The Maldives is a nation made up of an island chain in the Indian Ocean. It can probably be described as an Islamic theocracy. Being Muslim is a requirement for Maldivian citizenship. Non-Muslims, especially atheists, have been persecuted. In 2011, the opposition government held a symposium of 20,000 people in the name of protecting Islam in the Maldives. This escalated into violent protests, and Nasheed arrested the chief criminal judge Abdulla Mohamed for obstructing justice. Nasheed resigned in 2012. In 2015, he was arrested under the Maldivian anti-terrorism act, in an act described as "politically motivated".
The Maldives is also the country with the lowest maximum point above sea level (currently 2.4 meters), and hence is susceptible to climate change and rising sea levels. The former president of the Maldives, Mohamed Nasheed, was an outspoken environmentalist. There have been plans to relocate Maldivians to India or Sri Lanka in case of rising sea levels. Estimates say that the entire country could be uninhabitable by 2100.