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Logic and rhetoric
DARVO is an acronym that stands for deny, attack, reverse victim and offender.
- Deny: Christians don't hate gays. Christians love everyone. We just want everyone to have the love of the Lord
- Attack: You only think otherwise because of the fake news pushed by the corrupt, atheist media that tries to slander Christians.
- Reverse victim: We need to stand up to the gay lobby pushing their agenda down our throats.
Origins and research
The term was coined by Jennifer Freyd in her 1997 "Violations of power, adaptive blindness, and betrayal trauma theory" to explain how perpetrators of unequivocally bad things (e.g., sexual assault) paint themselves as victims and their victims as the ones in power.
In a 2017 study, aiming to test whether DARVO is an empirically strong method of classification, the researchers concluded that "(1) DARVO was commonly used by individuals who were confronted; (2) women were more likely to be exposed to DARVO than men during confrontations; (3) the three components of DARVO were positively correlated, supporting the theoretical construction of DARVO; and (4) higher levels of exposure to DARVO during a confrontation were associated with increased perceptions of self-blame among the confronters. These results provide evidence for the existence of DARVO as a perpetrator strategy and establish a relationship between DARVO exposure and feelings of self-blame. Exploring DARVO aids in understanding how perpetrators are able to enforce victims’ silence through the mechanism of self-blame."
- What is DARVO?, Jennifer J. Freyd at the University of Oregon
- DARVO at Wiktionary
- DARVO at ChangingMinds.org
- DARVO on Twitter -- thousands of exampels
- Tagged DARVO at PyschopathResistance
- Freyd, J.J. (1997) Violations of power, adaptive blindness, and betrayal trauma theory. Feminism & Psychology, 7, 22-32.
- What is DARVO? by Jennifer J. Freyd
- Harsey, Sarah; Zurbriggen, Eileen; Freyd, Jennifer (2017). "Perpetrator Responses to Victim Confrontation: DARVO and Victim Self-Blame". Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma 26 (6): 644-663. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10926771.2017.1320777.