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National Bolshevism, also known as Nazbolism or Nazbol, is a neo-fascist and Third positionist ideology that somehow combines far-right and far-left positions. The origin of National Bolshevism can be traced back to the years following the Russian Revolution, when nationalist groups supportive of the new communist government broke with Lenin over the "national question" and sought their own countries, or for a more Russian-nationalist form of socialism. It was also briefly popular in Germany in the 1920s; its German supporters identified with the USSR because of their opposition to western liberalism and capitalism.
National Bolshevik Party
The modern National Bolshevik Party (Russian: Национал-большевистская партия, Natsional-bol'shevistskaya partiya) came about in the aftermath of the collapse of the USSR. It operated from 1993 to 2007 as a Russian political party with a political program of National Bolshevism, although it was never officially registered. Originally formed by Aleksander Dugin and Eduard Limonov, the party combined traditional Bolshevik ideology with radical nationalism, and adopted neo-Nazi symbolism. This includes their logo, a black hammer and sickle on a flag similar to that of Nazi Germany.
By 2007, the Russian government had banned the party, though by this point the party had already split into two groups. Supporters of Limonov founded the party The Other Russia, which followed a more traditional Leninist model and endorsed direct democracy and anti-fascism. Followers of the more right-wing Dugin created the National Bolshevik Front and embraced anti-semitism, ultra-conservatism and fascism as its primary ideological goals. Many Nazbols defected to mainstream Russian nationalist parties.
At some point, 4chan/8chan left-wing board /leftypol/ found out about this ideology and presumably due to its sheer edginess and the absurdity of its combining two extreme and incompatible belief systems, made an ironic meme about it called Nazbol Gang, which consists of satirical image macros (usually "deep fried") that are stylized to make them appear as if they are sponsored by Nazbols ("Hassan Nasrallah is NAZBOL [Meme made by Nazbol Gang]"). The meme was promoted by "shitposters" that were, at worst, dirtbag brocialists, but not actual National Bolsheviks; these ironic Nazbols presumably outnumber the real thing by a large degree. However, when the fine folks at /leftypol/'s toxic, far-right cousin /pol/ discovered this meme and researched it, they found out about Strasserism. Now they even have their own anthem ("Fuera Sionista").
- See the Wikipedia article on National Bolshevism.
- Ernst Jünger and National Bolshevism, Louis Dupeux, Magazine littéraire n°130, November 1977, reprinted on Niekisch Translation Project online, September 28, 2017.
- See the Wikipedia article on National Bolshevik Party.
- This Post Was Made By X Gang, Know Your Meme