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Brexit

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"I'm alright." — Jack.
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God Save the Queen?
How foul this referendum is. The most depressing, divisive, duplicitous political event of my lifetime. May there never be another.
—Robert Harris, throwing some sense into the situation[1]
The context of the referendum meant that it was always going to be a choice of evils: between the racism and bigotry that animated so much of the Leave campaign, and the neoliberalism of both the Cameron government and the EU. The option of a social democratic, or even soft neoliberal, EU was not on the ballot.
—John Quiggin, economist[2]

Brexit (A portmanteau of British Exit) is a mass movement within the UK which successfully campaigned for — and then won — a national referendum to leave the EU. The referendum was held on the 23rd of June 2016 [3]

Contents

Why Did This Happen?

To understand why Brexit happened to begin with you have to understand the instrumental role the far-right eurosceptic party UKIP had on the Conservative Party. During 2014 the Tory MP Douglas Carswell defected to UKIP [4] and the party had 27.5% of the national vote during the 2014 local elections [5]. The Conservatives were definitely spooked,they needed eliminate the rise of UKIP. So this is why the then Prime Minister David Cameron promised an In/Out EU referendum both in 2013 [6] and in the 2015 General Election [7]. Keeping his promise,he then tried to get concessions from the EU [8] this ultimately failed because of Cameron's insistence on immigration reform wasn't what he promised nor was it even possible to pass in the EU [9].

Reasoning for Voting for Brexit

While both sides have at least some valid reasoning, the eurosceptic side (with the help of the mostly right-wing UK tabloids such as the Daily Mail) has essentially amounted to a mass hysteria over a mostly-harmless bureaucratic body. Leaving the EU is unlikely to solve problems such as improving the economy, and the UK only contributes about 0.5% of its GDP to the EU per year.[10] Rather, the exit will most likely set Britain further back in having to renegotiate perfectly functional agreements from scratch.

The main politicians sponsoring the Leave campaign were (then-Lord Chancellor) Michael Gove and ex-Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson (whose hair and politics approach Trump's with each passing day). Other prominent leavers were UKIP's former leader and member [11] Nigel Farage, the Conservative Party's handsome young Zac Goldsmith and grey old Iain Duncan Smith, and a couple of Labourites like Kate Hoey. Camera-whore George Galloway also got in on the action, of course.

Turkeys voting for Christmas

Brexit has come to be seen as a mass rejection of "globalism" by those who were left behind. By questioning the authority of the experts[12] and promising a £350m figure.[13] Apparently actually £394 million according to the Prime Minister. [14] Leave managed to co-opt the strongest Remain argument, while Remain failed to adequately respond, other than to whine about the tactic. The old saying, "If you're explaining, you're losing" springs to mind.

Plenty of suckers "protest" voters immediately regretted their decision once the champions of "Leave" admitted their numbers were as fake as fact-checkers had said they were.[15]

Migrant scroungers

See the main article on this topic: Britain is full

The argument that staying in the EU would cause migrant-related issues in the UK, like most eurosceptic arguments, initially appears solid, but falls apart on closer inspection.

Many eurosceptics make claims about how leaving the EU is the only way to control the UK's borders from the oncoming horde of (mostly Muslim) migrants sure to wash over us if we stay in the EU. This ignores the fact that many economists[16] believe that Europe is in need of more migrants, rather than fewer. This is in addition to the moral issue of leaving tens to hundreds of thousands of refugees in camps. The anti-migrant hysteria often also seems to emphasize that the migrants are largely Arab Muslims, perhaps trying to attach itself to the Islamophobic and racist elements of British society, or perhaps merely trying to create a dichotomy with which they sell how different and therefore untrustworthy the migrants are.

However, even this ignores that the anti-migrant political opinion has won. The UK is only admitting a tiny fraction[17] of the migrants who are seeking asylum in Europe. The 'take back control of our borders' argument is a false argument being used to justify a false argument.

The fear of Europeans having a say in how the UK is governed may also have some roots in europhobia. The argument which is often made against EU membership is that free movement within the EU leads to workers from other countries coming to the UK and displacing workers already employed in Britain. This stems from a naive interpretation of economics - there is a fixed number of jobs no matter what happens to the economy, irrespective of whether an immigrant arrives or not. These concerns, however, are generally unfounded,[18] perhaps from new immigrants also needing services which help to grow the economy rather than only taking jobs. One blog, looking at data up to December 2015, has produced an infographic detailing migrant skills, and their wider impact on the UK economy and welfare.[19] In addition, eurosceptics often also leave out the 1.2 million[20] British people who have employment within the EU, whose economic contributions to Britain might be less if they were more restricted on where they could take a job.

The UK also has an aging population and a weak birth rate.[21] Savagely clamping down on immigration leads to the trap which currently has Japan in its jaws. More to the point, immigrants pay the taxes and work in the services that support the large retired community. Perhaps inevitably, it is older people from areas with very little immigration who are most opposed to it. The predictable consequence of those voters getting what they want is that these services will have to be cut or privatized—which tells you how much of it is xenophobic versus rational concern over stressed services.[22][23] Meanwhile in London, where immigration actually does stress services (like school provision), most people are in favour of immigration.[24]

The anti-immigrant position is partly based on a sense of feeling overcrowded, finding it hard to get affordable accommodation and access public services. This is perhaps due to the UK's consistently poor investment in health, education, housing and other areas. England has fewer doctors per person than most OECD nations[25], fewer dentists than most of western Europe[26], one of the highest average school class sizes[27], and fails to build enough homes to meet demand with a steep decline in house-building since the 1960s[28].

Take Back Control

Do I think that British Agriculture could survive outside the EU? Yes, of course I do. After all, this is the country that produced Jethro Tull, the NORFOLK four course rotation, James Watt, Henry Ferguson and of course Guy Smith!
—This non sequitur is brought to you by Campaign For an Independent Britain

One point that the eurosceptics frequently make is that British 'sovereignty' would start being 'reclaimed' if we just left the EU first. Eurosceptics talk about how EU courts override British courts despite the fact that you can't have an international court if a local court can overrule it, and that's kind of the point. The UK has already been granted exceptions to EU rules in many categories like participation in Schengen Area and the Eurozone. While "claiming back our sovereignty" makes for a decent soundbite, it doesn't really mean anything at all.

Another thing the Brexiters conveniently forget is that the countries with free trade agreements with the EU (Norway, Iceland and Switzerland) but no membership have to accept the vast majority of EU regulations — including oft-maligned agricultural rules on the curvature of bananas — in order to gain access to the common market but have no say in them. The same would happen to Britain: either they have to accept European rules or they can forget selling their products across the Channel. Not exactly what sovereignty looks like.

Brexiters

Distribution of voters of different ages over the Leave (red) and Remain (blue) camps. Notice a trend?
We should leave the EU because it would allow us the ability to dump the European Convention on Human RightsWikipedia's W.svg.
—Sir Richard Dearlove, former head of MI6[29] (Emigrating sounds really good all of a sudden!)

The official campaign organisation for Brexit is Vote Leave.[30] Its chief executive is Matthew Elliott, founder of far-right libertarian anti-tax organisation the TaxPayers' Alliance, which calls for the replacement of the National Health Service with an insurance-based system[31] and the abolition of the BBC and opposes all green taxation. Its conveners are Conservative Michael Gove and Labour MP Gisela Stuart, who is coincidentally an immigrant from Germany.[32] Its board includes investment banker Stuart Wheeler, foreign exchange trader Peter Cruddas, Thatcherite MP turned investment banker Michael Forsyth,[33] private health woo-mistress Arabella Arkwright (of chiropractic specialists Core Health & Wellness), and expenses-fiddling Tory MP Bernard Jenkin.[34]

The Brexit campaigners did the same thing that what is now the Eagle Forum did to kill the ERA: gross exaggeration. The EU has relatively few powers, especially based on all of Britain's opt-outs. The ERA was also mostly nominal except on the issue of same-sex marriage by the time it was proposed too. Its opposed majorly exaggerated the powers the thing they were fighting had, and won both times. And both times, the victory was narrow, with Brexit winning with only 51.89% of the vote, and the ERA being just three states short of passing.

As well as the official Leave campaign, anointed by the Electoral Commission, a number of smaller groups are campaigning for Brexit:[35]

International support for Brexit

Although the international community as a whole is opposed to Brexit, there were a few individuals who supported this move:

  • The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria. According to counter extremist Shiraz Maher, ISIS has celebrated the weakening of the EU by Brexit. This is ironic considering the anti-Muslim views of many Brexiters.[53]
  • Janusz Korwin-MikkeWikipedia's W.svg: A borderline anarcho-monarchist,[54] this Polish MEP says the EU is run by foreign agents and should be dissolved.[55] Compared to other right-wingers, he's not really hung up on homosexuals and atheists so much as he's "just" of the opinion that if you don't fit in society you should be executed. (Rothbard on steroids.) Even Le Pen considers him too radical to work with and that is saying something.[56] In fairness, he looks really good for 73; it could be due to the fact that be barely eats anything and lives on stupidity.
  • Marine Le Pen, who described Brexit as "the most important moment since the fall of the Berlin Wall" and has been campaigning for France to also leave the EU,[57] maintaining since 2016 that she will hold a referendum on "Frexit" within 6 months if she becomes leader, and says that the Brexit vote has given more impetus to this idea.[58] *shudder*
  • Vladimir Putin — Most in the "Remain" camp were aware that the "Leave" camp was asking them to disregard advice from the Bank of England, the London School of Economics, the Prime Minister, the President of the United States, and just about everybody who isn't a right-wing activist getting funds from the Kremlin (like Marine Le Pen is)[59], or a close friend of Putin (as Donald Trump's advisors are)[60] Now imagine how frustrated they are that so many of their fellow Britons swallowed the bait.[61]
  • Jill Stein, US presidential candidate for the Green Party of the United States of America and likely NaturalNews reader.[62] Also now possibly under investigation for collusion with Russia during the 2016 US election.[63]
  • Donald Trump (aka "Mr. Brexit"), the embodiment of the put-upon working man.[64]
  • Geert Wilders, who (compared to the others above) is pretty clean.[65] At least his one-man faction isn't filled with Vichyists and antisemites. His world-view is based around the coming war with Islam.

Jo Cox assassination

See the Wikipedia article on Murder of Jo Cox.
My name is death to traitors, freedom for Britain.
—Thomas Mair, when asked for his name in court[66]

On 16th June 2016, Labour (and pro-Europe) MP Jo CoxWikipedia's W.svg died while campaigning for the stay campaign. Local police say that she was violently murdered by Thomas Mair, a far-right advocate with links to American neo-nazi groups, because of her pro-Europe position. Mair reportedly shouted "Britain First!" the moment before opening fire.[67][68]. Mair was found guilty of the crime and sentenced to life in prison.[69]

While the right rhetoric of swarms, invasions, floods, unelected eurocrat dictators and terrorists sparking some violence is unsurprising, the reaction of the polls serves to remind us just how emotion-driven people's responses to the issue of Europe are. Following news of the event reaching everyone, Brexit moved from a 3 point lead to around the same.[70]

Bresult: constitution crisis, here we come!

The pound has collapsed to its lowest level in over 30 years, suffering its biggest one-day fall in living memory.
—Joe Rundle, head of trading at ETX Capital[71]
This is simply unprecedented, the pound has fallen off a cliff and the FTSEWikipedia's W.svg is now following suit.
—Dennis de Jong, managing director of UFX.com[71]

As a result of the vote passing by a margin of 52/48%, the value of the pound nosedived from $1.4672 to $1.2994 - a low not seen since 1985.[72] The FTSEWikipedia's W.svg went into a one-day freefall of more than 8%, not seen since the collapse of Lehman Brothers in 2008. Several banks (including Barclays and RBS) took major hits, while shares in the housebuilding sector fell by up to 50% (as in the case of Bovis Homes).[71] UK government bond yields also hit a new record low as investors rushed to safety.[71] Research by prestigious Russell Group universities collaborating with European institutions has been hit. Many UK scientists were asked to step down due to uncertainties over funding.[73]Suprisingly, the SNP actually declined in the backfired snap election in 2017.

Oh, and David Cameron announced he would resign as Prime Minister. After voting to leave the EU on the principle that it gives Britain unelected leaders, conservatives were pleased to give Theresa May the position of Prime Minister despite the total lack of a public vote.

Since Scotland, Northern Ireland, Gibraltar, and London voted Remain by large margins, the UK appears to be headed for a constitutional crisis. Some possible outcomes:

  • Bring on the constitutional crisis, let the chips fall where they may
  • Have a second referendum "Just to check" Nixed
  • Surprise everyone by going for the insanity wolf "hardcore Brexit" option of leaving the EU, the single market, the customs union, and pretty much everything else - an option that no-one voted for and the vast majority of British people don't want[74]

Theresa May seems to have gone for the third option because:

  1. If things go well (ignoring the fact that studies show that each scenario would leave public finances even worse than they are now), then she takes the credit for providing leadership for one of the most important events in the country's history.
  2. When (not if) the country's hit by yet another crippling economic crisis, she can wash her hands of the consequences, saying to the public: "It was your fault for voting for it."

What is not a credible option, although desperate London mayor Sadiq Khan and the even more desperate City of London seems to believe it is, is to somehow have London remaining in the EU and every other part of Britain leave the EU.

One year later - does the UK have any strategy? Why have a strategy when you can blame the public?

May called a snap election while she was up in polls by 20% and while she framed it as "getting a mandate for Brexit negotiations", it was widely believed she only did it to get rid of inner-party rivals while getting a stronger parliamentary majority (in FPTP a 20% lead an easily translate into a landslide in seats). However, May managed to badly fudge the campaign and her party ended up with fewer seats in Westminster[note 1], while the Jeremy Corbyn led Labour Party got its best result in years. Paul Nuttalls' UKIP meanwhile was destroyed in the popular vote and lost its only seat in parliament, while the SNP lost several seats in Scotland. All in all this led to a hung parliament with the Tories just shy of a majority and Labour unable to form even a rickety coalition government, but Corbyn was still widely seen as the main victor of the election. May ultimately formed a coalition with the Democratic Unionist Party, which is just great news given that apart from its views on social issues to the right of the Tories, this party is mostly known for its hardline stance on Northern Ireland, where Brexit as well as a domestic scandal about "cash for ash" already threaten the peace process. Imagine if May would have to do something counter to the interests of the DUP...

This all resulted in a needless delay to the negotiations (which, remember will end with "Britain is to the EU as Brazil is to the EU" unless a deal is reached) and served to muddle the strategy discussions. It is now quite clear that nobody in the UK knows whether May wants a "hard" or a "soft" Brexit, possibly including May herself and many don't even know what the terms mean. It has since leaked out that the UK would like to stay part of the single market but leave the agreement on the free movement of people - which the EU has rejected. Britain would furthermore like to keep unlimited free trade with the EU while not applying EU regulations - which the EU has called impossible. Furthermore, there is disagreement as to the "divorce bill", payments which the UK has to make to the EU due to agreements and unpaid debts. The UK naturally does not want to pay a cent, whereas the EU considers the payment or at least an agreement on payment a precondition for further negotiation. Among the myriad issues that the UK seems to simply not have thought about is also aviation. While many issues can at least temporarily be resolved by defaulting to WTO agreements, there is no fallback level for aviation. As an EU member, the UK is a member of "open skies" which basically creates one single "EU domestic" air market. However, the UK would have to comply with the verdicts of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) if it wants to stay in "open skies". Of course "taking back control" is all about telling the ECJ what's what, but the UK would like to stay in "open skies". If no compromise is reached, planes from the UK cannot fly to the EU starting March 29 2019. Even if an agreement is reached in the last second, it is possible that airlines making their summer season schedules several months in advance would cancel numerous flights to/from the UK. Oops.

A timeline of Recent Events

Contempt of Parliament

All the way back on the 13th of November a Humble Address was passed in the Commons, meaning that the Government should publish all legal advice given to the Government relating to Brexit. [75] This would become the legal basis for the contempt ruling. The Attorney General, Geoffrey Cox, was contracted by the Government to give legal advice on the deal which was obtained from EU negotiations. The Government did not immediately publish the legal advice instead of opting for a Q&A with MPs [76] This was felt by the opposition parties as the Government withholding information, the Attorney General responded by telling MPs to "grow up" [77]

The key problem with proposed deal is the "backstop" which is the contingency plan to prevent a hard border between Northern Ireland and The Republic [78]. A soft border needs to exist on the island of Ireland because of what was known as The TroublesWikipedia's W.svg which was only resolved by 1998's Good Friday AgreementWikipedia's W.svg, these Troubles were basically a military conflict between those who wanted a United IrelandWikipedia's W.svg and those who wanted to remain in the United Kingdom, kind of like a militarised version of Brexit with plenty of death and terrorist attacks. However the backstop could possibly lead to the break up of the United Kingdom by giving Northern Ireland a closer connection to the EU than the rest of the UK [79]. During The Attorney General's statement and Q&A he admitted that there was no way the UK could unilaterally leave the backstop meaning that if it was activated the only way to leave is have both sides agree to overturn it with superseding legislation [80]

This did not please Parliament mainly because the Government defied a Humble Address which was seen by SNP MP Peter Grant as a "Government who have already taken a dangerous step down the road from democracy to dictatorship"[81]. Later on the 4th of December 2018, the House of Commons ruled the UK Government was in Contempt of Parliament for refusing to publish the full legal advice it had been given by the Attorney General,[82] And the following day, the advice was published.[83] The advice revealed that the UK could possibly be in "protracted and repeating rounds of negotiations" and confirmed that the backstop would endure indefinitely unless superseded by arrangements which complied with International Law [84] [85] As a measure of how fucked things are, note that this is the first time the UK's sitting government has ever been found in contempt of parliament, which is where parliament literally orders those pesky cabinet ministers to do something. Even if it makes them look stupid, and proves everything is fucked.

Unmeaningful Vote

Theresa May is well known for her recent tunnel vision, always insisting that her "This is the best possible deal, it is the only possible deal"[86], even though she earlier stated "no deal is better than a bad deal" [87] showing that her advisers don't understand consistency and her denial about her deal being bad. In Theresa's usual fashion for inconsistency and confusing everyone, she pulled the "Meaningful Vote" [88] (where in which MPs get to vote on her deal) [89] because she knew she would lose. This went down really really well with everyone and it was Ian Blackford,the SNP Westminster leader's, turn to accuse Theresa May of Dictatorship [90] This was so utterly confusing because the Leader of the House of Commons and sources at Number 10 were saying the vote was still going on up until the day before the vote [91] [92] In response Labour demanded an emergency debate on her pulling the vote [93] which resulted in a Leadership Challenge from her own party by the end of the next day [94]


She Survives!

Theresa won her no confidence vote from her own Party, with 200 out 317 of her own voting against the motion [95] Her power has been greatly wounded by this motion and is now operating essentially in a minority government. This vote has ingrained divisions within the Conservative Party, with the Chancellor of the Exchequer calling Brexiteers "extremists"[96]. This motion of No Confidence was mainly tabled by the influential European Research GroupWikipedia's W.svg who's most prominent member Jacob Rees-Mogg called for the Prime Minister to resign after winning the No Confidence Motion [97]

Oh, It's EU Again

Theresa May was welcomed back to Brussels with isolation and being called "nebulous" by Jean Claude Juncker [98] [99], the reception was also a little frosty from the party who props her up with its Leader Arlene Foster saying to get rid of the backstop [100]. However that seems pretty much impossible seen as both Jean Claude Juncker and Donald Tusk have said that renegotiation cannot happen [101] [102] To make it worse it's reported that she didn't prepare for meetings with EU leaders [103] and she's even turned off some EU figures from ever talking to the British again [104]. She also managed to make the EU go backwards on their previous agreements eliminating positive language and an entire sentence of reassurances [105]

Labour table a Vote of Confidence..Or do they?

Pressure had been building on the opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn [106] [107] to force a No Confidence vote in the Government and on the 17th of December 2018 he finally gave in [108] however this was him tabling a motion only referring to the Prime Minister which is significantly less intimidating. Even worse for Jeremy this political misfire was apparently called off much in the same way the meaningful vote was going to happen [109]. Jeremy may have accidentally done Theresa May a favour by uniting the DUP and Tory rebels as they have said very clearly that they would vote to keep Theresa May [110] This weird turn of events might be explained by the fact that top shadow cabinet members in Labour were split on when to table the motion of no confidence [111]. Number 10 responded by dismissing the motion and refusing to table a debate on the issue [112]

You Stupid Woman... Or People?

In a serious case of rearranging deck chairs while the titanic is sinking, a ridiculous controversy occured on the 19th of December edition of Prime Minister's Questions. Much like that dress that people couldn't decide the colour of, people couldn't decide whether Jeremy Corbyn called Theresa May a "stupid woman" or if he called the Conservative Party "stupid people" [113]. While techincally not being wrong in either instance, if he did say stupid woman this not be a good look for him - not least because of him being a self identified ardent feminist who wants half of MPs to be women. [114] Leader of the House of Commons, Andrea Leadsom complained to Speaker John Bercow after the incident went viral on Twitter. She also pointed out to John Bercow that he had said the exact same thing to her but didn't apologise. [115] Tory members demanded for Jeremy Corbyn to return to the chamber to apologise for his comments, [116] which lead to this iconic image [117] During that interim, Shadow International Trade Secretary and general idiot Barry Gardiner told the BBC that Corbyn did appear to say "stupid woman".[118]. In an instance of a complete lack of PR control Barry Gardiner didn't say the correct party line, Jeremy's spokesperson told the media he said "Stupid People" [119]. So cue the endless speculation of lip readers and lip speakers saying conflicting things [120] [121] [122] Eventually Jeremy came back into the chamber and denied the allegations against him [123]. The conclusion here is that a day of sorting out Brexit was wasted.

Is the Vote Meaningful Yet?

After cancelling the vote the first time like an insolent child, Theresa May promised that the vote was definitely, totally, absolutely going ahead now on January the 15th 2019 [124]. For once Theresa didn't lie, I'm shocked too.

Can the Government Win Anything?

Well apparently not. Yvette Cooper, a Labour MP and a cross part alliance of 20 Tory rebels defeated the Government on a finance bill for the first time since 1978. This defeat was marginal (by 7) and means that the Government can't raise money for a no deal Brexit without Parliamentary Approval [125] [126]

John Bercow Makes His Own Party Mad

According to Parliamentary proceedure a Speaker can select Amendments to existing legalisation, this discretion is his own [127] One Amendment that was selected was one submitted by former Attorney General Dominic Greive, this Amendment was also voted through the house. This means that in the event of Theresa's deal being voted down she has to come back with a plan B within three Parliamentary Days (so Monday the 21st of January 2019) instead of 21 days after the vote goes down [128]. The issue here was is that the speaker chose that Amendment over others giving the impression that the Speaker is biased in favour of remain in the view of Tory MPs and some in the media [129]. It is also a bit suspicious to some MPs considering Commons Clerks advised him against selecting the Amendment [130], they want him to submit his legal advice in the same vein Geoffery Cox was forced to. [131]

Window Dressing

In an attempt to woo over idiot MPs and Union Leaders Theresa May is finally reaching out [132], now if this was 18 months ago this would be great but the withdrawal agreement has already been closed and cannot be edited [133] so all of these promises are not legally binding and can be binned as soon as the withdrawal agreement goes through Parliament.

Window Dressing Part 1.: The Hugo Swire Amendment

This allows the DUP and Sinn Féin to basically veto the backstop, however neither are impressed with this [134], nice work Hugo.

Window Dressing Part 2.: The John Mann Amendment

John Mann, a Labour backbencher and MP for Bassetlaw [135] along with Caroline Flint and Gareth Snell have suggested an Amendent to keep worker's right consistent with the EU [136]. Again this is nice and a testament to how little the Conservative Party care about worker's rights to begin with. But unless John Mann and his cronies are going to go to Brussels themselves to get it in the Withdrawal Agreement, this is the most window dressingly thing I've ever seen.

Stoke-Brexit-Fear-On-Trent

On the day before her Brexit vote Mrs May made a speech outlining to MPs why they should vote for her deal. She splattered in her catchphrases like her deal is "the ony deal on the table", voting for deal is the only way to avoid "no deal". There's a new one too, failing to vote for her deal will apparently destroy public trust and lead to brexit being "fustrated" or there being no Brexit at all [137]. In a moment of complete hilarity Theresa claimed that Parliament always listened to the public when they make direct votes, comparing the EU Referendum to the Welsh Assembelly Referendum [138]. It was the unfortunate because it was a pack of lies. The Conservatives tried to get rid of the Welsh Assembelly during pledges in the 2005 election [139]. Also during the speech she unveiled the new reassurances she got from the EU about the backstop, these assurances according to both Tusk and May have "legal weight". [140] However there has been no changes to the Withdrawal Agreement Treaty, so its legal weight is dubious at best.

DUP Response

As you would expect the DUP were esactic, Nigel Dodds said that "Rather than reassure us, the Tusk and Juncker letter bolsters our concerns." [141] Sammy Wilson wasn't amused either telling the BBC that the deal was designed to trap the UK in the EU [142]. At least the DUP committed to voting for them in the event of a no confidence motion, Sammy said that he "doesn't want a change of Government only of policy" [143]. That's probably because they got about £1 billion pounds from May's government as of 2017 [144]

Brexit D-Day

Theresa May lost the Brexit Deal vote by 230, after the losing the vote Theresa faced an actual confidence vote by Jeremy Corbyn [145]. Because Theresa May is like a zombie that can't die she won the confidence vote by 19 [146] .

Plan B or Plan A Again But Brexit Day is Closer

It only took two years of being ignorant of other people's opinions for Theresa May to realise she might want to discuss Brexit options with other people. Although people who met with her quickly realised that she isn't willing to compromise on anything or consider any different strategies [147]. The issue here is what has been referred to her "red lines", basically these are the stipulations which she required for a deal (leaving the costumes union, ending free movement) and it has been revealed that this terrible deal she has gotten is a direct result of her "red lines" [148]. These red lines are a result of Theresa May trying her hardest to the keep the Conservative Party together, as Tory Brexiteers will resign and leave the party if she considers Labour's idea of a Custom's union [149].

Have You Been Talking With Hamas Again Jeremy?

One person who declined to talk with PM was leader of the opposition was Jeremy Corbyn, which sparked a meme of "Jeremy Corbyn spoke to Hamas and IRA, but won’t talk to Theresa May" [150]. Although in fairness to Theresa May, Jez doesn't want to compromise either (great PR look for Labour, again). So we're in a situation what I like to call 'Compromise Wars' where no one wants to blink first. Jeremy was eventually forced to talk with Theresa May, this unsurprisingly amounted to nothing [151].

Meaningful Vote Part 1.5: The Window Dressing Continues

On the 29th of January 2019, MPs voted for the Graham Brady Amendment. This Amendment stipulates that the Prime Minister should negotiate alternatives to the backstop [152]. Great, except (and to sound like a broken record) the EU have said again that you can't change the backstop because it's no longer a backstop [153] and that the you can't reopen the legally binding Withdrawal Agreement [154] [155] But don't worry there's people in the EU who want to reopen the Withdrawal Agreement, MPs just can't pronounce their names [156]

Renegotiating a Deal Which You Agreed To Without The Other Party, aka Unicorn Hunting

If the EU don't want to renegotiate, why not renegotiate by yourself? That's what the UK Government are basically doing when proposing supposed solutions to the backstop. Although don't point out that there aren't any easy solutions because that's negative thinking apparently [157]. These alternative solutions are fantasy basically, it was even debunked by Theresa May two days before the Referendum [158]. Leo Varadkar shot down the assertion of finding alternate arrangements to the backstop (AGAIN) [159], this was basically echoed by Juncker [160]

Theresa May's "Battle for Britain"

Writing in The Sunday Times Theresa May, says she will "Battle for Britain in Brussels" [161] She still says the backstop can be solved by "putting a time limit on it" [162], however Irish President Leo Varadkar says this is not possible [163]. Although there's rumours Juncker might be softening on a time limit (?) [164] This World War Two allegory she's going with will surely help negotiations with Brussels.

Unicorn Hunting In Northern Ireland

Theresa May visited Northern Ireland on the 5th of February 2019 to discuss the Backstop [165]. As you were expecting they didn't lead anywhere constructive [166]. Theresa May has decided that trying to remove the backstop isn't her best option [167] [168], so her only option is legally fudging it something that ERG Brexiteers or the DUP [169] like (hell even Sinn Féin hate it [170]. By trying to appeal the DUP exclusively she's managed to make no one happy [171]. What a shining example of competency, as always Theresa.

Donald Tusk Makes a Lot of People Mad

Donald Tusk said an inflammatory controversial thing and everyone's getting mad [172]. When I say everyone I mean Conservatives [173] and the DUP [174] The best we got was a woolly response from Juncker saying that he believed in Heaven [175]. But don't worry the EU is open and in "listening mode" [176]

The UK's Options Going Forward

Norway + Iceland ÷ Canada

This option is basically let's be in the Costumes Union, just not be in the EU Political system. This is known as the European Economic Area or EEA [177]. This is still being considered an option despite Norway saying (basically) 'fuck off we don't want you in the EEA' [178]. The Canada refers to Boris Johnson's deluded view of post-Brexit Britain where we more or less have the arrangement that Canada has the EU,known as the CETA Free Trade Agreement which took 6 years to negotiate [179]. So God knows what the UK would do in that interim, because Boris believes doing this in a no deal scenario meaning that the UK wouldn't have a free trade agreement with its biggest trade partner. To quote the Office for National Statistics "In 2016, the EU accounted for 48% of goods exports from the UK, while goods imports from the EU were worth more than imports from the rest of the world combined." [180]

Proponents of a Norway/Iceland EEA Deal

  • Labour MPs like Stephen Kinnock
  • Conservative MPs like Nick Boles

[181]

Proponents of Canada Plus

  • Mainly just Boris Johnson, he tried.

No Deal Brexit

This refers to leaving the EU without a deal. Preparations for this event have been, well not good. Chris Grayling (Transport Secretary and a person who I assume was picked up off the street and just given a role in the cabinet on a whim) notably gave a no deal shipping contract to a company without ships [182]. His preparations have been so bad that he's been banned from Calais, (yes you read that right) [183]. The Cabinet are currently discussing what to do about tariffs [184], the proposal most popular is zero tariffs. Who knows how that will work. The Government has revealed a new safety standards logo [185], this is being billed as reassuring businesses, except it will increase short term costs for business and mean that they'll have to apply for UKCA standards as well as CE EU standards if they want to sell products outside the UK [186].

Leaving the EU without a deal has been forecast to be a disaster [187] and many British supermarkets say that no deal will cause fresh food shortages [188], although if you ask many British leave voters and proponents they'll tell you this is project fear. (Although I say that but polls suggest people are beginning to regret leaving, take these polls with a sea's worth of salt though) [189] Whether it will be a disaster or not is yet to be seen, though I honestly don't want to find out.

No Deal Ireland

Ulster Unionists (another party in Northern Ireland) have told the Prime Minister that in the case of No Deal in Northern Ireland that "direct rule" must be re-established so Northern Ireland can have control over its manufacturing .ect [190]. If you were unaware, Northern Ireland has been ruled directly by Westminister since power sharing fell apart in January 2017 [191]. Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar has pointed out that the UK won't be able to negotiate it's own trade deals in the case of a no deal Brexit, this is because of the unsolved issue of the Irish Border [192]. He also pointed out that troops could return to the Irish Border in the case of no deal [193] and has said "I think the events in London and the instability in British politics in recent weeks demonstrates exactly why we need a legal guarantee and a solution that is operable (backstop), that we know will work and will last." [194] Even worse for English people and Irish Unionists,there's been warnings from Cabinet ministers which say that no deal could lead to Irish Unionification [195]

Proponents of No Deal

  • Ardent capitalist, part time radio presenter and Demon Headmaster lookalike Jacob Reese Mogg [196]
  • Radio presenter, former UKIP leader and golden elevator poser [197] Nigel Farage [198]
  • The Euro-sceptic European Research Group, a cabal of leave Tory MPs. Including Jacob Reese Mogg. [199]

Theresa May's Deal

The withdrawal agreement which no one likes and can't be renegotiated

Proponents of May's Deal

  • Theresa May, you would think anyway
  • Her Cabinet-Sort of, ok not really [200]
  • Labour Leave MPs who I'm pretty sure should just change party [201]

Whatever the Hell Labour are Thinking

In this section we're going to try and figure out what Labour actually thinks about Brexit (as of February 2019). This is difficult because there's no united view, indeed you could argue that Labour are more split over Brexit than the Conservatives. There's even a supposed plot by Rebel Labour MPs to leave the party and form a centrist party [202]

The Official View

Jeremy believes leaving via a customs union, though this is different to Norway Plus as that would still entail free movement. Though the confusing aspect of this proposal is how you're meant to still be a in a customs union and still have the ability to negotiate your own trade deals. [203]. I think it's safe to say that this idea is stupid. Jeremy wrote a letter to the PM saying that he'll back the withdrawal agreement if a Custom's union is written into the Political Declaration (the other part of the Brexit Deal) and in UK law. [204]. This didn't go down well at all with some of Labour. [205]

The Labour Membership

Being a Labour member must be rough, despite Jeremy insisting that his party is Democratic [206] that doesn't stop 90% (yes that much) wanting to remain in the EU via a People's Vote [207]. This has resulted in Labour membership subsequently plummeting by 512,000 [208]

The Shadow Cabinet are Split too

Sir Kier Starmer, the Shadow Brexit Secretary is a very ardent remainer who supports a 2nd Referendum [209], this puts him at odds with his leader who has been historically Eurosceptic and ruled out a 2nd referendum. [210] [211] [212]. This split has reached somewhat of crescendo when Kier Starmer was absent from talks with the PM [213]. Whether the party moving towards Starmer's stance would help Labour do better, that's a little up in the air with my verdict being probably not because the electorate being more than Labour members[214].

Emily Thornberry vs Jeremy Corbyn

She is an advocate of a People's Vote [215], which Jeremy is clearly not. During 6th of February edition of PMQs splits in Labour became more clear. Because Theresa May was in Northern Ireland, David Lidington and Emily Thornberry filled the gap [216]. During the questioning Labour splits over the backstop were unearthed by David Lidington, who pointed out that Emily is alright the backstop while Jeremy Corbyn isn't [217]

Other Splits in Labour

Other less prominent Shadow Ministers are rebelling against Jeremy Corbyn and demanding an Article 50 Extension to carry out a 2nd Referendum [218]

No, Advocating for General Elections Doesn't Replace an Actual Position on Brexit

Who needs real policy when you can just call for General Elections? [219] [220] Labour apparently want to win a General Election and somehow renegotiate with the EU, good luck with that.

The Malthouse Compromise

Dubbed the "Madhouse Compromise" and nonsense by EU Diplomats [221], this is a Conservative Party compromise is made up Tory Brexiteers and Remainers like Nicky Morgan. This compromise will apparently magically solve the backstop by making a free trade agreement instead with "use of existing technologies", you know despite the EU no wanting to renegotiate. If that doesn't work they want a managed no deal. [222] [223]. This seems the way the European Research Group are going, another prominent member Steve Baker warned the Prime Minister that legally fudging the backstop won't do and his vote on the Graham Brady Amendment was dependent on legally binding changes to the backstop [224].

People's Vote/2nd Referendum, Stopping Brexit

Logistics of a People's Vote

First of the EU has to approve an initial extension to Article 50, any extension going beyond July will be difficult for the EU because of the EU elections meaning that the UK will have to concentrate on mobilising MEPs instead of dealing with a 2nd Referendum [225]. So after the UK has MEPs embarrassingly in the EU Parliament, there has to be numerous legislation has to pass in Parliament for a people's vote to happen before the extension period ends and the UK leaves with no deal by default. First the EU Withdrawal Act has to be revoked (to change the legal end date of March 29th 2019) and then you would need new primary legislation to replace it. [226] Assuming that all goes through smoothly then a people's vote will finally happen. Oh but wait People's Vote advocates can't even agree on what the question would be. [227] So most likely we'll be in deadlock until the extension period ends and we leave with no deal, good work guys.

If People Still Vote to Leave, What Have You Achieved?

Most People's Voters want a 2nd Referendum to stop no deal Brexit [228], but if people vote to leave again but not for Theresa May's deal then it's a firm no deal. Again good work guys.

Potential Political Consequences of Stopping Brexit

Riots are expected if Brexit is stopped according to former cabinet minister Iain Duncan Smith [229]. Although a rebuttal to this claim came from an unlikely source, Nigel Farage [230]

This Option Has Died

Not like it had much staying power anyway but Donald Tusk has officially killed it [231]

Proponents of a 2nd Referendum

  • War criminal Tony Blair [232] and his right hand man Alistair Campbell [233]
  • Liberal Democrat leader and clueless person Vince Cable [234]
  • Green Party leader Caroline Lucas [235]
  • Remain Evangelist and annoying person Anna Soubry [236]
  • Shadow Brexit Secretary Kier Starmer, a man who gets left out of important meetings [237]
  • Bad tempered leftie and Jeremy Corbyn ally Emily Thornberry [238]

Miscellaneous Happenings

Stop Brexit?

The European Court of Justice ruled that the UK was able to unilaterally revoke Article 50, though Theresa May ruled that out [239] [240]

Tony Blair's incessant meddling

After fucking up the country the first around here comes everyone's favourite slime ball again. Blair believes that a People's Vote (2nd Referendum) will solve the deadlock in Parliament [241], hopefully he'll cough up the £141.2 million it will cost if it's anything like the first one [242] Theresa (showing some backbone for once) told Tony to shut up [243]

What the fuck is the Cabinet doing?

The Prime Minister's cabinet is about as united as you would expect. Despite the PM's claims that her deal is the best deal, that doesn't stop the Cabinet mostly wanting a "controlled no deal Brexit". This is opposed by 5 cabinet members including her deputy David Lidington [244].

Brexit Bribery

As a sign of how hard Austerity has been on the country Labour Leave MPs like Bassetlaw's John Mann are asking the government for money in return for their vote [245]. This great show of principle has gone down really really well[246] [247]. A poor show for the integrity of UK Politics.

Brexit the Queen

There's a plan to evacuate the Queen in case there's Brexit riots. [248]

Conclusions so far

  • Theresa May will probably remain Prime Minister until at least the 29th of March 2019, she said she won't be Prime Minister by the time the next election comes around [249]
  • If she gets a deal to pass which has a backstop in it, the government will collapse because the DUP will abandon the Conservatives [250]
  • There is no conceivably useful opposition to Theresa May, this is mainly because no one really wants to deal with Brexit. Not to mention everyone's split.
  • Nagging the EU for more concessions will make no deal more likely.
  • Theresa May maybe doing a shitty job, but a shitty job is all the UK have got.

Video Explanations

Useful Links

This article or section could benefit from more vandalism - as could France. Symbol.png
  • Conservative Party - Just a little internal dispute...
  • Anti-intellectualism — "Reads the Sun/Express/Mail" and "supports Brexit" are correlated traits among the voters in this country.
  • Free trade — After a generation of incredibly cheap consumer goods, we're reaching a tipping point where the average voter has no tangible concept of inflation's effects on these things.
  • GibraltarWikipedia's W.svgSpain now wants joint ownership of this peninsula[251] and Gibraltar may secede to unify with Scotland in order to rejoin the EU.[252]
  • London — The UK's capital which now has its own fringe independence movement.[253] This is similar to the Scottish independence referendum of 2014,[254] whereby the city of Manchester found itself 72% in favour of joining Scotland, for some reason.[255]
  • Scottish National Party — Some Scots are now suggesting to leave the UK for real should the Brexit happen in order to apply for EU membership as Scotland.
  • Sinn Féin — A nationalist party in Northern Ireland. Voiced support for a referendum on Northern Ireland joining the Republic of Ireland if the UK left the EU,[256] although that is essentially their aim as a party anyway.
  • George Soros — The billionaire hedge funder who "broke" the Bank of England by betting against the pound has, again, made money from betting against Britain.[257]
  • RationalWiki:Leaving and never coming back

Brexternal links

Videos

  • John Oliver on Brexit, and his follow-up after the vote — politicians are toilets, comedians are the small flush. They take the piss, but the crap still remains.

Notes

  1. even though the Tories actually increased their share of the popular vote; FPTP is weird

Breferences

  1. Harris on Twitter
  2. "Reaping the Whirlwind: Tribalism Trumps Neoliberalism", Crooked Timber 6.26.16.
  3. EU referendum: Cameron sets June date for UK vote David Cameron sets the date
  4. UKIP: The story of the UK Independence Party's rise
  5. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-27567744
  6. David Cameron promises in/out referendum on EU
  7. David Cameron vows earlier EU referendum if Tories win election
  8. David Cameron's four key demands to remain in the EU revealed
  9. Cameron's letter to Donald Tusk
  10. a lot but not a lot, a lot
  11. Nigel Farage quits Ukip over its anti-Muslim 'fixation'
  12. Mance, Henry, "Britain has had enough of experts, says Gove", FT 6.3.16. According to The Telegraph, this statement is the result of interviewer Faisal Islam interrupting Gove mid-sentence: Menon, Anand, "People may have had enough of experts like me, but we need to find our voices again", The Telegraph, 15.03.17.
  13. "Fact Check: Vote Leave's £350m A Week Claim Wrong", LBC 6.13.16.
  14. Theresa May Takes Your Calls On LBC: Watch In Full
  15. CNN - Brexit Broken Promises
  16. maybe actually bankers
  17. 20,000 over the next 5 years. Source:BBC
  18. Immigration and the UK Labour Market Centre for Economic Performance
  19. If it ain’t broke don’t Brexit – Migration Stats Paint by the Numbers Politics
  20. The British in Europe – and Vice Versa Migration Watch UK
  21. Frum, David, "Why Britain Left", The Atlantic 7.24.16.
  22. "Do immigrants pay more in taxes than they claim in benefits and service", FullFact 2.9.16.
  23. "Reality Check: Would Brexit mean cuts to pensions, defence and the NHS?", BBC 6.12.16.
  24. "Why did older voters choose Brexit? It’s a matter of identity", The Conversation (6/25/16 at 2:36pm EDT).
  25. UK has fewer doctors per person than most other OECD countries, British Medical Journal, 20 June 2017
  26. Healthcare personnel statistics - dentists, pharmacists and physiotherapists, Eurostat, 2018
  27. Class size, teacher's pay and spending: which countries spend the most and pay the least in education?, The Guardian, 2012
  28. House building in England, Full Fact, 22 Mar 2018
  29. Via Sky News (featured on the official Vote Leave campaign website for a bit). The irony is the ECoHR is not even an EU document - it is condition for joining the Council of EuropeWikipedia's W.svg, which has fuck-all to do with the EU and which none of the Brexiteers has even mentioned, let alone stated an intention of leaving.
  30. See the Wikipedia article on Vote Leave.
  31. We need to find a new way to pay for healthcare, TaxPayers Alliance, January 22, 2015
  32. See the Wikipedia article on Gisela Stuart.
  33. See the Wikipedia article on Michael Forsyth, Baron Forsyth of Drumlean.
  34. See the Wikipedia article on Bernard Jenkin.
  35. [1], BBC, 26 April
  36. "Why Vote Leave beat Grassroots Out". BBC News. Retrieved on 1 July 2016.
  37. Crace, John (19 February 2016). "Grassroots Out unites politicians – the ones we normally try to avoid". the Guardian. 
  38. Bloom, Dan (22 May 2016). "This Brexit group targeted National Front supporters for votes on Facebook". The Mirror. 
  39. Brexit The Movie, Kickstarter
  40. Main page of the official SDP website. Archived 1 July 2016.
    The SDP were a centrist split from the Labour Party during a time of internal infighting over a left-wing leaderWikipedia's W.svg perceived as unelectable by his party, advocating unilateral nuclear disarmament and traditional socialist policies. (Nothing like that would happen now, of course...) Eventually, the SDP and Liberal Party merged to be the Liberal Democrats, but there are continuity SDP and Liberal parties in the UK who rejected that alliance.
  41. "Ignore voices of doom over Brexit, says Lord Owen". BBC News. Retrieved on 1 July 2016.
  42. Better Off Out, TFA website
  43. "Left Leave – Campaign for a UK left exit from the EU". leftleave.org. Retrieved on 1 July 2016.
  44. "Labour Leave campaign funded by right-wing Tory donors, including supporters of Taxpayers’ Alliance". politicalscrapbook.net. Retrieved on 1 July 2016.
  45. "The problem of the Labour Leave campaign makes sense when you find out who's funding it". thecanary.co. 2 June 2016. Retrieved on 1 July 2016.
  46. John Cleese (11 June 2016). "Tweet Number 741741834003709953". Twitter. "If I thought there was any chance of major reform in the EU,I'd vote to stay in.But there isn't.Sad.Sorry,Paddy." 
  47. John Cleese appeared in party broadcasts for the SDP/Liberal alliance in 1987, as well as for the Liberal Democrats in 1997, when a certain Antony Blair gained a landslide majority with a majority of 179 seats. Still, ever loyal to his principles, Cleese continued to campaign for the Lib Dems in the 2015 general election, when the party went from 58 to 8 seats. Although, honestly, if you're a Lib Dem and you don't support your party on the EU, what really is the point in staying loyal to your party?
  48. Such as this Facebook post by BNP West London (archived).
  49. "Cameron: David Icke-style conspiracy on EU ref is nonsense." RT UK. (3 March 2016, 7:38.)
  50. Dugdale, John (11 June 2016). "Hilary Mantel's in, David Starkey's out: the literary battle of Brussels". 
  51. Quinn, Ben (13 August 2011). "David Starkey claims 'the whites have become black'". The Guardian. 
  52. Grimston, Jack; Loveys, Kate (24 June 2012). "Starkey erupts in racism rumpus". The Sunday Times. 
  53. "Isis praises Brexit in propaganda newspaper". The Independent. 29 June 2016. Retrieved on 1 July 2016.
  54. Faiola, Anthony, "Europe's New Energizer Bunny of Hate", WaPo 5.27.14.
  55. "'Poland is Dying Under EU Occupation': Warsaw Should Follow British Suit", Sputnik News (5/31/16 at 4:38 pm, updated 4:57 pm).
  56. "Korwin-Mikke too Extreme For Frances's Le Pen", Radio Poland (6/25/14 at 10:02).
  57. "Brexit 'most important moment since Berlin Wall': Le Pen". BBC News. Retrieved on 1 July 2016.
  58. "Marine Le Pen Prepares for a “Frexit”". New Yorker. 29 June 2016. Retrieved on 1 July 2016.
  59. Oliveira, Ivo, "National Front seeks Russian cash for election fight", Politico (2/19/16 at 1:53 PM CET, updated 2/19/16, 1:58 PM CET).
  60. Kharchenko, Aleksandra, "Paul Manafort, Donald Trump’s top adviser, and his ties to pro-Russian politicians in Ukraine", Politifact (5/2/16 at 2:17 p.m.).
  61. Vaux, Pierre, "Why Putin is Meddling in Britain's Brexit Vote", Daily Beast (6/07/16 ay 10:00 PM ET).
  62. "Stein calls Britain Vote a Wake-up Call". jill2016.com. Retrieved on 1 July 2016. (Hahahah, nice try, Jill. Here is the original version.)
  63. http://www.newsweek.com/donald-trump-jr-jill-stein-putin-russia-senate-639422
  64. Savanskry, Rebecca, "Trump hits Clinton for attacks after '100% wrong' Brexit prediction", The Hill (6/26/16 at 08:13 am).
  65. Geert Wilders (02 May 2016). "Tweet Number 727080550113132546". Twitter. "I hope the proud British people vote for regaining national sovereignty instead of more Brussels on June 23. #Brexit https://t.co/6hHIjbrKmx" 
  66. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/19/world/europe/thomas-mair-jo-cox-murder-charge-britain-court-appearance.html?&_r=0
  67. https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/jun/16/labour-mp-jo-cox-shot-in-west-yorkshire
  68. http://edition.cnn.com/2016/06/16/europe/british-mp-jo-cox-attacked/
  69. https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/nov/23/thomas-mair-found-guilty-of-jo-cox-murder
  70. Brexit poll tracker Financial Times From this to this.
  71. 71.0 71.1 71.2 71.3 http://www.bbc.com/news/business-36611512
  72. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business/market_data/currency/11/12/intraday.stm
  73. He said the situation was “business as usual”
  74. [2]
  75. Attorney General questioned on Brexit legal advice Attorney General questioned on Brexit legal advice
  76. Geoffrey Cox makes statement to MPs about Brexit legal advice
  77. Moment Attorney General Geoffrey Cox tells opposition to 'grow up and get real' over withheld Brexit legal advice
  78. Brexit explained: Why does the Border matter and what is the backstop?
  79. DUP fears Brexit deal will break up UK - Foster flies to London as May prepares to face Cabinet
  80. Brexit deal latest news: Being 'indefinitely committed' to backstop a risk worth taking, Attorney General tells MPs
  81. Peter Grant
  82. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-46435128
  83. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-46451970
  84. U.K. legal advice confirms London can’t unilaterally leave Brexit backstop
  85. Screenshots of the Legal Advice
  86. Theresa May: 'This is the best possible deal, it is the only possible deal'
  87. Contradictions
  88. Theresa May delays vote on Brexit deal and admits she faced 'significant' defeat
  89. What is the 'meaningful vote' on Brexit?
  90. Ian Blackford
  91. Mixed Signals.html
  92. BBC News Political Editor
  93. Labour Demands Debate
  94. Sir Graham Brady Confirms She is Facing Leadership Challenge
  95. Graham Brady says she won
  96. [3] Philip Hammond calls Brexiteers Extremists]
  97. Mogg says Resign
  98. Poor Theresa
  99. Poor Theresa 2
  100. Arelene Foster Tweet
  101. Juncker
  102. Tusk
  103. Jon Stone Tweet
  104. Political Editor of BBC's Newsnight
  105. Europe Editor of the Daily Telegraph
  106. Backbench Labour MP
  107. SNP puts Pressure on Jez
  108. Jeremy Gives In
  109. Confusion
  110. Jeremy Dun Goofed
  111. Does Labour Know What it Thinks?
  112. No Time for Corbyn
  113. New York Times on the Stupid Woman Issue
  114. Half of MPs Should Be Women
  115. John Bercow Hypocrisy
  116. New York Times on the Stupid Woman Issue
  117. John Bercow Photo
  118. No One Ever Tells Him the Party Line
  119. Jeremy's Spokesperson Comment
  120. Deaf Person Thinks He Said Stupid Women
  121. Lip Reader Says he Said Stupid Woman
  122. Lips Readers Can't Agree
  123. Corbyn Denies the Allegations
  124. Government background
  125. Brexit: 20 Tory rebels inflict no-deal defeat on government
  126. Theresa May’s government becomes first to lose Finance Bill vote since 1978 – full list of Tory MPs who voted to thwart No Deal Brexit
  127. Offical Parliamentary Proceedure
  128. Brexit: what is the ‘game-changer’ Grieve amendment?
  129. We now know John Bercow is as out of control as Brexit itself
  130. Brexit: what does the latest parliamentary upset mean for Theresa May?
  131. Commons Speaker John Bercow accused of flouting rules to thwart Brexit: Fury at ruling
  132. Theresa May reaches out to unions and Labour MPs in unprecedented bid to force deal through
  133. Theresa May not expecting 'breakthrough' on Brexit deal at EU summit – as it happened
  134. Northern politicians unimpressed with Tory MP’s backstop amendment
  135. [https://www.theyworkforyou.com/mp/11093/john_mann/bassetlaw John Mann Labour MP for Bassetlaw
  136. Desperate Theresa May caves in on workers' rights to save Brexit deal
  137. Prime Minister in Stoke-on-Trent LIVE: Theresa May at Portmeirion for key speech ahead of Brexit deal vote
  138. BBC Politics May's Speech
  139. [https://twitter.com/stephenkb/status/1084602078419476482 New Statesmen Journalist Refutes May's claims]
  140. EU letter seeks to reassure UK on Irish border backstop
  141. Nigel Dodds' Comment on the Letter
  142. BBC Sammy Wilson Interview 1
  143. Sammy Wilson Interview 2 Decryption Key = G3F0HxPinFJVSHPXEQ-0oluH1rzBxWUu57qqovWqSBk
  144. DUP deal: How much extra money has the party extracted from Theresa May? And is it fair?
  145. Is anyone Surprised?
  146. Will She Ever Go Away
  147. May Won't Change Her Mind
  148. The Deal Being Bad is Theresa May's Fault
  149. No Compromise Here
  150. Bad Meme
  151. Pointless
  152. This won't work
  153. Barnier Quote
  154. The EU Say No, Again
  155. How Much Do You Want It Spelled Out?
  156. Channel 4 News Interview
  157. Jeremy Hunt Quote From the BBC's Today Program
  158. Theresa May Contradicts Theresa May
  159. He Must Get Bored of Saying the Same Words
  160. Juncker Echo
  161. Oh God
  162. Fantasy
  163. How Many Times Does She Need to Be Told?
  164. Don't get your hopes up
  165. PM to Visit Northern Ireland-ITV News
  166. No Closer to Backstop Deal
  167. May Not Trying to Remove the Backstop
  168. May Doesn't Delete Backstop
  169. Arelene Foster: "The prime minister has to regard what parliament has given her a mandate for. And parliament’s mandate is to replace the backstop."
  170. They Hate it Too
  171. Good Work Theresa
  172. Too Far Mate
  173. Bang out of order mate
  174. Arlene's Mad as Hell
  175. Juncker response
  176. Listening Mode
  177. Government Explaination
  178. Norway don't want the UK in the EEA
  179. Boris Johnson Doesn't Know What He's Talking About
  180. ONS About UK Trade
  181. It has cross party appeal at least
  182. Yes Really
  183. I Cried With Laughter Honestly
  184. tariffs
  185. New Logo
  186. Remember the Conseravtives are the party of Business
  187. No deal will be apparently really bad
  188. Are They Being Paid off by the EU ?1?1
  189. Poll
  190. Ulster Unionist Video
  191. Background on Powersharing and how it fell apart
  192. Leo Varadkar on no deal
  193. Troops at Border
  194. Leo Varadkar on Brexit deal and backstop
  195. [https://twitter.com/nickeardleybbc/status/1093857848705142785?s=19 United Ireland ]
  196. Brexit Purist
  197. This Photo Hurts
  198. Another Brexit Purist
  199. Brexit Puritans
  200. Her cabinet are not united at all
  201. Secret Tories
  202. Oh Dear
  203. Very Confusing
  204. Labour's terms for backing deal
  205. Chris Leslie mad
  206. '"democracy"
  207. ""Democracy""
  208. Oh dear oh dear
  209. Splits Galore
  210. Rules Out 2nd Vote
  211. Euro-sceptic Corbyn
  212. We Do Not Want To Live in a European Empire
  213. No Starmer in sight
  214. Poll Result
  215. Emily Thornberry wrote an Article in the Gaurdian
  216. PMQs Feb 6th 2019
  217. Emily v David Lidington
  218. Marsha de Cordova Rebel
  219. Snap Election
  220. Calls for General Election
  221. Stupid Compromise
  222. This is actually nonsense
  223. Still nonsense
  224. Steve Baker Tweet
  225. Article 50 Options
  226. Is it possible to stop Brexit?
  227. Lots of Options
  228. Stopping No Deal Brexit
  229. [4]
  230. Nigel Farage Says No Riots
  231. Poor Thing
  232. Shut up Tony
  233. people's vote in his twitter name
  234. Vince Cable's Position
  235. Green Position
  236. Soubry's Position
  237. 2nd Referendumer
  238. More Contradictions
  239. Revoke Article 50
  240. May Says No
  241. People's Vote
  242. A lot of money
  243. Theresa Tells Blair to be Quiet
  244. I thought you wanted a deal?
  245. Show Us The Money
  246. Labour Being Split
  247. David Lammy Not Amused
  248. Brexit the Queen
  249. Step Down Before 2022
  250. Arelene Foster warns May
  251. "Brexit: Spain calls for joint control of Gibraltar". BBC News.
  252. "Brexit: Gibraltar in talks with Scotland to stay in EU". BBC News.
  253. "Let's not stop at Brexit. It's time London declared independence". The Daily Telegraph.
  254. See the Wikipedia article on Scottish independence referendum, 2014.
  255. "There's a campaign to make Manchester part of Scotland". The Independent. 14 May 2015.
  256. McDonald, Henry (11 March 2016). "Sinn Féin calls for vote on Irish reunification if UK backs Brexit". The Guardian.
  257. "George Soros, the billionaire who 'broke' the Bank of England, wins big from Brexit". The Independent. 25 June 2016.