College Credit for Creationism
A group of Christian schools (Association of Christian Schools International—ACSI) and others, sued the University of California—ACSI v. Stearns. The cause of their complaint was the refusal of the University to give credit for the creationism taught by the ACSI schools in place of biology and specifically evolution.
At issue in particular was the non-recognition of the Bob Jones University produced "science" textbooks which are short on science and long on pseudoscience and ideology. The issue is not a separation of church and state matter, but rather the surprising claim that in denying them credit for learning pseudoscience, the University was discriminating against students of the ACSI schools on the basis of religion.
The court granted partial summary judgement dismissing the suit against UC officials in their individual capacity, and then granted summary judgement in favor of the University of California. The case was appealed to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, which affirmed, and in 2010 the Supreme Court declined certiorari, thus bringing the case to an end.