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Reform UK (formerly The Brexit Party) is a hard-Eurosceptic political party in UK that splintered from UKIP in January 2019 and officially launched on the 12th of April 2019. It won 29 members to the European Parliament in May 2019, but no MPs in the UK general election later that year.
- 1 History
- 2 2019 European Elections
- 3 References
Nigel Farage and several other UKIP MEPs, including its Scottish leader, David Coburn quit the United Kingdom Independence Party in late 2018, over infighting about anti-Islam activist Tommy Robinson being given an advisor role by Gerard Batten, as well as the party increasingly becoming more Islamophobic and extreme in its policies.
In January 2019, Farage said he was joining the new Brexit Party. It was created on 20th of January and registered with the electoral commission on 5th of February 2019 by former UKIP Economic Spokesman, Catherine Blaiklock. In February 2019, Farage joined the Brexit Party alongside seven other ex-UKIP MEPs: Tim Aker, Paul Nuttall, Jonathan Bullock, David Coburn, Bill Etheridge, Nathan Gill and Julia Reid who are now all (as of 19 February 2019) listed as Brexit Party MEPs on the Europe.eu website. Some other ex-UKIP MEPs e.g. Steven Woolfe have said they will support the party, but sit as independents because they don't see the point in joining a new party with so little time left until Brexit is scheduled on 29 March, that is, unless there is an extension to the withdrawal process by extending Article 50, which seems unlikely. On BBC Newsnight in February, Woolfe who still sits as an independent MEP stated that he would consider standing for the Brexit Party.
Amid the chaos of repeatedly delayed Brexit, the party did very well in the May 2019 European Parliament elections, becoming the largest British party with 29 MEPs (the Lib Dems were second with 19). This was despite the fact that Farage's party had no manifesto and no policies other than getting the fuck out of Europe. Eventually in September 2019 they unveiled another policy: abolishing inheritance tax.
Pot, kettle black?
Farage has been called a hypocrite for criticising the far-right association of UKIP under Batten's leadership, when he himself has long history of making xenophobic statements and supporting individuals associated with the alt-right such as Paul Joseph Watson, Mark Meechan and Carl Benjamin. In 2017, Farage also campaigned for the Alternative für Deutschland who at that time were adopting anti-Muslim immigration policies similar to those of For Britain, an anti-Islam party that splintered from UKIP after the failure of Anne Marie Waters to take control of the party in the UKIP leadership election, 2017. Yet Farage has heavily criticized Waters, describing her as a racist.
No, but really where's the difference?
Although Farage criticises Robinson and Waters, there is actually very little different in their views concerning immigration and Islam, only that Farage is more cautious in public not to make outright anti-Muslim statements as he realises it will be political suicide. Despite Farage leaving UKIP in December 2018 to become an independent MEP because of the party being widely perceived as a racist anti-Muslim party and dropping to as low as 5-6% in opinion polls, there were resignations a year earlier such as by UKIP MEP Jonathan Arnott who said he disapproved of the hard-right wing shift of UKIP on "religious and cultural issues" and by ex-UKIP donor Arron Banks, who as early as April 2017 said UKIP is going in the wrong direction for flirting for the first time with Islamophobic policies in the run up to the 2017 General Election when the UKIP manifesto's "Integration Agenda" was likened to the British National Party's. Farage never left the party at this point nor raised any concerns about UKIP's new Muslim-bashing policies, and so his reasons for leaving might not be what he claims, for example it has been suggested " Farage craves two things: power and the spotlight. UKIP can no longer provide him with either – so why stick around?" On the other hand while his motivations for leaving UKIP are perhaps still questionable, Farage has been praised for distancing himself from Robinson and the EDL's street thuggery and hooliganism that Batten has allowed into UKIP.
The Brexit Party is trying to promote itself as a more moderate alternative to UKIP that Farage has described as taken over by extremists. However, the party's founder Catherine Blaiklock has a history of making inflammatory comments about Muslims, and appears to be a counter-jihad crank with views that are the same as Tommy Robinson and Anne Marie Waters, having even written articles for a pro-Robinson website. Iman Atta, director of Tell MAMA (Measuring Anti-Muslim Attacks), which records anti-Muslim incidents, has said:
Blaiklock’s comments are jaw dropping and show a penchant for polarised views on Muslims. When Farage resigned from UKIP in December he said that UKIP was "turning a blind eye to extremist politics" and had become "obsessed with Islam". It seems he has backed another organisation whose head is obsessed with Islam and who has a very skewed view of Muslims."
Blaiklock for example has accused Muslim men of “impregnating white British girls to create Muslim babies”, claiming it’s “pretty well-known” that Muslims in the west think “someday this will all be ours”. She has also been criticized for making controversial comments about race such as black men are violent due to high testosterone, but denies being a racist by bizarrely carrying a large framed photo of her black husband around with her.
The party launched in Scotland in January 2021, with its Scottish leader already an MSP (Member of the Scottish Parliament) for South of Scotland. The party appointed Michelle Ballantyne, who was a member of the Scottish Conservative party until 2020, when she quit after failing to be chosen to replace Ruth Davidson as leader. She said she was looking for "angry" members of the public to stand as candidates.
2019 European Elections
Because Brexit fell flat on its face, the UK had to go through European Elections in May 2019. The Brexit Party put up some choice candidates, and as a result of widespread dissatisfaction with the British government's failures got 29 MEPs elected to a parliament it wanted to leave. (Each region elects multiple candidates to the parliament.)
Elected MEP for Southwest.
- Former Conservative Party MP.
- Massively homophobic, including supporting gay conversion therapy.
- Absolutely awful dancer.
Elected MEP for Southwest.
- Is a veteran.
- Is sad that the "democratic vote" of 2016 wasn't fulfilled.
- Talks up Britain being an open and diverse Liberal democracy.
Elected MEP for East of England
- Is a former business man.
- Thinks he can do a better job than "career" politicians.
- Founded Leave Means Leave. 
Elected MEP for East Midlands
- Jacob Rees-Mogg's sister.
- Misses Margaret Thatcher.
- Thinks Theresa May is useless.
- Is afraid for democracy
Elected MEP for London
- Former Chief Executive of First Property Group.
- Former Tory Donor.
Elected MEP for Yorkshire and the Humber
- Hates politicians and wants candidates "who have actually done something".
- Thinks the Brexit Party can breathe new life into British Politics.
Elected MEP for London.
- Owner of H.Foreman and Son.
- "People are fed up with politicians".
- "Taking no deal of the table is crazy".
- Thinks business do a better a job than politics.
Elected MEP for South West England.
- Is an immigrant of 34 years.
- She wants to stand up for 17.4 million voters.
- "Brexit is our global opportunity to connect with the world".
Elected MEP for East Midlands.
- Charity Director.
- Believes that British Politics is broken.
Elected MEP for North West England.
- Former member of the Revolutionary Communist Party.
- Agrees with Nigel Farage on Brexit and nothing else.
- Feels let down by the Labour Party.
- Defended a 1993 IRA bombing in her target region, but has since disavowed it.
- Controversialist articles for Spiked magazine.
- See the Wikipedia article on Brexit Party.
- Nigel Farage quits Ukip over its anti-Muslim 'fixation'. The Guardian. 4 December 2018.
- Nigel Farage quits Ukip: Former leader leaves party over Tommy Robinson links. Independent. 4 December 2018.
- MEP Lord Dartmouth quits UKIP saying party is 'widely perceived as both homophobic and anti-Islamic'. Sky News. 26 September 2018.
- Third Ukip MEP quits over party's courtship of Tommy Robinson. The Guardian. 27 November 2018.
- Paul Nuttall quits UKIP over Tommy Robinson role. BBC News. 7 December 2018.
- UKIP: Scottish leader David Coburn quits over 'extremism'. BBC News. 7 December 2018.
- Gerard Batten drags Ukip further right with harsh anti-Islam agenda. The Guardian. 21 September 2018.
- Search Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy Group.
- The UK’s European elections 2019, BBC News
- What are the Brexit Party’s policies?, The Week, 7 Jun 2019
- Inheritance tax would be scrapped by the Brexit party – good news for the very rich, Torsten Bell, The Guardian, 16 Sep 2019
- No, Nigel Farage, you boosted the far right more than Tommy Robinson ever did. Newstatesman. 23 November 2018.
- Nigel Farage accused of xenophobic fear tactics over 'disgusting' Brexit poster. Reading Chronicle. 16 June 2016.
- Nigel Farage defends use of the word 'chinky'. Newsweek. 19 December 2014.
- Nigel Farage attacked over Romanians 'slur'. BBC News. May 2014.
- UKIP's Farage Rallies Germany's Right-wing AfD. The Local. 7 September 2017.
- Racists nearly killed Ukip this week, but we live to fight our most important battle. The Telegraph. 30 September 2017.
- UKIP loses another MEP as Jonathan Arnott quits party. BBC News. 19 January 2018.
- Election 2017: Ex-UKIP donor Arron Banks says party wrong to go to 'war' with Islam. Sky News. 25 April 2017.
- UKIP thinks bashing Muslims wins votes – but this could spell its end. The Guardian. 26 April 2017.
- Nigel Farage thinks Ukip is too bigoted for him? What a joke. The Guardian. 5 December 2018.
- Whatever his motives, Nigel Farage is right on Ukip. Financial Times. 5 December 2018.
- Nigel Farage quits UKIP over party's 'extremism' direction. ITV News. 4 December 2018.
- The Founder Of Nigel Farage's New Brexit Party Has A History Of Anti-Muslim Comments. BuzzFeed News. 11 February 2019.
- “Let them eat spuds”: we should fear the Brexit Party – but not for the reasons you think. NewStatesman. 12 February 2019.
- testosterone Farage ally said black men are violent due to high testosterone. The Guardian. 22 January 2019.
- A UKIP Candidate Brought a Photo of Her Black Husband to Hustings. Vice. 17 May 2017.
- New Scottish Brexit party launches in Scotland...and already has an MSP, The Herald (Glasgow), 11 Jan 2021
- James Glancy Campaign Launch Via Twitter.
- James Tice Campaign Launch Via Twitter.
- Annunziata Rees-Mogg Campaign Launch Via Twitter.
- Ben Habib Campaign Launch Via Twitter.
- John Longworth Campaign Launch Via Twitter.
- Lance Foreman Campaign Launch Via Twitter.
- Christina Jordan Campaign Launch Via Twitter.
- Matthew Patten Campaign Launch Via Twitter.
- Independent - "Top Brexit Party candidate condemned for past defence of IRA bombing".
- Claire Fox Campaign Launch Via Twitter.