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LGBTQ orientation glossary

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This is a glossary of concepts relating to sexual orientations under the LGBTQIA+ umbrella. This glossary is mainly devoted to the L, G and B; for terms relating to other parts of the acronym, see transgender glossary

Basic orientations[edit]

Androphilic; androsexual[edit]

Terms for anyone who is attracted exclusively to men. This term encompasses straight women, gay men, viramoric nonbinary people etc.[1][2] Coined in order to express sexual orientation in a manner that does not reference one's own gender.[3] (Ancient Greek: ándras=man; philía=love)


See the main article on this topic: Asexuality

Not sexually attracted to anyone.[3][4][5][6][7]


See the main article on this topic: Bisexuality

Attracted to those from any of at least two given genders.[8][9][10][6]  


Only experiencing sexual attraction to someone with whom a deep emotional connection has first been established.[2] This is usually considered to be part of the asexual spectrum.


See the main article on this topic: Gay

A term either for anyone who is homosexual, or for homosexual men specifically.[3] [11][9][5][10][6] May also be used for homoromantic people who are on the asexual spectrum.

Gynephilic; gynesexual[edit]

Terms for anyone who is attracted exclusively to women. This term encompasses lesbians, straight men, feminamoric nonbinary people etc. Coined in order to express sexual orientation in a manner that does not reference one's own gender.[1][3] (Ancient Greek: gunḗ=woman; philía =love)


See the main article on this topic: Heterosexuality

Sexually attracted exclusively to those of a gender other than one's own (usually the opposite gender).[12][9][5][6]


See the main article on this topic: Homosexuality

Sexually attracted exclusively to those of the same gender as oneself.[5] This is generally not a preferred term as it has been used to pathologize same-sex attraction in the past.[6]


See the main article on this topic: Lesbianism

A term for homosexual women.[9][5][10][6] Named for the island of LesbosWikipedia in the Aegean SeaWikipedia.


Attracted only to people who are of one given gender. This is an umbrella term encompassing both straight and gay people, but not bisexuals, pansexuals, asexuals etc.[6][7] (Greek: m ónos=alone)


See the main article on this topic: Pansexuality

Attracted to those of any gender.[3][9][5][10][6]


Attracted to those who are of any of several given genders.[3] A term opposed to monosexual.


See the main article on this topic: Queer

An all-inclusive term for people who are not cishet. May be used as a self-identifier as an alternative to the more specific labels.[3][5][10][6] A reclaimed slur from before the 1980s.


In the process of discovering and assessing one's own gender or sexual orientation.[9][5][6] May be used as a (usually temporary) identity.

Same-gender loving[edit]

A term used by African Americans to describe individuals who are attracted to those of the same gender. Coined by Cleo Manago for African-American use, as an alternative to traditional LGBT labels.[3][9][10][10][6]


An umbrella term for women who are attracted to women (exclusively or otherwise). This term encompasses lesbians as well as bisexual and pansexual women etc.[7] A synonym for WLW. Named for the Ancient Greek poet Sappho.


Attracted to nonbinary or genderqueer people.[3][9][2]


A synonym for heterosexual.[5] May also be used for heteroromantic people who are on the asexual spectrum.

Sexual orientation[edit]

The direction of one's sexual attraction, classified by how, and to whom, one is attracted.[9][5][6]

Terms relating to discrimination[edit]


Discrimination against and aversion to bisexual people.[5]

Bisexual erasure[edit]

The marginalization of bisexual people either by passive exclusion from popular culture and media or by actively denying the reality of bisexuality.[5]

Compulsory sexuality[edit]

The idea that people in relationships must engage in sexual activity with each other.[10]  

Gay bashing[edit]

Attacks or abuse directed at someone who is, or is perceived to be, LGBT.[13]


The assumption that heterosexuality is the default and proper sexual orientation, with LGBT orientations being perceived as "lesser than" or outright ignored.[9][10][2]


Institutionalized bias in favour of heterosexuality and opposite-sex relationships, to the exclusion of LGBT people and same-sex relationships.[9][5][10][7]

Heterosexual privilege[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Privilege

The unearned benefits enjoyed by heterosexual people and not by LGBTQ people in society, solely on the basis of their sexual orientation.[14]


The assumption that heteronormative ideals and structures should be emulated within LGBT culture and same-sex relationships.[15] Related to respectability politics. Contrary to what one would first expect, this term is not the opposite of heteronormativity.


See the main article on this topic: Homophobia

Aversion toward and discrimination against homosexual people, or LGBTQ people in general.[9][5][10]


Aversion to and discrimination against lesbians.[5]


Institutionalized bias in favour of monosexuality, involving the assumption that everyone is or should be either exclusively straight or exclusively gay, to the exclusion of those who are attracted to more than one gender (bisexuals, pansexuals etc.)[3][9] Related to biphobia.


The act of disclosing another person's LGBT identity to others against their will or without permission.[9][5][7][14] This is invariably a very harmful thing to do (unless of course one is outing oneself).


The act by a heterosexual person of explaining LGBTQ issues to an LGBTQ individual in a condescending manner that assumes superior knowledge.[16]


The portrayal of real or fictional LGBT figures as being heterosexual; a manifestation of heteronormativity.[17]

Emerging or neologistic orientation identities[edit]


An umbrella term for men who are attracted to men (exclusively or otherwise); a synonym for MLM. This term encompasses men who are gay, bisexual, pansexual etc. Coined as a masculine counterpart to Sapphic.[18] Named for mythical Greek hero AchillesWikipedia


The opposite of asexual; experiencing a typical level of sexual attraction to others.[19] (Ancient Greek: állos=other)  


A term for women who are dating a nonbinary person, or who are attracted to nonbinary people.[20] A synonym for WLNB. (Greek: astḗr=star)


A term for men who are dating a nonbinary person, or who are attracted to nonbinary people.[21] A synonym for MLNB. (Greek: ástron=star; eîdos=likeness)


Generally monosexual, but curious about or open to experimenting sexually with people of a gender to which one is not primarily attracted. In practice, this word is generally used as a synonym for heteroflexible.[22]

BlaQ; BlaQeer[edit]

A term for African Americans with an LGBTQ identity, which they see as attached to their Black identity.[9]


A broad umbrella term for any relationship, attraction, or orientation that cannot be labelled as gay or straight due to involving at least one nonbinary person (or nonbinary people in general). (Ancient Greek and Latin: dís=two; amor=love)[23][24]


A term for nonbinary people who are attracted to other nonbinary people. A synonym for NBLNB.[25][24]


A term for nonbinary people who are attracted exclusively to women. [26] Relates to the more inclusive term trixic in the same way that lesbian relates to sapphic. (Latin: femina=woman; amor=love)


Primarily heterosexual, but open to engaging in same-sex encounters.[3][5][5] This label might be used by those who sit at around a 1 on the Kinsey scale.


Primarily homosexual, but open to engaging in opposite-sex encounters.[3][5] This label might be used by those who sit at around a 5 on the Kinsey scale.


An umbrella term for women who are attracted, exclusively or otherwise, to men.[27] Coined in order to highlight the fact that not all women who like men can be labelled as straight (some are bisexual, pansexual etc.) A synonym for WLM. (Named for Shakespeare's character of Juliet)


An umbrella term for men who are attracted, exclusively or otherwise, to women.[28] Coined in order to highlight the fact that not all men who like women can be labelled as straight (some are bisexual, pansexual etc.) A synonym for MLW. (Named for Shakespeare's character of Romeo)  


A term for nonbinary people who are attracted to men (not necessarily exclusively).[29][30] A synonym for NBLM.[24] (Latin: masculine agent noun suffix "-tor", as in "cantor")


A term for nonbinary people who are attracted to women (not necessarily exclusively).[31][30] A synonym for NBLW.[24] (Latin: feminine agent noun suffix "-trix", as in "dominatrix")


A term for gay men, intended as a male counterpart for the term lesbian, based on the idea that the word "gay" alone does not serve as such a counterpart as it does not necessarily apply exclusively to men.[32] Named for Italian painter and polymath Leonardo da VinciWikipedia


A term for nonbinary people who are attracted exclusively to men. A more exclusive counterpart to toric. (Latin: vir=man; amor=love)[33]



See the main article on this topic: BDSM

An umbrella term for the large variety of erotic and sexual practices involving (b)ondage and (d)iscipline, (d)ominance and (s)ubmission, and (s)ado-(m)asochism (an acronym in which the middle to letters are doubled up).[34] May or may not fall under the LGBT umbrella.

DGS; SGD[edit]

Diverse genders and sexualities, or gender and sexual diversity. An alternative to LGBT.[35]

GSM; GSRM[edit]

Gender, sexual (and romantic) minorities. An alternative to LGBT, coined in an attempt to be all-inclusive without the need to reference every category contained under the LGBT umbrella.[35]  


Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, (queer, intersex, asexual etc.)[7][35][36]


Men loving men, or men who are attracted to men;[37] Achillean.


Men loving nonbinary people[37] (astroidian).


Men loving women (not necessarily exclusively)[37] (Romeric).  


Marginalized orientations, gender identities, and intersex.[9][35] An alternative to LGBT, coined in an attempt to be all-inclusive without the need to reference every category contained under the LGBT umbrella, or to add any more letters. In practice, this acronym has become largely associated with more recently coined microlabels.


Men who have sex with men.[9] A largely clinical categorization used in the context of medicine, to denote men of any orientation who have sexual intercourse with other men. Not interchangeable or synonymous with MLM.


Nonbinary people loving men;[37] toric.[24]


Nonbinary people loving nonbinary people;[37] enbian.[24]


Nonbinary people loving women;[37] trixic.[24] 


Queer people of color.[9] 


Queer and trans people of color / queer and trans women of color.[5]


Queer/questioning, undecided, intersex, lesbian, trans, bisexual, asexual, and/or gay/genderqueer. A mnemonic extension and rearrangement of the LGBT+ acronym, coined by Sadie Lee in 2006.[35]


Same-gender loving.[38]


Sexual orientation and gender identity and expression.[39] A reference term for the LGBT community. 


Women loving men (not necessarily exclusively)[37] (Julietian).  


Men loving nonbinary people[37] (astrerian).    


Women loving women,[37] or women who are attracted to women (Sapphic).

LGBT slang and colloquialisms[edit]


A generally large, hairy and masculine gay man. This term is used both as a personal identity and as the basis for bear subculture.[36]


An opposite-sex partner maintained by a homosexual person in order to give the impression of being heterosexual; generally a woman who is with a gay man.


The submissive or receptive partner in (usually same-sex) sexual intercourse.[40]


A (generally playful) derogatory term for a heterosexual person.[41]


An individual of any sexual identity who has a masculine personality or expression (antonym of femme).[3][10][7] Has sometimes been used as a derogatory term for lesbians, but has also been reclaimed as an identity.[2]


A celebrity who claims to be lesbian as a publicity stunt, or a celebrity who is known within the LGBT community to be lesbian. A portmanteau of celebrity and lesbian.[41]

Down low[edit]

Usually used in the phrase "on the down-low"; a term originating in communities of color to describe men who identify as heterosexual but who have sex with other men in secret (i.e., closet).[36][2]


Either a lesbian, or an individual of any sexual identity who has a feminine identity, presentation or expression (antonym of butch).[9][3][5][10][36] 

Friend of Dorothy[edit]

Judy Garland as Dorothy

Either a gay man or, more broadly, any LGBTQ person.[41] Originates from either Dorothy Parker or the character Dorothy from The Wizard of Oz.


See the main article on this topic: Gaydar

The capacity to intuit whether or not other people are gay.[41]

Gold-star lesbian / gay[edit]

A lesbian or gay man who has never had sex with anyone of the opposite sex.[41]

Lipstick lesbian[edit]

A lesbian with very traditionally feminine presentation and interests (i.e., femme).[36][41]

Lesbian until graduation[edit]

Also known as LUG for short; a woman who experiments with same-sex encounters in college.[41]

Playing for the other team / playing for both teams[edit]

Homosexual / bisexual, respectively.


A (usually feminine and flamboyant) gay man. This term was a slur in the 1970s but has been largely reclaimed. 'Closet queen' is still a slur because of the closet part.


Insults that are delivered in a sufficiently subtle manner as to be missed by most people. Often used in the phrase "throwing shade".[41] Dates back to Jane Austen,Wikipedia who used the term in her novel Mansfield Park.[42]


The dominant or insertive partner in (usually same-sex) sexual intercourse.[40]


A transgender lesbian.[43]


A generally slim, hairless and young gay guy in his teens or early 20s.[36][41]

U-Haul lesbian[edit]

A lesbian who wishes to move in together with her partner relatively soon after beginning the relationship.[44]


A bisexual person (often a woman) who enjoys engaging in threesomes with established opposite-sex couples; named for the supposed mythical status of such a person.[41]


A lesbian bear; a butch lesbian who identifies with and participates in bear culture.[41] (Latin: ursa=bear)

Versatile; verse[edit]

Someone who is open to taking either the top or the bottom role in sexual intercourse.[40]

Slurs and outdated concepts[edit]


A slur for someone who has atypical sexual interests.[45] Has been used to illegitimately conflate homosexuality with paraphilias. 


A partially-reclaimed slur for a (usually masculine-presenting) lesbian.[46] Is sometimes used as a self-identifier,[2][47] but should generally only be used by those within the lesbian community.[36] 

Fag; faggot[edit]

A slur referring to a gay man.[48][49][2]

Fag hag / fag stag[edit]

A (partially reclaimed) slur for a woman / straight man, respectively, who associates or socializes primarily with gay men.[50][41]    


A slur referring to a gay man.[51][36] a term partly-reclaimed by the Radical Faeries.Wikipedia

Fruit; fruitcake[edit]

A (partially reclaimed) slur referring to a gay man.[52]

Homosexual agenda[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Homosexual agenda

A homophobic snarl word alleging that the LGBT rights movement has an agenda to infiltrate every aspect of American culture and displace family values.[53]


An archaic term for homosexual, used in the 1950s and earlier.[54]

Lavender marriage[edit]

A marriage between a man and a woman, one or both of whom are homosexual, in order to preserve a heteronormative public image.[55] The term dates from the early-20th century, long before same-sex marriage was legalized. 


The precursor to LGBT, before transgender was added to the acronym.[56] Is now used in an exclusionary way by TERFs and other transphobes, with one example being the LGB Alliance


A term referring to male attraction to adolescent boys, or the bygone institutions that supported this, in cultures such as that of Ancient Greece.[57] 

Sexual inversion[edit]

An term used by 19th and early-20th century sexologists, based on the idea that same-sex attraction represented an inversion of normative gender roles.[58]


See the main article on this topic: Sodomy

An outdated and offensive term referring either generally to any non-procreative sexual activity, or specifically to anal sex. Named for the Biblical story of Sodom and Gomorrah

Sodomy law[edit]

A law that ostensibly criminalized certain types of sex act, but in practice, has historically been used to target homosexuals and not heterosexuals.


A slur denoting a gay man with feminine interests and behaviour.

Other relevant concepts[edit]

Asexual spectrum[edit]

For more information, see: Asexual and aromantic glossary

An umbrella category of sexual orientations relating to or approaching asexuality, with a level of sexual attraction that is too low and/or too infrequent to be considered allosexual. Also known as A-spec for short.


An aesthetic or style that is theatrical and flamboyant, and does not take itself seriously. Has historically been associated with gay culture.


See the main article on this topic: Closet

Not open about one's sexual orientation or gender identity.[10]

Coming out[edit]

The act of disclosing one's LGBT identity to another person or people.[9][5][10][7][36] Also known as "coming out of the closet", and not to be confused with outing.

Gay-friendly; LGBT-friendly[edit]

Welcoming, accomodating and supportive to LGBT people and their orientations and relationships.

Gayle language[edit]

A coded language, based on English and Afrikaans, developed and used primarily by gay men in South Africa.


A non-normative or unusual sexual interest or behaviour.

Kinsey scale[edit]

A scale developed in the 1940s to rate a person's sexual orientation, which could range from 0 (completely heterosexual) to 6 {completely homosexual, with an additional value of X (asexual).[36] Created by Alfred Kinsey, an American biologist, professor and sexologist from the first half of the 20th century.

Lesbian feminism[edit]

A current of feminism that involves using one's lesbian identity as a basis for building community and undertaking advocacy both for women and for LGBT rights.[5]  

Mixed-orientation marriage[edit]

A marriage between two people who are of different sexual orientations.

Multi-attraction spectrum[edit]

An umbrella category of sexual orientations involving attraction to more than one gender; includes bisexual, polysexual, pansexual etc. Also known as M-spec for short.


A blanket term for anyone who is not heterosexual.


See the main article on this topic: Pinkwashing

The act of exploiting LGBTQ issues to improve one's public image, often as a way to increase financial success (e.g., via advertising) or to draw attention away from one's other discriminatory or unsavoury stances or behaviour. A neologism based on the term "whitewashing". 


Loving, or being in a relationship with, more than one person simultaneously; the term can also describe such a relationship. Opposed to the terms monoamorous (being in love with only one person) and nonamorous (not being in love with anybody).


The act, by producers of fictional media and entertainment, of hinting at LGBTQ representation but without explicitly enacting it.


Also known as queer reading, the practice of challenging heteronormativity through analysis of literature and other forms of media.

Romantic orientation[edit]

A romantic counterpart to sexual orientation, denoting the demographic to which one is romantically attracted; generally mentioned when this differs from the demographic to which one is sexually attracted (e.g. for asexuals).[10] Romantic orientations may be indicated by replacing "-sexual" with "-romantic" in sexual orientation labels, to create words such as heteroromantic, homoromantic, biromantic and aromantic.

Same-sex marriage[edit]

See the main article on this topic: same-sex marriage

Marriage between two people of the same sex. Not necessarily a "gay marriage", as it does not require that both parties are strictly homosexual.

Sexual fluidity[edit]

Characterizing a sexual orientation that involves changes over time of how, and to whom, one is attracted.[3]


Not displaying any of the mannerisms or behaviour that are stereotypically associated with one's LGBT identity.

Straight ally[edit]

A heterosexual person who works to support LGBT causes.


See the main article on this topic: Transgender
For more information, see: Transgender glossary

An umbrella term for anyone who identifies as a gender other than the one assigned at birth.


A genre of fiction in a variety of Japanese media, featuring romantic and sexual relationships between men. The primary audience is women.[59]


A genre of fiction in a variety of Japanese media, featuring romantic and sexual relationships between women.[60]

See also[edit]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Schmidt, J. Migrating Genders: Westernisation, Migration, and Samoan Fa'afafine. Ashgate Publishing 2010, p. 45.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Killermann, Sam. Comprehensive* List of LGBTQ+ Vocabulary Definitions. It's Pronounced Metrosexual.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 LGBTQIA+ Terminology. Forthcoming in Beemyn, Genny. Campus Queer: The Experiences and Needs of LGBTQ+ College Students. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  4. Pacho, Agata. "Cake is Better than Sex", in: Sex in the Digital Age, ed. Nixon, Paul G. and Isabel K. Düsterhöft. Routledge, August 2017.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 LGBTQ Glossary. LGBTQ Commission, County of San Matteo.
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 LGBTQ Plus Glossary. Office for Health Equity, Diversity and Inclusion, University of California, Davis.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 LGBTQ Terminology. The LGBTQ+ Project, Louisiana State University.
  8. Sexual orientation, homosexuality and bisexuality. American Psychological Association.
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 9.16 9.17 9.18 9.19 Glossary of LGBTQ terms. The Office of Intercultural Engagement, University of North Carolina at Greensboro.
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 10.14 10.15 Glossary". Lavender Greens of the U. S. Green Party.
  11. Harper, Douglas. Gay. Online Etymology dictionary, 2001–2013.
  12. Sexual orientation, homosexuality and bisexuality. American Psychological Association, August 10, 2013.
  13. Nardi, Peter M. and Ralph Bolton. Chapter 9 Gay-Bashing: Violence and Aggression Against Gay Men and Lesbians. Advances in Psychology 76 (1991), pp. 349-400.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Dastagir, Alia E. LGBTQ definitions every good ally should know. USA Today, June 15, 2017.
  15. Halperin, David M. How to be gay, 2012, p. 441.
  16. Osenlund, R. Kurt. When well-meaning sentiments are actually straightsplaining in disguise. Out.com, September 12, 2014.
  17. Smith, Lydia. What is straightwashing? When Hollywood erases gay characters from films. PinkNews, April 20, 2018.
  18. Achillean. LGBTA Wiki.
  19. Allosexual. LGBTA Wiki.
  20. Asterian. LGBTA Wiki.
  21. Astroidian. LGBTA Wiki.
  22. Smith, Erika W. What Does It Mean To Be “Bi-Curious”?. Refinery29, August 20, 2019.
  23. Mardell, Ashley. The ABC's of LGBT+. Mango Media Inc., November 2016.
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 24.4 24.5 24.6 Loki. Labels to describe the attraction of non-binary people. Amino Apps, January 7, 2019.
  25. Lazzaro, Sage. The 13 Biggest Memes of 2016, According to Tumblr. The Observer, May 12, 2016.
  26. Feminamoric. LGBTA Wiki.
  27. Julietian. LGBTA Wiki.
  28. Romeric. LGBTA Wiki.
  29. Toric. LGBTA Wiki.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Greene, Chad Felix. LGBT legal protections are threatened by excessive gender categories. The Post Millennial, August 6, 2020.
  31. Trixic. LGBTA Wiki.
  32. Vincian. LGBTA Wiki.
  33. Viramoric. LGBTA Wiki.
  34. BDSM. Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 35.4 Besanvalle, James.Five alternative terms you can use instead of LGBT. Gay Star News, July 20, 2018.
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 36.3 36.4 36.5 36.6 36.7 36.8 36.9 Terminology. LGBTQ Center, Montclair State University.
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 37.4 37.5 37.6 37.7 37.8 Gender-loving-gender. LGBTA Wiki.
  38. same-gender loving. Dictionary.com.
  39. Harvard SOGIE Health Equity Research Collaborative. Harvard School of Public Health.
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 Wong, Brittany. Everything You Wanted To Know About Tops And Bottoms. The Huffington Post, July 6, 2019.
  41. 41.00 41.01 41.02 41.03 41.04 41.05 41.06 41.07 41.08 41.09 41.10 41.11 LGBTQ Slang. Queer Cafe.
  42. See the Wikipedia article on Throw shade.
  43. Transbian. Gender Wiki.
  44. Emery, Lea Rose. Is U-Hauling Real? Bustle, April 28, 2016.
  45. Eribon, Didier. Insult and the Making of the Gay Self, p. 357.
  46. Askew, Emily and O. Wesley Allen. Beyond Heterosexism in the Pulpit.
  47. See the Wikipedia article on Dykes on Bikes.
  48. fag. Lexico Dictionaries.
  49. faggot. Lexico Dictionaries.
  50. Crimmins, Cathy. How the Homosexuals Saved Civilization: The Time and Heroic Story of How Gay Men Shaped the Modern World.
  51. Slide, Anthony. Gay's the Word: Being a Brief History of the Secret Language of Homosexuality,
  52. Coleman, Julie. Love, Sex, and Marriage: A Historical Thesaurus, p. 248.
  53. Hate Group: 'Homosexual Activists' Try To 'Confuse Children' To 'Build Their Numbers'. Think Progress, July 9, 2012.
  54. Whisnant, Clayton. Male Homosexuality in West Germany - Between Persecution and Freedom, 1945-69.Palgrave Macmillan.
  55. Summers, Claude J. The Queer Encyclopedia of Film & Television. Cleis Press, 2005, p. 132.
  56. Bohan, Janis S. Psychology and Sexual Orientation: Coming to Terms, Routledge 1996.
  57. Oxford English Dictionary, "pederasty".
  58. Ellis, Havelock. Studies in the Psychology of Sex Volume II: Sexual Inversion, 3rd ed. Project Gutenberg, 1927.
  59. See the Wikipedia article on Yaoi.
  60. See the Wikipedia article on Yuri.