Colombia

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Map of Colombia.

Colombia (not "Columbia") is a South American country where Pablo Escobar was active. Much of the cocaine in the United States comes from Colombia, despite the US spending billions to stop it by aerially spraying millions of kilograms of herbicides on its farms and forests engaging in anti-coca spraying operations.

Since 1948, Colombia has been the battleground of numerous domestic conflicts varying in severity and intensity, and often overlapping. Colombia faces a massive problem with both left-wing guerrillas and far-right death squads, reminiscent of how it went down in Argentina in the '70s and Central America in the '80s. As a major escalator of this crisis, Álvaro Uribe (presidentialist dictator of Colombia from 2002 to 2010) was an ally of George W. Bush, and allowed the US armed forces to test their toys in the Colombian jungle to scare Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez. Since the enactment of a 2015 peace treaty with the largest guerrilla group, the FARC, the security situation in Colombia has improved somewhat, but outbreaks of violence are still an issue, especially in more rural and mountainous areas.

Colombia is a relic of the former Gran Colombia, which also included several other modern-day Latin American nations. It was the twin failed experiment to the Federal Republic of Central America, though Gran Colombia stood a chance while FR Central America was doomed from the start.

Human rights violations[edit]

Pacific Exploration & Production Corp and Ecopetrol[edit]

Puerto Gaitan, Meta is the area where 25% of the nation's oil is extracted, and environmental contamination affects the local Guahibo indigenous community. [1]

An increase in social, labor, environmental, and trade union conflicts between oil companies, local communities, and industry employees in Puerto Gaitan has coincided with a phenomenon in which individuals involved in social protests have increasingly become the subjects of criminal proceedings. According to the National Seismological Network and the Colombian Geological Service, 976 earthquakes were recorded between April 2, 2013, and June 28, 2016, as opposed to 11 from 1999 to 2013. Some 81% of the personnel surveyed felt that the company where they worked did not allow free and voluntary union membership, and 79% thought they could be fired in retaliation for joining the union USO. An imbalance is also evident within the justice system in which allegations of murder and physical aggressions targeting demonstrators are met with a weak judicial response, and tend to remain in impunity, while investigations in which private companies are allegedly the victims advance with speed and agility. In addition, the direct funding by oil companies of the armed forces and the Prosecutor General’s Office calls into question the impartiality of the justice system, the military, and the police.

Although the direct causal link between the oil industry and increased seismic activity has not been established with certainty, temporal and geographical coincidence indicates a high probability that reinjection is linked to increased tremors. There is also no clear regulatory framework with regards to reinjection [2]

Chiquita Banana Corporation and crimes against humanity[edit]

To date, no executive has been held to account despite the company’s admission in 2007 that it funneled millions of dollars to Colombian paramilitaries who killed, raped, and disappeared civilians. Even after outside counsel and the U.S. Department of Justice said such payments were illegal under U.S. law, the payments continued from 1997 to 2002. While civil litigation is pending in U.S. courts against Chiquita executives, no criminal prosecution is on the horizon. Colombia has not been able to get jurisdiction over them, and there is no indication that the United States would extradite the executives. [3] [4]

Child Sex Tourism[edit]

Tourism in Colombia has increased since the security situation improved in the 2000s. Sex tourism has been growing especially quickly, and a major problem is sex tourism involving minors. As many as 35,000 children are working as prostitutes in Colombia [5]

Refugees[edit]

As a result of political violence and organized crime violence throughout the 20th century, Colombia has 7.7 million internally displaced persons. [6]

Traditionally a net exporter of refugees, Colombia's relative stability in recent years and neighboring Venezuela's economic collapse has led to Colombia taking in 2.5 million Venezuelan refugees since 2017 (over 1.4 million in 2019 alone). [7] This has led to some xenophobic backlash against Venezuelans, despite the fact that Venezuelans have a similar ethnic makeup to Colombians, speak the same language, and mostly follow the same religion.

Local woo[edit]

  • V.M. Rabolú, one of the authors of the Hercolubus mythos, was born and died in Colombia

Creationist account of Colombia[edit]

When God created Colombia, He said: "Well, I'll give them mountains, all the climates, high biodiversity, shores on two oceans, many species of delicious fruits...". Then an angel told him: "Hey Lord, don't you think you're giving way too many good things". And God said "Just wait to see the thugs I'll give them for politicians".

References[edit]

  1. https://www.fidh.org/en/region/americas/colombia/oil-extraction-in-colombia-report-reveals-the-human-and-environmental
  2. https://www.fidh.org/IMG/pdf/colombia_executive_summary.pdf
  3. https://www.fidh.org/en/region/americas/colombia/human-rights-coalition-calls-on-icc-to-investigate-role-of-chiquita
  4. https://www.fidh.org/IMG/pdf/rapport_chiquita.pdf
  5. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1138712.stm
  6. www.refugeesinternational.org/reports/2018/11/23/colombia-two-crises-in-one-country
  7. www.worldpoliticsreview.com/trend-lines/28197/venezuelan-immigration-to-colombia-is-spiking-here-s-how-duque-is-handling-it
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