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|Persons of interest|
Andrew Yang (1975–) is an American entrepreneur, author, and 2020 Democratic Party presidential candidate who is currently running for Mayor of New York City. He is most well-known for the flagship proposal of his 2020 presidential bid: a universal basic income program, known as the "Freedom Dividend", which would give every American citizen aged 18 or older a monthly check of $1,000, whose primary intent would be to serve as a safety cushion for people who might lose their jobs to automation in the future. While he failed to generate meaningful support in his presidential campaign, Yang's embrace of universal basic income later helped popularize the idea of stimulus checks to help individuals and businesses survive the COVID-19 pandemic. His campaign was notable for its (alleged) embrace of mathematics and science, even going so far as to sell hats that just say "MATH" on them (claimed to mean "Make America Think Harder").
Political positions and policies
“”We need to move to a new form of capitalism — Human Capitalism — that’s geared towards maximizing human well-being and fulfillment.
While Yang was primarily known for proposing universal basic income, his campaign website featured hundreds of smaller-scale policies that nobody really covered. Summing up his views with any one phrase like "progressive" or "moderate" is difficult — in fact, he is quite the outlier within the Democratic Party, even being compared to a libertarian. He generally describes his own views as "human-centered capitalism." On the surface his rhetoric aligns him with progressives like Bernie Sanders. However, he is also willing to do things like call Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions anti-Semitic.
Yang ran his campaign on the Freedom Dividend, which would establish a $1,000-per-month universal basic income for every adult American citizen. The dividend would be funded by a 10% national VAT tax, alongside carbon fees, capital gains taxes, and other taxes. Additionally, it would stack with veteran's disability welfare, SSDI, and housing assistance (but notably not with SSI or SNAP).
While a distributional analysis showed the Freedom Dividend to be highly progressive, critics claimed the dividend would be regressive as it was universal and not targeted, and funded by a regressive VAT tax. Some argued, for instance, that landlords would just raise rent accordingly, heralding a libertarian talking point which asserts that because of inflation, increasing people's disposable income doesn't actually help them.[note 1] This is not true.
2020 Presidential campaign
In 2020, Yang ran for the Democratic nomination, receiving a lot of media attention but not translating that into actual votes. He dropped out after failing to receive any delegates from the Iowa caucus.
When the New York Democrats tried to cancel the state primary election after every major candidate besides Joe Biden had dropped out, Yang and a couple of Democratic delegates sued in a bid to give Bernie Sanders a better chance of reaching a delegate threshold at the 2020 Democratic National Convention. Inexplicably, liberals were outraged that the Democratic Party was being challenged for skipping democracy.
Running for Mayor
Sure, Yang went nowhere if his goal was to get the nomination, but he did make himself a household name. In January 2021, he would exploit this by announcing his candidacy for Mayor of New York City. He has gotten quite the interesting group of endorsements, from Martin Luther King III to... Anthony Scaramucci? His campaign seems to be going fairly well, with him acknowledged as the front-runner by nearly everybody.
- Technocracy — He goes for this aesthetic at least.
- Ron Paul — Yang is shaping up to be his Democratic counterpart.
- Ironic, coming from the same group of people who accused Yang of being a Libertarian Trojan Horse.
- UBI and stimulus checks
- Andrew Yang's Presidential Bid Is So Very 21st Century
- Human-Centered Capitalism
- Yang Is Out. Yangism Is Here to Stay.
- 2020 Democratic candidate Yang talks UBI, climate change
- Andrew Yang: My vision for New York City’s Jewish community
- The Freedom Dividend, defined
- Distributional analysis of Freedom Dividend
- Won't landlords just increase rent?
- Inflation won't render UBI meaningless by Scott Santens (Nov 22, 2014) Medium.
- Yang drops out
- Yang sues NY over cancelling primary
- Andrew Yang wants taxpayer money spent on a useless primary
- Andrew Yang Enters Race for Mayor, Proposes Universal Basic Income for New Yorkers
- Can Andrew Yang Make It in New York City Politics?
- The MOOCH is back and gives Andrew Yang his first major public endorsement for NYC Mayor!
- Yang Drives the Bus, Republicans Joust: 5 Takeaways From N.Y.C. Mayor’s Race
- Alex Samuels, FiveThirtyEight, "What We’re Watching In The New York City Mayoral Race"
- Is Andrew Yang being unfairly ignored?