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Zero Hedge

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Zero Hedge is a batshit insane Austrian school finance blog run by two pseudonymous founders who post articles under the name "Tyler Durden," after the character from Fight Club. It's essentially apocalypse porn. It has accurately predicted 200 of the last 2 recessions.[citation NOT needed]

Tyler claims to be a "believer in a sweeping conspiracy that casts the alumni of Goldman Sachs as a powerful cabal at the helm of U.S. policy, with the Treasury and the Federal Reserve colluding to preserve the status quo." While this is not an entirely unreasonable statement of the problem,[1] his solution actually mirrors the antagonist in Fight Club: Tyler wants, per Austrian school ideas, to lead a catastrophic market crash in order to destroy banking institutions and bring back "real" free market capitalism.[2]

The site posts nearly indecipherable analyses of multiple seemingly unrelated subjects to point towards a consistent theme of economic collapse any day now. Tyler seems to repeat The Economic Collapse Blog's idea of posting blog articles many times a day and encouraging people to post it as far and wide as humanly possible. Tyler moves away from the format of long lists to write insanely dense volumes[note 1] filled with (often contradicting) jargon that makes one wonder if the writers even know what the words actually mean.[4] The site first appeared in early 2009, meaning that (given Tyler's habit of taking a shit on each and every positive data point), anyone listening to him from the beginning missed the entire 2009-2020 rally in the equities market.

The only writer conclusively identified is Daniel Ivandjiiski,Wikipedia who conducts public interviews on behalf of Zero Hedge.[5] The blog came online several days after he lost his job at Wexford Capital, a Connecticut-based hedge fund (run by a former Goldman trader). Later Colin Lokey joined Zero Hedge's writing team in 2015 and left in April 2016 publishing an article identifying the writing team as Dan Ivandjiiski, Tim Backshall, and himself. This is quite a bit less than the 40 or so writers Ivandjiiski claimed to be on staff in earlier years. Note that they chose the pen name from a nihilistic psychotic delusion.

Zero Hedge is not quite the NaturalNews of economics, but not for want of trying. The Hamilton 68 Project notes an enduring popularity of the site among PutinBot Twitter accounts.[6]

Actually doing some good[edit]

Zero Hedge came to public notoriety when it brought to light the number of high frequency computer trades (flash trades) conducted by Goldman Sachs in Tyler's more condensed and coherent analyses. Goldman Sachs used this data as a form of arbitrage to make a profit off penny differences in bid/ask prices. This was picked up by Bloomberg for a piece called "Goldman Sachs Loses Grip on Its Doomsday Machine" by Jonathan Weil.[7] This caused the SEC to change weekly financial reporting and propose to ban flash trading altogether.

With Zero Hedge receiving more attention from the mainstream media, Matt Taibbi decided to interview and publish the resulting story about Goldman Sachs in Rolling Stone.[8] There he snarkily stated that Goldman is controlling and manipulating everything in order to make money:

From tech stocks to high gas prices, Goldman Sachs has engineered every major market manipulation since the Great Depression — and they're about to do it again.
—Matt Taibbi

Zero Hedge later earned what started as a severe mocking by CNBC analyst Dennis Kneale,[9][10] and turned into a mocking rant by Kneale "calling top indie finance blogs such as Zero Hedge a bunch of idiots who live in their mothers’ basements" when Zero Hedge refused to show up. Zero Hedge championed it as an absolute victory, including a temporary drop in CNBC's viewership[11] and forcing Kneale out of CNBC Kneale accepting a position at Fox Business.[12]

Accusations of plagiarism[edit]

Tyler has a habit of taking other people's research, sometimes adding a slant to it of economic doom if it isn't there already, and posting it on Zero Hedge.[13] This included a series of reports leaked from Merrill Lynch's chief economist David Rosenberg.[14] Lawyers were sent with takedown notices, and were not moved by his claims of censorship about publishing their copyrighted documents. Morgan Stanley had the same issue later, and is considering legal action in addition to demanding the material be taken down.[15]

About the authors[edit]

Ivandjiiski's history is a little odd, since he moved to the United States from Bulgaria to study at the University of Pennsylvania in order to pursue molecular biology (then go on to med school). Instead, he took a job as a junior investment banker at Jefferies & Company in Los Angeles, and continued in finance. It is interesting to note that in 2005, while working for Miller Buckfire, he was barred from working in the broker-dealer business due to insider trading amounting to $780.

Dan denies that he founded the site, but he claims no other profession and to be the primary author of a number of the articles. He claims he writes with a staff of up to 40 other writers that work for Zero Hedge. However, secrecy is paramount in case They find out.

"Creative" journalism is apparently not out of place in the Ivandjiiski family either. His father Krassimir IvandjiiskiWikipedia runs a cranky tabloid called Bulgaria Confidential, which received brief notoriety in the US after publishing a story about massive drug trafficking and corruption in Montana, picked up by an independent US rag Free Speech Newspaper.[16] There, Krassimir and Free Speech claimed that the governor was an alcoholic drug abuser who helped turn his state into one of the pits of drug trafficking in the US.[17] The governor fired off complaints about slander, while many wondered why a state with barely a million people[18] and only a small handful of highways, hundreds of miles from any major population center, could have more drug runners than the West Coast.[note 2]

A telling article was written in 2016 about the blog's operations after a falling out between Colin Lokey and the forty two other authors at the blog.[19] The article included private chat logs between the authors emphasizing punishing 24/7 deadlines and an overwhelming profit motive to support the authors' extravagant lifestyles, which conflicted with the image of their anti-establishment, anti-capitalist icon Tyler Durden. To quote Lokey, "[t]wo guys who live a lifestyle you only dream of are pretending to speak for you." Lokey's resignation was also rather telling about the site's bias in heavily cheerleading for authoritarian, autocratic governments with terrible civil rights and human rights records and against freer, democratic societies:

"I can’t be a 24-hour cheerleader for Hezbollah, Moscow, Tehran, Beijing, and Trump anymore. It’s wrong. Period. I know it gets you views now, but it will kill your brand over the long run," Lokey texted Ivandjiiski. "This isn’t a revolution. It’s a joke."

Allegations of "pump and dump" involvement[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Pump and dump

Ironically, Zero Hedge has itself been accused of some of the manipulation it claims to expose. A company called Noble Investments Limited claims that a financial consultant paid Zero Hedge and a nut from Forbes to write a defamatory blog post about the company, which he then linked to immediately.

Accordingly, just fourteen minutes after the Dalrymple GFC Reptort was published on, Weinberg published a fully formed blog entry, including pictures, in which he summarized and quoted from the report, and provided readers a link to Ivandjiiski’s blog entry on where they could download the report. Weinberg did not acknowledge that had "broken" the story fourteen minutes earlier or state anywhere in the blog that the link from which readers were invited to download the report pointed to Ivandjiiski’s blog entry on[20]

The law firm behind the suit describes Zero Hedge as "a portal for people to anonymously distribute derogatory information concerning public companies", giving the impression that Zero Hedge may well have arranged many such pay-to-defame schemes.

Devolution into just another shitty wingnut site[edit]

As of June 2020, Zero Hedge has placed a significantly increased amount of effort on amplifying right-wing conspiracy theories and other far-right political news well beyond their original mostly economic scope. A sampling of the site on June 16, 2020, for instance, shows negative stories on the Capitol Hill Autonomous ZoneWikipedia, Ron Paul calling worries about a "second wave" of COVID-19 in the United States a "hoax",[note 3] a nonsensical story trying to rewrite the narrative on the Russian hacking of Democratic documents,Wikipedia and a story by Pat Buchanan who apparently thinks flying the traitor battle flag Confederate flag is a great way of showing your love for the United States of America.[22]

Zero Hedge is widely considered ideologically friendly with Russia,[23] to the point where US intelligence officials have on occasion felt the need warn US presidents about Zero Hedge's role in amplifying Kremlin propaganda.[24] Thus the non-economic content can be seen as a sympathetic regurgitation of content and ideology that might be on Russia Today. Right wing conspiracy bullshit is, of course, very profitable.[25], so there is also a good "business case" for the shift in site tone… unless you take it too far.

In February 2020, Zero Hedge got banned from Twitter for making false claims about the 2019-20 COVID-19 outbreak, and for doxxing the Chinese scientist about whom they made the false claims.[26] However, the ban was lifted after further appeal.[27]

On June 16, 2020, Google likewise had enough of the bullshit on Zero Hedge and banned the site from making money off of its platform, at least for now.[28] Basically, catering to the conspiracy crowd resulted in a user commentary section that was simply too toxic for Google to run advertisements against. Zero Hedge revealed on June 17, 2020 that PaypalWikipedia dropped Zero Hedge for the same reason.[29]

Zero Hedge was deprecated as a Wikipedia source (should not be used as a source for anything) on 19 June 2020, due to its propagation of conspiracy theories and false or misleading information.[30]

Followers of finance will still often read Zero Hedge, but the pickings are slimmer and slimmer.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. Some essays are more than 3,000 words each, plus graphs[3]
  2. Not really wonder, Krassimir obviously doesn't know shit about Montana. I-5, stretching from Seattle to San Diego, is a very notorious trafficking area, one that is an easy straight shot up and down the West Coast through a number of massive cities filled with millions of people, ultimately ending at the Canadian and Mexican borders.
  3. Ironically just above a story where Beijing,Wikipedia China was increasing lockdowns due to a second wave happening there.[21]


  1. See the Wikipedia article on Goldman Sachs controversies.
  2. The Dow Zero Insurgency, New York Magazine
  3. "So Much For John Burbank Turning Bearish On Gold"
  4. "Head Of Eurogroup Admits To Lying About 'Secret Greek Meeting' Out Of Fears For Market Collapse - 'When It Becomes Serious, You Have To Lie'"
  5. Bio from the NY Post, with one of the least original article names ever
  6. Hamilton 68
  7. The article
  8. The Great American Bubble Machine and Why Isn't Wall Street in Jail?
  9. Fight Club: ZeroHedge v. CNBC - Round One
  10. Fight Club: ZeroHedge v. CNBC - Round Two
  11. "CNBC Viewership Plunges 50% In October"
  12. Dennis Kneale to Join Fox Business Network
  13. "Things That Make You Go Hmmmm - Where There's Smoke There's Fire"
  14. "Merrill Lynch – Muzzling Zero Hedge and Rosenberg"
  15. Morgan Stanley May Sue Zero Hedge For Publishing Their Research As Its Own, Business Insider
  16. "Drugs Are Trafficked From Canada to the US"
  17. Reply to Governor Marc Racicot by Free Speech
  18. 1,032,949 as of 2015
  19. Bloomberg Markets - Unmasking the Men Behind Zero Hedge, Wall Street's Renegade Blog
  20. Noble Investments Limited v. Dalrymple Finance LLC
  21. "China races to contain a second wave of coronavirus cases in Beijing" by Ramy Inocencio, CBS News, 2020 June 16
  22. Zero Hedge front page, J2020 June 16, archived on 2020 Jun 17 02:34:59 UTC
  23. "Russian Social Media Influence: Understanding Russian Propaganda in Eastern Europe by Todd C. Helmus, Elizabeth Bodine-Baron, Andrew Radin, Madeline Magnuson, Joshua Mendelsohn, William Marcellino, Andriy Bega, Zev Winkelman, Rand Corporation, 2018
  24. "US accuses financial website of spreading Russian propaganda" by Nomaan Merchant, AP News, 2022 February 15
  25. "Is Zero Hedge a Russian Trojan Horse?" by Seth Hettena, New Republic, 2020 March 9
  26. ZeroHedge banned from Twitter over coronavirus bioweapon claims: The financial news website came under fire for doxxing a Chinese scientist accused of being behind the virus. by Charlie Osborne (February 3, 2020 — 11:32 GMT) ZDNet.
  27. "Twitter Restores Zero Hedge Account After Admitting Error" by Siraj Datoo, Bloomberg, 2020 June 13
  28. "Google kicked ZeroHedge off its ad platform and warned the Federalist" by Rishi Iyengar, CNN Business, 2020 June 16
  29. Zero Hedge Status Update, 2020 June 17