Information icon.svg

Nominations for the RationalMedia Foundation 2019 board of trustees election close on Sunday.

Information icon.svg

RationalWiki has reached 7,000 articles!

2020 Democratic Party presidential nomination

From RationalWiki
(Redirected from John Hickenlooper)
Jump to: navigation, search
They're friends. They're good people. What we've got to show the world is that we can run a serious, primary process without trying to destroy each other, without character attacks.
—Bernie Sanders[1]
Guide to:
U.S. Politics
Icon politics USA.svg
Ideas and policies

The 2020 Democratic Party presidential nomination will be a likely be a highly competitive political event, given the sheer number of candidates. The United States Democratic Party will decide on someone who they hope can defeat the Republican candidate (presumably Donald Trump), preferably by a comfortable margin. The nomination will take place at the 2020 Democratic National Convention in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.[2]

Major political issues for the Democratic candidates in this election are abortion, climate change, criminal justice reform, education, the Electoral College, gun control, LGBT+ rights, immigration reform, marijuana legalization, taxes, and universal healthcare.

About declared candidates[edit]

Candidates are listed alphabetically according to their last names.

Michael Bennet[edit]

Michael Bennet

Michael BennetWikipedia's W.svg announced his bid for President on May 2, 2019.[3]


Background: Senator from Colorado, former Chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee, and former Superintendent of Denver Public Schools. Graduated from Yale with a Juris Doctor.

Policy positions:

  • Supports same-sex marriage,[4] has co-sponsored the Equality Act,[note 1][5] and opposes the ban on transgender people serving in the military.[6]
  • Supports access to abortion and birth control.[7]
  • Supports universal background checks and bans on magazines exceeding 10 bullets.[7]
  • Voted for the Affordable Care Act,[8] but does not support Medicare for All,[9] instead supporting a public option.[6]
  • Endorses the construction of the Keystone XL pipeline.[10][11][12]
  • Supports expanding the Child Tax Credit.[6]
  • Supports a path to citizenship and expanding the visa program, while expanding border security measures.[6]
  • Supported ending United States involvement in the War in Yemen.[6]

Joe Biden[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Joe Biden
Joe Biden

Joe Biden announced his bid for President on April 25, 2019.[13]

Age: 76

Background: Former Vice President of the United States, former Senator from Delaware, and former member of the New Castle County Council.

Policy positions:

  • Originally voted for Don't ask don't tell[14] and the Defense of Marriage Act,[15] but supported the DADT repeal[16] and the legalization of same-sex marriage[17] later in life.
  • Although he personally opposes abortion, his Senate voting record on the topic is more mixed.[16]
  • Authored the Violence Against Women Act and helped pass it; actively involved in a campaign against sexual assault in college campuses.[18]
  • Opposes the legalization of marijuana.[16]
  • Wants to give everyone the option of buying into Medicare, and believes that "Health care is a right, not a privilege."[19] Supports reinstating the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate.[20]
  • Supports the death penalty.[21]
  • Supports tuition-free public college[22] and universal pre-kindergarten.[18]
  • Supports a $15 federal minimum wage.[18]
  • Supports progressive taxation and closing tax loopholes.[18]
  • Wants to ban assault rifles and high-capacity magazines, and to implement universal background checks.[18]
  • Considers climate change to be an "existential" threat, having orchestrated U.S. involvement in the Paris Climate Accord.[18]
  • Voted for the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act[note 2][23] and the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008.[note 3][24]
  • A supporter of free trade, he voted for NAFTA[25] and Permanent Normal Trade Relations with China,[26] and endorsed the Trans-Pacific Partnership.[27]
  • Voted for the USA PATRIOT Act[28] and its 2005 reauthorization.[29]
  • Championed the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program (DACA), wants to give undocumented immigrants brought to the U.S. as minors a path towards citizenship and to increase border security.[18]
  • Voted for the Second Iraq War,[30] but later opposed George W. Bush's troop surge and authored a strategy for withdrawal.[18]
  • Favors international cooperation and multinational alliances such as NATO.[18]

Bill de Blasio[edit]

Bill de Blasio

Bill de BlasioWikipedia's W.svg announced his bid for President on May 16, 2019.[31]

Age: 58

Background: Ran Hillary Clinton's 2000 Senate campaign. Mayor of New York City since 2014, former Public Advocate for New York City and former member of the New York City Council.[32]

Policy positions:

  • Signed an executive order committing New York City to the Paris Climate Agreement.[32]
  • Raised the minimum wage in NYC to $15 per hour.[32]
  • Supports marijuana legalization.[33]
  • Implemented free universal pre-kindergarten as Mayor of New York City.[34]
  • Called for a tax hike on millionaires in New York City.[32] Supports setting the top marginal tax rate to 70%.[35]
  • Opposes the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).[32]
  • Supports single-payer healthcare, having introduced the public option for residents of New York City. Wants to guarantee the right to healthcare, including for illegal immigrants.[36] Wants to eliminate private health health insurance.[35]
  • Wants to keep abortion legal.[32]
  • Signed paid sick leave into law as Mayor of New York City.[32]
  • Made measles vaccination mandatory in New York City even for religious schools.[36]
  • Wants to abolish cash bail and make prison phone calls free.[36]
  • Created public Wi-Fi hot zones and citywide broadband.[36]
  • Wants to abolish ICE.[37]
  • Made New York a "sanctuary city" and created ID for illegal immigrants.[32]
  • Opposes Citizens United.[36]
  • Views foreign policy through the lens of climate change and immigration.[32]

Cory Booker[edit]

Cory Booker

Cory BookerWikipedia's W.svg announced his bid for President on February 1st, 2019.[38]

Age: 50

Background: Rhodes Scholar. Graduate of Yale Law School.[39] Former Mayor of Newark, New Jersey. Senator from New Jersey.[38]

Policy positions:

  • Supports allowing the importation of prescription drugs from Canada[38] after initially voting against it.
  • Supports Medicare for All,[40] but does not want to end private insurance.[41][note 4]
  • Wants to overturn the ban on trans people in the military [42]
  • Supports same-sex marriage, women's right to abortions, and the legalization of marijuana.[40]
  • Introduced legislation to outlaw "gay cure" therapy.[43]
  • Endorses the Green New Deal.[40]
  • Champions public schools, despite supporting charter schools as Mayor of Newark.[40]
  • Favors criminal justice reform, having helped draft the First Step Act.[39][note 5]
  • Wants to create a savings account for every American child, funded by hikes in capital gains and estate taxes.[44]
  • Wants to renegotiate the Iran Deal before rejoining.[35]

Steve Bullock[edit]

Steve Bullock

Steve BullockWikipedia's W.svg announced his campaign for President on May 14, 2019.[45]

Age: 53

Background: Current Governor of Montana and Chair of the National Governor's Association, and former Attorney General of Montana.

Policy positions:

  • Supports same-sex marriage[46] and civil protections for LGBT+ people.[47]
  • Supports access to abortion.[47]
  • Supports universal background checks, red flag laws[note 6], and a ban on semi-automatic rifles.[47]
  • Supports DACA.[47]
  • Expanded Medicaid as Governor, but does not give a clear answer on whether he supports Medicare for All.[47]
  • Prefers free college apprenticeship programs over tuition-free college.[47]
  • Wants to re-enter the Paris Agreement and supports the Clean Power Plant,[47] but supports the coal mining industry in Montana.[48]
  • Supports net neutrality.[49]
  • Opposes the tariffs against China implemented by the Trump administration.[47]
  • Wants to end the trade embargo with Cuba.[47]
  • Wants to overturn Citizens United and ban super-PACs.[47]

Pete Buttigieg[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Pete Buttigieg
Pete Buttigieg

Pete ButtigiegWikipedia's W.svg announced his campaign for President on January 23rd, 2019.[50]

Age: 37

Background: Rhodes Scholar. Winner of the 2000 John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award for an essay on Bernie Sanders.[51] Mayor of South Bend, Indiana,[note 7] Navy lieutenant,[52] and Afghanistan War veteran.[53]

Policy positions:

  • Supports same-sex marriage, being in such a marriage himself.[54] Wants to extend civil-rights legislation to protect the LGBTQ community.[51]
  • Favors transitioning towards a single-payer healthcare system by first providing a public option[note 8][41] but does not support eliminating private health insurance.[51]
  • Considers climate change to be a national security threat. Supports the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. Wants to subsidize solar panels.[51]
  • Endorses the Green New Deal.[55]
  • Believes the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)[note 9] has caused significant job losses in the Midwest but supports labor unions.[51]
  • Wants to ban guns in schools and the nullification of "stand-your-ground" laws. Supports universal background checks before gun purchases.[51]
  • Supports withdrawing U.S. troops from Afghanistan but opposes Trump's plan to pull out of Syria. Considers Iran to be a serious threat to Israel. Only supports military deployment if diplomacy fails.[51]
  • Favors the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals or DACA program, wants to provide undocumented immigrants brought to the U.S. as children with a path to citizenship.[51]
  • Wants the Supreme Court to consist of fifteen justices; five affiliated with Democrats, five affiliated with Republicans, and five apolitical justices chosen by the other ten.[56]
  • Is in favor of abolishing the Electoral College.[57]
  • Opposes the leaking of government documents by Chelsea Manning and Edward Snowden, also opposing former President Obama's clemency of Manning's prison sentence.[58]
  • Supports marijuana legalization.[59]
  • Supports Donald Trump's decision to move the United States embassy in Israel to Jerusalem.[60]

Julián Castro[edit]

Julián Castro

Julián CastroWikipedia's W.svg filed his FEC form on December 21st, 2018,[61] and later officially announced his campaign on January 12th, 2019.[62]

Age: 44

Background: Worked as an intern for President Bill Clinton, as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under President Barack Obama.[63][64] Former Mayor of San Antonio, Texas.

Policy positions:

  • Supports Medicare for All, universal pre-kindergarten, and some form or another of the Green New Deal.[65]
  • Supports making the first two years of higher education free.[63]
  • Wants to raise corporate taxes and income taxes on the rich[66] in order to fund Medicare for All.[63]
  • Was pro-fracking as mayor of San Antonio. [67]
  • But now wants to rejoin the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement and to reduce carbon emissions by incentivizing businesses to switch to renewable energy on a voluntary basis.[63]
  • Wants to ban assault rifles, to restrict high-capacity magazines, and to require background checks at gun shows.[63]
  • Opposes Trump's border wall, wants to provide undocumented immigrants with a pathway to citizenship, and proposed securing the U.S.-Mexican border using high technology. Also wants comprehensive immigration reform to make the legal immigration process more efficient, including a repeal of Section 1325.[35] Does not support abolishing U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) but wants to reconstitute it.[63]
  • Supports making abortions legal after 20 weeks of pregnancy.[63]
  • Believes that Americans of all gender identities should be able to serve in the military.[63]
  • Wants a scheduled withdrawal from Syria.[63]
  • Wants to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in order to strengthen protections for workers and the environment.[63]

John Delaney[edit]

John Delaney

John DelaneyWikipedia's W.svg revealed he was running for President in a July 28, 2017 editorial for The Washington Post,[68] and filed his FEC form the next month.[69]

Age: 56

Background: Former Representative from MD-06.[70]

Policy positions:

  • Supports raising the corporate tax to 23% [71] and is supportive of trade unions (having been in one himself).[72]
  • Supported the Affordable Care Act,[73] but prefers a Medicare expansion over single-payer healthcare.[74]
  • Wants to re-enter the Trans-Pacific Partnership.[75]
  • Is supportive of Congressional term limits.[76]
  • Favors a two-state solution for Israel and Palestine.[77]

Tulsi Gabbard[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Tulsi Gabbard
Tulsi Gabbard

On January 11th, 2019, Tulsi Gabbard filed her FEC form[78] and revealed her Presidential campaign.[79]

Age: 38

Background: Representative from HI-02.[80] Veteran of the Second Iraq War.[81]

Policy positions:

  • Was initially homophobic[82][83] and anti-abortion.[84] , but now supports the LGBT community[85] and claims to support access to abortion.[86]
  • Voted for the Equality Act[87] and opposes the transgender military ban.[88]
  • Supports eliminating subsidies and tax benefits for fossil fuels.[81]
  • Supports a ban on fossil fuel use by 2050.[81]
  • Supports a ban on fracking.[81]
  • Supports tuition-free college.[81]
  • Supports universal background checks for all gun purchases.[81]
  • Supports Medicare for All.[81]
  • Opposed the Trans-Pacific Partnership.[89]
  • Supports the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan and Syria, and ending U.S. support for the Saudi-led intervention in Yemen.[81]
  • Supports reinstating the Iran Deal.[35]
  • Also supports financial regulations in the form of reinstating the Glass-Steagall Act.[90]
  • Disapproves of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.[44]
  • Supports the decriminalization of sex work.[91]
  • Wants to pardon Edward Snowden and Chelsea Manning, and wants to drop charges the U.S. has against Julian Assange.[92]
  • Favors the regime of Narendra Modi, and has been skeptical that Bashar al-Assad used chemical weapons.[93][94]

Kirsten Gillibrand[edit]

Kirsten Gillibrand

On January 15th, 2019, Kirsten GillibrandWikipedia's W.svg filed her FEC form,[95] formed an exploratory committee,[96] and officially announced her Presidential campaign during her appearance on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert.[97]

Age: 52

Background: Senator from New York[98] and former Representative from NY-20.

Policy positions:

  • Supports Medicare for All,[99]
  • Abolishing ICE,[100] and a federal jobs guarantee.[101]
  • Opposes the Citizens United ruling.[102]
  • Denounces the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.[44]
  • Supports a "Democracy Dollars" program, in which $600 is given to every voter to be used to donate to people running for federal public office.[103]

Mike Gravel[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Mike Gravel
Mike Gravel

Mike Gravel formed an exploratory committee on March 19, 2019,[104] and made his FEC filing the next month.[105] Originally, Gravel's campaign stated he was not running to actually win the nomination, but to bring left-wing ideas to the Democratic primary debate stage.[106] Eventually, Gravel decided to seek the nomination.[107]

Age: 89

Background: Former Senator from Alaska and former member of the Alaska House of Representatives from the 8th district.

Policy positions: Having been formed by members of his campaign,[108] Gravel's official platform countains the following positions:

  • Enacting a full socialized, National Health Service-esque single-payer universal healthcare system, covering every single conceivable service.[109]
  • Enacting the Green New Deal.[110]
  • Free public tax preparation and filing program, with an option for automatic tax filing.[111]
  • Federal jobs guarantee and $15 minimum wage.[109]
  • Abolishing US Immigration and Customs Enforcement and the U.S. Customs and Border Patrol, while instituting a policy of open borders.[112]
  • Abolishing the Electoral College,[113] establishing a ranked choice voting system,[114], overturning Citizens United and establishing automatic voter registration.[115]
  • Banning the death penalty,[116] cash bail, solitary confinement, mandatory minimum sentences and private prisons.[117]
  • Abolishing the NSA, repealing the USA PATRIOT Act,[118] and pardoning whistleblowers.[119]
  • Closing all offshore military bases,[120] ending all military aid to Saudi Arabia[121] and Israel,[122] banning weapons manufacturers from selling arms abroad,[123] sending all abroad soldiers back to the United States,[120] ending the use of drones,[124] and renaming the Department of Defense to the "Department of War" while creating a "Department of Peace".[125]
  • Abolishing unilateral sanctions.[124]
  • Investing $1.5 trillion in infrastructure over the course of a decade.[109]

Kamala Harris[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Kamala Harris
Kamala Harris

Kamala Harris made her FEC filing on January 21st, 2019,[126] announcing her campaign the following week.[127]

Age: 54

Background: Senator[128] and former Attorney General from California

Policy positions:

  • Supports Medicare for All.[129]
  • Supports legalizing marijuana.[130]
  • Supports sanctuary cities.[131]
  • Mixed on the death penalty.[132][133]
  • Wants to repeal the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 and to give middle-income families an annual cash payment of up to $6,000 per family.[44]
  • Supports the Green New Deal.[134]

John Hickenlooper[edit]

John Hickenlooper

On March 4th, 2019, John HickenlooperWikipedia's W.svg announced his campaign to run for President.[135]

Age: 67

Background: 42nd Governor of Colorado[136] and former Mayor of Denver.

Policy positions:

  • Supports oil and gas development,[137] to the point that he drank a glass of Haliburton Co.'s fracking fluid.[138]
  • Reluctantly[note 10] supports marijuana legalization.[139]
  • Opposes mandatory minimum sentences.[139]
  • Supports standardized testing.[139]
  • Supports universal background checks and high-capacity magazine bans.[139]

Jay Inslee[edit]

Jay Inslee

Jay InsleeWikipedia's W.svg announced his Presidential campaign on March 1st, 2019, with the main focus of his bid drawing attention to combating climate change.[140]

Age: 68

Background: 23rd and current Governor of Washington State,[141] former member of the House of Representatives and former member of the Washington House of Representatives.

Policy positions:

  • Taking after the Green New Deal, Inslee advocates for a climate mobilization plan known as America's Climate Mission, a plan focusing on 100% clean energy, net-zero greenhouse gas emissions, investments into clean energy-related jobs, recovery for people and regions affected by climate change and pollution, and an end to subsidies to fossil fuel companies.[142]
  • Supports a state-based public option, which he considers to be a "step toward universal health care."[143]
  • Supports access to abortion.[144]
  • Supports the ERA.[144]
  • Supports same-sex marriage, adoption and protection from discrimination.[144]
  • Opposes the death penalty.[144]
  • Supports gun control.[144]
  • Supports automatic voter registration.[144]

Amy Klobuchar[edit]

Amy Klobuchar

Amy KlobucharWikipedia's W.svg announced her Presidential campaign on February 10th, 2019.[145]

Age: 59

Background: Former stand-up comedian. Three-term Senator from Minnesota.[146]

Policy positions:

  • Supports the Green Power PlanWikipedia's W.svg.[147]
  • Supports rejoining the Paris Climate Change Agreement[147], cap and trade, and creating national guidelines to boost the use of renewable energy.[145]
  • Supports net neutrality.[147]
  • Considers discrimination against the LGBT community to be "bad for business."[145]
  • Supports automatic voter registration.[147]
  • Opposes Citizens United.[147]
  • Supports expanding Medicare to cover people aged 55 and up, possibly more.[145]
  • Introduced a bill that would allow Medicare to negotiate prices directly and co-authored a bill (with Senator Chuck Grassley of Iowa) to speed up the availability of generic alternatives to expensive drugs.[145]
  • Believes that abortion is a decision between a woman and her doctor.[145]
  • Opposed the Trans-Pacific Partnership.[148]
  • Wants to give most illegal immigrants a path to citizenship and to reform, rather than abolish, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).[145]
  • Opposed President Donald Trump's decision to withdraw U.S. troops from Syria.[145]
  • Introduced, with Senators John McCain (Arizona) and Mark Warner (Virginia), the Honest Ads Act.[note 11][145]
  • Wants to restore United States membership in the Iran Deal.[35]

Seth Moulton[edit]

Seth Moulton

Seth MoultonWikipedia's W.svg announced his campaign for President on April 22, 2019.[149]

Age: 40

Background: Former United States Marine Corps Captain and veteran of the (Second) Iraq War,[150] joining the military before the 9/11 terrorist attacks.[151] Earned a bachelor's degree in physics in 2001 and a dual master's degrees in business and public policy in in 2011, both from Harvard University.[152][153] Representative from Massachusetts' 6th district since 2014.[153]

Policy positions:

  • Supports same-sex marriage and access to abortion.[154]
  • Supports marijuana legalization, having smoked it himself.[155]
  • Supports automatic voter registration.[154]
  • Supports single-payer healthcare, but wants to retain private health insurance.[156]
  • Originally a co-sponsor of the Green New Deal, he later wrote an editorial expressing that he wanted to reform it mostly into a job creation and civilian service program.[157]
  • Endorses nuclear power, which he considers the "best" source of clean energy.[158]
  • Is a proponent of public transportation, being a frequent rider himself.[159]
  • Wants to abolish the Electoral College and the Senate filibuster.[151]
  • Wants all 33 million young Americans to serve in the military, promising healthcare and education benefits.[160]
  • Wants to cut spending on "massive" defense programs, but more on cybersecurity to protect elections.[161]

Beto O'Rourke[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Beto O'Rourke
Beto O'Rourke

Beto O'RourkeWikipedia's W.svg announced that he was running for President on March 14th, 2019.[162] The previous day, he explained, "I want to be in it. Man, I’m just born to be in it, and want to do everything I humanly can for this country at this moment" in an interview with Vanity Fair.[163]

Age: 46

Background: Former member of the House of Representatives from TX-16 and former member of the El Paso City Council from the 8th district. In 2018, he launched a Senate campaign[164] in to unseat junior Senator Ted Cruz, losing by only a small margin.[165]

Policy positions:

  • Wants to rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement. Views climate change and renewable energy from an economic perspective.[166]
  • Wants to make pre-Kindergarten universal and the first two years of higher education debt-free.[166]
  • Favors anti-trust legislation.[citation needed]
  • Wants to introduce a public option known as "Medicare-X," which would give people the choice of government health insurance while leaving in place employer-sponsored and private insurance intact.[166]
  • Voted against the restriction of abortions to 20 weeks and co-sponsored a bill that places no restriction on abortion if the mother's life or health is at risk.[166]
  • Wants to end the War on Drugs.[167]
  • Wants to make sexual discrimination illegal and give same-sex couples the same benefits as their heterosexual counterparts.[166]
  • Opposes the ban on transgender people in the military.[166]
  • Supports universal background checks and the banning of "assault weapons" and high-capacity magazines.[166]
  • Supports the legalization of marijuana.[168]
  • Wants to give legal status to all illegal immigrants and a path to citizenship for "Dreamers," or individuals brought illegally to the United States as children.[166]
  • Is "open" to the abolition of the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), as long as their responsibilities are transferred elsewhere.[166]
  • Favors the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).[166]

Tim Ryan[edit]

Tim Ryan

Tim RyanWikipedia's W.svg announced his bid on April 4, 2019.[169]

Age: 46

Background: Member of the House of Representatives from Ohio's 13th district, previously representing the 17th district. Former Ohio State Senator from the 32nd district.

Policy positions:

  • Supports legislation to combat climate change, but does not support the Green New Deal.[170]
  • Supports Medicare for All.[170]
  • Supports tuition and debt-free college.[170]
  • Supports universal background checks and a ban on semi-automatic rifles.[170]
  • Supports the DREAM Act of 2019.[note 12][170]
  • Supports same-sex marriage, access to abortion, nationwide legalization of marijuana, and the right of transgender people to join the military.[170]
  • Wants to keep soldiers stationed in Afghanistan to fight the Taliban.[35]

Bernie Sanders[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders

Bernie Sanders announced his campaign for President on February 19th, 2019.[171]

Age: 77

Background: Former civil rights and antiwar activist (1960s). Graduate of the University of Chicago. Former Mayor of Burlington, Vermont. Former House Representative of Vermont. Current Senator from Vermont. Ran for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination. Self-described "democratic socialist."[172][171]

Policy positions:

  • Author of the Medicare for All proposal.[173] Wants to expand and strengthen the social safety net.[174]
  • Supports raising the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour and making public colleges and universities tuition-free.[171]
  • Wants to cancel all $1.6 trillion of student loan debt.[175]
  • Wants to raise taxes on wealthy people and corporations, such as a federal estate tax of up to 77% on the richest 0.2% of Americans, in order to fund his welfare programs and to reduce income inequality.[44][176]
  • Supports breaking up the big banks and other financial reforms.[177]
  • Wants to spend $1 trillion on infrastructure.[178]
  • Advocates transitioning towards renewable energy.[174]
  • Opposes unfettered free trade.[179]
  • Wants to make it easier for people to join labor unions.[174]
  • Advocates for workers having ownership stake in the businesses they work for.[174]
  • Supports equal pay for equal work.[note 13][174]
  • Opposed the FCC's overturning of net neutrality.[180] and voted on a bill to retain net neutrality.[181]
  • Supports a ban on for-profit charter schools, a salary floor of $60,000 for teachers and universal free school meals.[182]
  • Supports abolition of the Electoral College.[183]
  • Opposes the Supreme Court Citizens United decision.[184]
  • Believes that even incarcerated citizens should have the right to vote.[185]
  • Opposes Donald Trump's decision to press charges against Julian Assange under the Espionage Act.[186]
  • Favors instant background checks for gun purchases, removal of the gun-show loophole,[note 14] and a ban on assault rifles and on high-capacity magazines.[187]
  • Believes that states rather than the federal government should handle waiting periods for handgun purchases.[187]
  • Is open to decriminalizing sex work.[188]
  • Supports a diplomacy-first approach to foreign affairs. Opposes the Second Iraq War.[176]

Elizabeth Warren[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Elizabeth Warren
Elizabeth Warren

Elizabeth Warren filed her FEC form[189] and formed an exploratory committee on December 31st, 2018.[190] She officially announced her Presidential campaign on February 9th, 2019.[191]

Age: 70

Background: Senator from Massachusetts.[192] Former professor of law at Harvard University. Expert on bankruptcy laws. Author of books on financial matters affecting the middle class. Former interim director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.[193]

Policy positions:

  • Supports public works and financial regulation, having helped create the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.[193]
  • Wants to break up tech giants.[194]
  • Has proposed a 2% wealth tax on households whose net worth are over $50,000,000 each, and a 3% wealth tax on those worth over $1 billion each,[195] which would raise an estimated $2.75 trillion over ten years.[196]
  • Supports Medicare for All,[197] and wants to eliminate private health insurance.[35]
  • Supports "net metering."[196][note 15]
  • Supports universal child care.[198]
  • Opposed the Trans-Pacific Partnership,[199] and the Supreme Court ruling on Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission.[200]
  • Wants to abolish the Electoral College, to remove Confederate statues, and to create a national commission to study reparations for African-Americans.[201]
  • Wants to hold corporate executives criminally accountable when their companies act negligently or recklessly.[202]
  • Supports the Right to Repair movement, which would allow consumers to fix things that they own without fear of legal reprisals from manufacturers.[203]
  • Wants to ban private prisons.[204]
  • Is open to decriminalizing sex work.[205]

Marianne Williamson[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Marianne Williamson
Marianne Williamson

Marianne WilliamsonWikipedia's W.svg began her bid for President on January 29, 2019.[206]

Age: 67

Background: Author, political activist, and New Age spiritual guru for Oprah Winfrey.[207] She has repeatedly expressed vaccine "skepticism".[208]

Policy positions:

  • Endorses Medicare for All.[209]
  • Endorses the Green New Deal.[210]
  • Supports universal preschool and tuition-free college.[210]
  • Supports paying $100 billion dollars in reparations for African-Americans, with $10 billion distributed every year over a period of ten years.[210]

Andrew Yang[edit]

See the main article on this topic: Andrew Yang

Andrew YangWikipedia's W.svg filed his FEC form on November 6th, 2017.[211]

Andrew Yang

Age: 44

Background: Graduate of Columbia Law School.[212] Entrepreneur in tech and education.[213] Founder and former CEO of Venture for AmericaWikipedia's W.svg, a non-profit organization that connects recent college graduates with jobs at business start-ups.[214] Presidential Ambassador for Global Entrepreneurship under President Barack Obama.[215]

Policy positions:

  • Supports a universal basic income program called "The Freedom Dividend," which would provide every American citizen aged 18 or above a monthly $1,000 check.[216] He plans to pay for this by consolidating welfare programs and imposing a 10% value-added tax on goods and services which he estimated would generate upto $800 billion in revenue.[212]
  • Believes that the Affordable Care Act was a step in the right direction but is not enough; wants to shift to a Medicare-for-All system instead.[217]
  • Supports salaried[note 16] doctors and holistic medicine.[212]
  • Wants to use artificial intelligence to improve mental health services and create a "White House Psychologist Corps" to screen administration staff.[212]
  • Wants to keep abortion legal.[212]
  • Supports legislation that protect people from discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender, and wants to appoint LGBTQ individuals to serve in his administration.[212]
  • Advocates for "Human Capitalism," a form of capitalism that he claims focuses on people rather than money and uses measurements other than the gross domestic product (GDP)[note 17] and the stock market to determine success.[218] The alternatives he had in mind include standards of living, and life expectancy.[212]
  • Wants to develop a new currency called the "Digital Social Credit" that could be exchanged for real dollars.[212]
  • Vows to invest in solutions to global warming, including technologies to reverse environmental damages,[219] and improve access to nuclear power.[220]
  • Support eliminating tax benefits to fossil fuel companies and institute a carbon tax.[219]
  • Wants to strengthen environmental protection along the Rio Grande.[212]
  • Wants to enable illegal immigrants to become citizens in 18 years, provided they maintain a clean criminal record and pay their taxes.[212]
  • Supports the DREAM Act and improving security along the U.S.-Mexico border.[212]
  • Believes in NATO and other international alliances and wants hand the power to declare war back to Congress.[212]
  • Plans to regularly audit Pentagon spending and create a new position called the Secretary of Cybersecurity.[212][note 18]
  • Wants to redirect 10% of military spending to an infrastructure program titled "The Legion of Builders and Destroyers".[212]

Dropped out[edit]

Richard Ojeda[edit]

Richard Ojeda

On Novemeber 11th, 2018, Richard OjedaWikipedia's W.svg filed his FEC form[221] and announced his official presidential campaign.[222] He dropped out of the race on January 27th, 2019.[223]

Age: 48

Background:Former State Senator from West Virginia. United States Army Major, 2-time Bronze Star recipient and veteran of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars.

Policy positions:

  • Favors raising corporate taxes.[224]
  • Supports the rights of unions and opposes right-to-work laws.[224]
  • Endorses the Green New Deal.[225]
  • Favors legalizing marijuana and decriminalizing opiates.[226]
  • Supports a woman's right to abortion and opposes all anti-abortion legislation. Also wants to increase access to birth control and quadruple Planned Parenthood funding.[227]

Eric Swalwell[edit]

Eric Swalwell

Eric SwalwellWikipedia's W.svg announced his candidacy on April 8, 2019 while appearing on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert.[228] His dropped his bid exactly three months later after failing to gain any traction in the field.[229]

Age: 38

Background: Member of the House of Representatives from California's 15th district, and former member of the Dublin[note 19] City Council.

Policy positions:

  • Supports same-sex marriage and access to abortion and contraception.[230]
  • Supports a ban and Federal buyback of semi-automatic weapons, and supports universal background checks.[231]
  • Endorses Medicare for All.[232]
  • Endorses the Green New Deal.[231]
  • Supports automatic voter registration.[230]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]



Green New Deal[edit]

Other topics[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Britnell, Mark. In Search of the Perfect Health System. Palgrave, 2015. ISBN 978-1-137-49661-4.
  • Ferguson, Charles D. Nuclear Energy: What Everyone Needs to Know. Oxford University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-19975-945-3.
  • Reid, T. R. The Healing of America: A Global Quest for Better, Cheaper, and Fairer Health Care. Penguin Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1-594-20234-6.
  • Spieler, Christof. Trains, Buses, People: An Opinionated Atlas of US Transit. Island Press, 2018. ISBN 978-1-61091-903-6.


  1. Which amends the Civil Rights Act to extend civil rights protections to the LGBT+ community
  2. Which repealed most of the Glass-Steagall legislation.
  3. The Wall Street bailout.
  4. What he has in mind could be Medicare Extra for All.
  5. Signed into law by Donald Trump with bipartisan support, this Act is intended to, among other things, reduce recidivism and minimum sentencing for non-violent drug offenders.
  6. Which allow law enforcement to temporarily confiscate guns from people deemed a threat to themselves or others.
  7. This earned him the nickname "Mayor Pete."
  8. The public option is a government-run health insurance plan that competes with private insurance.
  9. This was renegotiated by the Trump administration and is now known as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).
  10. Although he personally opposes marijuana, he upheld the voters' will when it was legalized in Denver and later Colorado as a whole.
  11. It requires advertisers and publishers to publicly disclose information about their ads for the sake of transparency and accountability.
  12. Gives undocumented immigrant children protected under DACA the opportunity for permanent residency, and gives Temporary Protected Status recipients and immigrants protected under Deferred Enforced Departure permanent legal status.
  13. Sanders believes that women on average earn only 78% of what they male counterparts do.
  14. This allows people to buy guns at shows without having to pass a background check.
  15. Net metering enables consumers to use the electricity they generate at any time, instead of only when it is generated. This has important implications for renewable energy.
  16. As opposed to payment by service.
  17. It should be noted that in addition to raw GDP, there are also GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP), GDP per capita, and GDP at PPP per capita. The last one is arguably the most reliable of the group in measuring standards of living.
  18. The United States Cyber Command has already been activated.
  19. Dublin, California.


  1. 'I like Joe:' Bernie Sanders offers measured criticism of Biden in Iowa. CNN. May 6, 2019. Accessed May 7, 2019.
  2. Milwaukee Picked as Site of 2020 Democratic National Convention The New York Times. March 11th, 2019.
  3. Michael Bennet dives into crowded Democratic presidential primary Politico. 05/02/2019.
  4. Bennet Statement on Supreme Court’s Same-Sex Marriage Ruling U.S. Senator Michael Bennet. June 26, 2015.
  5. Bennet, Colleagues Introduce Landmark, Bipartisan Equality Act U.S. Senator Michael Bennet. March 13, 2019.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 What does Michael Bennet believe? Where the candidate stands on 6 issues PBS NewsHour. May 3, 2019.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Michael Bennet on the Issues On the Issues.
  8. Roll Call Vote 111th Congress - 1st Session] United States Senate. December 24, 2009.
  9. Democratic White House hopeful hits Medicare for all as 'bad opening offer' The Hill. 02/10/19.
  10. Bennet says yes, Udall says no in split vote on Keystone Pipeline Denver Post. March 25, 2013.
  11. Bennet brings Senate's pro-Keystone count to 59 Politico. 11/14/2014.
  12. Keystone veto override fails The Hill. 03/04/15.
  13. US election 2020: Joe Biden launches presidential bid, joining crowded field BBC. April 25th, 2019.
  14. Roll Call Vote 103rd Congress - 1st Session United States Senate. November 17, 1993.
  15. Roll Call Vote 104th Congress - 2nd Session United States Senate. September 10, 1996.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Joe Biden on the Issues On the Issues.
  17. Biden 'absolutely comfortable' with gay marriage Reuters. May 6, 2012.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 18.6 18.7 18.8 What does Joe Biden believe? Where the candidate stands on 8 issues. PBS NewsHour. April 25, 2019. Accessed May 9, 2019.
  19. Biden calls for everyone having the choice to buy into Medicare. The Hill. April 29, 2019. Accessed May 7, 2019.
  20. Biden says he would bring back ObamaCare's individual mandate The Hill. 07/05/19.
  21. The 2020 Democratic Field, Minus Joe Biden, Embraces a Death Penalty Moratorium The Daily Beast. 03.14.19.
  22. Statement by the Vice President The White House. October 21, 2015.
  23. Roll Call Vote 106th Congress - 1st Session United States Senate. November 4, 1999.
  24. Call Vote 110th Congress - 2nd Session United States Senate. October 1, 2008.
  25. H.R. 3450 (103rd): North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act GovTrack. Nov 17, 1993.
  26. H.R. 4444 (106th): China Trade bill GovTrack. Sep 19, 2000.
  27. Biden coaxes Dems on Obama trade deal The Hill. 01/28/16.
  28. Roll Call Vote 107th Congress - 1st Session United States Senate. October 25, 2001.
  29. Roll Call Vote 109th Congress - 2nd Session United States Senate. March 2, 2006.
  30. Roll Call Vote 107th Congress - 2nd Session United States Senate. October 11, 2002.
  31. Mayor Bill de Blasio Enters 2020 Race for President The New York Time. May 16, 2019.
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 32.5 32.6 32.7 32.8 What does Bill de Blasio believe? Where the candidate stands on 8 issues. PBS Newshour. May 17, 2019. Accessed May 18, 2019.
  33. De Blasio: Legalizing Marijuana In NYC Is ‘Once-In-A-Generation Opportunity’ CBS New York. December 20, 2018.
  34. Mayor de Blasio Presses Forward With Tax-the-Rich Pre-K Plan New York Magazine. FEB. 26, 2014.
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 35.4 35.5 35.6 35.7 Here's Everything the Candidates Said at Wednesday's 2020 Democratic Presidential Debate Time. JUNE 27, 2019.
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 36.3 36.4 Bill de Blasio on the Issues On the Issues.
  37. New York's Kirsten Gillibrand, Bill de Blasio echo progressive calls to 'abolish ICE' USA Today. June 29, 2018.
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 New Jersey Democratic Sen. Cory Booker launches 2020 bid. Associated Press. February 1, 2019. Accessed February 1, 2019.
  39. 39.0 39.1 Who is Cory Booker? CBS News. February 1, 2019. Accessed February 1, 2019.
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 40.3 Cory Booker on the Issues: Where He Stands. The New York Times February 1, 2019. Accessed February 1, 2019.
  41. 41.0 41.1 Where Democratic presidential candidates stand on health care reform. PBS NewsHour. February 20, 2019. Accessed February 25, 2019.
  42. Cory Booker pledges to undo Trump's 'un-American' trans military ban
  43. Cory Booker: New Jersey Democrat joins presidential race. BBC News. February 1, 2019. Accessed Febrary 1, 2019.
  44. 44.0 44.1 44.2 44.3 44.4 Why 2020 Democratic candidates are pushing more progressive tax proposals. PBS NewsHour. February 19, 2019. Accessed March 7, 2019.
  45. Twitter post 14 May 2019.
  46. U.S. judge strikes down Montana's gay marriage ban Reuters. NOVEMBER 19, 2014.
  47. 47.0 47.1 47.2 47.3 47.4 47.5 47.6 47.7 47.8 47.9 What does Steve Bullock believe? Where the candidate stands on 9 issues PBS NewsHour.
  48. Bullock will not attend DNC, still endorses Clinton NBC Montana. July 14th 2016.
  49. Montana becomes first state to implement net neutrality after FCC repeal The Hill. 01/22/18.
  50. Indiana mayor Pete Buttigieg jumps into 2020 race CNN. January 23rd, 2019.
  51. 51.0 51.1 51.2 51.3 51.4 51.5 51.6 51.7 What does Pete Buttigieg believe? Where the candidate stands on 7 issues. PBS NewsHour. February 15, 2019. Accessed March 7, 2019.
  52. The First Gay President?
  53. Navy Reserve to deploy Buttigieg to Afghanistan
  54. Pete Buttigieg Might Be President Someday. He’s Already Got the First Man.
  55. Buttigieg: Green New Deal resolution 'the right beginning' CNN. February 1010, 2019.
  56. Inside Pete Buttigieg's plan to overhaul the Supreme Court NBC News. June 3, 2019.
  57. Dem presidential candidate Buttigieg calls for scrapping Electoral College: It 'needs to go'
  58. 2020 candidate Pete Buttigieg "troubled" by clemency for Chelsea Manning CBS News. March 11, 2019.
  60. Buttigieg wouldn't reverse US embassy move to Jerusalem: 'What's done is done' The Hill. 06/16/19.
  61. Julián Castro's FEC filing
  62. Julián Castro, Former Housing Secretary, Announces 2020 Presidential Run The New York Times. January 12th, 2019.
  63. 63.0 63.1 63.2 63.3 63.4 63.5 63.6 63.7 63.8 63.9 What does Julián Castro believe? Where the candidate stands on 8 issues. PBS NewsHour. February 15, 2019. Accessed March 7, 2019.
  65. Here’s where 2020 presidential candidate Julián Castro stands on the environment
  66. Julian Castro supports massive tax hike for wealthy elite. Associated Press. January 7, 2019. Accessed February 7, 2019.
  67. Here’s where 2020 presidential candidate Julián Castro stands on the environment
  68. John Delaney: Why I'm running for President The Washington Post. July 28th, 2017.
  69. John Delaney's FEC filing
  70. A list of who's leaving Congress
  71. Business groups brace for Dem push to hike corporate taxes
  72. John Delaney: About/
  73. Delaney For Congress
  74. The First Democratic Candidate for President in 2020 Is Already Running
  75. Twitter post 27 Jun 2019.
  76. Delaney calls for 12-year term limits
  77. Delaney For Congress
  78. Tulsi Gabbard's FEC filing
  79. Tulsi Gabbard says she will run for president in 2020 CNN. January 11th, 2019.
  81. 81.0 81.1 81.2 81.3 81.4 81.5 81.6 81.7 What does Tulsi Gabbard believe? Where the candidate stands on 7 issues. PBS Newshour. January 14, 2019. Accessed January 29, 2019.
  88. Twitter post 23 Jan 2019.
  89. Twitter post 28 Jul 2016.
  91. This Democratic Presidential Candidate Wants To Decriminalize Sex Work BuzzFeed News. March 7th, 2019.
  92. Joe Rogan Experience #1295 - Tulsi Gabbard (May 13, 2019), YouTube.
  95. Kirsten Gillibrand's FEC Filing
  96. Kirsten Gillibrand launches presidential exploratory committee POLITICO. January 15th, 2019.
  97. Kirsten Gillibrand formally enters 2020 race with announcement on Colbert's "Late Show" CBS News. January 15th, 2019.
  98. [
  103. 'Democracy Dollars': Gillibrand's plan to give every voter $600 to donate to campaigns NBC News. May 1, 2019
  104. Mike Gravel for President Exploratory Committee Federal Election Commission. 03/19/2019.
  105. STATEMENT OF CANDIDACY Federal Election Commission. 04/02/19.
  106. Mike Gravel announces run for president to get into debates, not to win The Hill. 04/04/19.
  107. Twitter post 29 Apr 2019.
  108. Twitter post 7 Apr 2019.
  109. 109.0 109.1 109.2 Economic Support for the Least Advantaged
  110. A Green New Deal
  111. Automatic tax filing
  112. Just Immigration Reform
  113. Abolishing the Electoral College
  114. National Ranked-Choice Voting
  115. Making Elections Fair
  116. Abolishing the Death Penalty
  117. Improving Prisons and Combating Recidivism
  118. Restoring Civil Liberties
  119. Amnesty and Honor for Whistleblowers
  120. 120.0 120.1 Bring Every Troop Home
  121. Ending Support for Saudi Arabia
  122. Opposing Israeli Apartheid
  123. Banning Foreign Arms Sales
  124. 124.0 124.1 Non-Aggression Abroad,
  125. Departments of Peace—and War
  126. Kamala Harris' FEC filing
  127. Kamala Harris officially launches 2020 presidential campaign CNN. January 27th, 2019.
  134. Kamala Harris endorses Ocasio-Cortez’s ‘Green New Deal’ The Hill. January 28th, 2019.
  135. John Hickenlooper Says He Is Running in 2020, Citing a ‘Crisis of Division’ The New York Times. March 4th, 2019.
  136. Gov. John Hickenlooper | The Official Site of Governor Hickenlooper Wayback Machine. June 25<sup[>th</sup>, 2018.
  137. Hickenlooper likely to face progressive backlash in possible 2020 run Axios. Aug 24, 2018.
  138. Hickenlooper offers new details on drinking Halliburton’s frack fluid Denver Business Journal. Sep 10, 2013.
  139. 139.0 139.1 139.2 139.3 John Hickenlooper on the Issues OnTheIssues.
  140. Washington Gov. Jay Inslee announces presidential bid with focus on fighting climate change USA TODAY. March 1st, 2019.
  141. Governor Jay Inslee | Washington State
  142. America's Climate Mission From Jay Inslee's official campaign website.
  143. Washington Gov. Inslee focuses on climate change in 2020 bid. Associated Press. March 1, 2019. Accessed March 4, 2019.
  144. 144.0 144.1 144.2 144.3 144.4 144.5 Jay Inslee on the Issues OnTheIssues.
  145. 145.0 145.1 145.2 145.3 145.4 145.5 145.6 145.7 145.8 Amy Klobuchar launches presidential bid, joining record number of women candidates CBS News. February 10th, 2019.
  146. What does Amy Klobuchar believe? Where the candidate stands on 5 issues. PBS Newshour. February 10, 2019. Accessed May 18, 2019.
  147. 147.0 147.1 147.2 147.3 147.4 Amy Klobuchar enters the 2020 presidential race Axios. february 10th, 2019.
  148. The trade deal that’s pitting Minnesota’s Democrats against Obama — and has Republicans backing him up MinnPost. June 4th, 2015.
  149. Seth Moulton Joins 2020 Race for President The New York Times. April 22, 2019.
  150. How the Moultons Made Peace with the War Boston Magazine. 1/28/2008.
  151. 151.0 151.1 Rep. Seth Moulton is latest Democrat to enter 2020 field. NBC News. April 22, 2019. Accessed April 22, 2019.
  152. Tierney faces Democratic challenger for his seat The Boston Globe. JULY 07, 2013.
  153. 153.0 153.1 Who is Democratic presidential candidate Seth Moulton?. ABC News. April 22, 2019. Accessed April 22, 2019.
  154. 154.0 154.1 Seth Moulton on the Issues On the Issues.
  155. Seth Moulton Says He Smoked Pot at Harvard, Supports Legalization Boston Magazine. 9/19/2016.
  156. Moulton dings Dems right out the gate for single-payer health care push Politico. 04/22/2019.
  157. Let Green New Deal serve as a jobs and civilian-service program Des Moines Register. March 29, 2019.
  158. Pilgrim's closure revives nuclear energy debate. The Eagle Tribune. October 29, 2015. Accessed April 22, 2019.
  159. Riding the rails with Moulton . The Salem News. February 18, 2016. Accessed April 22, 2019.
  160. Twitter post 19 May 2019.
  161. Massachusetts Rep. Seth Moulton Joins Democratic Race For President. NPR. April 22, 2019. Accessed April 22, 2019.
  162. Beto O’Rourke Enters the 2020 Presidential Campaign The New York Times. March 14th, 2019.
  163. Beto O’Rourke, as He Comes to Terms with a Presidential Run: “I’m Just Born to Do This” Vanity Fair. March 13th, 2019.
  164. Beto O'Rourke to challenge Ted Cruz in Texas' 2018 Senate race Houston Chronicle. March 29th, 2017.
  165. Ted Cruz wins Texas Senate race, fending off challenge from Beto O'Rourke CBS News. November 6th, 2018.
  166. 166.0 166.1 166.2 166.3 166.4 166.5 166.6 166.7 166.8 166.9 What does Beto O’Rourke believe? Where the candidate stands on 8 issues. PBS Newshour. March 14, 2019. Accessed May 18, 2019.
  167. Beto O’Rourke Fights the Clampdown in Texas The Nation. October 29th, 2018.
  168. Beto O'Rourke calls for federal marijuana legalization ahead of likely 2020 bid CNN. March 4th, 2019.
  169. Rep. Tim Ryan announces he's running for president CNN. April 4, 2019.
  170. 170.0 170.1 170.2 170.3 170.4 170.5 What does Tim Ryan believe? Where the candidate stands on 8 issues PBS. Apr 8, 2019.
  171. 171.0 171.1 171.2 Bernie Sanders announces second US presidential bid. BBC News. February 19, 2019. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  172. Who is Bernie Sanders. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  173. Here's What's In Bernie Sanders' 'Medicare For All' Bill. NPR. September 14, 2017. Accessed February 2, 2019.
  174. 174.0 174.1 174.2 174.3 174.4 An Economic Agenda for America: 12 Steps Forward. The Huffington Post. December 1, 2014. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  175. Bernie Sanders to unveil plan to cancel all $1.6 trillion of student loan debt CNN. June 23, 2019.
  176. 176.0 176.1 Bernie Sanders: 17 things the Democratic socialist believes. BBC News. January 21, 2016. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  177. Sanders backs big bank breakups, in contrast with Clinton. Politico. July 17, 2015. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  178. Bernie Sanders wants to spend $1 trillion on infrastructure. The Washington Post. January 27, 2015. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  179. Bernie Sanders on Free Trade. On the Issues. Updated August 16, 2016. Accessed February 3, 2019.
  180. Sanders Statement on FCC Decision to Repeal Net Neutrality December 14th, 2017.
  181. Senate approves bill in bid to retain U.S. net neutrality Reuters. May 16th, 2018.
  182. Bernie Sanders will call for ban on for-profit charter schools CNN. May 17, 2019.
  183. Twitter post Jul 19, 2019.
  184. If We Don’t Overturn Citizens United, Congress Will Become Paid Employees of the Billionaire Class. Huffington Post. May 22, 2015. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  185. Takeaways from Bernie Sanders' CNN town hall. CNN. April 22, 2019. Accessed April 22, 2019.
  186. Twitter post 24 May 2019.
  187. 187.0 187.1 Bernie Sanders on Gun Control. On the Issues. Updated August 18, 2016. Accessed February 19, 2019.
  188. Bernie Sanders open to decriminalizing sex work The Hill. 06/20/19.
  189. Elizabeth Warren's FEC filing
  190. Warren’s jump into the presidential campaign kicks the 2020 race into high gear The Washington Post. January 3rd, 2018.
  191. Elizabeth Warren kicks off presidential bid with challenge to super wealthy — and other Democrats CNN. February 9th, 2019.
  193. 193.0 193.1 Elizabeth Warren. Encyclopedia Britannica. Updated January 2, 2019. Accessed January 29, 2019.
  194. Elizabeth Warren calls to break up Facebook, Google and Amazon. NBC News. March 8, 2019. Accessed April 2, 2019.
  196. 196.0 196.1 Elizabeth Warren’s 2020 Strategy: Stand Out by ‘Nerding Out’. The New York Times. January 27, 2019. Accessed January 30, 2019.
  198. Elizabeth Warren Proposes Universal Child Care. The New York Times. February 19, 2019. Accessed March 4, 2019.
  201. Elizabeth Warren Calls for Ending Electoral College. The New York Times. March 18, 2019. Accessed April 2, 2019.
  204. Warren pledges to ban private prisons The Hill. 06/21/19.
  205. Warren: 'I'm open' to decriminalizing sex work USA Today. June 20, 2019.
  206. [1] The Hill. 01/29/19.
  207. Meet Marianne Williamson, spiritual guru, friend of Oprah Winfrey and 2020 presidential candidate ABC News. Feb 11, 2019.
  208. 2020 candidate Marianne Williamson apologizes for calling vaccine mandates ‘Orwellian’ by Matt Pearce (Jun 20, 2019 | 8:35 AM) Los Angeles Times.
  209. Medicare for All: Where 2020 Dems stand The Hill. 03/28/19.
  210. 210.0 210.1 210.2 Marianne Williamson: Everything you need to know about the 2020 candidate Axios. Apr 14, 2019.
  212. 212.00 212.01 212.02 212.03 212.04 212.05 212.06 212.07 212.08 212.09 212.10 212.11 212.12 212.13 What does Andrew Yang believe? Where the candidate stands on 5 issues. PBS Newshour. March 19, 2019. Accessed May 18, 2019.
  217. Policy: Medicare for All. Yang 2020. Accessed May 18, 2019.
  219. 219.0 219.1 [2]
  221. Form 1 for Ojeda for President Federal Election Commission. 11/11/18.
  222. West Virginia Democrat launches 2020 bid The Daily Athenaeum. Dec 2, 2018.
  223. Retired paratrooper, a former West Virginia lawmaker, exits from 2020 presidential race, ArmyTimes. January 27th, 2019.
  224. 224.0 224.1 Richard Ojeda’s West Virginia primary win gives Democrats their best chance to turn coal country blue Vox. May 9, 2018.
  225. Twitter post 6 Dec 2018.
  226. Twitter post 27 Dec 2018.
  227. Richard Ojeda comes out swinging on abortion rights The Intercept. November 21, 2018.
  228. Eric Swalwell, California Democrat, says he's running for president CBS News. April 8, 2019.
  229. Eric Swalwell ends presidential bid after failing to gain traction CNN. July 8, 2019.
  230. 230.0 230.1 Eric Swalwell on the Issues On the Issues.
  231. 231.0 231.1 California Democrat Eric Swalwell is close to deciding to run for president in 2020. Here’s where he stands on key issues CNBC. Feb 11, 2019.
  232. Rep. Eric Swalwell: Medicare for All is the obvious solution to a health care system that still drives people to financial ruin Eric Swalwell's editoral on healthcare. NBC News. March 2, 2019.
United States 2020 presidential election articles on RationalWiki
Topics: Abortion - Climate change - Illegal immigration - Gun control - LGBT rights - Marijuana - Taxes - United States Electoral College - Universal healthcare
Parties: Democratic Party (primaries) - Green Party - Libertarian Party - Republican Party (primaries)
Candidates: N/A (D) - Trump (R) Running mates: Not declared
Winner: N/A