Armenian Genocide denial
| Not just a river in Egypt|
|♫ We're not listening ♫|
“”Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?
Armenian Genocide denial refers to the denial of the genocide against (already systematically discriminated) Armenians, Greeks, and Assyrians committed by the Ottoman Empire under the rule of the Young Turks[note 1] from 1915 to 1918. Turkey denies that the Ottomans were responsible for the killing of one million Armenians during World War I, arguing that:
- The death toll has been inflated;
- Ethnic violence killed Turks as well;
- Deportations and death marches were simply "temporarily relocation" of Armenians for "security reasons" (i.e. the pesky Armenians were being overtly "rebellious", "hostile", or pro-Russian); and
- The Ottoman leadership didn't intend to exterminate the Armenians, so it can't be called a "genocide."
- 1 World War I and aftermath
- 2 Recognition
- 3 Red herrings in CUP genocide denialism
- 3.1 "Armenians/Greeks were rebelling and killing Turks/Turks also died"
- 3.2 "There was no intent to exterminate Christians/It was just deportation"
- 3.3 "Negligible numbers of Christians died/There were less than 1.5 million Armenians in Turkey in 1914"
- 3.4 "Ottoman officials made sure deportees were well cared for and fed them"
- 3.5 "The Kajaznuni manifesto exposes Armenian lies"
- 3.6 "OMG Armenians were involved in Turkish society"
- 3.7 "Turkey opened archives, Armenians keep theirs closed"
- 3.8 The Harbord Report
- 3.9 "The Malta Trials"
- 3.10 "Perincek v Switzerland"
- 3.11 Conclusion
- 4 Propaganda
- 5 Similarities with Holocaust denial
- 6 Antisemitic inversion
- 7 Anti-Islamic onversion
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 Notes
- 11 References
World War I and aftermath
As early as 1915, Britain, France, and Russia issued a statement that the Armenians were the victims of crimes against humanity and civilization (the term "genocide" didn't exist then). The Treaty of Sèvres, signed in 1920, created an Armenian state. However, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the first president of the Great National Assembly, refused to abide by the treaty. An Armenian Republic had been founded, and new borders (which changed in Turkey's favor) were drawn between Armenia and Turkey by the Treaty of Kars, signed with Armenians and Soviet Russia. This Armenian Republic, much smaller than that which was intended in Sèvres, was then subsumed into the Soviet Union by the Treaty of Moscow.
Many more deportations of Armenians took place in the process. Turkey escaped being held responsible by the international community.
Recognition of the Armenian Genocide is a thorny issue, since Turkey occupies a very strategic position in the world. Currently, 43 nations provide some level of recognition of the event. Historically, Turkey has leveraged its position as an important ally in the Middle East to keep the United States from recognizing the genocide, but the United States in 2021, as well as 49/50 of its states, [note 2] joined the group of nations that recognize what the Ottomans did. Another holdout is Israel, which has only tepidly recognized the genocide. This is largely because the Israelis are in-between a rock and a hard place: Turkey is one of the few predominantly Muslim nations in their region which maintains some level of diplomatic ties with them. Nevertheless some government agencies of Israel such as the Knesset Education Committee recognizes the genocide. Azerbaijan also refuses to recognize the genocide due to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and institutionalized anti-Armenianism in Azeri society, which further complicates matters since Azerbaijan is also a major Israeli ally and purchaser of weapons. In contrast, due to deteriorating relations with Turkey in the 2010s, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates all slowly began taking measures to recognize the Armenian genocide in some form.
The Turkish government, as well as its nationalist supporters, is probably the most outspoken objector to the term "genocide." In fact, a Turk, in Turkey, can even be arrested for acknowledging that one took place (a strange inversion of laws that criminalize Holocaust denial). This falls under Article 301 of the Turkish penal code, which makes it a crime to "insult Turkishness" (regardless of whether it's true). Prosecutors brought such a case in 2005 against writer Orhan Pamuk, who later won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
There are other Turks outside the Armenian community who recognize the Armenian Genocide. This includes scholars like Fatma Muge Cocek (a.k.a. Fatma Müge Göçek), and Taner Akçam. This has not gone over well with much of the Turkish public, especially nationalists.
Red herrings in CUP genocide denialism
The CUP (Committee of Union and Progress) was a Turkish political faction that basically controlled the nation's politics during and slightly before the First World War. During and slightly after that war, it engaged in genocide against Turkey's religious minorities, mostly Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks. It was a branch of the Young Turks (no, not those). Since then, the Turkish governments and especially Turkish nationalists have adopted a denialist stance on the issue, using deceit and tricks in order to attempt to obscure and justify the atrocities, including numerous red herrings, in order to deceive the public.
"Armenians/Greeks were rebelling and killing Turks/Turks also died"Russian army in order to justify their slaughter, with hilarious anecdotes that include Armenians boiling pregnant Muslim women in vats of jam. This is usually followed with a ton of blaming the victim and making themselves out to be the victims of the violence. However, such a stand is historically problematic for a number of reasons.
- Turks and Kurds had already been slaughtering Armenians for decades in an attempt to eliminate them. In 1895, Turkish leader Sultan Abdulhamid II, confronted with the horrifying spectacle of Armenians defending themselves against Muslim depredations, ordered his troops to "give them a box on the ear" launching pogroms that killed hundreds of thousands.
In fact, Turkish oppression of Christians went back hundreds of years, with two major burst of slaughter that could easily be characterized as genocide in 1019.[better sources needed] and another one conducted in 1369 by the Turkic warlord Tamerlane whose mass slaughter of Assyrians could also constitute a genocide The Ottoman devshirme Janissary gathering system also counts as genocide.[note 3]
- All Armenian rebellion and resistance was completely justified as an act of self-defense. All Armenian resistance was preceded by massacres of Armenian civilians. If they had not resisted, they would have died. As it was, mass rapes and forced conversions (about 200,000) still occurred. Armenian slaughter of Turks was non-systematic and there was no organized plan to slaughter the Turkish population of Anatolia. Turkish and especially Kurdish women participated in the atrocities and were therefore legitimate targets of Armenian retaliation. Such actions had the added advantage of damaging the CUP's demographic plans. Turkish children also served as child soldiers and provided vital war labor services to the Ottoman state.
Further Turkish propaganda aims to portray Armenians as collaborating with the Tsar in order to justify their slaughter. However, as noted above, to the degree this actually happened, it was perfectly excusable as self-defense. In fact, despite the horrors they had been subjected to, Ottoman Armenians in 1914 generally were loyal to and fought for the Ottoman Army. Most Armenians fighting in the Russian army before the Tehcir decree were Eastern (that is, living in areas the Russians already controlled) Armenians, and the first victims of the genocide were ethnic Armenian soldiers in the Ottoman army, who were about the most loyal people possible. Until they realized they were being subjected to wholesale massacre, Armenians generally even complied with Turkish deportation orders. 550,000 Greeks were killed by the Turks before the war even started, during a period where the Greek government was pro-German (and hence friendly to the Ottomans.) Thus, it is clear that the genocide was not for legitimate wartime reasons, or caused by fear of Armenian collaboration, but rather the product of bigotry against religious minorities.
Furthermore, it is usually conveniently forgotten by Turkish apologists that a significant portion (in fact, probably a majority) of Muslim deaths in Anatolia during the First World War were caused by seizures of property and food by the Ottoman government, which even forced Muslim poor and peasants to be worked to death in forced labor gangs (along, of course, with Christians). Similarly, the massive quantities of dead bodies from victims of genocide lead to considerable Muslim deaths from disease due to all the rotting flesh. The amnesia over these events, with the corresponding shift of blame onto "Armenian gangs", is therefore a convenient method of hiding embarrassing and unappetizing history. Additionally, Turkish historians have taken to exhuming the mass graves of dead Armenians slaughtered in the genocide and portraying these as corpses of Muslims in order to pretend the perpetrators of the genocide were in fact its victims.
"There was no intent to exterminate Christians/It was just deportation"
Turkish denialists similarly claim that because "there was no intent" to exterminate Christian minorities, it wasn't a genocide. This is similarly false. The Ottoman state created "butcher battalions" to slaughter Christians and engaged in the mass rape of women of Christian ethnicities, while kidnapping children and forcibly converting them to Islam. From this, we know that either the massacres were intended or the Turks made organizations to do things they didn't want to do.
It is well documented that the deportation marches were specifically designed to slaughter minorities. Disease outbreaks among deportees went deliberately untreated. Turkish gendarmes deliberately left Armenians in deserts without water. Pregnant women were forced to leave their young babies to die in those same deserts.Kurds tortured Armenian children to death. Entire families were slaughtered by rifle fire or killed by means of knives, axes, or daggers. Women and children were tied up to be thrown to their deaths from heights. Others were burned up in straw barns or drowned in the Euphrates. The Ottomans deliberately put turbans on the bodies of dead Armenians in order to portray them as Muslims, then hired Kurdish women to weep over the bodies. They then photographed the scene in order to portray the Armenians as aggressors and the Kurds as independently moving against the Armenians in revenge.[note 4] Armenians, especially women and children, were widely sold as slaves by their tormentors. Soldiers were ordered to slaughter Armenian civilians, and bounties were paid for their deaths. Property of the deceased was confiscated, and those who caused the deaths were generally allowed to keep a sizable portion. An Armenian woman from Ras al-Ain, where even today the Turk is directing his genocidal attentions, was tortured for money by one of the gendarmes, who then raped her daughter. In Diyarbakir, nearly every house had at least one Armenian slave-maid, with an estimated 5,000 in the city at the time of the genocide.
Nor was this the limit of the atrocities. The Turks and Kurds would forcibly undress young girls, make them bend over, rape them, then have them impaled through their vaginas with sharpened wooden stakes shaped like crosses. Armenians were massacred around Van without regard for age or sex. The Muslims would kill young girls after finishing raping them, slaughter young children by bashing their heads together, and cut off Armenian women's breasts. One Turkish effendi provided an interesting perspective by pointing out that the Christians' God seemed to have no interest in saving them. Ottoman gendarmes purposely threw bodies of dead Armenians into wells after killing them, in order to make the water undrinkable for others.Special bands (the aforementioned butcher battalions) were commissioned to provide young girls for the harems of Constantinople. Ottoman leader Talaat Pasha remarked that what was being done to the Armenians was "amusing". Young Muslim boys of all ethnicities would throw stones and sticks at refugees, and, if they were near their own age, would kidnap and sexually assault them. One prominent Malatian Muslim, Hadji Ghafour, ordered an Armenian slave girl stripped of her clothes and beaten to death with a whip by his black slave for refusing to convert to Islam.Chechen auxiliaries in Ottoman pay enjoyed grabbing young girls, throwing them up in the air, and spearing them with their swords until they died, making a communal game out of the process, with dismounted Chechens providing the initial throws. Those who survived the first spearing were "reused" until they finally died. Jews, meanwhile, were forced by the Muslims to dispose of Armenians bodies, although they were not killed. Djevdet Bey, the Ottoman governor of Van vilayet, referring to his job of killing Armenians, stated that he "had no job to do [but] so much fun". His statement became a slogan for Ottoman soldiers doing the same thing. Gendarmes would sell Armenian girls to the highest bidder as concubines and field laborers. Babies born on the deportation marches were generally killed. At Sheitan Deressi (Satan's Gorge), the Turks killed all the men and mutilated the women, sparing only those who could later be sold as slaves. German soldiers also participated in massacres. Armenian monks were forced to convert to Islam or die, and their monasteries were looted and transformed into "government schools" to turn children into Turks.
There is similarly no lack of proof or intent. It was official Ottoman policy that "Armenians girls be married to Muslims" in order to decimate their communities and use their bodies to breed more Mahommetans. Muslim physicians were allowed to use Armenian children for medical experiments.[note 5]Cemal Azmi Bey, the governor of Trebizond, ordered Armenians, especially women and children, to be rowed out to sea and drowned. He also ordered a local Red Crescent building to be turned into a "pleasure den", where he and his 14-year-old son raped young Armenian girls and drowned those they did not rape in the Black Sea, joking that "the anchovies will multiply due to the waters being choked with bodies". In fact, a more moderate sultan's government later sentenced him to death for his crimes, supported by numerous sworn accounts of his wrongdoing. Unsurprisingly, however, modern Turkey has named a school after the guy, with a glowing biography glorifying the genocide and referring to him as a "martyr" on its website.
The genocide was based on clear orders from above. Ottoman Interior Affairs Minister Talaat Pasha ordered Diyarbakir governor Reshid Bey to exterminate the Armenians within his jurisdiction in a telegram containing three words-"Burn-Destroy-Kill".[note 6] He gladly admitted that he was completely intolerant of any Armenians remaining in their ancestral homeland in eastern Anatolia, stating that they should be forced to die in the Syrian desert. Since Talaat had planned to exterminate the Armenians since at least 1910, confiding his desire to the Danish ambassador, it can safely be said that the deportations were not a legitimate war measure. The CUP government had similarly been providing funding to units of Turkish irregulars, ordering them to slaughter the Greek population of Ionia around Smyrna since even before the war, killing about 100,000 in the area before the war even started. Similarly, mass slaughters by Ottoman troops and pro-Ottoman irregulars of Armenian and Assyrian civilians occurred in Urmia, which was not even Ottoman (Urmia was, and still is, Persian territory). In fact, the Assyrian genocide began there, in a country that attempted to be neutral during the war. Note that very few deportations actually occurred it Urmia (it was basically just butchery.)
"Turkey is taking advantage of the war in order to thoroughly liquidate its' internal foes, i.e., the indigenous Christians, without being thereby disturbed by foreign intervention. What on earth do you want? The question is settled. There are no more Armenians." - Talat Pasha, in a conversation with Dr. Mordtmann of the German Embassy 
He also declared:
"The Ottoman Empire should be cleaned up of the Armenians and the Lebanese. We have destroyed the former by the sword, we shall destroy the latter through starvation." - Enver Pasha, 19 May 1916!
"You are greatly mistaken. We have this country absolutely under our control. I have no desire to shift the blame onto our underlings and I am entirely willing to accept the responsibility myself for everything that has taken place." 
In addition to Cemal Pasha stating
"Surely a few Armenians aided and abetted our enemy, and a few Armenian Deputies committed crimes against the Turkish nation ... it is incumbent upon a government to pursue the guilty ones. Unfortunately, our wartime leaders, imbued with a spirit of brigandage, carried out the law of deportation in a manner that could surpass the proclivities of the most bloodthirsty bandits. They decided to exterminate the Armenians, and they did exterminate them. This decision was taken by the central committee of the Young Turks and was implemented by the government." - Mustafa Arif Deymer, Ottoman Minister of Interior from 1918-1919, stated on 13 December 1918. 
"I am ashamed of my nation" and that "800,000 Armenian deportees were actually killed...by holding the guilty accountable the government is intent on cleansing the bloody past." 
His grandson also recognizes the genocide, and even wrote a book about it. 
"Negligible numbers of Christians died/There were less than 1.5 million Armenians in Turkey in 1914"
Other common tactics by Turkish denialists are to claim that the numbers of dead Armenians was far lower than it actually was (usually put by the revisionist slime in the mere hundreds of thousands) or that 1.5 million Armenians couldn't have been killed, because there weren't 1.5 million Armenians in Turkey in 1914. The Turkish government itself, the denier-in-chief, puts the death toll at around 300,000. This number, however, is based on the Ottoman census, which was known to be highly inaccurate, generally undercounting populations severely, especially those of ethnic and religious minorities. Populations of non-Muslims often were not re-counted for decades. The Armenian church, which had the benefit of being able to collate all records of births and deaths within the Armenian community, gave a figure of 1,914,620 in 1914, although the church failed to assess populations in significant parts of western Turkey.
It should also be noted that in 1844, the Ottoman Armenian population was given as 2.4 million, and a reliable historian at the time (Ubicini) said that number was almost certainly too low, by a significant amount. In 1878, after the war, the same census gave the population as 3 million. If we assume that 300,000 Armenians were killed in Hamidian massacres (the standard figure), and that the effects of emigration and loss of Armenian-populated Ottoman territories in the aftermath of the 1877-1878 war between the Ottoman and the Russians were balanced out or more than balanced by natural Armenian population growth (as all data, including the official Ottoman censuses, seems to suggest), we are left with a figure of at least 2.7-2.8 million Armenians in the Ottoman Empire in 1914 from the later data.
Talaat Pasha's own report on the genocide  notes that 90% of Armenians outside of Constantinople/Istanbul were deported, and 90% of these were unaccounted for after the conclusion of the genocide, and that there was significant undercounting on the part of the Ottomans. While the official Ottoman figures state that 1,256,403 Gregorian and Catholic Armenians lived in the Ottoman Empire in 1914, Talaat Pasha notes in the report that this is an undercount of at least 30%, meaning the population of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire right before the genocide was at least 1,500,000 according to Talaat Pasha himself. This does not account for Protestant Armenians either, who, according to historian Ara Sarafian, would increase the total Armenian population to at least 1,700,000. By the conclusion of the genocide in 1917, only 284,157 Armenians were accounted for in the Empire, which, when adjusted for undercounts and the like, leaves a total of 350,000-400,000 survivors. It should also be noted that considerable numbers of Armenians were killed in areas not under Ottoman control in 1914, such as Urmia (which was Persian), and in the oblasts of Kars and Batum and the Erivan Governorate (which contained the Armenian iconic site of Mount Ararat), which were Russian before the war. Obviously, these regions would not have been included in the Ottoman census, and thus their inhabitants would not have been included in any estimate for the pre-genocide Ottoman Armenian population. This fact seems to be oddly missing from Turkish literature.
"Ottoman officials made sure deportees were well cared for and fed them"
This is a bullshit claim made by denialists, similar to claim No. #2 above. It is usually coupled with a claim that "Ottoman officers ordered Armenians to be protected".
- The document cited is from the Turkish archives. It could have easily been written afterwards in an attempt to shield the Turks from justice and turn the evidence towards their position. There is no proof that it was "intended for internal consumption" as Dadrian (allegedly) said.
- Acts by individual officials are not necessarily reflective of official policy.
- It would be advantageous to ensure that Armenians were massacred and looted in an orderly manner. Otherwise, some might escape death, and a significant portion of the loot might go to normal people instead of the central government or Ottoman officials. Order was a means of preventing underlings from siphoning off wealth.
- The fact that food was (allegedly) provided to the concentration camps does not necessarily mean the inmates were the ones being fed. Concentration camp guards need to eat too.[citation NOT needed]
- The Turks engaged in a process of purging their archives of incriminating material. As a result, what remains can be regarded as suspicious with respect to authenticity, and useless in determining the truth of the matter.
- As documented above, Armenian females were kept as slaves and sexually abused. Starving them would make them useless for those purposes. Unfed people obviously can't work well. In addition, nobody wants to fuck a skeleton.[citation NOT needed]
"The Kajaznuni manifesto exposes Armenian lies"
Turkish denialists claim that a manifesto written by Ovanes Kajaznuni, the first Armenian prime minister. It is widely alleged by Turkish denialists to be evidence of Armenian deceit or... something along those lines. They have not exactly been specific on what Mr Kajaznuni's manifesto allegedly proves, although they all hold it to be some sort of "smoking gun" that apparently blows the lid off of some giant Armenian conspiracy. Their method of achieving this has been to forge a fake alternative translation of the manifesto in which Turkish atrocities are not mentioned.[note 7] It is also customery for Turkish denialists to claim, without evidence that his manifesto was banned in Armenia and that publications of it were systematically destroyed. The reality is that althought Kajaznuni criticizes the Armenian rebels in his manifesto he doesn't deny the tragedy that fell upon the Armenian people and numerous times condemns the Ottomans in the manifesto
The deportations and mass exiles and massacres which took place during the Summer and Autumn of 1915 were mortal blows to the Armenian Cause. Half of historical Armenia – the same half where the foundations of our independence would be laid according to the traditions inherited by European diplomacy – that half was denuded of Armenians: the Armenian provinces of Turkey were without Armenians. The Turks knew what they were doing and have no reason to regret today. It was the most decisive method of extirpating the Armenian Question from Turkey.
Civilized humanity might very well be shaken with rage in the face of this unspeakable crime. Statesmen might utter menacing words against criminal Turkey. “Blue”, “yellow”, “orange” books and papers might be published condemning them. Divine punishment against the criminals might be invoked in churches by clergymen of all denominations. The press of all countries might be filled with horrible descriptions and details and the testimony of eye-witnesses. . . Let them say this or that. . . but the work was already done and words would not revive the corpses fallen in the Arabian deserts, rebuild the ruined hearths, repopulate the country now become desolate. The Turks knew what they ought to do and did it. The second half of 1915 and the entire year of 1916 were periods of hopelessness, desperation and mourning for us. The refugees, all those who had survived the Holocaust, were filling Russian provinces by tens and hundreds of thousands. They were famished, naked, sick, horrified and desperate floods of humanity, flooding our villages and cities. They had come to a country which was itself ruined and famished. They piled upon each other, before our own eyes, on our threshold dying of famine and sickness. . .
When, in final desperation -- with Turkey again threatening to loot, massacre and rape survivors of the holocaust since 1915
"OMG Armenians were involved in Turkish society"
This is a moronic in content and completely irrelevant attempted red herring used by Turkish denialists as a distraction tactic in order to obscure actual events. However, unlike the others listed, not only is it technically true, but the fact of its truth has no effect on the historicity of the Armenian Genocide. It is thus complete, unadulterated bullshit and deceit.
In order to deal more thoroughly with this argument, it might be useful to note participation of minorities in certain areas prior to their being subjected to genocide.
For example, here is a comparatively short and by no means exhaustive list of prominent German Jews prior to the Holocaust:
- Gustav Mahler, composer.
- Albert Einstein, physicist.
- Fritz Haber, chemist.
- Rosa Luxemburg, communist revolutionary.
- Felix Mendelssohn, composer.
- Karl Marx, economist.
"Turkey opened archives, Armenians keep theirs closed"
Turkish denialists, including the government, are fond of stating that Ottoman archives contain no proof of Turkish genocides and the the Armenians are hiding their archives. It is then implied that within secret Armenian archives is proof of some sort of massive conspiracy to make up a fake genocide or... something. This is intellectual dishonesty because:
- The documents actually known to be in Armenian archives are consistent with the Armenian position.
- Turkey has had decades of time to destroy evidence of genocide, and has taken full advantage of this time. Even now their archives are not particularly accessible for researchers.
- the Turkish government has banned scholars like Taner Akcam, Mehmet Uluışık and Ayhan Aktar from entering Turkey's "Open Archives"
The Harbord Report
After World War I, the United States sent general James Guthrie Harbord to investigate the claims of genocide. Similar to the Manifesto of Kajaznuni, Turkish deniers lie about the conclusion of the report and say that he claimed that there wasn't a genocide when in fact he claimed the opposite:
The dead, from this wholesale attempt on the race, are variously estimated at from five hundred thousand to a million, the usual figure being about eight hundred thousand. Driven on foot under a hot sun, robbed of their clothing and such petty articles as they carried, prodded by bayonets if they lagged, starvation, typhus, and dysentery left thousands dead by the trail side.
"The Malta Trials"
Turkish deniers often cite the Malta trials where few hundred Turkish officers were unsuccesfully tried for war crimes as proof that no Genocide took place however deniers leave out the part that the Turkish officers were not tried for crimes against the Armenians but for mistreatment of British officers and Breaking Armistice, and the trials failed not because the Turkish officers were found innocent but because lack of legal framework and the prisoners were given back in exchange for British POWs held by Mustafa Kemal
"Perincek v Switzerland"
in 2013 Turkish political activist Doğu Perinçek was put on trial for his remarks where he denied the Armenian genocide during his trip to Switzerland. Perincek was acquitted and Turkish Nationalists have used this case as proof that the Armenian Genocide didn't happen. However, they misrepresent the verdict: Perincek was acquitted not because he was able to prove that the genocide didn't happen but because he claimed that his statements were protected under the law for freedom of speech.
The Turkish government and its supporters have gone to great lengths to deceive the public on the matter of the CUP genocides, especially that of the Armenians. They have forged evidence and attempted to discredit legitimate evidence as worthless, even going so far as to redefine genocide in the process. They have used numerous red herrings and distractions and inflated and conjured up imaginary bogeymen such as the "Armenian gangs", Turkish stories of whose alleged mass atrocities against Muslims amount to an Anatolian version of the blood libel, applied to their own personal hated, marginalized, and persecuted minority on whom blame must be shifted. In recent years, they have even turned to presenting the genocide as "Islamophobic", recruiting Islamic extremists to do a significant portion of their arguing for them. They have made up an alternative history in which they have committed no genocide or colonialism, despite the fact that Turkish settlement in Anatolia is solely the product of a millennium-long colonialist policy by the Turks themselves.There is no limit to the deceitfulness of Turkish revisionists.
However, defense against these tactics is fairly simple. It should be noted that none of their arguments have any real substance, and most are complete lies. When in doubt, ignore or demand sources. They will nearly always fail to provide any, or, when they do, their source will be a fringe website that can be rightly dismissed as unreliable. Meanwhile, reliable citations for the consensus position are easy to find.
Not only this, but Turkish impunity has led to the continuation of anti-Armenian sentiment within Turkey and among the Turkish community. A disturbingly large number of Turks engage in open celebration of the Armenian Genocide, calling for all remaining Armenian land to be seized and the people to be killed. This also occurs outside Turkey, suggesting that Turkish education policies are merely part of the problem. Those areas in Turkey that were not completely depopulated of Armenians in the early 20th century have been subject to a new wave of harassment, vandalism, and hate crimes. People closely affiliated with the ruling Turkish government and its associated political party are threatening another genocide against what remains of Turkey's Armenian population. Ethnic Kurdish separatist PKK rebels are referred to as "Armenians", in an attempt at guilt by association. PKK and Turkish leftists are also alleged to be collaborating with Armenian freedom fighters. The term "Armenian" is now used in Turkey as an insult.
the Turkish government and other Turkish organisation have tried to distord the facts of the Armenian genocide by spreading propaganda throught ads, campaigns, organisations and other means, this has to degree been successful because in order to find things like Holocaust denial and Neo-Nazi sites you have to look in the dark corners of the internet meanwhile Armenian Genocide denying content is one Google search away
FactCheckArmenia.com is a propaganda website dedicated to spreading misinformation and denialism about the Armenian genocide,it's been alleged that the website is funded by the Turkish government or atleast they have connections with it the website has also bought several ads promoting their content around the internet
University of Minnesota Lawsuit
in 2010 the Turkish Coalition of America filed a lawsuit against the University of Minnesota for calling them out on their genocide denial and misinformation. The TCA in response sued the university in attempt to silence them but fortunately the court ruled out in their favor saying that their statements weren't defamatory and were protected under freedom of speech
The Khojaly massacre
in 1992 during the First Nagorno-Karabakh War a regiment of the Armenian Army approached the important strategic city of Khojaly and Slaughtered over 600+ Azeri civilians during the capture of the city, this event is known as the Khojaly massacre thought it's a sad event it has been used by the Turkish and Azerbajani governments alongside Turkish and Azeri nationalists for propaganda purposes where they try to blow the event way out of proportion and going as far to call it the Khojaly Genocide in order to make an equivocation with the Armenian genocide and say that the Armenians have also committed a genocide but there are several problems with this Argument
- What happened in 1992 has nothing to do with what happened in 1915, this is pure Whataboutism
- the death toll of 600+ people completely pales in comparison with the about 1 Million Armenians killed in the 1915 genocide
- if killing 600+ people can be called a genocide then killing 1M people can easily be regarded as genocide
- Azerbaijan isn't innocent either here since they have also commited several war crimes during the Nagorno-Karabakh war
Similarities with Holocaust denial
Although Turkish deniers try to claim that comparing the Armenian Genocide to the Holocaust is like comparing apples to oranges, the arguments they make are very similar to the arguments Holocaust deniers make:
Holocaust Deniers-there weren't 6 million Jews in Europe at the time
Armenian Genocide Deniers-there weren't even 1,5M Armenians in The Ottoman Empire at the time
Holocaust deniers-if there was a holocaust then why are there still Jews in Europe
Armenian Genocide deniers-if there was a genocide why are there still Armenians in the World
Holocaust Deniers-the Nazis fed the Jews, provided them with shelter and healthcare, all of the deaths were caused by disease and starvation because the allies destroying the supply lines
Armenian Genocide Deniers-the Ottomans tried to protect the Armenians, provided them with food and medical care, all of the deaths were caused by disease, Armenian gangs attacking the deportation columns and starvation caused by the Armenians and the Entante destroying the supply lines
Holocaust Deniers-there was no offical order to exterminate the Jews
Armenian Genocide Deniers-there was no official order to exterminate the Armenians
Holocaust Deniers-the Holocaust is a political tool invented by the Jews to subjugate white people, get money and the land of Palestine
Armenian Genocide Deniers-the Armenian Genocide is political tool invented by the Armenians to get reparations and territory from Turkey
Holocaust Deniers-the International Red Cross investigated the camps and found that the Jews were in excellent condition
Armenian Genocide Deniers-the Harbord commision investigated the claims of Genocide and determined that there was no Genocide
Holocaust Deniers-yes the Holocaust was a great tragedy and many people died but it's not the fault of the Nazis and more non-Jews died
Armenian Genocide Deniers-yes the "Events of 1915" were a tragedy and many Armenians including Muslims and Turks died but it wasn't a genocide
Holocaust Deniers-the Jews backstabbed the Germans in WW1 and in 1933 declared war against Germany so the decision to lock them up in concentration camps was justified because the Jews were threat to Germany
Armenian Genocide Deniers-The Armenians backstabbed the Ottomans by revolting so the response to deport them was justified
Holocaust Deniers-the Final Solution was a plan to expell the Jews out of Europe to places like Palestine, Madagascar and Russia not to exterminate them
Armenian Genocide Deniers-the Ottomans deported the Armenians out of Anatolia due safety reasons because they were threat to the Ottomans, it wasn't plan to exterminate them
"but Armenians collaborated with the Nazis"
Turkish nationalists often respond to comparisons with the Holocaust and Nazi Germany by pointing out that Armenians served in the Nazi Wehrmacht army such as the infamous Armenian Nazi legion comprising of about 30,000 soldiers, they mention this to demonize the Armenians and try to nullify comparisons to the Holocaust by saying that Armenians were Nazis but they are not mentioning that many Turks also supported the Nazis, such as the Turkestan Legion and Azerbaijani Legion comprising of 70,000 soldiers, the Azerbaijani Nazi legion together with German Werhmacht were responsible for the Wola massacre where they slaughered between 50,000 and 100,000 Poles and also many Armenians helped to defeat nazi Germany where about 500,000 Armenians fought for the Soviet Union in WW2
Certain bigots have accused Jews of deliberately not giving the Armenian Genocide (as well as other genocides) enough attention in the media (as they supposedly run it) in order to focus solely on the Holocaust. This conveniently overlooks the fact that unlike the Armenian genocide, the Holocaust had the benefit of the occupation of the Allies who made sure to scrupulously document, photograph, and film as much of it as they could, as well as put as many perpetrators as they could find on trial, thus creating a lot more historical material to study. But who needs things like logic when you can blame the Jews for everything?
That said, Israel (as opposed to the nebulous group of Joooz!!!11!) has been rather loath to acknowledge the Armenian Genocide and careful about not drawing parallels with the Holocaust so as not to offend Turkish officialdom, a fact eagerly snapped up by the aforementioned bigots. This has less to do with any anti-Armenianism and more to do with Turkey being pretty much the only country in the region not hostile to Israel.
Some particularly stupid individuals have stated that the perpetrators of the genocide were Crypto-Jews.
As if the above wasn't enough, the infamous conservative tabloid Breitbart launched an article on the 100th anniversary of the genocide claiming that the world refused to recognize the genocide out of fear of offending Muslims. The article also claims that the genocide, which was committed by the secular Young Turks, actually had been done out of Islamism. The article conveniently ignores that Syria, Lebanon and Iran all recognize the genocide and that Armenian Christians often live closely with the Arab Muslims in many of the countries they reside in.
Needless to say, Armenians are probably not too thrilled about either bigoted inversion listed above, as they're primarily meant to detract from focus on the genocide itself to other bigoted conspiracies.
- See the Wikipedia article on Armenian Genocide.
- See the Wikipedia article on Armenian Genocide recognition.
- Armenian National Institute genocide research library
- State of Denial by Peter Balakian
- The Centennial of the Armenian Genocide
- Denying Your History | Armenian Genocide video on "Knowing Better" YouTube channel
- Timeline of the Armenian genocide
- Le Génocide des Arméniens PHDN on the Armenian genocide and denialism (French)
- Armenisches Leben im Osmanischen Reich vor 1915 (German)
- the University of Minnesota on the Armenian genocide
- No, not those Young Turks.
- Looking at you, Mississippi
- Under section E of Article II of the 1948 U.N Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.
- That is, not as Ottoman proxies.
- Remember who else did that? The Turks gave them the idea.
- History buffs may notice a striking, even disturbing similarity between Talaat's order and the Japanese "three alls" policy during WW2, which led to such events as the Nanjing massacre.
- It should be noted that the version of the manifesto used and cited by the Daily beast is hosted at a Turkish denialist website and thus should be taken with a grain of salt. Other sources would likely be more useful.
- Adolf Hitler, Statement on the Armenian Genocide
- Q&A;: Armenian 'genocide' (12 October 2006, 16:12 GMT 17:12) BBC News (archived from March 1, 2007).
- France, Great Britain and Russia joint declaration, May 24, 1915
- Parrot, Friedrich (2016) . Journey to Ararat. Translated by William Desborough Cooley. Introduction by Pietro A. Shakarian. London: Gomidas Institute. p. xxix. ISBN 978-1909382244.
- The Treaty of Moscow between Turkey and Russia (in Russian)
- 24 APRIL 1915: DEPORTATION OF ARMENIAN INTELLECTUALS
- Knesset Education Committee recognizes Armenian genocide Times of Israel, 1 August 2016
- Egypt implicitly recognizes Armenian Genocide Egypt Today, 18 February 2019
- Saudi Arabia will financially sponsor Armenian Genocide resolution in U.S. Aravot Armenian News, April 29 2019
- UAE also will recognize of the Armenian genocide in April Hawar News Agency, February 16 2019
- What you don't know Turkish?!
- Turk 'genocide' author faces jail (1 September 2005, 18:03 GMT 19:03) BBC.
- Turkish Professor Concludes There Was An Armenian Genocide (April 14, 2015) WBUR.
- Historian Taner Akçam uncovers 'smoking gun' of Armenian Genocide by By Angela Bazydlo (January 17, 2018) Clark University.
- Killing Orders: Talat Pasha’s Telegrams and the Armenian Genocide by Taner Akçam (2018) Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 3319697862.
- Committee for Union and Progress- Encyclopedia
- This was genocide, but Armenians were not its only victims
- Why Cenk Uygur Is Getting Confronted about the Name "The Young Turks," and Why It Matters
- "A Century After Armenian Genocide, Turkey’s Denial Only Deepens"
- Ayse Temmuz's answer to How many Turks were killed by Armenians in Eastern Anatolia before Armenian Deportation During WWI in 1915?
- An example of this tactic, used by Turkish denialists
- History.com's article on the subject
- Fundie source. Information found elsewhere previously. Can and should be replaced if a better source is found.
- A relevant source. Pardon the right-wing pro-gun stance.
- Women and Deportations
- Chapter 24 of Ambassador Morgenthau's Story, a primary source on the subject.
- Children and Youth: Ottoman Empire (Ottoman Empire/Middle East)
- A Turkish propaganda site that pushes such claims.
- Caucasus Front
- "WORLD WAR I AND THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE"
- 22 Aktar A Debating Armenian Massacres 1918, page 242 (author is a Turk.)
- Constantine I-KING OF GREECE from Britannica
- Food and Nutrition (Ottoman Empire/Middle East)
- Organization of War Economies (Ottoman Empire/Middle East)
- The Turkish government propaganda ministry's Gish Gallop on the subject.
- The Telegraph's slightly more factually based position on the subject.
- Armenian Genocide-History
- In Syria, U.S. pullout and Turkish assault sparks exodus to anywhere that feels safe
- Washington post: "The international community must stop Turkey’s ethnic cleansing plans in northern Syria"
- Turkish president attempting to use topography to justify ethnic cleansing.
- Faiz El-Ghusein, Martyred Armenia, various pages.
- Andrew A. Erish, Col. William N. Selig, the Man Who Invented Hollywood, page 212
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia page 22
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia, page 78
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia, page 93
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia, page 98
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia, pages 118-119
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia, page 121
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia, page 139
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia, page 153-157
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia, pages 176-183
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia, page 201
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia, page 203
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia, pages 205-207
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia, pages 218-210
- Mardiganian, Aurora Ravished Armenia, page 213
- When Turkey Destroyed Its Christians
- Benny Morris, Dror Ze’evi, The Thirty-Year Genocide: Turkey’s Destruction of Its Christian Minorities, page 259 https://books.google.com/books?id=xjiPDwAAQBAJ&dq
- The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials ,Kevin Heller and Gerry Simpson
- Mehmet Cemal Azmi Bey
- The school's website (in Turkish).
- Ugur Ümit Üngör, The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950 page 71
- Why it’s so controversial to call the Armenian genocide a genocide
- Remembering the Armenian Genocide
- Matthias Bjørnlund, “When the Cannons Talk, the Diplomats Must Be Silent”: A Danish Diplomat in Constantinople during the Armenian Genocide
- Turkey’s Genocide of the Assyrians Was an Islamist Crime
- Remembering the Assyrian Genocide: An Interview with Sabri Atman
- The Assyrian Genocide of 1915
- Assyrian Genocide-Combat Genocide Association
- menia?fbclid=IwAR1fbnCTeDkr7aa5U1gwUhF2EpD1BvThI9gNwCye9BH35O oKWReW5U8z0dY
- [https://books.google.ca/books?id=E_JdDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA52&lpg=PA52&d q=surely+a+few+armenians+aided+and+abetted+our+enemy&source=bl&ots =mnM9e3778k&sig=ACfU3U0Eqgmc5NE4PhbUOeQRlZedHp3sLw&hl=en&s a=X&ved=2ahUKEwjTvsj4zIvyAhXQUt8KHWg_C0UQ6AEwB3oECAkQAw#v =onepage&q=surely%20a%20few%20armenians%20aided%20and%20abette d%20our%20enemy&f=false]
- GOP senator says White House asked him to object to Armenian genocide resolution
- Kemal H. Karpat, "Ottoman Population Records and the Census of 1881/82-1893"(Turkish source)
- Raymond H. Kevorkian and Paul B. Paboudjian, Les Arméniens dans l'Empire Ottoman à la vielle du génocide, Ed. ARHIS, Paris, 1992 (Citation taken from Wikipedia)
- Wahi Kachichyan, Turkish Instinct or the Praise of Genocide: Radical Islam and the Armenian Genocide https://books.google.com/books?id=A_NeDwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false
- The Pre-1895 Censuses in Ottoman Empire
- Kars- Encyclopedia of the Armenian Genocide
- Etienne Forestier-Peyrat, "The Ottoman occupation of Batumi, 1918: a view from below"
- The End of the Ottomans: The Genocide of 1915 and the Politics of Turkish Nationalism, edited by Hans-Lukas Kieser, Margaret Lavinia Anderson, Seyhan Bayraktar, and Thomas Schmutz
- City of Artvin – From the History of Armenia
- 1583) Army Commander's July 1915 Order to Protect Armenians (Denialist source)
- Taner Akçam, "The Ottoman Documents and the Genocidal Policies of the Committee for Union and Progress (İttihat ve Terakki) toward the Armenians in 1915"
- Denialist webshite TAT gives their take
- The Tragedy of Armenia's First Prime Minister: Too Blunt and Now Forgotten
- A less compromised version
- Idiotic whataboutist screed by a Minnesotan-based Muslim extremist full of whataboutism and general lies. Reading this may cause moderate to severe damage to y'all's brain cells. Handle with care.
- Turkey urges study of its archives in its dispute of Armenian genocide
- Incoherent Turkish whining
- Documents in Armenia’s Archives Prove Genocide
- How Turkey Destroyed or Disposed of Its Historical Archives and Documents
- Revealing Turkish diplomatic cable intercepted by Wikileaks
- http://www.agos.com.tr/tr/yazi/7148/tarihciler-acik-arsivleri-anlatiyor (on Turkish)
- James Guthrie Harbord, United Armenian Council for the Commemoration of the Armenian Genocide.
- Egyptian cleric being used to make such claims, complete with other Turkish canards.
- No genocide, colonialism in Turkey’s history: FM Çavuşoğlu
- Anti-Armenian Banners Celebrating Genocide Displayed in Turkey
- Inciting Hatred: Turkish Protesters Call Armenians ‘Bastards’
- Former VP of Turkish National Association of Sweden Fined for Anti-Armenian Remarks
- Armenian-Populated Districts of Istanbul Attacked
- Erdogan’s Backers Threaten to Commit a New Genocide Against Armenians
- An example of this occurring (in Turkish).
- Relations between the PKK and ASALA (Turkish screed)
- Grew up Kurdish, forced to be Turkish, now called Armenian
- Archived tweet by one of these people
- "Why the world ignores the Islamist Armenian Genocide"
- Syria’s Assad pledges to recognize Armenian Genocide (June 11, 2015) Armenian Genocide Centennial (archived from March 19, 2016).
- Countries that Recognize the Armenian Genocide Armenian National Institute.