| Guide to:|
|Hail to the Chief?|
|Persons of interest|
“”It is quite certain that a moderate Republican will be nominated to stand as his party's candidate for the presidency. His name is Barack Obama.
|—Some damn Canucks|
“”Remember back when Democrats used to vote with us?
|—Leo McGarry, The West Wing|
Democrat Party Democratic Party is a centrist political party in the United States, widely perceived to be left-wing in the American political spectrum, largely because of their left-wing rhetoric. That's the great irony of the modern GOP: as it moves further right, it has become less conservative in the Dictionary definition/non-partisan sense. It's a real question now whether the GOP or the Democrats are the more conservative party.
A short history
The successor to the Democratic-Republican Party, the Democrats historically acted as the more populist party, as opposed to the mercantilist Whigs and (later) the industrial Republicans. At the same time, however, it was rooted in many socially and economically right-wing views, notably being anti-Second Bank (Andrew Jackson), anti-tariff (ie. the Bourbons) and supporting and upholding slavery (later segregation).
The party began to move to the left in two major shifts, starting with Woodrow Wilson in the 1910s and Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression. The latter was buffered by the "New Deal Coalition," a combination of urban constituents, immigrants, intellectuals, organized labour, farmers, whites from the Solid South and (for the first time) African Americans, all of whom agreed on more government intervention in the economy but not much else.
The schism widened in the 1960s, the hot-button issues being the Vietnam War and desegregation. Nixon took advantage of this with his "Southern strategy," which flipped the American political sphere on its backside: almost every southern seat defected to the GOP. The remaining liberal Republicans (or the "Ike Republicans," vital in passing the Civil Rights Act) fled to the Democrats.
Unable to keep the fire alive into the 80's, the DNC embraced the snail's pace of incrementalism. The McGovern-Fraser pivot (1968) towards the primary system ushered in the age of Third Way politics. Couple it with the presence of superdelegates and the reliance of more primaries, and the result was less populism and more appeal to urban areas. While it was successful in the short-term by widening the upper/middle class, Democrats are so parochial in relation to the culture of their city-regions that they've lost the ability to network with other regions.
In the Bush years, you could not go 24 hours without seeing something which made you want to swallow knives. Half the Democrats just went along with OIF despite the fact that the premise of the war, as well as the hilariously short timetable, was bogus. The few journalists willing to challenge the White House gave brief sanctuary, but the fact all Bush had to do was sound credulous proved that Democrats are not equipped to deal with an administration that's openly breaking the law.
Ironically, by winning the culture war the Democrats have ceded the electoral war: hard-up whites behaved like a minority bloc and came out for Trump in the same way that African-Americans did for Obama. The strength of the Dems used to be that they had broad ideological flexibility. They are the party of non-whites, which is a huge and diverse group. Now that diversity hurts their messaging in presidential elections, and as America's power twilights and those folks see their lifestyle changing dramatically, social conservatism will only get stronger. It makes perfect sense for the GOP to cultivate that base rather than try and shove them into the cellar as they have been doing. That approach is what made Romney lose. Playing to the alt-right is what made Trump win. The dynamics are different in Canada, the UK, et. al, but it's playing out in other countries, too.
On a more superficial level, with stuff like DNC hacks, the party is forced to remain squeaky clean. The RNC does not have this problem. Trump and his subordinates know this and will couple it with swiftboating/voter suppression tactics. Over 30 states have Republican majorities in both chambers (which equals more gerrymandering, since the governors approve the redistricting bills), and they are just one or two states away from a constitutional majority, when they can change the constitution to enshrine their extremism into law.
While the Democrats have a substantial liberal wing among the public at large, the party's inability to coordinate itself properly results in a political platform that consists of rolling over to Republican schemes and failing to provide effective leadership.
But really, the first moment people realized the media had the power to singlehandedly derail a "problematic" candidate was Howard Dean. Sure, Dean in recent years has morphed into a pharmaceutical lobbyist and voracious anti-Bernie mouthpiece, but back in the '04 primaries he was a completely different candidate who funneled a righteous anger towards the Bush administration. And then one day at the end of a rally speech, he blurted "BYAHHHH!" and the entire media decided his candidacy was dead in the water in favor of Xanax in human form (John Kerry). The 2004 primaries/election were always in the back of voters' mind when the media blacked out Bernard and pretended like HRC was the next coming of Jesus in '16. They tried using the Dean playbook to delegitimize Trump, but each time it failed, and the Pedes would be empowered further.
The sectarian violence appears below.
An alliance between social democrats, democratic socialists, and greens (there is a difference, however minor). If liberals prefer systemic reform, progressives push for systemic revolution, with many advocating for policies that are less from the New Deal and more like the War on Poverty and beyond, which includes support for single payer, a top marginal income tax rate of 50%, union membership, a $15 minimum wage, bilingual education in English and Spanish, trust busting monopolies, collective bargaining, public broadband for internet service, and nationalization, all hallmarks of the left wing. Some even explicitly support employee ownership and endorse workplace democracy, even sponsoring bills to that effect. Once disenchanted by the right wing, they grew increasingly popular throughout the 2010s, fueled chiefly by the diverse and increasingly leftist millennial generation, who felt disillusioned by Obama's fiscally conservative economic policy and latched onto Sanders' brand of social democracy. Many are organized in the Congressional Progressive Caucus (CPC), the largest of its kind in the House of Representatives. Some are descendants of the New Left:
- Bernie Sanders, the junior Senator from Vermont and the man many credit with giving voice to the left wing as he ran for president in 2016. A self-described and indeed admitted "Democratic" socialist, for many years he wasn't even an actual Democrat, but caucused with them. Several people involved or related to his campaign have branched out and created organizations meant to continue the "political revolution," as he calls it. Many of his pet policies, like a 15 dollar minimum wage and Medicare-For-All, became mainstream, as pressure from public activists has increasingly forced the party brass to respond in kind.
- Elizabeth Warren, the brains behind the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau before becoming a Massachusetts Senator. With Sanders as an independent, she was the furthest-left Democrat in the party for the longest time, adopting rhetoric from Occupy Wall Street when she railed against the big banks and income inequality. One of her main policies, anti-trust laws, was formally adopted by Chuck Schumer's "Better Deal" proposals in 2017.
- Keith Ellison, a representative from Minnesota, one of Bernie's earliest supporters, and the deputy chair of the DNC. Also notable for being the first practicing Muslim elected to Congress.
- Sherrod Brown, the senior Ohio Senator. A self-described progressive populist, Brown is one of the strongest allies of organized labor in the Senate, maintaining strong relationships with trade unions in his home state and consistently opposing Free Trade deals. Like Warren, Brown is also a vocal critic of the finance sector and a proponent of reinstating the Glass-Steagall Act to separate commercial and investment banking.
- Kirsten Gillibrand, the junior New York Senator. A Blue Dog during her time in the House, where she bragged that her voting record was “one of the most conservative in the state”, she's been making a gradual move to the left since becoming a Senator. Following the 2016 election, she's openly called for the party to follow Bernie and Warren's lead, and she has largely followed through herself, even cosponsoring employee ownership and Medicare for All legislation with Bernie, as well as introducing a bill to ban anti-union "right to work" laws with Warren and Brown. She's continued that leftward trend by disavowing corporate PAC money for her reelection campaign in 2018, taking a page from Bernie and his small donor campaign in 2016.
- Jeff Merkley, the junior Oregon Senator. Merkley was notably the only other sitting US Senator to endorse Bernie Sanders in the 2016 Presidential Primary; he has also been one of the loudest voices in the Senate for combating Climate Change, and a consistent advocate for both Universal Healthcare and campaign finance reform.
- Tammy Baldwin, the junior Wisconsin Senator and first openly gay person to serve in the Senate.
- Cecil Bothwell, former City Council member from Asheville, North Carolina.
- Bill DeBlasio, the current mayor of New York City whose progressive policies often put him at odds with centrist Governor Andrew Cuomo and much of the state government.
- Donna Edwards, a former Maryland representative.
- Russ Feingold, former Senator from Wisconsin. During his time in the Senate, Feingold was a strong advocate for campaign finance reform and a committed civil libertarian, being the only Senator to vote against the original manifestation of the PATRIOT Act and coming out in favor of gay marriage as early as 2006. Since losing re-election in 2010 and failing to regain his seat in 2016, he has continued to work for these causes outside of elected office, having recently founded LegitAction, a PAC whose goals include the protection of voting rights, curbing Dark Money's influence, and abolishing the Electoral College.
- Barney Frank, a retired Massachusetts representative and one of the namesakes of the 2010 Dodd-Frank banking regulation bill.
- Alan Grayson, former Florida representative.
- Tom Harkin, retired Iowa Senator.
- Mazie Hirono, the junior Hawaii Senator.
- Dennis Kucinich, former Ohio representative.
- Barbara Lee, California representative.
- John Lewis, Georgia representative who was one of the "Big Six" of the Civil Rights movement in his youth.
- Ted Lieu, a California representative
- Ed Markey, the junior Massachusetts Senator and one of the fiercest supporters of net neutrality and single-payer health care in Congress.
- Jim McDermott, a former Washington representative
- George McGovern, 3-term Senator from South Dakota and the party's 1972 Presidential nominee. McGovern openly championed progressive social movements of the time, was staunchly anti-war, and emphasized reversing income inequality (he proposed a "Demogrant" program that would give working Americans an $1000 grant every year). His blowout defeat by Richard Nixon (he lost every state except Massachusetts and the District of Columbia) is often viewed as the beginning of the party's rightward shift, though it has been argued that this staggering loss was more due to situational factors (he was facing a popular incumbent during a period of economic growth) and his frankly incompetent campaign, rather than his progressive views. 
- Phil Murphy, Governor of New Jersey
- Beto O'Rourke, a Texas representative
- Jamie Raskin, a Maryland representative
- Brian Schatz, the senior Hawaii Senator
- Pete Stark, a former California representative and the first openly atheist member of Congress
- Paul Wellstone, late Senator from Minnesota who was considered a leading figure of the Progressive Wing until his tragic death in a plane crash in 2002. His New Deal-era policies made him an anomalous figure in the increasingly right-wing direction the party was moving during the 1990s and early 2000s.
- Justice Democrats, a faction of progressives who explicitly don't take Super PAC money and prefer small donors; Ro Khanna and Raul Grijalva are their first two sitting members.
"A little left of center," in FDR's words, with an emphasis on social democracy and its various flavors. Old-school, New Deal-era moderates who wish to "save capitalism from itself," also in FDR's words. Their power base was traditionally the labor movement, who were far stronger through the New Deal era until the 1970s. Characterized by their willingness to listen to public pressure and bend to activist movement, they're the type to rein in the excesses of the system without fundamentally changing it. Many listed below started out as New Democrats:
- Richard Blumenthal, the senior Connecticut Senator.
- Barbara Boxer, retired California Senator.
- Maria Cantwell, the junior Washington Senator.
- Jimmy Carter, the 39th President Of The United States. Considered a centrist in his day, Carter seems to have moved left since leaving office; while he still holds some Conservative views (most notably being Pro-Life), he has been an advocate of the need for campaign finance reform, a proponent of a two-state solution between Israel and Palestine, and admitted to voting for Bernie Sanders in the 2016 Primary.
- Mark Dayton, Governor of Minnesota.
- Howard Dean, former Governor of Vermont and chairman of the DNC from 2005-2009
- Dick Durbin, Senior Senator from Illinois and current Senate Democratic Whip. Unlike both of his leaders, Reid and Schumer, Durbin voted against the invasion of Iraq in 2002, and he has consistently been an advocate for reducing the debt/living expenses of college students.
- Al Franken, former Minnesota Senator.
- Kamala Harris, the junior California Senator. A former conservative, she was known for her tough on crime policies, including pushing for the death penalty and preventing a trans inmate from getting reassignment surgery. But as Senator, just like Gillibrand above, Harris has consistently moved to the left, cosponsored several of Bernie's bills (including Medicare For All), sponsored a bill to reform bail, pushed for overturning the repeal of net neutrality, supported a 15 dollar minimum wage, and voted to shut down the government if DACA wasn't restored.
- Martin Heinrich, the junior New Mexico Senator.
- The Kennedys (though there is some internal division; Ted Kennedy came to be considered an icon of the progressive wing over the course of his Senate career and was for many years the loudest advocate for the implementation of a Single-Payer healthcare system in the US, while Joe Kennedy III leans more to the center, likely due to representing a more conservative district.)
- John Kerry, former State Secretary and Massachusetts Senator who was the party's 2004 Presidential Nominee.
- Amy Klobuchar, the senior Minnesota Senator
- Patrick Leahy, the senior Vermont Senator who often votes in line with Bernie's policies. Leahy is the current most senior Senator overall.
- Bob Menendez, the senior New Jersey Senator
- Chris Murphy, the junior Connecticut Senator
- Patty Murray, the senior Washington Senator.
- Robert Reich, Bill Clinton's Secretary of Labor, who endorsed Bernie in 2016 primary and is a crusader against income inequality.
- Jay Rockefeller, retired West Virginia Senator. A member of the traditionally Republican Rockefeller family, he became a Democrat to run for office in West Virginia, which at the time was a Democratic stronghold. Funnily enough, his retirement in 2014 was spurred partially by West Virginia shifting to a mostly Republican state. While he was hawkish by Democratic standards during his time in the Senate, he co-authored CHIP (Children's Health Insurance Program) and was one of the staunchest proponents of a healthcare Public Option.
- Tom Udall, the senior New Mexico Senator
- Chris Van Hollen, the junior Maryland Senator
- Anthony Weiner, former New York representative
- Sheldon Whitehouse, the junior Rhode Island Senator
- Ron Wyden, the senior Oregon Senator, who, despite some fiscally centrist views (including support for the Trans-Pacific Partnership and a repeal of the estate tax) is a strong advocate for civil liberties in the Senate, being the first US Senator to publicly support LGBTQ marriage equality and a vocal critic of the PATRIOT Act and other mass surveillance programs.
The third way moderates. Birthed from the Democratic Leadership Council in the 80s, they turned the party increasingly neoliberal following Clinton's ascendance to the presidency, much like New Labour under Tony Blair. They dominated the party throughout the 90s, leading to a proliferation of Blue Dogs (see below) who gave cover to the right wing. Since the 2010s, they've lost much of their former clout to the left wing, as the Blue Dogs were eradicated and the progressives filled that void. Several of their most ardently centrist members have since been forced to shift left because of an increasingly restless public demanding change. Represented by the New Democrat Coalition (an affiliate of the now-defunct Democratic Leadership Council):
- Joe Biden, former Vice President.
- Cory Booker, the junior New Jersey Senator who receives the most Wall Street donations of any Democrat in the Senate. He has nonetheless been making some appeals to the progressive and liberal wings recently (including co-sponsoring Medicare For All, authoring a nationwide Marijuana legalization bill, and following Bernie Sanders' lead by disavowing corporate PAC money) in what many believe to be him laying the groundwork for a 2020 presidential run.
- Bill Clinton, the 42nd President of the United States who led the New Democrat coalition. Clinton took a bipartisan track with regards to NAFTA (conservative) and Hillarycare (progressive), but had mixed results in doing so.
- Hillary Clinton, former First Lady, New York Senator, and Secretary of State who heads the Clinton Foundation and leads the centrist Democrats who dominate much of the DNC to this day. To her credit, she moved solidly to the left compared to her husband, and was more comparable to Obama by 2016.
- Andrew Cuomo, Governor of New York who supports the Republican-allied Independent Democratic Caucus in the state senate.
- Tom Daschle, former Senator from South Dakota and caucus leader of the Senate Democrats from 1995-2004
- Chris Dodd, retired Connecticut Senator.
- Tammy Duckworth, the junior Illinois Senator
- John Edwards, former South Carolina Senator and the party's 2004 Vice-Presidential nominee.
- Dianne Feinstein, one of the most conservative Democrats in Congress today, having voted for the Bush tax cuts, the Iraq War, and the Patriot Act, but also being an advocate for gun control and an opponent of Israeli settlements on Palestinian land.
- Al Gore, Bill Clinton's Vice President.
- Joe Lieberman (independent since 2006), retired Connecticut Senator
- John Hickenlooper, Governor of Colorado.
- Jim Himes, a Connecticut representative and the current chair of the New Democrats Coalition in the House of Representatives
- Tim Kaine, junior Senator from Virginia who was the party's 2016 Vice-President Nominee.
- Martin O'Malley, former Governor of Maryland.
- Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States, who nonetheless (accidentally) facilitated a revival of the left wing. Many were dissatisfied with his conservative leanings, and public activism forced him to evolve into a more traditional liberal by the end of his presidency. 
- Deval Patrick, former Governor of Massachusetts.
- Nancy Pelosi, a California representative and current caucus leader of the House Democrats. She generally refuses to give the left wing any time, in spite of her Senate counterparts Reid and Schumer being more conciliatory to the left.
- Harry Reid, retired Senator from Nevada who was caucus leader of the Senate Democrats from 2005-2017. Perhaps owing to his Mormon faith, Reid is rather Socially Conservative by Democratic standards; he believes Roe v. Wade should be overturned, opposed Same-Sex Marriage until 2012, and advocated outlawing prostitution in his home state.
- Tim Ryan, an Ohio Representative who made a failed bid to challenge Pelosi for caucus leadership after the 2016 election.
- Adam Schiff, a California Representative and one of the most hawkish/pro-surveillance state Democrats in the House.
- Chuck Schumer, the senior New York Senator and the current Senate Democrat leader who has found himself forced to make a few conciliatory gestures to the party's progressive wing (most notably his "Better Deal" proposal incorporating a $15 minimum wage, a ban on "right-to-work" for private sector unions, and Warren's antitrust proposals) following the embarrassing defeat of Hillary Clinton by Donald Trump in the 2016 presidential election that put Republicans in control of all three branches of the federal government.
- Debbie Wasserman-Schultz, the incompetent former head of the DNC who often votes with Republicans.
The Blue Dog Coalition are often accused of being DINOs, most commonly on social issues and deficit hawkery. These guys are the same concern-trolling scumbags that FDR crushed on his way to enacting the New Deal. Officially they are a coalition in the House but a few ideologically aligned Senators are listed as well. They're typically elected in Jesusland, and are considered flaming lefties there, despite being firmly centre-right. They were largely wiped out in 2010 and 2014, but some of their holdouts remain:
- Phil Bredesen, former Governor of Tennessee.
- Tom Carper, senior Senator from Delaware.
- Chris Coons, junior Senator from Delaware.
- Charlie Crist, Representative from Florida and former Republican Governor.
- Claire McCaskill, Senator from Missouri.
- Joe Donnelly, Senator from Indiana who only won because the Republican argued childbirth from rape is something God intended to happen. He opposes Net Neutrality and same-sex marriage, and voted in favor of Neil Gorsuch and most of Trump's other cabinet nominees.
- Rahm Emanuel, former White House Chief of Staff and current Mayor of Chicago.
- Gabrielle Giffords, Representative from Arizona.
- Heidi Heitkamp, Senator from North Dakota.
- Doug Jones, Senator from Alabama. Jones is the first Democrat elected to the Senate from the state since 1986, no doubt due to his opponent being revealed as a pedophile mid-way through the election cycle.
- Angus King, the current Junior Senator from Maine who, like Sanders, is technically an Independent but caucuses with the Democrats.
- Mary Landrieu, former Louisiana Senator
- Dan Lipinski, Illinois representative who opposes LGBTQ rights, is pro-life, and voted against the Affordable Care Act.
- Joe Manchin, Senator from West Virginia who is often ranked as the most conservative Democrat in the Senate; he identifies as Pro-Life, is a member of the NRA, and voted "yes" on Sessions, Tillerson, Mnuchin, Pruitt, and Gorsuch. He also believes the party is too hostile to moderate-conservatives such as himself and had to be persuaded to run for re-election in 2018 by his Senate colleagues.
- Ben Nelson, retired Nebraska Senator
- Collin Peterson, Representative from Minnesota.
- Heath Shuler
- Mark Warner, Senator from Virginia who voted Rex Tillerson, Mike Pompeo, Rick Perry, and Ben Carson into Trump's cabinet. He also feverishly supports illegal NSA mass surveillance of American citizens, lowering the corporate tax rate, and is an advocate for the need to "reform" (read: gut) Social Security.
To the right of the Blue Dogs. Not a significant feature in the party anymore, although occasionally one will turn up here and there as a failed Senate candidate, or a centrist Democrat will go haywire and swing far to the right.
- Virgil Goode (left the Democrats in 2000, was the Constitution Party presidential nominee in 2012)
- Zell Miller
These tend to align with the progressive and liberal wings of the party on most issues, but have conservative quirks and so are not easily categorized elsewhere:
- Steve Bullock, Governor of Montana
- Lincoln Chafee, former Rhode Island Senator/Governor.
- Tulsi Gabbard, Representative from Hawaii, who aligns with the progressive wing on most domestic policy but is much more hawkish on foreign policy.
- Jon Tester, the Senior Senator from Montana, who is socially liberal and has expressed openness to the idea of a Single-Payer Healthcare system, yet also has an A- rating from the NRA.
- Jim Webb, former Virginia Senator.
- Mike Gravel
- There is also an erstwhile "Democratic Freedom Caucus" influenced by Georgism whose actual influence in the party is negligible
So who's ticking them on their ballot?
“”All over the country Democrats are running on their singular strength – the fact that they are not as batshit crazy as their Republican opponents.
Today, the Democratic Party attracts academia, white-collar professionals, scientists, medical students, the youth vote, the working class, increasingly the middle class, consumer advocates, copyright reformers, women, LGBT, and ethnic minorities. However, many progressives feel left out of the Party, especially those whose focus in on income inequality. These are alarmed by positions taken by, e.g., Jon Cowan, president of the centrist think tank Third Way, claims populism is dead in the Party, who argues:
“There is a very large faction within the Democratic Party that wants to go back in time,” Cowan told me. “They want to take what we did in the 20th century and do more of it. They want to re-unionize the entire country, unwind the trade deals of the last couple of decades, and not just preserve but expand entitlements. Even if we could afford that, it wouldn’t solve most of the problems of the middle class.”
That is, many top dog Democrats don't want to deal with income inequality; they want to appeal to the middle-class voters who have been moving in the Democratic direction.
Self-identified Democratic centrist and two-term Delaware governor, Jack Markell, agrees that the middle class is key, and claims: : '“If it’s about inequality, it’s a conversation that has the potential of dividing us.” ...Markell says that middle-class voters hear in the crusade against “inequality” a desire to equalize people rather than make everyone better off." In all this, progressives hear no Party support for unionizing the working poor in the service sector, or for supporting any new programs to assist with the cost of child care or sky-rocketing college tuition.
But mainstream Democrats are beginning to see that to win they are, indeed, going to have to "go back in time" and return to issues like income inequity. Senator Chuck Schumer published an op-ed in The New York Times denouncing "vulture capitalists" and declaring his party would offer a "Better Deal" for Americans:
Americans are clamoring for bold changes to our politics and our economy. They feel, rightfully, that both systems are rigged against them, and they made that clear in last year’s election. American families deserve a better deal so that this country works for everyone again, not just the elites and special interests. Today, Democrats will start presenting that better deal to the American people.....In the last two elections, Democrats, including in the Senate, failed to articulate a strong, bold economic program for the middle class and those working hard to get there. We also failed to communicate our values to show that we were on the side of working people, not the special interests. We will not repeat the same mistake. This is the start of a new vision for the party, one strongly supported by House and Senate Democrats.
- I'm not a member of any organized political party, I'm a Democrat! - Will Rogers
- Democrats think every day is April 15 - Ronald Reagan
- Democrats! Democrats! Get them off me! - Rush Limbaugh
- Hey, we didn't say it.
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt: The American Franchise, University of Virginia
- Linton Weeks and Peter Barker, "Bush Spars With Critics Of the War Exchanges With Democrats Take Campaign-Style Tone", WaPo 12 November 2005; Page A01.
- Robert Parry, Sam Parry, and Nat Parry, "Journalists 'humbled' but unrepentant", FAIR November 2007.
- "What Democrats Still Don’t Get About George McGovern"
- "Representative Pete Stark Named 2008 Humanist of the Year"
- His election effectively shut down the DLC, but his first term was largely Clintonian. However, things changed dramatically in his second term, as the country, mostly fueled by the left wing millennial generation, increasingly became more left wing. With the death of the Blue Dogs, Obama himself was pressured to govern more like a liberal by dissatisfied progressives, and helped ensure social democracy was here to stay as the baseline for the party, largely in spite of himself.
- A Brief History of Blue Dog Democrats, Time
- In states that are effectively one-party blue states, it's not uncommon to find wingnut Democrats who are only Democrats because they can't get elected otherwise. They're almost the same as Dixiecrats.
- aka. The Duel Guy. Watch Zell Miller vs. Chris Matthews
- What Kansas says about our political future, Houston Chronicle (The GOP did keep the state in 2014, but holy hell, Sam Brownback.)
- The Emerging Democratic Majority Turns 10, The Atlantic
- E. Frank, J. Carrera, and S. Dharamsi. Political Self-characterization of U.S. Medical Students, Journal of General Internal Medicine. Apr 2007; 22(4): 514–517.
- Millennials in Adulthood, Pew Research
- The Effects of Union Membership on Democratic Voting, The New York Times
- Is a Democratic realignment afoot in the middle class?, Washington Post
- Gender Gap in 2012 Vote Is Largest in Gallup's History, Gallup
- No pun intended.