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Bolivia

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Location in South America.

Bolivia is a South American country, among one of the poorest countries in Latin America, mostly due to a drop in the price of tin.[citation needed] It also has enormous reserves of lithium and coca natural gas, but doesn't use them as a lever in politics like Venezuela.[citation needed] Bolivia also attempted to privatize the water supply, with predictable results.[1] Most Bolivians lack health insurance as well, contributing to the general atmosphere of failure.[2] It has a history of Juntas which finally ended in 1982. Socialist Evo Morales, who wasn't particularly well liked by George W. Bush,[3] was the country's long-running President since 2006, until his resignation in 2019.

Before that, Morales called for a plebiscite to allow him to run for a 4th term[4] (the constitution only allowed a second term, but Morales used legalese tricks to get a 3rd one, nullifying his first mandates "validity"). He lost the plebiscite by 2% (49% in favor, 51% against), ignoring the democratic will and pushing the Bolivian Supreme Court to allow him to run for a 4th term, an endeavor that paid off.[5] What argument did Morales and the Bolivian SC use to justify a 4th term? "Term limits are a violation of basic human rights."[6] This laughable and obvious blow to democracy was met with protests in Bolivia.

Morales ignored mass demonstrations and popular insatisfaction and was allowed to run again; during the 2019 election, his party was accused of messing with the electoral system, as the OAS provided evidence of consistent and widespread irregularities. [7] The problems were so widespread that even Morales was forced to recognize it and called for a new election. However, in order to preserve the country's peace given his lack of popular support, the Bolivian army turned against Morales and called for his resignation, which he accepted. Because those immediately in the line of succession line also resigned alongside Morales, the then-second vice president of the Senate right-wing traditionalist Jeanine Añez was chosen as the new acting president. New elections are scheduled to take place on September 6, 2020, and according to polls, the candidate from Morales's party, former Minister of Economy Luis Arce, has a comfortable lead over Añez and Carlos Mesa, Morales's opponent in the 2019 election.

During his administration, he significantly increased the Human Development Index score of the country over years, starting in 2005 with an HDI of 0.632 and ending in 2018 with 0.703. He was the first indigenous President of Bolivia, a country that, despite being largely indigenous in terms of demographics, has had many white leaders. In his first election bid, Morales received a lot of support from indigenous communities across the country, but later lost that report due to his hunger for power and corruption along with questionable investments, such as the 34 million dollar investment into his glass palace in La Paz.[8]

Bolivia is a large producer of cocaine, and thus has been receiving much pressure to shut the farms down. As the president was a member of the coca growers' trade union, this isn't likely to happen. Donald Trump's policy of continuing the War on Drugs means that it is likely the strained relations with the US will continue.

Irredentism[edit]

Bolivia has an irredentist national holiday, the Día del Mar (Day of the Sea), dedicated to commemorating and reversing the loss of its coastal territories to Chile in the War of the Pacific.[9] Irredentism is even a part of the Bolivian Constitution, being considered a "permanent and irrevocable objective of the Bolivian State."[10] Such irredentist attitudes are also promoted in some Bolivian textbooks.

Woo[edit]

As one of the cradles of ancient Andean civilization, Bolivia has attained some degree of interest from woo-chasing hippies, spiritualists, ufologists and others. See Tiwanaku (an ancient Bolivian city) for further detail.

15 minutes of fame[edit]

Bolivia is famous as the place where the CIA totally the Bolivians assassinated Che Guevara.

References[edit]