The Great Replacement
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The Great Replacement (French: Le Grand Remplacement), is a racist, Islamophobic, anti-semitic, white nationalist, far-right genocide conspiracy theory originating in France, which asserts that the white Christian French people, and by extension the white Christian European population of either Europe, North America (United States and Canada), or Australia and New Zealand "is being systematically replaced with non-European people", specifically Muslims (including Muslim European Turks, Bosniaks and Kosovars) and non-whites from other countries through mass immigration and low birth rates. All this courtesy of a global élite gang of conspirators, probably based in Brussels or for the more crackpot elements out there the Jews. The theory is used interchangeably with the White Genocide conspiracy theory.
The theory originates with a 2012 book called The Great Replacement (Le Grand Remplacement) by French writer Renaud Camus. Camus started out promoting white gay separatism in books such as Tricks: 33 Stories; according to Musab Younis:
Being fucked by Arabs, Camus felt, was passé: what mattered above all was same-race, same-sex intercourse and the extinction of difference: white men who identified as gay should fuck white men, and do so in conspicuously gay spaces.
Camus based his theory on ideas put forward in the 1972 book The Camp of the Saints, a novel by Jean Raspail, which describes "mass immigration destroying Western civilization" (and which enjoyed a renewed burst of popularity around 2011), and the Eurabia conspiracy theory. He formed the curiously-named political party "Party of No-harm" (French: Le Parti de l’In-nocence), which pushes a mix of left and right-wing policies to no electoral success. Today, Camus is the acceptable face of anti-immigrant and anti-Muslim politics, appearing "plausibly high-minded, principally aesthetic, even well-mannered"; historian Mark Lilla called him "a kind of connective tissue between the far right and the respectable right".
The slogans "You Will Not Replace Us" and "Jews Will Not Replace Us" used by alt-right protestors during the violent Charlottesville riots in Charlottesville, Virginia, USA has been associated with, and is ostensibly derived from, The Great Replacement conspiracy theory.
Christchurch terrorist manifesto
The Australia-born Christchurch terrorist attacks shooter Brenton Harrsion Tarrant named his manifesto after this theory. Although the manifesto contained numerous references to the Great Replacement theory, the majority of the manifesto consists of a mix of unrelated white nationalist talking points and alt-right propaganda taken from the internet. The reaction to the manifesto attracted attention to other groups using comparable rhetoric, and led to Facebook banning white nationalist propaganda from their platform.
El Paso terrorist manifesto
Patrick Crusius of Allen, Texas the perpetrator of the El Paso Walmart shooting at a Walmart store in El Paso, Texas was also influenced by the theory, and mentioned in his manifesto The Inconvient Truth a supposed "Hispanic invasion of Texas" and claimed he was "simply trying to defend my country from ethnic and cultural replacement brought on by an invasion" as well as praising the aforementioned Brenton Harrison Tarrant and his manifesto. Additionally Crusius also read Tarrant's The Great Replacement manifesto.
- Alt-right glossary
- Peter Frost
- Identity Evropa/American Identity Movement (IE/AIM) — one of the main components of the Identitarian movement in the United States/North America.
- The Kalergi Plan — a different white genocide conspiracy theory
- Le Grand Remplacement by Renaud Camus (2011) D. Reinharc. ISBN 2358690317.
- "Bitch Nation" by Musab Younis, London Review of Books, Vol. 41 No. 3 · 7 February 2019, pages 39-40
- "Autant j'aime Renaud Camus, autant je suis mal à l'aise avec le parti de l'In-nocence", Emmanuel Carrère, L'Express, 31 Jan 2012
- The French Origins of "You Will Not Replace Us", Thomas Chatterton Williams, New Yorker, 4 Dec 2017
- Renaud Camus's ideas may have inspired the Christchurch mosque slayings in New Zealand McAuley, James. Washington Post - March 15, 2019.
- Facebook to ban white nationalism after mosque attacks
- Arango, Tim; Bogel-Burroughs, Nicholas; Benner, Katie (August 3, 2019). "Minutes Before El Paso Killing, Hate-Filled Manifesto Appears Online". The New York Times.
- Austria mulls dissolving far-right movement over Christchurch links, The Guardian, 27 Mar 2019