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at the water's edge
Christian democracy is political ideology based on Christian humanism and Catholic social teachings. While generally socially conservative, Christian democrats inch toward an economic model of social markets or social democracy, especially where the political spectrum is leaning towards the left. They can therefore be categorized as centrist, and are found mostly in Europe and Latin America.
The line between Christian democrats and secularism is relatively thin; while most favor human rights over theocracy, the goal of Christian democracy is a democratic society inspired by Christian teachings, especially in an ethical dimension.
The morality plays
As social conservatives they are skeptical of same-sex marriage and abortion, although this does not mean that they won't favor it, but rather that they don't like it all that much. While Christian democratic rhetoric revolves around family, community and Christian values, Christian democrats are generally not fundamentalist, yet concerned about a societal breakdown or overuse of what they consider to be immoral.
Most make a difference between legislation and culture, something American conservatives have their problems with. Comparisons can be made with paleolibertarianism, as they believe that just because something is legal, it still doesn't mean you should do it, or if something is illegal that doesn't mean it's wrong to do it if nobody is harmed. Another big difference with other conservatives is that Christian democrats are not completely blind towards social change – even though they may not be particularly enamoured with it they may still embrace it (e. g., supporting single families instead of nuclear ones).
The economic balancing act
While most Christian democrats don't think highly of a command economy and democratic socialism, they do not demonize it as much as libertarians or American conservatives do. They generally favor universal health care, state-run unemployment insurance and welfare states, as they see all of this not only to be ethically right, but also as a strength to the community.