2020 Democratic Party presidential nomination

From RationalWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Guide to:
U.S. Politics
Icon politics USA.svg
Ideas and policies

The 2020 Democratic Party presidential nomination will be a likely be a highly competitive political event, given the number of candidates. The United States Democratic Party will decide on someone who they hope can defeat the Republican candidate (such as Donald Trump), preferably by a comfortable margin. The nomination will take place at the 2020 Democratic National Convention in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.[1]

About declared candidates[edit]

Candidates are listed alphabetically according to their last names.

Cory Booker[edit]

Cory Booker

Cory BookerWikipedia's W.svg announced his bid for President on February 1st, 2019.[2]

Age: 49

Background: Rhodes Scholar. Graduate of Yale Law School.[3] Former Mayor of Newark, New Jersey. Senator from New Jersey.[2]

Policy positions:

  • Supports allowing the importation of prescription drugs from Canada[2] after initially voting against it.
  • Supports Medicare for All,[4] but does not want to end private insurance.[5]
  • Wants to overturn the ban on trans people in the military [6]
  • Supports same-sex marriage, women's right to abortions, and the legalization of marijuana.[4]
  • Introduced legislation to outlaw "gay cure" therapy.[7]
  • Endorses the Green New Deal.[4]
  • Champions public schools, despite supporting charter schools as Mayor of Newark.[4]
  • Favors criminal justice reform, having helped draft the First Step Act.[3][note 1]
  • Wants to create a savings account for every American child, funded by hikes in capital gains and estate taxes.[8]

Pete Buttigieg[edit]

Pete Buttigieg

Pete ButtigiegWikipedia's W.svg announced his campaign for President on January 23rd, 2019.[9]

Age: 37

Background: Rhodes Scholar. Winner of the 2000 John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award for an essay on Bernie Sanders.[10] Mayor of South Bend, Indiana,[note 2] Navy lieutenant,[11] and Afghanistan War veteran.[12]

Policy positions:

  • Supports same-sex marriage, being in such a marriage himself.[13] Wants to extend civil-rights legislation to protect the LGBTQ community.[10]
  • Favors transitioning towards a single-payer healthcare system by first providing a public option[note 3][5] but does not support eliminating private health insurance.[10]
  • Considers climate change to be a national security threat. Supports the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. Wants to subsidize solar panels.[10]
  • Endorses the Green New Deal.[14]
  • Believes the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)[note 4] has caused significant job losses in the Midwest but supports labor unions.[10]
  • Wants to ban guns in schools and the nullification of "stand-your-ground" laws. Supports universal background checks before gun purchases.[10]
  • Supports withdrawing U.S. troops from Afghanistan but opposes Trump's plan to pull out of Syria. Considers Iran to be a serious threat to Israel. Only supports military deployment if diplomacy fails.[10]
  • Favors the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals or DACA program, wants to provide undocumented immigrants brought to the U.S. as children with a path to citizenship.[10]
  • Wants to pack the Supreme Court to thirteen Justices.[15]
  • Is in favor of abolishing the Electoral College.[16]
  • Opposes the leaking of government documents by Chelsea Manning and Edward Snowden, also opposing former President Obama's clemency of Manning's prison sentence.[17]
  • Supports Marijuana legalization.[18]

Julián Castro[edit]

Julián Castro

Julián CastroWikipedia's W.svg filed his FEC form on December 21st, 2018,[19] and later officially announced his campaign on January 12th, 2019.[20]

Age: 44

Background: Worked as an intern for President Bill Clinton, as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under President Barack Obama.[21][22] Former Mayor of San Antonio, Texas.

Policy positions:

  • Supports Medicare for All, universal pre-kindergarten, and some form or another of the Green New Deal.[23]
  • Supports making the first two years of higher education free.[21]
  • Wants to raise corporate taxes and income taxes on the rich[24] in order to fund Medicare for All.[21]
  • Was pro-fracking as mayor of San Antonio. [25]
  • But now wants to rejoin the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement and to reduce carbon emissions by incentivizing businesses to switch to renewable energy on a voluntary basis.[21]
  • Wants to ban assault rifles, to restrict high-capacity magazines, and to require background checks at gun shows.[21]
  • Opposes Trump's border wall, wants to provide undocumented immigrants with a pathway to citizenship, and proposed securing the U.S.-Mexican border using high technology. Also wants comprehensive immigration reform to make the legal immigration process more efficient. Does not support abolishing U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) but wants to reconstitute it.[21]
  • Supports making abortions legal after 20 weeks of pregnancy.[21]
  • Believes that Americans of all gender identities should be able to serve in the military.[21]
  • Wants a scheduled withdrawal from Syria.[21]
  • Wants to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in order to strengthen protections for workers and the environment.[21]

John Delaney[edit]

John Delaney

John DelaneyWikipedia's W.svg revealed he was running for President in a July 28, 2017 editorial for The Washington Post,[26] and filed his FEC form the next month.[27]

Age: 56

Background: Former Representative from MD-06.[28]

Policy positions:

  • Supports raising the corporate tax to 23% [29] and is supportive of trade unions (having been in one himself).[30]
  • Supported the Affordable Care Act.[31]
  • But prefers a Medicare expansion over single-payer healthcare.[32]
  • Is supportive of Congressional term limits.[33]
  • Favors a two-state solution for Israel and Palestine.[34]

Tulsi Gabbard[edit]

Tulsi Gabbard

On January 11th, 2019, Tulsi Gabbard filed her FEC form[35] and revealed her Presidential campaign.[36]

Age: 38

Background: Representative from HI-02.[37] Veteran of the Second Iraq War.[38]

Policy positions:

  • Was initially homophobic[39][40] and anti-abortion.[41] , but now claims to support the LGBT community[42] and access to abortion.[43]
  • Supports eliminating subsidies and tax benefits for fossil fuels.[38]
  • A ban on fossil fuel use by 2050.[38]
  • A ban on fracking, tuition-free college.[38]
  • Universal background checks for all gun purchases.[38]
  • Medicare for All, and the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan and Syria, and ending U.S. support for the Saudi-led intervention in Yemen.[38]
  • Also supports financial regulations in the form of reinstating the Glass-Steagall Act.[44] Disapproves of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.[8]
  • Supports the decriminalization of sex work.[45]
  • Favors the regime of Bashar al-Assad, and has been inexplicably skeptical that Assad used chemical weapons.[46]

Kirsten Gillibrand[edit]

Kirsten Gillibrand

On January 15th, 2019, Kirsten GillibrandWikipedia's W.svg filed her FEC form,[47] formed an exploratory committee,[48] and officially announced her Presidential campaign during her appearance on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert.[49]

Age: 52

Background: Senator from New York[50] and former Representative from NY-20.

Policy positions:

  • Supports Medicare for All,[51]
  • Abolishing ICE,[52] and a federal jobs guarantee.[53]
  • Opposes the Citizens United ruling.[54]
  • Denounces the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.[8]

Mike Gravel[edit]

Mike Gravel

Mike Gravel formed an exploratory committee on March 19, 2019,[55] and made his FEC filing the next month.[56] Unlike the other candidates, Gravel clarified he was not running to actually win the nomination, but to bring left-wing ideas to the Democratic primary debate stage.[57]

Age: 88

Background: Former Senator from Alaska and former member of the Alaska House of Representatives from the 8th district.

Policy positions: Being formed by members of his campaign,[58] Gravel's official platform countains the following positions:

  • Enacting Medicare for All and eliminating private health insurance.[59]
  • Enacting the Green New Deal.[59]
  • Free public automatic tax filing program.[59]
  • Abolishing ICE and the U.S. Customs and Border Patrol.[59]
  • Abolishing the Electoral College, instilling a ranked choice voting system, and establishing automatic voter registration.[59]
  • Banning the death penalty, cash bail, solitary confinement, mandatory minimum sentences and private prisons.[59]
  • Abolishing the NSA, repealing the USA PATRIOT Act, and pardoning all whistleblowers.[59]
  • Closing all offshore military bases, ending all military aid to Saudi Arabia and Israel, sending all abroad soldiers back to the United States, ending the use of drones, and renaming the Department of Defense to the "Department of War".[59]
  • Investing $1.5 trillion in infrastructure.[59]

Kamala Harris[edit]

Kamala Harris

Kamala Harris made her FEC filing on January 21st, 2019,[60] announcing her campaign the very next week.[61]

Age: 54

Background: Senator[62] and former Attorney General from California

Policy positions:

  • Supports Medicare for All,[63] supports legalizing marijuana,[64] supports sanctuary cities,[65] and is mixed on the death penalty.[66][67]
  • Wants to repeal the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 and to give middle-income families an annual cash payment of up to $6,000 per family.[8]
  • Supports the Green New Deal.[68]

John Hickenlooper[edit]

John Hickenlooper

On March 4th, 2019, John HickenlooperWikipedia's W.svg announced his campaign to run for President.[69]

Age: 67

Background: 42nd Governor of Colorado[70] and former Mayor of Denver.

Policy positions:

  • Reluctantly[note 5] supports marijuana legalization.[71]
  • Opposes mandatory minimum sentences.[71]
  • Supports standardized testing.[71]
  • Supports universal background checks and high-capacity magazine bans.[71]

Jay Inslee[edit]

Jay Inslee

Jay InsleeWikipedia's W.svg announced his Presidential campaign on March 1st, 2019, with the main focus of his bid drawing attention to combating climate change.[72]

Age: 68

Background: 23rd and current Governor of Washington State,[73] former member of the House of Representatives and former member of the Washington House of Representatives.

Policy positions:

  • Taking after the Green New Deal, Inslee advocates for a climate mobilization plan known as America's Climate Mission, a plan focusing on 100% clean energy, net-zero greenhouse gas emissions, investments into clean energy-related jobs, recovery for people and regions affected by climate change and pollution, and an end to subsidies to fossil fuel companies.[74]
  • Supports a state-based public option, which he considers to be a "step toward universal health care."[75]
  • Supports access to abortion.[76]
  • Supports the ERA.[76]
  • Supports same-sex marriage, adoption and protection from discrimination.[76]
  • Opposes the death penalty.[76]
  • Supports gun control.[76]
  • Supports automatic voter registration.[76]

Amy Klobuchar[edit]

Amy Klobuchar

Amy KlobucharWikipedia's W.svg announced her Presidential campaign on February 10th, 2019.[77]

Age: 58

Background: Senator[78] from Minnesota and former County Attorney of Hennepin County.

Policy positions:

Beto O'Rourke[edit]

Beto O'Rourke

Beto O'Rourke announced that he was running for President on March 14th, 2019.[81] The previous day, he explained, "I want to be in it. Man, I’m just born to be in it, and want to do everything I humanly can for this country at this moment" in an interview with Vanity Fair.[82]

Age: 46

Background: Former member of the House of Representatives from TX-16 and former member of the El Paso City Council from the 8th district. In 2018, he launched a Senate campaign[83] in to unseat junior Senator Ted Cruz, losing by only a small margin.[84]

Policy positions:

  • Favors anti-trust legislation.[citation needed]
  • Wants to end the War on Drugs.[85]
  • Supports universal background checks[86] and opposes the sales of AR-15s.[87]
  • Supports the legalization of marijuana.[88]

Tim Ryan[edit]

Tim Ryan

Tim RyanWikipedia's W.svg announced his bid on April 4, 2019.[89]

Age: 45

Background: Member of the House of Representatives from Ohio's 13th district, previously representing the 17th district. Former Ohio State Senator from the 32nd district.

Policy positions:

  • Supports legislation to combat climate change, but does not support the Green New Deal.[90]
  • Supports Medicare for All.[90]
  • Supports tuition and debt-free college.[90]
  • Supports universal background checks and a ban on semi-automatic rifles.[90]
  • Supports the DREAM Act of 2019.[note 6][90]
  • Supports same-sex marriage, access to abortion, nationwide legalization of marijuana, and the right of transgender people to join the military.[90]

Bernie Sanders[edit]

Bernie Sanders

Bernie Sanders announced his campaign for President on February 19th, 2019.[91]

Age: 77

Background: Former civil rights and antiwar activist (1960s). Graduate of the University of Chicago. Former Mayor of Burlington, Vermont. Former House Representative of Vermont. Current Senator from Vermont. Ran for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination. Self-described "democratic socialist."[92][91]

Policy positions:

  • Author of the Medicare for All proposal.[93] Wants to expand and strengthen the social safety net.[94]
  • Supports raising the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour and making public colleges and universities tuition-free.[91]
  • Wants to raise taxes on wealthy people and corporations, such as a federal estate tax of up to 77% on the richest 0.2% of Americans, in order to fund his welfare programs and to reduce income inequality.[8][95]
  • Supports breaking up the big banks and other financial reforms.[96]
  • Wants to spend $1 trillion on infrastructure.[97]
  • Advocates transitioning towards renewable energy.[94]
  • Opposes unfettered free trade.[98]
  • Wants to make it easier for people to join labor unions.[94]
  • Advocates for workers having ownership stake in the businesses they work for.[94]
  • Supports equal pay for equal work.[note 7][94]
  • Opposed the FCC's overturning of net neutrality.[99] and voted on a bill to retain net neutrality.[100]
  • Opposes the Supreme Court Citizens United decision.[101]
  • Favors instant background checks for gun purchases, removal of the gun-show loophole,[note 8] and a ban on assault rifles and on high-capacity magazines.[102]
  • Believes that states rather than the federal government should handle waiting periods for handgun purchases.[102]
  • Supports a diplomacy-first approach to foreign affairs. Opposes the Second Iraq War.[95]

Eric Swalwell[edit]

Eric Swalwell

Eric SwalwellWikipedia's W.svg announced his candidacy on April 8, 2019 while appearing on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert.[103]

Age: 38

Background: Member of the House of Representatives from California's 15th district, and former member of the Dublin[note 9] City Council.

Policy positions:

  • Supports same-sex marriage and access to abortion and contraception.[104]
  • Supports a ban and Federal buyback of semi-automatic weapons, and supports universal background checks.[105]
  • Endorses Medicare for All.[106]
  • Endorses the Green New Deal.[105]
  • Supports automatic voter registration.[104]

Elizabeth Warren[edit]

Elizabeth Warren

Elizabeth Warren filed her FEC form[107] and formed an exploratory committee on December 31st, 2018.[108] She officially announced her Presidential campaign on February 9th, 2019.[109]

Age: 69

Background: Senator from Massachusetts.[110] Former professor of law at Harvard University. Expert on bankruptcy laws. Author of books on financial matters affecting the middle class. Former interim director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.[111]

Policy positions:

  • Supports public works and financial regulation, having helped create the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.[111]
  • Wants to break up tech giants.[112]
  • Has proposed a 2% wealth tax on households whose net worth are over $50,000,000 each, and a 3% wealth tax on those worth over $1 billion each,[113] which would raise an estimated $2.75 trillion over ten years.[114]
  • Supports Medicare for All.[115]
  • Supports "net metering."[114][note 10]
  • Supports universal child care.[116]
  • Opposed the Trans-Pacific Partnership,[117] and the Supreme Court ruling on Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission.[118]
  • Wants to abolish the Electoral College, to remove Confederate statues, and to create a national commission to study reparations for African-Americans.[119]
  • Wants to hold corporate executives criminally accountable when their companies act negligently or recklessly.[120]
  • Supports the Right to Repair movement, which would allow consumers to fix things that they own without fear of legal reprisals from manufacturers.[121]

Andrew Yang[edit]

Andrew YangWikipedia's W.svg filed his FEC form on November 6th, 2017.[122]

Age: 44

Background: Entrepreneur in tech and education.[123] Founder and former CEO of Venture for AmericaWikipedia's W.svg, a non-profit organization that connects recent college graduates with jobs at business start-ups.[124] Presidential Ambassador for Global Entrepreneurship under President Barack Obama.[125]

Policy positions:

  • Supports a universal basic income program called "The Freedom Dividend," which would provide every American citizen aged 18 or above a monthly $1,000 check.[126]
  • Supports a universal health care program, though he does not specifically support Medicare for All.[127]
  • Advocates for "Human Capitalism," a form of capitalism that he claims focuses on people rather than money and uses measurements other than GDP and the stock market to determine success.[128]
  • Vows to invest in solutions to global warming, including technologies to reverse environmental damages,[129] and improve access to nuclear power.[130]
  • Also wants to end tax benefits to fossil fuel companies and institute a carbon tax.[129]

Dropped out[edit]

Richard Ojeda[edit]

Richard Ojeda

On Novemeber 11th, 2018, Richard OjedaWikipedia's W.svg filed his FEC form[131] and announced his official presidential campaign.[132] He dropped out of the race on January 27th, 2019.[133]

Age: 48

Background:Former State Senator from West Virginia. United States Army Major, 2-time Bronze Star recipient and veteran of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars.

Policy positions:

  • Favors raising corporate taxes.[134]
  • Supports the rights of unions and opposes right-to-work laws.[134]
  • Endorses the Green New Deal.[135]
  • Favors legalizing marijuana and decriminalizing opiates.[136]
  • Supports a woman's right to abortion and opposes all anti-abortion legislation. Also wants to increase access to birth control and quadruple Planned Parenthood funding.[137]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Britnell, Mark. In Search of the Perfect Health System. Palgrave, 2015. ISBN 978-1-137-49661-4.
  • Reid, T. R. The Healing of America : A Global Quest for Better, Cheaper, and Fairer Health Care. Penguin Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1-594-20234-6.
  • Spieler, Christof. Trains, Buses, People: An Opinionated Atlas of US Transit. Island Press, 2018. ISBN 978-1-61091-903-6.


  1. Signed into law by Donald Trump with bipartisan support, this Act is intended to, among other things, reduce recidivism and minimum sentencing for non-violent drug offenders.
  2. This earned him the nickname "Mayor Pete."
  3. The public option is a government-run health insurance plan that competes with private insurance.
  4. This was renegotiated by the Trump administration and is now known as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).
  5. Although he personally opposes marijuana, he upheld the voters' will when it was legalized in Denver and later Colorado as a whole.
  6. Gives undocumented immigrant children protected under DACA the opportunity for permanent residency, and gives Temporary Protected Status recipients and immigrants protected under Deferred Enforced Departure permanent legal status.
  7. Sanders believes that women on average earn only 78% of what they male counterparts do.
  8. This allows people to buy guns at shows without having to pass a background check.
  9. Dublin, California.
  10. Net metering enables consumers to use the electricity they generate at any time, instead of only when it is generated. This has important implications for renewable energy.


  1. Milwaukee Picked as Site of 2020 Democratic National Convention The New York Times. March 11th, 2019.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 New Jersey Democratic Sen. Cory Booker launches 2020 bid. Associated Press. February 1, 2019. Accessed February 1, 2019.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Who is Cory Booker? CBS News. February 1, 2019. Accessed February 1, 2019.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Cory Booker on the Issues: Where He Stands. The New York Times February 1, 2019. Accessed February 1, 2019.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Where Democratic presidential candidates stand on health care reform. PBS NewsHour. February 20, 2019. Accessed February 25, 2019.
  6. Cory Booker pledges to undo Trump's 'un-American' trans military ban
  7. Cory Booker: New Jersey Democrat joins presidential race. BBC News. February 1, 2019. Accessed Febrary 1, 2019.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Why 2020 Democratic candidates are pushing more progressive tax proposals. PBS NewsHour. February 19, 2019. Accessed March 7, 2019.
  9. Indiana mayor Pete Buttigieg jumps into 2020 race CNN. January 23rd, 2019.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 What does Pete Buttigieg believe? Where the candidate stands on 7 issues. PBS NewsHour. February 15, 2019. Accessed March 7, 2019.
  11. The First Gay President?
  12. Navy Reserve to deploy Buttigieg to Afghanistan
  13. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/18/fashion/weddings/mayor-peter-buttigieg-wedding-democratic-party.html Pete Buttigieg Might Be President Someday. He’s Already Got the First Man.
  14. Buttigieg: Green New Deal resolution 'the right beginning' CNN. February 1010, 2019.
  15. 2020 Democrat Pete Buttigieg Wins Applause for Making 'Pack the Courts' Argument Common Dreams. February 20th, 2019.
  16. Dem presidential candidate Buttigieg calls for scrapping Electoral College: It 'needs to go'
  17. 2020 candidate Pete Buttigieg "troubled" by clemency for Chelsea Manning CBS News. March 11, 2019.
  18. https://www.marijuanamoment.net/where-presidential-candidate-pete-buttigieg-stands-on-marijuana/
  19. Julián Castro's FEC filing
  20. Julián Castro, Former Housing Secretary, Announces 2020 Presidential Run The New York Times. January 12th, 2019.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 21.6 21.7 21.8 21.9 What does Julián Castro believe? Where the candidate stands on 8 issues. PBS NewsHour. February 15, 2019. Accessed March 7, 2019.
  22. https://www.dallasnews.com/news/politics/2014/07/25/julian-castro-to-take-office-monday-as-housing-secretary
  23. Here’s where 2020 presidential candidate Julián Castro stands on the environment
  24. Julian Castro supports massive tax hike for wealthy elite. Associated Press. January 7, 2019. Accessed February 7, 2019.
  25. https://grist.org/article/heres-where-2020-presidential-candidate-julian-castro-stands-on-the-environment/ Here’s where 2020 presidential candidate Julián Castro stands on the environment
  26. John Delaney: Why I'm running for President The Washington Post. July 28th, 2017.
  27. John Delaney's FEC filing
  28. A list of who's leaving Congress
  29. https://thehill.com/policy/finance/417923-business-groups-brace-for-dem-push-to-hike-corporate-taxes Business groups brace for Dem push to hike corporate taxes
  30. https://www.johnkdelaney.com/about/ John Delaney: About/
  31. https://web.archive.org/web/20141015050051/http://delaneyforcongress.com/issues/health-care Delaney For Congress
  32. https://www.usnews.com/news/the-run/articles/2017-08-08/john-delaney-makes-audaciously-early-democratic-bid-for-president-in-2020 The First Democratic Candidate for President in 2020 Is Already Running
  33. http://archive.fo/Mq9H2 Delaney calls for 12-year term limits
  34. https://web.archive.org/web/20141015050041/http://delaneyforcongress.com:80/issues/foreign-policy Delaney For Congress
  35. Tulsi Gabbard's FEC filing
  36. Tulsi Gabbard says she will run for president in 2020 CNN. January 11th, 2019.
  37. https://gabbard.house.gov/
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 38.3 38.4 38.5 What does Tulsi Gabbard believe? Where the candidate stands on 7 issues. PBS Newshour. January 14, 2019. Accessed January 29, 2019.
  39. https://mauitime.com/news/politics/heres-why-the-hawaii-lgbt-caucus-doesnt-support-rep-tulsi-gabbards-reelection-campaign/
  40. https://www.cnn.com/2019/01/13/politics/kfile-tulsi-gabbard-lgbt/index.html
  41. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/11/06/what-does-tulsi-gabbard-believe
  42. https://www.politico.com/story/2019/01/17/tulsi-gabbard-apology-lgbt-comments-1109541
  43. https://www.votetulsi.com/updates/2011-12/social-issues#tulsi-choice
  44. https://gabbard.house.gov/news/press-releases/rep-tulsi-gabbard-lawmakers-call-reinstatement-glass-steagall
  45. This Democratic Presidential Candidate Wants To Decriminalize Sex Work BuzzFeed News. March 7th, 2019.
  46. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/tulsi-gabbard-says-she-has-no-regrets-about-meeting-with-syrian-president-bashar-al-assad/2019/01/20/4006f920-1ce3-11e9-9145-3f74070bbdb9_story.html?utm_term=.cbd268bf82b4
  47. Kirsten Gillibrand's FEC Filing
  48. Kirsten Gillibrand launches presidential exploratory committee POLITICO. January 15th, 2019.
  49. Kirsten Gillibrand formally enters 2020 race with announcement on Colbert's "Late Show" CBS News. January 15th, 2019.
  50. [https://www.gillibrand.senate.gov/
  51. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/24/nyregion/kirsten-gillibrand-2020-economic-agenda.html
  52. https://www.cnn.com/2018/06/28/politics/gillibrand-ice-cnntv/index.html
  53. https://www.thenation.com/article/why-democrats-should-embrace-a-federal-jobs-guarantee/
  54. https://endcitizensunited.org/candidate/kirsten-gillibrand/
  55. Mike Gravel for President Exploratory Committee Federal Election Commission. 03/19/2019.
  56. STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY Federal Election Commission. 04/02/19.
  57. Mike Gravel announces run for president to get into debates, not to win The Hill. 04/04/19.
  58. Twitter post 7 Apr 2019.
  59. 59.0 59.1 59.2 59.3 59.4 59.5 59.6 59.7 59.8 Gravel 2020 Platform
  60. Kamala Harris' FEC filing
  61. Kamala Harris officially launches 2020 presidential campaign CNN. January 27th, 2019.
  62. https://www.harris.senate.gov/
  63. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/powerpost/wp/2017/08/31/sen-kamala-harris-backs-bernie-sanderss-single-payer-bill/?utm_term=.1a9c31415f3b
  64. https://twitter.com/SenKamalaHarris/status/994595315805310976
  65. https://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/12/us/12sanctuary.html
  66. https://www.isidewith.com/candidates/kamala-harris/stances/social/death-penalty
  67. https://www.sfchronicle.com/opinion/article/Why-does-Kamala-Harris-defend-the-death-penalty-6481227.php
  68. Kamala Harris endorses Ocasio-Cortez’s ‘Green New Deal’ The Hill. January 28th, 2019.
  69. John Hickenlooper Says He Is Running in 2020, Citing a ‘Crisis of Division’ The New York Times. March 4th, 2019.
  70. Gov. John Hickenlooper | The Official Site of Governor Hickenlooper Wayback Machine. June 25<sup[>th</sup>, 2018.
  71. 71.0 71.1 71.2 71.3 John Hickenlooper on the Issues OnTheIssues.
  72. Washington Gov. Jay Inslee announces presidential bid with focus on fighting climate change USA TODAY. March 1st, 2019.
  73. Governor Jay Inslee | Washington State
  74. America's Climate Mission From Jay Inslee's official campaign website.
  75. Washington Gov. Inslee focuses on climate change in 2020 bid. Associated Press. March 1, 2019. Accessed March 4, 2019.
  76. 76.0 76.1 76.2 76.3 76.4 76.5 Jay Inslee on the Issues OnTheIssues.
  77. Amy Klobuchar launches presidential bid, joining record number of women candidates CBS News. February 10th, 2019.
  78. https://www.klobuchar.senate.gov/public/
  79. 79.0 79.1 79.2 79.3 79.4 Amy Klobuchar enters the 2020 presidential race Axios. february 10th, 2019.
  80. The trade deal that’s pitting Minnesota’s Democrats against Obama — and has Republicans backing him up MinnPost. June 4th, 2015.
  81. Beto O’Rourke Enters the 2020 Presidential Campaign The New York Times. March 14th, 2019.
  82. Beto O’Rourke, as He Comes to Terms with a Presidential Run: “I’m Just Born to Do This” Vanity Fair. March 13th, 2019.
  83. Beto O'Rourke to challenge Ted Cruz in Texas' 2018 Senate race Houston Chronicle. March 29th, 2017.
  84. Ted Cruz wins Texas Senate race, fending off challenge from Beto O'Rourke CBS News. November 6th, 2018.
  85. Beto O’Rourke Fights the Clampdown in Texas The Nation. October 29th, 2018.
  86. Twitter post 6 May 2018.
  87. Twitter post 9 Apr 2018.
  88. Beto O'Rourke calls for federal marijuana legalization ahead of likely 2020 bid CNN. March 4th, 2019.
  89. Rep. Tim Ryan announces he's running for president CNN. April 4, 2019.
  90. 90.0 90.1 90.2 90.3 90.4 90.5 What does Tim Ryan believe? Where the candidate stands on 8 issues PBS. Apr 8, 2019.
  91. 91.0 91.1 91.2 Bernie Sanders announces second US presidential bid. BBC News. February 19, 2019. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  92. Who is Bernie Sanders. Feelthebern.org. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  93. Here's What's In Bernie Sanders' 'Medicare For All' Bill. NPR. September 14, 2017. Accessed February 2, 2019.
  94. 94.0 94.1 94.2 94.3 94.4 An Economic Agenda for America: 12 Steps Forward. The Huffington Post. December 1, 2014. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  95. 95.0 95.1 Bernie Sanders: 17 things the Democratic socialist believes. BBC News. January 21, 2016. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  96. Sanders backs big bank breakups, in contrast with Clinton. Politico. July 17, 2015. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  97. Bernie Sanders wants to spend $1 trillion on infrastructure. The Washington Post. January 27, 2015. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  98. Bernie Sanders on Free Trade. On the Issues. Updated August 16, 2016. Accessed February 3, 2019.
  99. Sanders Statement on FCC Decision to Repeal Net Neutrality www.sanders.senate.gov. December 14th, 2017.
  100. Senate approves bill in bid to retain U.S. net neutrality Reuters. May 16th, 2018.
  101. If We Don’t Overturn Citizens United, Congress Will Become Paid Employees of the Billionaire Class. Huffington Post. May 22, 2015. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  102. 102.0 102.1 Bernie Sanders on Gun Control. On the Issues. Updated August 18, 2016. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  103. Eric Swalwell, California Democrat, says he's running for president CBS News. April 8, 2019.
  104. 104.0 104.1 Eric Swalwell on the Issues On the Issues.
  105. 105.0 105.1 California Democrat Eric Swalwell is close to deciding to run for president in 2020. Here’s where he stands on key issues CNBC. Feb 11, 2019.
  106. Rep. Eric Swalwell: Medicare for All is the obvious solution to a health care system that still drives people to financial ruin Eric Swalwell's editoral on healthcare. NBC News. March 2, 2019.
  107. Elizabeth Warren's FEC filing
  108. Warren’s jump into the presidential campaign kicks the 2020 race into high gear The Washington Post. January 3rd, 2018.
  109. Elizabeth Warren kicks off presidential bid with challenge to super wealthy — and other Democrats CNN. February 9th, 2019.
  110. https://www.warren.senate.gov/
  111. 111.0 111.1 Elizabeth Warren. Encyclopedia Britannica. Updated January 2, 2019. Accessed January 29, 2019.
  112. Elizabeth Warren calls to break up Facebook, Google and Amazon. NBC News. March 8, 2019. Accessed April 2, 2019.
  113. https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/yw8g7x/how-elizabeth-warrens-wealth-tax-would-remake-america
  114. 114.0 114.1 Elizabeth Warren’s 2020 Strategy: Stand Out by ‘Nerding Out’. The New York Times. January 27, 2019. Accessed January 30, 2019.
  115. https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2017/09/07/warren-signs-sanders-single-payer-health-care-plan/83mcJz8NietWZWRlAug3jL/story.html
  116. Elizabeth Warren Proposes Universal Child Care. The New York Times. February 19, 2019. Accessed March 4, 2019.
  117. https://thehill.com/policy/finance/trade/239695-warren-lashes-back-at-obama-on-trade
  118. https://www.warren.senate.gov/newsroom/press-releases/on-sixth-anniversary-of-citizens-united-decision-senator-warren-lays-out-steps-to-tackle-the-influence-of-money-in-politics
  119. Elizabeth Warren Calls for Ending Electoral College. The New York Times. March 18, 2019. Accessed April 2, 2019.
  120. https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2019/4/3/18294308/elizabeth-warren-op-ed-wells-fargo-equifax
  121. https://www.theverge.com/2019/3/27/18284011/elizabeth-warren-apple-right-to-repair-john-deere-law-presidential-campaign-iowa
  122. https://docquery.fec.gov/pdf/624/201711069086611624/201711069086611624.pdf
  123. https://boss.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/10/12/starting-a-teach-for-america-for-entrepreneurs/
  124. http://siliconbayounews.com/2017/03/29/andrew-yang-steps-venture-america-ceo/
  125. http://web.archive.org/web/20180104232538/https://www.commerce.gov/page/eu-us?field_news_type_tid%5b52%5d=52&field_news_type_tid%5b51%5d=51&field_news_type_tid%5b55%5d=55&field_news_type_tid%5b56%5d=56&field_news_type_tid%5b54%5d=54&field_news_type_tid%5b53%5d=53&page=3
  126. https://www.yang2020.com/policies/the-freedom-dividend/
  127. https://www.yang2020.com/policies/single-payer-healthcare/
  128. https://www.yang2020.com/policies/human-capitalism/
  129. 129.0 129.1 [1]
  130. https://www.yang2020.com/policies/nuclear-energy/
  131. Form 1 for Ojeda for President Federal Election Commission. 11/11/18.
  132. West Virginia Democrat launches 2020 bid The Daily Athenaeum. Dec 2, 2018.
  133. Retired paratrooper, a former West Virginia lawmaker, exits from 2020 presidential race, ArmyTimes. January 27th, 2019.
  134. 134.0 134.1 Richard Ojeda’s West Virginia primary win gives Democrats their best chance to turn coal country blue Vox. May 9, 2018.
  135. Twitter post 6 Dec 2018.
  136. Twitter post 27 Dec 2018.
  137. Richard Ojeda comes out swinging on abortion rights The Intercept. November 21, 2018.