Appeal to the minority
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Logic and rhetoric
- Authority of the select few
- Snob appeal
- P1: X is a minority view (as compared to majority view Y).
- P2: Minority views are more true than majority views.
- C1: X is more true than Y.
- They laughed at Galileo, and they laugh at me. I must be right!
- This goes against everything your parents, your teachers, and pretty much everyone else have always believed. It must be true!
- Just like Copernicus, we in the Flat Earth Society are willing to defy the wrong-headed scientific orthodoxy of the mainstream scientific community.
- Be original. Drink Dr. Pepper!
- I liked this band before they became mainstream
An appeal to the minority is inherently limited. If someone successfully persuades other people that they are right, then their opinion would increasingly lose its minority status -- and eventually would become majority opinion.
If this actually worked every time that someone used it, then this would cause an infinite loop. This loop would continue until only 2 theories existed, with equal followers, and would restart as soon as one person changed their mind.
Second-option bias is the (supposed) prevalence of fringe/counterculture groups to assume that any widely-held opinion among the general population must be untrue, and therefore the prevailing contrary opinion must be right. Second-option bias often presumes that the general populace is stupid or informed by propaganda, which apparently makes their opinions incorrect.
Second-option bias is an especially fallacious form of appealing to the minority in that, while the "first option" may be false (or less than true), this does not automatically prove the "second option" true.
Example of second option bias are:
- An American who rejects the consensus reporting of MSNBC, CNN, and Fox News on some story and says RT must be right, because it is not "mainstream" unlike the big cable news channels.
- Rejecting the "official" 9/11 story because it's supported by world governments and sheeple.
Second-option bias is related to choice-supportive bias, in which people will retroactively decide that choices they made were good choices.
- Logical Fallacy of Appeal to Rugged Individualism, SeekFind.net
- Appeal to Rugged Individualism, Bruce Thompson
- Snob appeal, C. George Boeree
- Appeal to minority, Edward Feser
- Or was it the other way round? (song in German only)