| I thought this|
was supposed to be
- 1 Scholarly sources
- 2 Popular sources
- 2.1 September 2017
- 2.2 August 2017
- 2.3 June 2017
- 2.4 February 2017
- 2.5 January 2017
- 2.6 December 2016
- 2.7 November 2016
- 2.8 October 2016
- 2.9 September 2016
- 2.10 August 2016
- 2.11 July 2016
- 2.12 June 2016
- 2.13 April 2016
- 2.14 March 2016
- 2.15 November 2015
- 2.16 October 2015
- 2.17 September 2015
- 2.18 May 2015
- 2.19 March 2015
- 2.20 February 2015
- 2.21 January 2015
- 2.22 December 2014
- 2.23 November 2014
- 2.24 October 2014
- 2.25 September 2014
- 2.26 August 2014
- 2.27 July 2014
- 2.28 May 2014
- 2.29 March 2014
- 2.30 January 2014
- 2.31 October 2013
- 2.32 September 2013
- 2.33 August 2013
- 2.34 June 2013
- 2.35 May 2013
- 2.36 April 2013
- 2.37 March 2013
- 2.38 February 2013
- 2.39 January 2013
- 2.40 December 2012
- 2.41 November 2012
- 2.42 October 2012
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- 2.44 August 2012
- 2.45 July 2012
- 2.46 June 2012
- 2.47 May 2012
- 2.48 April 2012
- 2.49 March 2012
- 2.50 February 2012
- 2.51 January 2012
- 2.52 December 2011
- 2.53 October 2011
- 2.54 September 2011
- 2.55 August 2011
- 2.56 April 2011
- 2.57 March 2011
- 2.58 November 2010
- 2.59 May 2010
- 2.60 November 2009
- 2.61 October 2009
- 2.62 August 2009
- 2.63 Febuary 2009
- 2.64 January 2009
- 2.65 December 2008
- 2.66 June 2007
While the information on the site usually just contains names and affiliations, Elam has pointed out that the site could potentially list the addresses, phone numbers, and so forth, of the targeted individuals, creating anxiety on the part of those listen concerning harassment, stalking, and so on. In the past, Elam has put out "bounties" or cash rewards to get the name of an anonymous feminist blogger.26
There are at least 175 cognitive biases that interfere with rational decision making. A detailed list of biases may be found in RationalWiki (List of Cognitive Biases, 2016).
[....]List of Cognitive Biases (2016). In RationalWiki. Retrieved February 23, 2017 from http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/List_of_cognitive_biases
Brojakowski, Benjamin. DIGITAL WHITENESS IMPERIALISM: REDEFINING CAUCASIAN IDENTITY POST-BOSTON BOMBING. Dissertation. Graduate College of Bowling Green State University. August 2017.
Crisis Actors. Another common characteristic of conspiracy theory messages is the belief that crisis actors were used to embellish the impact of the attack or outright deny that the attack occurred. According to Rational Wiki (2017), a Wikipedia-style website aimed at educating individuals with unorthodox views, crisis actors are defined as “supposedly professional actors used by government agencies and/or mainstream media to deceive the public with portrayals of trauma and suffering. Specifically, they act as victims or witnesses in staged school shootings or hoax terrorist attacks” (Rational Wiki 2017, para. 1). One frequently retweeted message read “RT @elzhi_fan: CRISIS ACTORS ARE USED IN ALL FALSE FLAG EVENTS#SandyHook#BostonBombing#TsarnaevVerdict And so on and so on!! http://t.c…” The message included a link to a still image of a woman that was supposedly killed in the 2012 Sandy Hook school shooting, but was also later injured in the 2013 Boston Marathon Bombing. The image provides no proof that the woman was an actress or involved in either event, but was shared often among individuals promoting a conspiracy theory.
Smith, Jonathan. Critical Thinking: Pseudoscience and the Paranormal, 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, 2017. 9781119029489. Lists RationalWiki as a logical fallacy library.
5.4 Group Exercise: Identify the Fallacy
In this exercise, divide into two teams. Each team selects an example of a logical fallacy (from this chapter) from one of these websites:
Team 1 presents its example to Team 2. Team 2 has five minutes to identify it and explain it. If the explanation is acceptable to the moderator, Team 2 gets a point. Repeat for Team 2. Complete until each team has a chance to identify five logical fallacies. The team correctly identifying the most fallacies wins.
Dudley, Michael Q. "A Library Matter of Genocide: The Library of Congress and the Historiography of the Native American Holocaust." The International Indigenous Policy Journal, 2017. Cites International Tribunal into Crimes of Church and State.
It should be noted that the researcher has not read or even physically accessed every book in the sample, and therefore makes no claim as to the quality, scholarship, or accuracy of the books in question. This means that works of certain authors who may be the subject of some controversy are included in the sample without comment or qualification, including four by Ward Churchill (an historian of contested Indian ancestry who infamously referred to the World Trade Center workers killed in the 9/11 attacks as “little Eichmanns”) and one by independent Canadian genocide researcher Kevin Annett (whom some have called a fraud [International Tribunal into Crimes of Church and State, n.d.]). All that is of interest here is the ability to discover relevant monographs in the WorldCat catalogue.
[....]International Tribunal into Crimes of Church and State. (n.d.). RationalWiki. Retrieved from http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/International_Tribunal_into_Crimes_of_Church_and_State
Marshall, Simon, PhD, and Lesley Paterson. The Brave Athlete: Calm the F*ck Down and Rise to the Occasion. VeloPress 2017. 9781937716912. Cites List of cognitive biases.
Scientific studies tell us that you deceive your own brain far more often than you deceive others, you rarely know you're doing it, it's mostly harmless and probably even "natural," but you should porbably do the occasional self-check to stop it from getting out of hand (e.g., buying crap you can't afford).
The human brain is so prone to self-deception that many scientists now think it must serve a very useful purpose for survival? Why else would we constantly lie to ourselves in 70 different ways?*
[....]*"List of Cognitive biases," Rational Wiki, http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/List_of_cognitive_biases.
Game Theory: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice. Editor Management Association, Information Resources. IGI Global. 19 June 2017. 9781522525950. Cites homo economicus.
"This descriptive interpretation of game theory has come under recent criticism. Game theorists assume players are Homo economicus and always act rationally to maximize their payoffs ("Homo economicus", n.d.)
[....]Homo Economicus. (n.d.) Retreived from http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Homo_economicus
Washington, Donovan Antonio. Identifying the obstacles to racial inclusivity at the Bethany Seventh-day Adventist Church, a historically African American Congregation. Mercer University, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2017, 10598562. Cites Prejudice plus power.
Racism is defined for this project as prejudice against a racial minority group plus the power to oppress said minority group. The definition of "prejudice plus power" was first used in 1970 by Pat Bidol, a current adjunct professor at American University and popularized by Judith H. Katz in her 1978 book, White Awareness: Handbook for Anti-Racism Training. Judith Katz says, "It is important to push for the understanding that racism is 'prejudice plus power' and therefore people cannot be racist against whites in the Untied States. People of color can be prejudiced against whties but clearly do not have the power to enforce that prejudice."2 2 Racism definition online: http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Prejudice_plus_power (accessed January 1, 2017).
Imhoff, Roland and Pia Lamberty. "Too special to be duped: Need for uniqueness motivates conspiracy beliefs." European Journal of Social Psychology, October 2016. (To appear at doi:10.1002/ejsp.2265).
Endorsement of conspiracy theories. Based on a comprehensive list of circulating conspiracy theories (http://rationalwiki.org) we constructed a list of 99 different conspiracy theories (e.g., “Barack Obama is a Muslim from Hawaii.” or “The CIA shot down Malaysia Airlines Flight 17.”). These theories were presented in random order and participants were asked to rate their agreement with each conspiracy theory on a scale from 1 (strongly agree) to 7 (strongly disagree). In addition, we asked about their knowledge of these theories on a scale from 1 (do not know) to 7 (know in detail).
Savić, Dobrica. "Managing Diversity in the International Nuclear Information System." Grey Journal (TGJ) 13.1 (2017).
Bias and stereotype are somewhat related. While stereotype is a preconceived idea that attributes certain characteristics to all the members of a class or set, bias is an individual or personal preference3. For example, a statement such as - I think that grey literature has no academic or scientific merit - is a stereotype. However, if we have in front of us two equally valid documents, one published in a journal and the other in a personal blog, and we decide to use only the one from the journal – that is bias. 3 A list of cognitive biases can be found at http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/List_of_cognitive_biases
Henry, P. J., and Geoffrey Wetherell. Countries with Greater Gender Equality Have More Positive Attitudes and Laws Concerning Lesbians and Gay Men. Sex Roles: 1-10.
We assessed the average importance of religion to individuals across countries using a measure from the 2006–2008 Gallup Global Reports (also summarized under the RationalWiki web page “Importance of religion by country”). This report provides the percentage of people sampled in a particular country reporting that religion is important to them in their day-to-day life, with a theoretical range of 0 to 100. The actual range in our dataset was from 16.50 (Sweden) to 95.50 (Nigeria).
Menking, Amanda, David W. McDonald, and Mark Zachry. "Who wants to read this?: A method for measuring topical representativeness in user generated content systems." Briefly discusses the history of RationalWiki and Conservapedia:
In the case of Wikipedia, five years after it was established in 2001, Andrew Schlafly created Conservapedia in response to what he perceived to be the liberal biases perpetuated by the growing UGC system . RationalWiki, a wiki that does not claim to be an encyclopedia or value neutral point of view, was created in 2007 as a counter to Conservapedia after some editors were banned from the latter. Though Conservapedia and RationalWiki have failed to grow at the same rate and in the same ways as Wikipedia, the contributors to these UGC systems remain active and continue to maintain that Wikipedia does not represent their interests.
- Louw, Gabriel, and Andrè Duvenhage. "Do many South Africans still believe today in the supernatural, bad magic, witchcraft, witches and evil demons?" Ensovoort, 2016. Cites RationalWiki on the Satanic Panic:
In the Western world mass beliefs in the supernatural and its attributes dissipated mostly with time, but today it is still strong in India where the role of bad magic, built into the customs, beliefs and rituals of certain religious groups, still play a role. Even today the UK and the USA are sometimes still plagued by forms of witchcraft practices. The “Satanic Panic” of the 1980s in America, when it was believed that thousand of cults were conducting satanic rituals that involved the sacrificial mutilation of animals and the sexual abuse of children, is a good example. Also the so-called “recovered memory movement” in America from 1980 onwards, was nothing else than a Western parallel to medieval witchcraft.21,22,23
[....]23. Satanic Panic. Available from http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Satanic_Panic (accessed 27/01/2016).
- Rodriguez, Nathan. "Credible to Whom?" Establishing and Evaluating Digital Ethos and Online Credibility, 2016, pp. 142. Uses RW as a "debunking" example for FEMA death camps:
When one executes a web search for "FEMA death camps," "reptilian agenda," or any one of the more far-fetched conspiracy theories, advocates often outnumber skeptics by virtue of occupying terrain that others have not bothered to explore. Those who articulate conspiracy theories in the digital era therefore often produce the dominant texts on search engine result pages by virtue of the more marginalized issues existing beyond traditional journalism beats and popular public discourse. The first link is a YouTube video, "FEMA DEATH CAMPS EXPOSED (CIA IS AWARE)," the second is "Images for FEMA death camps" with four thumbnails of Google Image results. The two sources on the first page to debunk the theory, RationalWiki.org and PopularMechanics.com, compete "below the fold" with results including "List of All FEMA Concentration Camps in America," "CBS News Admits FEMA Camps Are Real," and a Yahoo! Answers link with a "Best Answer, Chosen by Voters" that affirms the theory.
- Coppersmith, Glen, et al. "The Clinical Panel: Leveraging Psychological Expertise During NLP Research." NLP+ CSS 2016 from the EMNLP 2016 Workshop on Natural Language Processing and Computational Social Science (2016): 132. Cites code word.
In any Q-H collaboration, the tendency to lapse into using specific semantically-laden terminology may lead to confusion without recognizing that the other side needs more explanation. For examples of this1, “self-medicate” is a clinical H euphemism for destructive behavior involving alcohol or drugs.
[....]1 Sometimes referred to as code words (http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Code_word) or groupspeak (Nguyen et al., 2015).
- Ramiz, Refet. "New Perspective for the Philosophy of Science: Re-Construction and Definition of New Branches & Hierarchy of Sciences." Philosophy 6.7 (2016): 377-416. Cites Branches of science you have to ignore to believe in young Earth creationism.
Branches of Science. Rationalwiki. <http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Branches_of_science_you_have_to_ignore_to_believe_in_young_Earth_creationism>. March, 2016.
- Furia, Carlo A. "Bayesian Statistics in Software Engineering: Practical Guide and Case Studies." arXiv preprint arXiv:1608.06865 (2016).
Assuming that they are equal is the “confusion of the inverse” .
[....] Confusion of the inverse. http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Confusion_of_the_inverse, February 2016.
- Lilly, Mary. 'The World is Not a Safe Place for Men': The Representational Politics of the Manosphere. Diss. Université d'Ottawa/University of Ottawa, 2016.
The RationalWiki entry on Gamergate defines it as a “reactionary and virulently misogynistic subculture in the video gaming community. The movement has its roots in anti-feminist attacks directed at media critic Anita Sarkeesian beginning in 2012, and came to fruition in 2014 as a hate campaign against independent game developer Zoë Quinn” about her sex life, (“Gamergate,” n.d.). Gamergate is an MRA-adjacent movement that MRAs involved themselves in and supported. Notable MRA Paul Elam claims that Gamergate was initiated “by MRAs within the gaming community,” (Paul Elam, 2015).
[...]Gamergate. (n.d.). In RationalWiki.
Manosphere support for Trump is related to—if not a subset of— another online political phenomenon—the alt-right subgroup of the neoreactionary (NRx) movement, which similarly folds xenophobia and misogyny into its ideology. The NRx movement (also known as the ‘Dark Enlightenment’) is “a loosely-defined cluster of internetbased political thinkers who wish to return society to forms of government older than liberal democracy,” (“Neoreactionary movement,” n.d.). Neoreactionaries are anti-democracy because they believe that democracy is inherently progressive and enabling of the march leftward (one of the founders of the movement is famous for putting it thus: ‘Cthulhu might swim slowly, but he swims left’ (“Dictionary,” 2014)). While little is known about how the manosphere and the NRx movement are related (if at all), there seems undoubtedly to be some overlap between the two. Broad themes of the NRx movement can include hostility to feminism, multiculturalism, and progressivism, as well as pickup artist jargon and men’s rights activism (ibid.). Neoreactionaries are also heavily involved in Gamergate, which—as was discussed in chapter 2—manosphere participants are also involved in (and may have incited) (Matthews, 2016).
[...]Neoreactionary movement. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Neoreactionary_movement
- Makrides, Vasilios. "Orthodox Christian rigorism: attempting to delineate a multifaceted phenomenon." Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society 3.2 (2016).
In this way, the phenomenon of converts, appearing sometimes as “born-again” Christians and expressing rigorist views, even against mainstream Orthodox believers, is not an exception. The usual features of rigorism mentioned above appear in many such cases in extreme and even idiosyncratic forms. Good examples thereof are the controversial street evangelist and cleric in the USA Nathanael Kapner, who is a convert to Orthodoxy from Judaism,56 and the writer, film director and public speaker Frank Schaeffer57. All this is indicative of the rich variety of the forms and ways in which Orthodox rigorism makes itself active, known and publicly visible. 56 See Nathanael Kapner on rationalwiki, available at: http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Nathanael_Kapner [24. 01. 2016].
- Gräbner, Claudius, Torsten Heinrich, and Henning Schwardt, eds. Policy Implications of Recent Advances in Evolutionary and Institutional Economics. Routledge, 2016. ISBN 1317500458, 9781317500452.
A "law" written on the back of an envelope by a young economist professor Artur Laffer at a diner with students in Los Angeles in 1974, postulating that, beyond a certain rate, the fiscal pressure had a strong disincentive effect on individual activities, an assessment that no study ever grounded. See http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Laffer_curve
- Hassani, Sadri. Commentary: The dangerous growth of pseudophysics. Physics Today 69(5), 10 (2016); doi: 10.1063/PT.3.3151.
In high school or in introductory college physics or chemistry courses, a five-minute weekly (extra-credit) quiz based on a 30- to 45-minute reading assignment can go a long way in making students aware of pseudoscientific nonsense and its danger to society. I suggest the encyclopedic resource http://rationalwiki.org as a starting point.
- Halstead, John. Godless Paganism: Voices of Non-theistic Pagans, n.p. Lulu Press, Inc, 2016. ISBN 1329988493 / ISBN 9781329988491 (Citing Eric S. Raymond)
- Merritt, Bob. "The Digital Revolution." Synthesis Lectures on Emerging Engineering Technologies 2.4 (2016): 1-109.
- Kurylo, Anastacia and Tatyana Dumova. Social Networking: Redefining Communication in the Digital Age. Quotes and cites Ivory Tower.
- Veracini, Lorenzo. "Housing and Home Unbound: Intersections in Economics, Environment and Politics in Australia, Chapter 8: Displacement as method." (no text is freely available, but Google's cache indicates it's a link to freeman on the land)
- Meyers, William R. "Methods for Studying Irrationality in Organizations, Institutions, and Social Movements: Overview and Two Case Studies: Climate Change Denial and Corporate Acquisitiveness." Social Science Methods for Psychodynamic Inquiry. Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2015. 203-222.
- Zollo, Fabiana, et al. "Debunking in a World of Tribes." arXiv preprint arXiv:1510.04267 (2015).
[#] Page name Page Link
[...]27 Rationalwiki www.facebook.com/226614404019306
- Heilman J (2015) Open Access to a High-Quality, Impartial, Point-of-Care Medical Summary Would Save Lives: Why Does It Not Exist? PLoS Med 12(8): e1001868. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001868. (Citing Citizendium.)
Nupedia faded, but Sanger gave the model a second try in 2007 with the launch of Citizendium. As of September 2014, it had less than 160 high-quality articles and struggled to raise enough money to stay online .
17. RationalWiki. Citizendium: Fiscal insolvency: the $65,000 question. http://rationalwiki.org/w/index.php?title=Citizendium&oldid=1376857#Fiscal_insolvency:_the_.2465.2C000_question. Accessed: 2014-11-20. (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6UEkCD1Lw)
- Reiss, Dorit Rubinstein, and Lois A. Weithorn. "Responding to the Childhood Vaccination Crisis: Legal Frameworks and Tools in the Context of Parental Vaccine Refusal." Buffalo Law Review 63 (2015). Citing Whale.to:
As a quick glance at its contents shows, Whale.to promotes conspiracy theories of all varieties, including Holocaust denial and alien abduction, and is sufficiently familiar to science advocates to be identified as a particularly noncredible source for citation and reliance: http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Whale.to.
- Katz, Jennifer, and Vanessa Tirone. "From the Agency Line to the Picket Line: Neoliberal Ideals, Sexual Realities, and Arguments about Abortion in the US." Sex Roles (2015): 1-8.
Information about MRAs, incels, and related topics can be found on websites such as http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/.
- WRIGHT, LAUREN. "Magic Beans and Dragons: The war against pseudoscience and misinformation." AQ: Australian Quarterly 86.2 (2015). Quoting Homeopaths Without Borders:
Homeopaths Without Borders (HWB) is a not-for-profit organisation founded in 1996 based on the humanitarian-aid organisation Doctors Without Borders or Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). HWB offers aid and knowledge in regions “where it does not yet exist or is minimally available”, and aims to “provide homeopathic care and healing in emergency situations”. At best, HWB provides a bit of water, sugar, and company to people while they heal naturally. At worst, they get in the way of the administration of actual medicine. “Essentially, [HWB] go to nations with sub-standard healthcare, and dilute it even more to make it 10-430 times as good as the healthcare in wealthier nations.” – RationalWiki on HWB.
- Cozzani, Franco. "Knowledge management 2.0: the proposal for Commipedia." Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy 9.1 (2015): 17-34. Citing Citizendium:
However, after an initial period of enthusiasm, content creation bottomed out: from 17,100 words added per day in the second quarter of 2008 to as low as about 600 in January 2014 (sources: on-line article about Citizendium from rationalwiki.org).
- Nieminen, Petteri, and Anne-Mari Mustonen. "Argumentation and fallacies in creationist writings against evolutionary theory." Evolution: Education and Outreach 7.1 (2014): 11. (Cites EvoWiki's "Evolution is Racist".)
- Davies, Cathie, and Bill Klingston. "Appraisal of the ISAAC ad hoc Committee Draft Report on Facilitated Communication". International Society for Augmentative and Alternative Communication. 30 June 2014. (Citing Bumblebee argument).
According to the website RationalWiki, some "anti-science" groups argue that science can be shown to be in error because bumblebees should not be able to fly and kangaroos should not be able to jump. RationalWiki's response is to observe that "... it is possible to "prove" that [a bumble bee can't fly and] a kangaroo can't jump if you leave out a few key variables ... but a full aerodynamic calculation (to say nothing of getting all empirical and watching a bumblebee fly) will show that the bumblebee's flight works perfectly fine."
- Sarkin-fada, Mohammed Abdul. "GAY MARRIAGE: NIGERIAN TRADITIONAL MARRIAGES IN THE 21ST CENTURY BETWEEN COLLAPSE AND REDEMPTION." INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCE RESEARCH. Volume 2, Issue 2, February 2014. (Citing Same-sex marriage).
"Same-sex marriage (also called gay marriage and marriage equality) is the union of two individuals of same sex in a marital relationship with the full legal rights and responsibilities allotted to this contract in a given jurisdiction" (rational wiki, 2013).
- Chapman, Simon, Ketan Joshi, and Luke Fry. "Fomenting sickness: nocebo priming of residents about expected wind turbine health farms." Frontiers in Public Health 2.279 (2014): 1-19. (Citing Wind Turbine Syndrome)
- Bernstein, Anita. "2013–2014 National Health Law Moot Court Competition Problem." Journal of Legal Medicine 35.3 (2014): 355-384. (Citing Huffington Post)
Not just the content but also the medium of Dr. Rutherford’s text evidences private rather than public content. ConnectSpace is essentially an electronic version of a personal journal. See Tienda v. State, 358 S.W. 3d 633, 634 n.3 (Tex. Crim. App. 2012) (describing MySpace and Facebook). If he had intended to join a public dialogue about vaccines as a cause of autism, Dr. Rutherford could have taken his speculation to the notoriously pseudo-scientific HuffingtonPost. See RationalWiki, http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/The_Huffington_Post.
- Leitch, Thomas. "Paradoxes of Authority." Wikipedia U: Knowledge, Authority, and Liberal Education in the Digital Age. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014. 31-56. (Citing Citizendium)
Ironically, Citizendium's insistence on recognizing the special role of experts and identifying its experts by name revealed further problems of authority. As the RationalWiki article on Citizendium contends:There's expertise and then there's certification as an expert, which is a social construct made of pieces of paper and (hopefully) accredited standards. Sometimes the two don't quite overlap. In the quest for expertise - "This article is good and I can explain why" - Citizendium went for credentialism - "This article is good because I have the authority to say so." ... But the most damaging part of the Citizendium approach was that the required credentials are inconsistent. Someone wishing to be a general editor in an academic field must prove they have a PhD, or are a tenure-track professor. ... But if they wanted the authority to take over articles in alternative medicine, they only had to prove that they were licensed to practice their branch of alternative medicine.Once advocates of homeopathic medicine were credentialed and protected as experts in their field, the result was a flood of articles endorsing homeopathic medicine duly approved by these experts, who successfully repelled all attempts by mainsteam scientists and physicians to question their authority.
- Nieminen, Petteri, Esko Ryökäs, and Anne-Mari Mustonen. "Systemic analysis of creationist claims: Source crticism, context, argumentation and experimental thinking." European Journal of Science and Theology 10.4 (2014): 4-26. (Citing 101 evidences for a young age of the Earth and the universe and creationist claims)
While there are comprehensive online collections of creationist claims  and Internet sites where some argumentative fallacies are also recognized [RationalWiki, 101 evidences for a young age of the Earth and the universe (rebuttal), http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/101_evidences_for_a_young_age_of_the_Earth_and_the_universe, 2013, accessed 1 June 2013.], there is an absence of analyses that combine all the above-mentioned aspects, which are basically irrelevant for the science content.
These aspects of creationist texts have not usually been discussed in the scientific rebuttals regarding the context of creating false beliefs in the audience [Creationist claims, http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Creationist_claims, 2013, accessed 1 June 2013].
- Nieminen, Petteri, and Anne-Mari Mustonen. "Argumentation and fallacies in creationist writings against evolutionary theory." Evolution: Education and Outreach 7.11 (2014): 1-14. (Citing evolution is racist)
Evolution is Racist. EvoWiki. A RationalWiki Foundation Project.
- Wilkins, John S. The Salem Region: Two Mindsets about Science The Philosophy of Pseudoscience 2014, forthcoming. (Citing Salem Hypothesis)
On the internet forums devoted to discussing creation science and intelligent design, a “hypothesis” has been presented, known as the “Salem hypothesis” [SH] after the commenter, Bruce Salem, who first mentioned it. It runs roughly like this5:Salem Hypothesis: … an education in the engineering disciplines forms a predisposition to [Scientific Creationist] viewpoints.
5Taken from the Rationalwiki site http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Salem_Hypothesis 11 July, 2015
Anonym, "Marital Rape", retrieved from http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Maritel-rape [sic] on March 2nd, 2012 at 15:51.
- Deventer, Jannie S.J. van. "The precious metals we prefer to ignore." Minerals Engineering 53 (2013): 266-275. (Citing ORMUS)
- Wilkins, John S. "The Salem Region: Two Mindsets about Science." Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem. Ed. Massimo Pigliucci and Maarten Boudry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013. 397-416. (Citing Salem Hypothesis)
- David, Marcella. "Trademark Unraveled: The U.S. Olympic Committee Versus Knitters of the World." Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology 14.2 (2013): 705-764. (Citing friend argument)
- Mackin, Glenn D. "The Aporia of Practical Reason: From Ethics to Politics." The Politics of Social Welfare in America. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013. 22-62. (Citing euphemism treadmill — critical)
- Navin, Mark. "Competing Epistemic Spaces: How Social Epistemology Helps Explain and Evaluate Vaccine Denialism." Social Theory and Practice 39.2 (2013): 241-264. (Citing vaccine hysteria)
- Greuel, Gert-Martin W. "Changes and Enhancements of the Publication Structure in Mathematics." Special Session on Topics and Issues in Electronic Publishing. Proc. of Joint Mathematics Meeting of the American Mathematical Society and Mathematical Association of America, San Diego. Ed. Klaus Kaiser, Steven G. Krantz, and Bernd Wegner. 2013. 41-56. (Citing Mohamed El Naschie)
- Dunlop, Rachael A. "The hijacking of scientific technology and terminology for profit." Science Under Siege: Zoology Under Threat. Ed. Peter Banks, Daniel Lunney, and Chris Dickman. Mosman: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, 2012. 90-95. (Citing Gish Gallop)
- Hendrickson, Heather, and Paul B. Rainey. "Evolution: How the unicorn got its horn." Nature 489.7417 (2012): 504-505. (Citing Lenski affair)
- Pennington, Jo, ed. "Freemen on the land: Nonsense or loophole?" Judiciary of England and Wales: Benchmark 57 (2012): 18-19. (Citing Freeman on the land)
- Brunn, Stanley D., Gerald R. Webster, and J. Clark Archer. "The Bible Belt in a Changing South: Shrinking, Relocating, and Multiple Buckles." Southeastern Geographer 51.4 (2011): 513-549. (Citing Bible Belt)
- Keeler, Mary, Josh Johnson, and Arun Majumdar. "Crowdsourced Knowledge: Peril and Promise for Complex Knowledge Systems." Proc. of Eighth International Conference on Complex Systems, Quincy. New England Complex Systems Institute, 2011. 753-767. (Citing The Fine Art of Baloney Detection)
- Opper, Melissa H. "WikiLeaks: Balancing First Amendment Rights with National Security." Loyola of Los Angeles Entertainment Law Review 31.3 (2011): 236-267. (Citing WikiLeaks)
- Lefrere, Paul. "Using Information (and Exformation) to Inform Action." Perspectives on Information. Ed. Magnus Ramage and D. A. Chapman. New York: Routledge, 2011. 77-90. (Citing Lenski affair)
- Paul Jacobs, "Christophobia Down Under", Townhall — cites Christophobia, even if we are "secularists" who "downplay the extent of trendy christophobic commentary and action".
- "Rapists given bail, victim's character questioned: HC order on rape outrages people", Times Now (India), 22 September 2017 — cites rape apology
- RationalWiki referenced in a snopes fact check on Katie Hopkins
- The Week article references our Unified Conspiracy Theory article
- Paste Magazine article quotes our definition of the Dunning-Kruger effect.
- A news article citing rationalwiki that that cryonics is pseudoscience, but it's certainly unexpected to be cited in an Anglican Church newsletter.
- Huffington Post: Cher Calls Out Trans-Exclusionary Group Of So-Called ‘Feminists’ — Cites our name and links directly to our article on trans-exclusionary radical feminism.
- Cher: Tweets her 3.12 million followers a direct link to our article on trans-exclusionary radical feminism and cites our name:
Trans-exclusionary radical feminism - RationalWiki ISNT LIFE ROUGH ENOUGH⁉️ WTF ARE THESE WOMEN⁉️ IM ASHAMED OF THEM 😤 http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Trans-exclusionary_radical_feminism
- Queens Chronicle: Vaccinations are key to good health worldwide — Quotes directly from our article on the anti-vaccination movement:
There are, however, those who oppose the idea of immunization, arguing that a person’s own immune system can deal with most infections naturally and that ingredients in vaccines may cause seizures, paralysis or even death in some individuals. Some claim that vaccinations have been responsible for triggering autism, ADHD and diabetes.
In fact, members of the anti-vaccination movement, defined by RationalWiki as a "loosely organized conspiracy theorist subculture," blame the medical practice of immunization for a wide range of health problems. Most scientists who have researched the issue debunk their claims.[...]
- Pharyngula: Any story of Kent Hovind needs more Nazi imagery — Professor P.Z. Myers of the University of Minnesota Morris reviews and discusses our article on Kent Hovind reaching cover status:
RationalWiki has an expanded front-page feature on Kent Hovind, and it’s pretty thorough — I learned a few new things. I hadn’t known that he claims to have four doctorates, and it has a good breakdown of several examples of his bad math. However…
Does it feature any apocalyptic imagery? No.
How many times does it mention Hitler? Only once.
Does it have a doom-laden industrial soundtrack? Nope.
Sorry, RationalWiki, but you are hampered by that “rational” thing. When you’re talking about Kent Hovind, you need to bring the gold-plated stupid to the fore.
[...]I do feel a lot of sympathy for the RationalWiki crew, though. Imagine if this Hovind “documentary” ever actually happens — the fact-checking will be exhausting. It’s going to be measured in errors/second, or lies/second.
- The Guardian: These are the best arguments from the 3% of climate scientist "skeptics". Really. — Links to and quotes directly from our article on Gish galloping:
Without strong evidence supporting their arguments, climate contrarians often resort to Gish Gallops to win arguments. In fact, the RationalWiki page on Gish Gallops lists another climate contrarian, Christoper Monckton among the well-known "abusers of this technique", alongside Donald Trump.[...]
- Friendly Atheist: Christian Teacher, Keen on Spreading Bible Stories, Found Hundreds of Impoverished Kids to Rape — Hemant Mehta links directly to our article on the No True Scotsman fallacy.
- New York Magazine: Why Peter Thiel Wants to Topple Gawker and Elect Donald Trump — Links to and directly quotes our article on the neoreactionary movement:
Trump has awoken the mainstream media to the "alt-right" and its cousin neoreaction (a.k.a. NRx or the Dark Enlightenment) — loosely related, web-based "movements" that combine internet culture with far-right politics.[...]
That claim stemmed from a single source: a blogger working under the nom de plume "Sorcha Faal" who publishes fabricated "news" accounts on the political conspiracy site whatdoesitmean.com. RationalWiki says of that blog and author:
“”Sorcha Faal is the alleged author of an ongoing series of "reports" published at WhatDoesItMean.com, whose work is of such quality that even other conspiracy nutters don't think much of it. Each report resembles a news story in its style but usually includes a sensational headline barely related to reality and quotes authoritative high-level Russian sources (such as the Russian Federal Security Service) to support its most outrageous claims. Except for the stuff attributed to unverifiable sources, the reports don't contain much original material. They are usually based on various news items from the mainstream media and/or whatever the clogosphere is currently hyperventilating about, with each item shoehorned into the conspiracy narrative the report is trying to establish.
- The New Republic: Following in his father’s footsteps, Donald Trump Jr. retweeted a white supremacist. — Cites our name and links directly to our article on Theodore Beale:
Vox Day is a pseudonym for science fiction writer Theodore Beale, who has a history of racist, sexist, and homophobic hate speech. Rationalwiki.org has compiled a mini-anthology of Beale’s greatest hits, which is worth examining.[...]
- Dr. Richard Carrier: Science Then: The Bible vs. The Greeks Edition — Cites our name in his writings and links directly to two of our articles; Science Confirms the Bible and Biblical scientific errors:
The closest to a version of this chart I could find is in Anthony Walker’s Transformation: Living a Christian Life, in which he says "the Bible is the only book that is accurate in all scientific details" and "it has never been proven incorrect in one scientific aspect" (pp. 23-24).
The data would seem to suggest that this is the most astonishing line of bullshit ever uttered in the history of the human race: just survey RationalWiki, Iron Chariots, Skeptics Annotated Bible, Science and the Bible Archive.[...]
- The Skeptic's Dictionary: The Skeptic's Dictionary Newsletter Volume 14 No. 8 — Cites our name and links directly to our article on Big Placebo:
Big Placebo refers to the companies that manufacture and sell homeopathic, naturopathic, and other placeborific "health" products. According to RationalWiki, the term was coined by Lindsay Beyerstein in 2009. Just how big Big Placebo is is difficult to measure.[...]
For anyone unfamiliar with Time Cube, it's arguably one of the most notorious single web pages online: an endless wall of text about the conspiracy to suppress an absurdist mathematical model of time. It's been impressively long-lived, having survived nearly two decades since its 1997 launch. While RationalWiki does a good job of explaining the context and themes, the site itself is so valuable in part because it's nearly impossible to translate the full impression of Time Cube into mere plaintext[.][...]
- The Conversation: Why Conspiracy Theories Aren't Harmless Fun — Links directly to our article on the International Jewish Conspiracy.
Most of what has been done has concentrated on issues of rationality and epistemology: is it rational to believe in conspiracy theories?
Interestingly, the answer is: more rational than we might think. After all, conspiracy theories manage to explain all the loose ends (“errant data”) that the ‘official’ story doesn’t. Viewed purely as a form of inference to best explanation, conspiracy reasoning doesn’t seem to be inherently illogical on its face.
However, as Byford points out, conspiracy theory is a “tradition of explanation” (conspiracy theories don’t arise from nowhere but draw upon earlier narratives, often with deeply problematic origins) that has a shockingly bad strike rate. Real conspiracies have certainly happened – Watergate, Iran-Contra etc. – but how many have ever been uncovered by conspiracy theorists?[...]
- TheRightStuff.biz has been getting their jimmies rustled by RationalWiki.
- b3ta newsletter #664 links List of scientists who became creationists after studying the evidence.
- "What happened to rationalwiki?", from "I am an Atheist and this is why".
- Blogger Valerie Tarico links to evidence for the historical existence of Jesus Christ in a post about what Jesus looked like.
- Phil Plait:  — Last Thursdayism
- Snopes: where Snopes debunks Obama nuking Charleston, SC using both the Sorcha Faal and European Union Times articles.
- DeSmogBlog: Anti-Science Associations: Rand Paul, Jane Orient, Art Robinson, Willie Soon And Friends — A Scientific Dissent From Darwinism, Andrew Schlafly, Association of American Physicians and Surgeons, Discovery Institute, Arthur Robinson
- Tom Boggioni, Raw Story: Gamergate’s savage defender is a tortured soul who turns Tori Amos songs into terrible poetry - No True Scotsman
- Amanda Marcotte, RH Reality Check: No, Asking for Corporate Accountability or Subway Courtesy Is Not ‘Slut-Shaming’ - balance fallacy
- Hoyden About Town: Today in Wikiwalks: Rational Wiki’s Pseudolaws section.
- Amanda Marcotte, RawStory, "MIT professor explains: The real oppression is having to learn to talk to women", JAQing off
- Refutations to Anti-Vaccine Memes Facebook page links to our article on Whale.to to explain Scopie's Law
- Ex-Communications uses our article on Fundamentalism to define it.
- The Columbian cites our article on The War on Christmas
- Slate reports on Michigan State Origin Summit and uses our Gish Gallop article to describe creationist debate strategies.
- Skeptical Science cites our articles on the banana fallacy and Poe's Law.
- xkcd mentioned Roko's basilisk and the AI-box experiment; didn't link us, but our articles melted and Eliezer Yudkowsky hits the roof.
- Michael J. I. Brown of The Conversation: What I learned from debating science with trolls.
- Econoblogger Noah Smith and friends upvote the Galileo gambit. ("[It's] like Wikipedia except you get to use words like 'freakishly.'")
- RationalWiki and JAQing off get a mention on NewsWithViews.com. Needless to say, the author misunderstands both RW and the article.
- David Gorski on cryonics at Science Based Medicine links our article.
- Slate covers Roko's Basilisk, citing our article.
- Gawker cites us as one entity threatened with a spurious lawsuit by Kevin Martin.
- Discover Magazine blogger Keith Kloor likes our selection of "ghoulishly absurd" conspiracy theories touted by Mike Adams of NaturalNews.
- Sheffield Hallam University's David Clarke gives credit to RW's study of the Solway Firth Spaceman.
- Jan Willem Nienhuys, in a guest post for Edzard Ernst's blog, cites our article on Homeopathy in Healthcare: Effectiveness, Appropriateness, Safety, Costs.
- Metro: Så sätter nätet spinn på vandringssägnerna (Translated from Swedish: How urban legends are spun on the web) — Links to and quotes directly from our article on the Atheist professor myth.
- Wonkette uses us to debunk Kevin Annett's International Tribunal into Crimes of Church and State.
- The Raw Story: "Conservatives Have Figured Out a Disturbingly Effective Strategy: Tell Lots and Lots of Lies", with link at the top to Gish Gallop.
- Sixth mention on Snopes. Our ass is hot.
- Snopes uses us for the fourth and fifth time in a row to take down WhatDoesItMean.
- Ken Perrot talks about the analysis at A Scientific Dissent From Darwinism, and learns all about wingnut welfare.
- Wonkette links to Hitler and evolution as a reference to debunk the idea that Nazism was related to evolution.
- Judith Curry cites RationalWiki's definition of anti-science to (counter-)attack Michael Mann; the mention was later reproduced on Watts Up With That. Wonder how would Curry and Watts react if they bothered to find out what the wiki says about them...
- Belgian news website Express.be quotes us on Pommer's Law.
- Anti-Bitcoin site "Buttcoin" cites our definition of Freeman on the land in the article "Bitcoiners rally around a Freeman’s right to not be enslaved by the state to pay his speeding ticket."
- Snopes refers to us again and again. Rule of three?
- NBC News links to The Fine Art of Baloney Detection: "Before you get swept up in an artfully crafted argument, apply some scientific principles to the claims. As the late astronomer Carl Sagan said, 'Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence.' Sagan's own baloney detection kit is a good place to start. (RationalWiki has boiled down his essay to hit the bullet points.)"
- Hoyle's fallacy is linked by a post on Uncommon Descent. Ewwwww!
- Our Solway Firth Spaceman article gets mentioned in the Fortean Times.
- TheBlaze - yes, Glenn Beck's news site - uses our Sorcha Faal article as part of debunking a Faal "report" in the European Union Times.
- RationalWiki's definition of a false dilemma is cited in a BioLogos blog...
- Made-up atheist "deity" Fidem Turbare links to our article on her. Her omniscience doesn't extend as far as realising the article is now in funspace.
- Someone submitted a complaint against RationalWiki to Ripoff Report. The complaint accuses us of being "left winded" (sic! and sick!) and cites such reliable sources as Sean Manchester's blog and a thread at a random Internet forum. They also claim to have "filed with the state." Would that be with the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services?
- Omega Virgin Revolt, an extremist crackpot, cites our Joseph Mercola article while trying to explain that Mercola's pseudoscience makes him a secret feminist. No, that doesn't make any sense to us, either, but the author is technically using us as an anti-pseudoscience resource!
- Dr. Christian Jessen tweets a link to RW's article on cranioproctosis.
- Dan Gillmor tweets RW.
- John Scalzi links to our article on Theodore Beale in his post explaining how he'll solve his "Racist Sexist Homophobic Dipshit Problem."
- Edzard Ernst mentions us (admittedly when talking about his own "law").
- Ben Goldacre tweets a link to Gish Gallop.
- Dave Mustaine Adds Another Nutty Conspiracy Theory To His War Chest (KFMX.com, 7 January 2013) — links and recommends chemtrails
- Artist Julie Freeman directs tweeters to Freeman on the land.
- We're becoming a bit of a dirty pleasure for scholars: anthropologists Lee Berger (the discoverer of Australopithecus sediba), and Darren Curnoe (best known for his work on the Red Deer Cave People), link to our debunking of Baraminology.
- Anyone from Haledon, New Jersey? Your Mayor says hello.
- Peter Gleick (of Gleickleak) links to fractal wrongness, then retweeted by Slate's Will Oremus.
- UCLA geneticist Leonid Kruglyak links to the Galileo gambit.
- Michael Prescott very originally refers to irrationalwiki in his blog.
- Ed Brayton notices his article here.
- RW gets a shout-out from the Betentacled One for noticing the image of a plushie in Answers Research Journal Volume 5.
- Minnesota cartoonist Mike Toft uses RationalWiki's acupuncture article as a source of information for a comic tract entitled Alternative Medicine On Trial ...which is currently inaccessible online.
- Dave Gamble's review of the alledgedly peer-reviewed ID literature cites a large number of RationalWiki articles.
- After the first Obama/Romney debate, people all over the Internet linked to our article on the Gish Gallop, including a post at Angry Black Lady Chronicles that got linked/reproduced by Balloon Juice (though she seems to be confusing RW with Wikipedia).
- Georgia congressman Paul Broun's tirade against the "hellish lies" of evolution, Big Bang and embryology draws a response from Why Evolution Is True that links to our Scientific storkism article.
- Professor Brian Cox (and former Lib Dem MP Evan Harris) likes to do the RationalWiki.
- Good morning, Carl.
- Oxford neuropsychologist Dorothy Bishop links to the Gish Gallop to describe Noam Chomsky.
- Lojban fans discuss the Lojban article on Reddit.
- The Sensuous Curmudgeon links to to Salem Hypothesis while talking about a creationist rocket scientist.
- Jason Thibeault of Freethought Blogs links to our article on the Brights Movement
- Sal Cordova of Uncommon Descent quotes, but does not link to, our article on VenomFangX.
- Since Paul Ryan's elevation to vice-presidential nominee there's been increasing interest in our Randroid-bashing. From Paweł Morski and Katie Martin of WSJ: "That link has kept me giggling for a good while."
- Mano Singham of FtB links to our article on Poe's Law in a blog post
- The evil feminists have found the banana.
- Someone tries to creates an article about Godlike Productions in Wikipedia, putting RationalWiki's article in the External links section. An old "friend" swoops in to remove the link.
- Richard Carrier refers readers to our articles on Cristina Rad and Thunderf00t.
- ThinkProgress links to our Gish Gallop article.
- The YouTube vlogger TheAmazingAtheist complains that RationalWiki's article on him has been "trashed" by "trolls."
- RationalWiki's page on the Rothschild family is cited under "References and Further Reading" of Brian Dunning's Skeptoid podcast on the Rothschilds. Has RW reached the point, where, as with Wikipedia, we should be careful not to be fed back our own bullshit by various "reliable" sources?
- RationalWiki is highlighted in a Royal Psychological Society-approved student guide for critical thinking, encouraging readers to look up some cranks.
- Scott Gavura of Science-Based Medicine quotes our article on science was wrong before, and also links to Galileo gambit and Argumentum ad populum, in a post about the anti-vaccine movement.
- RationalWiki is cited to back up the claim that no Freeman on the land "has ever succeeded in a court." Which may go some way as to explaining all the BoNs that have tried to 'correct' us on this.
- "RationalWiki is a Front for Socialist Indoctrination", according to a blog going by the name of "Economic Sanity" attacking our article on the Austrian School.
- Jerry Coyne links to 101 evidences for a young age of the Earth and the universe (at David's request; PZ does the same a few days later).
- RationalWiki is mentioned in print again, this time on the Lenski affair in Cambridge paleontologist Robert Asher's book on accommodationism.
- Greta Christina's book, Why Are You Atheists So Angry? 99 Things That Piss Off The Godless lists RationalWiki in one of its resource sections, giving us actual mention in print.
- A Colorado militia movement blog christens us "RidicuWiki." "But I thought this was supposed to be RATIONALWiki!" Drink!
- The folks at Planned Parenthood retweet RationalWiki's birth control entry.
- Abuz Zubair at Islamic Awakening on his article: "My son should sue the pigs for libel." We're quaking.
- Casey Luskin at Evolution News and Views credits us with inventing the phrase "promote the teaching of intelligent design while questioning the academic standing of evolution" to describe the function of the Santorum Amendment.
- Critical blogpost on our memetics article.
- Schematic of the RationalWiki-patented ironometer (as seen here) on UofT biochemist Larry Moran's Sandwalk (though without attribution to this site).
- Mentioned in an Irish Metal forum Really, combining the delights of Ireland and heavy metal, what's not to love? Also, amusing "artist's impression."
- VDARE: "Announcing VDARE.com’s War On Christmas Competition 2011—Defy The Deniers!"
- Random blogpost by a reader: "Website: RationalWiki"
- Exposing PseudoAstronomy references Question Evolution among others.
- A former user points out misogyny on RationalWiki.
- Page on SPAG referenced by the Lousy Canuck.
- Bitcoin page is discussed on Reddit.
- Quoted in Know Your Meme's entry on Poe's Law.
- Ben Radford, writing for CSI's Sceptical Inquirer magazine, reprinted a copy of our article on Ghost Hunters in Issue 6 (Volume 34). A scan of the page is available here. Possibly the first RationalWiki article to make it in to old media.
- Lenski affair on Pharyngula.
- PZ Myers notes that he now has an article on Uncyclopedia, adding that he also has one on Wikipedia, Conservapedia, and "I should not forget Rational Wiki."
- Carl Zimmer mentions the Lenski affair in his talk "Newspapers, Blogs and Other Vectors: Infecting Minds in the Age of New Media."
- The Search for a Search - Measuring the Information Cost of Higher Level Search refutation and related controversy is subject of a post on Good Math, Bad Math on ScienceBlogs. See also the Uncommon Descent post.
- Ancient SCEPCOP Forum thread: "RationalWiki ridicules SCEPCOP in its entry on us"
- Los Angeles Times: Article about Conservapedia briefly mentions RationalWiki in its very early days.