded folks as Texe Marrs,[9] and (until his imprisonment) Kent Hovind.[10]

On his album Extremist Won, Carl Klang, self-described as "America’s #1 Patriotic Singer", recorded the song "The News Behind the News" which deals with the Protocols, calling them "the blueprint to the downfall of our nation".[note 1]

David "Thelizardsdidit" Icke (described as a "fucking loon" by Cracked)[11] "declared that the Protocols of Zion is evidence not of a Jewish plot, but of a reptilian plot of Illuminati lizards", according to Jon Ronson, writing in The Grauniad.[12]

The Protocols are also regularly used as evidence of a Jewish conspiracy in the Islamic world: Hamas, for example, cites the text in its charter.[13]

It has three and a half out of five stars on Amazon,[14] which all most sane people would regard as 3.5 stars too many.[note 2]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Cohn, Norman. Warrant for Genocide: The Myth of the Jewish world-conspiracy and the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. London: Serif, 1996.

Notes[edit]

  1. If you really want to read the lyrics, they're here. You can also hear the song on YouTube, if you're truly curious, here.
  2. But it's not like sane people are the ones reading this book anyway.

References[edit]

  1. The Protocols of Zion — An Exposure by Philip Graves (August 16 to 18, 1921) The Times of London; this is a transcript
  2. The History of a Lie: "The Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion" by Herman Bernstein (1921) J. S. Ogilvie Publishing Company.
  3. a Google search of this title brings up, in second place, a site that accepts the Protocols as true.
  4. Lucien Wolf. The Myth of the Jewish Menace in World Affairs (or, The Truth About the Forged Protocols of the Elders of Zion). New York: McMillan, 1921. (Public domain.)
  5. Papers regarding the Bern trial, further commentary by Leslie Fry and Larry Ray.
  6. A Lie and a Libel: The History of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion by Binjamin W. Segel (1996) University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0803292457.
  7. The Non-Existent Manuscript: A Study of the Protocols of the Sages of Zion by Cesare G. De Michelis (2004) University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0803217277.
  8. The Fraud of a Century, or a Book Born in Hell by Valery Kadzhaya (December 2005) New Times (archived from December 17, 2005).
  9. http://libertytothecaptives.net/protocols_elders_zion_forgery.html
  10. http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/intelligence-report/browse-all-issues/2001/summer/radical-religion
  11. 5 Pathetic Groups That People Think Rule The World, Cracked
  12. John Ronson. Beset by Lizards, The Guardian. Published 17 March 2001.
  13. http://www.mideastweb.org/hamas.htm
  14. https://www.amazon.com/Protocols-Elders-Zion-Sergei-Nilus/dp/1512383252/ref=sr_1_3?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1468858131&sr=1-3&keywords=protocols+of+the+elders+of+zion