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Turkish nationalism

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What a beautiful creature. I sure hope no facist hate groupsWikipedia use it as a dogwhistle.
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Ya Sev, Ya Terk Et!


Turkish nationalism is the political ideology which glorifies the Turkish people, with its roots in early 1920's following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, initially beginning with KemalismWikipedia, eventually splitting into modern-day Pan-TurkismWikipedia and TuranismWikipedia.[citation needed]

Most Turkish nationalists today are designated paramilitary terrorist organizationsWikipedia,[1] not-so-terroristic fascist wingnuts, or just actual political parties.Wikipedia Most of these individuals spew complete bullshit and babblery about how;


And,

And,


These imbeciles also often spout even more nonsensical horseshit including, but not limited to:

These people also tend to like a certain mustached individual,[note 2] as they view him as the modern day reclaimer of the Turkish state, due to his rather fascist tendencies.[8]

Background[edit]

Turkish nationalism is nothing new, going back to as long ago as the Ottoman Empire with concepts such as millet, Pan-Turkism, or Ottomanism. Ottoman society was very flawed, and these nationalist concepts were used as a way to keep the slowly crumbling empire together. They didn't work, obviously, but Turkish nationalism didn't go anywhere after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire.

Ottoman shenanigans[edit]

The Ottoman Empire had an extremely heterogeneous population since it began its expansion. There was a wide range of Serbs, Bulgarians, Bosnians, Albanians, Armenians, Greeks, Kurds, and Roma all living under Ottoman rule. These people did not take kindly to having their children kidnapped at a young age and forcefully "reeducated", or being taxedWikipedia for being too Christian.[9][10]

19th century[edit]

By the 19th century, the concept of nationalism was pretty well engrained in Ottoman society, and this concept was extremely lucrative to the long-oppressed people of the Balkans. Beginning in 1804, and ending in 1818, the Serbian RevolutionWikipedia occurred, causing the Ottomans to eat massive shit. This sent a very strong message to other peoples under Ottoman control, with more revolutions and uprisings occurring after. The Ottomans did not like this, considering their previous subjects to be traitors and backstabbers. This was especially true for the Armenians. Their supposed traitorous tendencies were and still are used as a justification for the Armenian Genocide.

Treaty of Sèvres[edit]

See the main article on the subject: World War One#Aftermath and legacy

The Treaty of Sèvres kind of fucked the Ottomans, to put it mildly. To put it into perspective, the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles imposed onto the German Empire looked like a slap on the wrist in comparison. Following their disastrous loss during World War I, the Allies sought to neuter the Ottomans for good. Total control of the Ottoman Bank and Debt Association was given to the Allies, their military was restricted to have no more than 50,000 members at a given time, they were barred from creating an air force, and the they were forced to prosecute the war criminals responsible for the Armenian Genocide.[note 3] The most severe provisions were the territorial partitions; essentially every party in the conflict with the exception of the United States wanted a piece of the Anatolian pie, including the Greeks, Kurds, and Armenians. The Kurds were promised an independent nation in , and the Armenians reclaimed their historic lands in eastern Anatolia. The Turks were pissed, bitterly spiteful of the harsh provisions they faced. A particular gentleman saw this all unfold, and decided to take his chances.

Forms of Turkish nationalism[edit]

Kemalism[edit]

Kemalism, like the person that it owes its namesake to, is hard to pin down, as it's evolved and changed over time, but generally there are some key components that separate it from other kinds of Turkish nationalism:

  • Civic nationalism, with "Turkishness" being divorced from an ethnic identity and instead only being tied to a national identity.
  • Laicism, essentially turbo-secularism. According to Kemalism, Islam (or any other religion) has no place in government, culture, or national identity.
  • Populist sovereignty, with the keys to political power in the Turkish nation being solely held by the people of Turkey. It rejects monarchism, tribalism, autocracies, or feudalism.

Classical Kemalist nationalism views the Turkish identity as a solely national identity. In simple terms, if you live in Turkey and call yourself a Turk, you are a Turk, your cultural, religious, or ethnic background be damned. This is cool in theory, but is rarely applied anymore in practice.

Pan-Turkism[edit]

Pan-Turkism is a batshit insane, psuedo-historical, racist ideology that places all Turkic cultures and ethnic peoples such as Crimean Tatars, Mongols, Uyghurs or otherwise into a singular Pan-Turkish ethnic group superior to others. It is the official ideology of the Grey Wolves, a terrorist organization with a historical track record of political violence. This ideology is nonsense, to put it mildly. According to Pan-Turkism, a Mongol and an Anatolian Turk are part of the same group of people, with the same culture and language. This is ridiculous, and has been widely criticized as pseudohistorical and racist.

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. If you notice a parallel to a certain ideology, you would not be the first one to do so.
  2. Not the other mustached individual
  3. The horror!

References[edit]