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Aleksandr Gelyevich Dugin (Russian: Алекса́ндр Ге́льевич Ду́гин) (1962–) is a Russian fascist, who claims to have created a "fourth political theory" beyond capitalism, communism, and fascism, combining the best elements of all three. Dugin's fourth political theory is just a rehashing of third positionism, something that was described long before Dugin was born, by Gregor Strasser (1892–1934), and is known as Strasserism.
Most people in the civilized world (well… except for a few) deem him as a hatemonger and Nazi-Stalinist who rhetorically promotes expansionist wars for reclaiming Mother Russia to it's former glory without ever having gone to any actual wars himself, despite being (or, much more likely just claiming to be) one of Vladimir Putin's pet ideologues. The Nazi-Stalinist part is actually true: his stated political position is National Bolshevism. Dugin's influences include a variety of anti-semites and Nazis: Miguel Serrano, and Nazi Party philosopher Carl Schmitt.:89
Dugin's irredentist view of Russian nationalism is based on the concept of Eurasianism, a concept that he developed from Lev Gumilyov (or Gumilev) by adding Nazi ideology.:88 Eurasianism in Dugin's conception does not regard Belarus or Ukraine as independent entities from Russia.:93,141 Dugin's Eurasianism is opposed to the rule of law; it is opposed to the European Union and "Atlanticisim" (the US-UK alliance) in principle not based on specific actions; it views the rule of law and Western alliances as Jewish and is hence inherently anti-semitic.:89-90
Dugin dismissed fellow-fascist and Putin's most influential philosopher Ivan Ilyin (1883–1954) as an inferior philosopher, despite this, according to historian Timothy Snyder, "much of Dugin's writing reads like a parody of Ilyin.":90 Putin has referenced all three of them (Ilyin, Gumilev and Dugin) in his attempts to justify his autocracy.:88,91
His most significant accomplishments are:
- Writing a book on geopolitics (titled, appropriately enough, Foundations of Geopolitics) derived from obscure radical traditionalist and other reactionary ideologues such as Julius Evola and Nimrod de Rosario (a believer in Esoteric Nazism, a weird blend of Nazi occultism, neo-Gnosticism and Theosophy, claiming that Hitler was some kind of divine being who incarnated to purge the world of degeneracy or whatnot), claiming that "tellurocracy" (land-based politics partially based on ley lines) is inherently more stable than "thalassocracy" (sea-based politics based on pseudohistorical Atlantis, and reincarnated as the Western European seaborne empires, and then NATO and the US-UK alliance known as Atlanticism:89) because the former promotes peace, stability, tradition, and family while the latter promotes "degeneracy" (a.k.a., human rights, democracy, and small-l liberalism, which are somehow bad);
- Writing out his batshit insane ideology in a book titled The Fourth Political Theory, in which he mixes the philosophies of Martin Heidegger, Gilles Deleuze, and Félix Guattari, and the Situationists to outright demand World War III so that… something or other will prevail;
- Writing a slew of other batshit insane books where he exalts glorious Mother Russia, longs for the good old days of both Stalinism and Tsarism, and fiercely denounces the very idea of Ukraine (in a very Kramer-esque fashion); and
- Enthusiastically endorsing Donald Trump for President of the United States.
- Meeting and getting interviewed by Lauren Southern and Brittany Pettibone. Two far-right pundits who were banned from the UK.
- The anti-Semitism Fest Where Russian Spies, Code Pink, David Duke and the Nation of Islam Make Friends and Influence People: When a former U.S. intelligence officer was charged with spying for Iran, attention focused on the Tehran conference where she was radicalized. Meet New Horizon's bizarre collage of neo-Nazis and anti-imperialists, recruiters for Russian subversion, and unmitigated anti-Semitism by Alexander Reid Ross (Mar. 14, 2019) Haaretz.
- Четвертая политическая теория: материалы семинаров и конференций по политологии и политике в современном мире by Aleksandr Dugin (2011) MGU. ISBN 536701089X.
- See the Wikipedia article on Strasserism.
- The Eurasianist Threat by Robert Zubrin (March 3, 2014 9:00 AM) National Review.
- The Road to Unfreedom: Russia, Europe, America by Timothy Snyder (2018) Tim Duggan Books. ISBN 0525574468.
- Основы геополитики: геополитическое будущее России : мыслить пространством by Aleksandr Dugin (2000) Арктогея-центр. ISBN 5818600041.
- Foundations of Geopolitics by Aleksandr Dugin. Machine translation into English.
- See the Wikipedia article on Foundations of Geopolitics.
- See the Wikipedia article on The Fourth Political Theory.
- See the Russian Wikipedia article on
- Meeting Aleksandr Dugin by Brittany Pettibone (Jun 8, 2018) YouTube (archied from June 26, 2018).
- Aleksandr Dugin on Millennials, Modernity and Religion by Lauren Southern (Jun 19, 2018) YouTube.