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George W. Bush
| Guide to:|
|Hail to the Chief?|
|Persons of interest|
“”I know the human being and fish can coexist peacefully.
|—George W. Bush|
George Walker Bush, a.k.a. "Dubya" or "Shrub," was the
failed second coming of Reagan 43rd President of the United States from 2001–2009. He is the first President to win the endorsement of God, and the only sitting President depicted in cinema wiping his ass. He's also famous for having the largest number of people ever in history to protest against him (~10–15 million), not even Trump can beat that with only a mere estimate of 4.2 million protestors. He "caused the War on Terror."
A candidate of the party which detests growing the government or debt, Bush did better than any U.S. president in history to do both. An "opponent" of "nation-building", he took military action in Iraq and Afghanistan and commenced nation-building. A champion of small business, the only ones getting tax breaks under his watch were the ultra-rich multinationals and foreign oil companies. The soul of compassionate conservatism, his only apparent goal was to hasten Earth's destruction so baby boomers could leech a bit more wealth out of future generations. In 2005, he said to a divorced mother of three, "You work three jobs? Uniquely American, isn't it?", while he took a record-breaking number of vacations, et cetera.
- 1 Boy King
- 2 Election controversy
- 3 Annus horribilis
- 4 "History will vindicate me."
- 5 Junta
- 6 See also
- 7 External links
- 8 References
“”There is a higher Father that I appeal to.
|—When asked if he ever sought advice from his father.|
Bush's lackluster resume speaks not just to ineptitude, but hubris. He knew his resume, and he still thought he was capable of running the nation. An honest evaluation of his life leading up to the presidency is remarkably devoid of accomplishments for a future president. There is a very consistent narrative of someone who was just given one free pass after another for far too long.
Ironically, the first time the training wheels really came off in his life was his presidency. Bush had to lean far too much on people like Cheney and Rumsfeld—petty bureaucrats but master manipulators he was simply no match for. This was yet another example of his family failing him by helping him too much: they were among the first to recommended Cheney as consigliere. That's not exactly flattering to Bush, and it shows that the failure of his WH was long in the making.
Even his campaign was filthy, as John McCain can testify. Bush's victories can be partly attributed to the GOP's willingness to tarnish the service record of veterans. Ironically, he killed McCain's presidential hopes twice. (McCain represented a third term of Bush.)
“”I'm getting more of a 'Nam vibe. You know, unwinnable wars, inescapable downward spiral, chaos in the streets. That sort of thing.
|—Psychic Stephen T. Colbert on November 7, 2000|
Bush was initially elected in 2000, running against then-Vice President Al Gore. The vote was very close, with the election hanging on a very few votes in Florida; due to this, the election eventually had to be resolved in the Supreme Court in the debacle known as Bush v. Gore.
“”When you were a candidate, I called you a corporation running for the Presidency masquerading as a human being. In time you turned a metaphor into a reality. As a corporation, you express no remorse, no shame, no compassion and a resistance to admit anything other than that you have done nothing wrong.
The fundamental difference between Bush and just about any Republican president, except perhaps Coolidge, was that Bush liked being President, but he really didn't like doing the job of being president. By that we mean he wasn't steering the ship. Sure, he went to all the correspondents' dinners and reacted to everyone piling on him with a dopey smile. But if you really look at the conversations that have been reported to have occurred during the financial crisis, he was more or less oblivious to what was happening while Hank Paulson was left in the driver's seat. He actually showed some self-awareness by taking experienced people like Cheney and Rumsfeld and handing them unprecedented power, and yet that turned out to be the biggest mistake of his presidency. Like Rove himself in effect once said, they're doers, not thinkers.
- The economy struggled: while the Dow Jones Industrial Average recovered the "numbers" lost in the post-dot-com crash, the dollar dropped by a similar amount against the euro — meaning that in euros, the U.S. economy was stagnant for six years. The U.S. as a whole experienced zero net job creation.
- He ignored science on every major issue, exerting political pressure to hide facts about climate change, or pushing abstinence-only sex education. This even hampered what may objectively be his only positive legacy to the world, a spike in AIDS funding to Africa.
- When Bush got elected, he needed to throw pro-lifers who supported him a bone. He didn't want to start a knockdown drag-out fight with Congress and the courts he couldn't win, so he issued an executive order freezing human embryonic stem cell research with government funds. The pro-choice side wasn't happen with it, but since it didn't stop women from getting abortions, they didn't fight it too hard. Also, the political points he scored off of the ban was worth more to him politically than the benefits of stem cell research. The ban was lifted once Bush left office, but railing against stem cell research is still a cheap way to curry favor with pro-lifers.
- Two potentially useful contributions, "No Child Left Behind" and immigration reform, failed because of lack of funding and lack of support, respectively.
- NCLB required schools to improve all student test scores by 2014. Let's face it, there is no way to accomplish this except by setting incredibly low standards. Even the GAO noted in a 2009 report that the use of multiple-choice tests has limited what goes on in schools. Under so much pressure to "teach to the test", schools retooled their curriculum to maximize the amount of time spent on testing, which mostly profited the testing companies. And who does this law blame for any problems? Why, the teachers.
- The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act. From the Wikipedia page: "It prohibits the federal government from negotiating discounts with drug companies." In countries that have universal health care, drug companies are not allowed to make a huge profit margin. This keeps the cost of health care down. However, in the US we don't restrict how much money companies can make off you, so they fuck you up. The lead architect of this law left government right after this bill passed and took a job with the pharmaceutical lobby for $2m/year. And which small government advocate was the champion of this? Dennis Hastert and George W. Bush.
- The Bush family's indifference to the plight of low-lying Louisiana is a shameful moment in American history. Europeans were appalled at the casualness with which the government went about saving those clinging to life on top of buildings. The "Brownie" debacle was the point at which Bush realized the fence he'd built around himself was made of rotten wood. Michael Brown was a family friend, by all accounts, who had almost zero experience. It also seemed like he got no coaching on how to be in front of cameras or deal with the pressure of a large-scale disaster. GWB went on national TV to say "heckuva job, Brownie"—before throwing him to the wolves. A lot of the worst shit FEMA did took months and years to be felt, like massively delaying payments and sticking people who lost their homes in trailers made of carcinogens.
- Brown, who resigned in disgrace over his handling of the cleanup, later admitted that the White House only wanted to federalize the response in Louisiana, where the governor was a Democrat, and not in Republican-led Mississippi in order to embarrass Louisiana officials. Brown added that the White House saw a chance to “rub [Kathleen Blanco’s] nose in it.” Blanco lost re-election and was replaced with Bobby
- Much like Detroit/Flint and their "emergency management", the clearing of New Orleans and dismantling of its public education system should be understood as experimentation of new policies to deal with the crises of American society, and may be applied closer to home in the not-so-far future.
- In fact, almost everything his administration touched turned to custard. The American Dream Downpayment Act 2003 was crafted as laudable attempt to create 5.5 million new homeowners by 2010. In reality, it encouraged private lenders to reduce their lending standards (like, for instance, not being too fussed about documentation of income and assets), thus triggering the boom in so-called "subprime" mortgages in the first decade of the 21st century. The result was tens of millions of dollars of debt for people who couldn't be expected to repay them.
- This debt was taken to rating agencies, slapped "AAA" ratings on them, and sold on to businesses, pensioners and even entire countries, also thanks to financial reforms pushed through by Reagan and Bush I. This worked fine, so long as interest rates stayed low (so their debts didn't increase), everyone kept their jobs, and house prices kept rising. As everyone knows, none of these things happened. It was clear the Bush administration (with some allies in the Fed) were trying to keep the economy propped up until after the election, as though they knew they were going to lose and wanted to be able to pin it on the Democrats. Of course it all blew up too soon. Not that Obama was able to exploit it to any lasting effect.
- The housing bust in the US (2006) contributed to a global recession (2008), which is an underlying cause of these phenomena: stagnant or declining standards of living, unrest and forced migration on Europe's borders, unease at bailing out Greece and Spain, economic crisis in Ukraine and Crimea, and economic anxiety in the U.S. giving us President Trump, who is acting belligerent towards Rocket Man. It'll be fine, just lock up all the failing Austrian artists so the plot can't continue.
- At the time, there was a lot of talk of replacing Sandra Day O'Connor with a woman. Harriet Miers was the Bush administration's middle finger to that idea. The most important thing in a SCOTUS nominee is an expertise on Constitutional Law; even the Republican Senate members that interviewed her agreed that she lacked this. There was no shortage of conservative judicial candidates. He could have just nominated Alito or Sutton or Kavanaugh or Pryor or whoever else. He nominated Miers because he thought he could get away with putting his family lawyer on the Supreme Court.
- Bush is also the creator of the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives, an office of the White House that focuses on tearing down the wall of separation of church and state through the use of so-called faith-based initiatives, which include teaching school children that prayer will magically solve all of their problems, and spreading blatant propaganda. In many ways the New Atheist resurgence in the United States can be seen as a backlash against his rhetoric and focus at the time.
- Both sides banned earmarks towards the end of Bush's/beginning of Obama's term. Pork-barrel spending was pretty common in Congress since, unfortunately, it's often the only way to get bills to pass. It was really a fart in the wind from a federal budget standpoint. Moreover, states like Mississiippi and Rhode Island would have even less infrastructure projects than they do. Perhaps most importantly, getting funding for local projects that were important to the community was a great way for incumbent Congressmen to show their worth. Now they have no way of doing that except for pushing racism, culture war crap, and mindless warmongering.
- He looked for all the world like an arrogant moron. Oddly enough, that hurts your image on the global stage. So now, instead of Americans being those "interesting but kinda large people who go to all the museums and talk loudly", we're "those obnoxious fuckholes who think they're better than everybody." How the hell did we steal that title from the French? (What’s great about that is that we accepted that role years ago, and really lean into it now.) In the end, the U.S. lost its moral authority to—wait for it—Germany.
- Also, he made being stupid fashionable. Because hey, learning isn't that important, I mean look at our president, he can't pronounce "nuclear" but he does everything by instinct and faith. (Quayle was universally ridiculed for such gaffes.) Reagan made being selfish and greedy fashionable so that, a generation later, we had the resurgence of Ayn Rand, the Enron scandal (courtesy of Bush's friend "Kenny Boy"), the failure of the financial system, and the rise of the Tea Party.
- A generation from now, it will be the rise of the Idiocracy. It started with the Bush administration's attack on education: Dumbing-down everything, firing teachers, advocating intelligent design, rewriting textbooks, and the like. Levels of discourse have plummeted everywhere, from Reddit to Congress. Reagan made Bush possible. What will the Bush legacy spawn?
- All in all, his end-of-term approval ratings were so low they fell down to numbers reminiscent of Richard Nixon after Watergate.
War on Terror
When Bush became President, he read history books and biographies voraciously. His studies led him to believe that it was important to focus on the judgment of history, rather than on contemporary criticism. The specific example was how Lincoln took all sorts of extreme measures to safeguard the Homeland (like suspending Habeus Corpus). The problem of course with this analogy is that Lincoln was facing the greatest threat America has ever faced to its existence, and Bush was facing Al-Qaeda.
His administration disregarded intelligence estimates, and instead manufactured its own intelligence to support political goals. CIA case officer Michael Scheuer, former head of the Bin Laden unit, had warned the Clinton administration about a need to take action. This was in 1999. It was hardly classified intelligence: GWB received a briefing memo compiled by all the US intelligence agencies which stated Bin Laden determined to strike in the US. There was the Manning Memo, which showed that Bush planned to invade Iraq in March 2003, overriding the U.N. inspectors, and more shockingly, that he proposed sending a U-2 over Iraq to get shot down and provoke a war.
In any event, we were off to war. Bin Laden was reportedly stunned by the initial US incursion into Afghanistan. Before long, the American military had managed to kill or capture some two-thirds of the al-Qaida leadership, and Bin Laden was reportedly seriously wounded. The US could have ended it right then and there, but instead...they stopped. The focus of the military and CIA turned to Iraq, and Afghanistan was quietly forgotten. That gave al-Qaida time to disappear into Pakistan (where they were essentially invulnerable), where they regrouped and spread out like a franchise.
As for us, we're still waiting for the boats, planes, public transportation, taxis, jitneys, mules, goats, and all the other conveyances that the GWB repeatedly warned us that Al-Qaeda and the Taliban would use to reach us if we didn't annihilate them...in Iraq?
“”Gog and Magog are at work in the Middle East… The biblical prophecies are being fulfilled… This confrontation is willed by God, who wants to use this conflict to erase his people’s enemies before a New Age begins.
|—George W. Bush to the former Prime Minister of France, Jacques Chirac, in 2003. |
Bush's first Treasury Secretary, Paul O'Neill, admitted that 10 days after taking office, Bush was looking for ways to topple Saddam. A family friend, Mickey Herskowitz, told Russ Baker that they were planning on invading as far back in 1999, before he was even elected.
In his book,
Kissenger Rumsfeld tries to make it look like he wasn't in on this, but five hours after American Airlines Flight 77 hit the Pentagon, Defense Secretary Rumsfeld was telling his aides to come up with plans for striking Iraq, even though there was no evidence linking Saddam Hussein to the attacks. Rumsfeld was a member of "The Crazies", a term Bush Sr. coined for Rumsfeld, Cheney and other advisers who recommended he take over all of Iraq after the liberation of Kuwait.
Rumsfeld was also a signatory (along with Cheney, Wolfowitz, and Libby) to the statement of principles of Project for the New American Century, a Billy Kristol "think tank" which advocated for the military overthrow of Saddam before Bush became President. This is the group who opined that transforming America's defenses would require a "new Pearl Harbor" to justify those increased expenditures to the public. That was in 2000. Note also that all three of these men were gone by the 2nd term, when Poppy came to the rescue and sent his man Robert Gates to try and salvage the fiasco.
Those of us old enough to remember the invasion know that the Bush administration was desperately clutching at any straw they could find to confirm the existence of WMDs. Every few days they'd raid some high school or veterinarian's office and proudly display the test tubes and Erlenmeyer flasks they found as proof they'd busted a bio-warfare lab, only to withdraw the claim a few days later. You even had the Secretary of State going in front of the UN with artist's impressions of what a mobile germ warfare factory would look like (should they ever bump into one) backed up by dissidents with barely-concealed agendas of their own who hadn't lived in Iraq for over a decade. Granted, they did find some useless warheads that the US government gave Saddam in the eighties.
Anybody would have seen right through Bush's clumsy justifications. It honestly wasn't difficult. Indeed, the French and Germans did; both got vilified by America for their efforts. Al Gore did briefly raise objections in 2004, but was quickly drowned in the popular public opinion which was still high on cordite.
Bush himself has said there were no WMDs and that Iraq was a mistake, why is Fox still trying to insist otherwise? Because it's the only way they can maintain the narrative that the Democrats are big spenders. By pretending the huge deficit created by that war during a period of massive tax cuts was worth it.
In blatant violation of both the U.S. Constitution and the Geneva Conventions, Bush authorized torture—or as they like to call it, systematic sleep deprivation and controlled drowning, "enhanced interrogation."
Since the release of his book, Amnesty International has been calling for his arrest every time he's left or attempted to leave the country, asserting it holds sufficient evidence that he had criminal knowledge of US torture. This caused him to cancel a trip to Geneva, Switzerland in February 2011; they repeated their demands on his trips to Canada in October 2011 and Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Zambia in December 2011, but those countries were not so lucky.
Interestingly, the lack of evidence or prima facie existence of a case to be answered for has not been cited as a reason against prosecution, leaving open a window if the US ever changes its mind on "only looking forwards, not backwards." In Malaysia, Bush and Tony Blair have been convicted in absentia partially on the basis of this book; however the Kuala Lumpur War Crimes Commission (which found the conviction) is not recognised by any official body as a legitimate court.
Perhaps in an ideal world someone would bring him and his buddies to The Hague before he pops his clogs, but since the US has not ratified the Rome Statute it is almost certain they will not consider any case against him. Also, in 2002, the United States enacted the so-called "Hague Invasion Act", which effectively allows the invasion of the Netherlands to ensure “the release of any U.S. or Allied personnel being detained or imprisoned by, on behalf of, or at the request of the International Criminal Court". (Both Ron Paul and Paul Ryan voted against this, which is a bit of a surprise.) The ICC has considered cases against signatories that have not ratified the Statute in the past (eg. Sudan), however, they were all guilty of ethnic genocide. We'll probably get some truth commission decades after the fact.
Sock and Awe
During a surprise visit to Iraq in 2008, an angry Iraqi journalist, Muntadhar al-Zeidi, hurled his size 10 shoes at him during a news conference, calling him a "dog." Bush providentially ducked (twice), but it inspired similar attacks.
The journalist was sentenced to three years in the slammer, later reduced to 1 year, and the shoes were destroyed, never to be hurled again. The shoes were destroyed by US and Iraqi security forces. That's right, it took a coalition to destroy the shoes.[No, not The Onion] Probably one of our finest victories in the war.
The Bush Administration also:
“”We fuck the world. We fuck the children. We fuck the world, the forest and the sea so let us doing.
There are people dying, and we don't care about.We try to make a better world for me and me.
|—Les guignols de l'Info - Song about the USA |
- Responded to a recession by passing tax cuts, along with a bailout for banks.
- Inherited the biggest projected surplus in American history and turned it into the biggest deficit ever, doubling US debt. 
- Borrowed a trillion dollars from China, more than all the previous presidents combined.
- Spent a billion dollars on a "virtual fence" which does not work.
- Wiped out half of black wealth in America.
- Made gays the replacement scapegoat after he left the southern strategy behind. Karl Rove used gay marriage as a wedge issue in 2004 by encouraging states with Republican legislatures to hold referenda on it to coincide with the election and increase voter turnout.
- Brought an Iranian spy into his administration as an advisor (Ahmed Chalabi).
- Used the NYT and a ton of other publications to push Iraq war propaganda.
- Deliberately hid the facts of Pat Tillman's death to score re-election. Not only was Tillman killed by friendly fire, he was possibly murdered by some dipshit grunt from the flyovers whom he had just criticized. Tillman was also a liberal who was worried about being used as a martyr or a hero figure for the war.
- Intentionally outed an undercover CIA operative.
- Saw into the eyes of Putin to find a great man.
- Shut down the anti-trust case against Microsoft.
- Tried to privatize Social Security. All that patriotism turned out to be hollow, unless it's about blowing up someone different than you. When taking care of your fellow citizens it ain't worth dick.
- Used an obscure law to obstruct free speech around anyone protected by the Secret Service.
- Fired U.S. Attorneys who a) wouldn't prosecute bogus fraud charges against Democrats, or b) pursued fraud charges against Republicans. (See Regent University.)
- Used private email servers to skirt FOIA.
- Attempted to override the judicial branch with the Terri Schiavo case.
- Defied Congressional subpoenas, destroyed documents that should not, by law, be destroyed, and violated its own rules on document declassification.
- Went over the heads of Robert Mueller and James Comey to initiate the Stellar Wind program, after the Attorney General was felled by a kidney stone
- Had a spate of bribery and sex scandals in the GOP-controlled Congress.
- You know what, screw it. Go on his Wikipedia page and you won't make it past the first few paragraphs.
- The National Do Not Call Registry.
- The light bulb ban was OK. He also subsidized Texas wind farms.
- Stood in front of a mosque and said Islam is not our enemy. That was nice of him.
- Gave us lots of black and brown officials in high positions.
- You can argue that, while Medicare Part D and the "doughnut hole" were a vote-getting scam (uber-expensive, no discounts on prescription drugs), it got peoples' minds on health care reform...though Medicare Part D was paid for on credit. It's worth remembering that Paul Ryan, the so-called "deficit hawk", voted for this unfunded expansion of big government.
- The "Obamaphone" thing is fucking hilarious because it has absolutely nothing to do with Obama. They're referring to the Lifeline program, which started under the Reagan administration and expanded to include cell phones under the Bush II administration.
- Put in place a Guest Worker Program for illegal immigrants...Of course, it was a futile attempt, as the people in his own camp blasted it as just another "pathway to amnesty."
- Gave the greenlight for a manned mission to Mars...but it has since been canceled after Congress neutered NASA.
- Stopped listening to Cheney after 2004 and fired Rumsfeld in 2006, which enabled him to salvage... something... maybe... from Iraq.
- He never really snapped at people, even though there was so much bad press directed at him, not to mention multiple impeachment attempts by the Democrats. That is the best anyone can say about Bush. He seemed to take an "above the fray" attitude towards all of the negativity. He even sat holding a children's book, waiting for his handlers to tell him what to do. Now that's poise!
"History will vindicate me."
“”I think the lens of history is not changing. A lot of us used to say President Bush will look good and he'll be vindicated in the public eye. But realistically speaking, I don't see a lot of the people who write history all of a sudden changing their mind about George W. Bush.
|—Former Bush White House press secretary Ari Fleisher|
Mr. Bush is currently engaged in two part-time jobs, one as a paid speaker, and the other as scapegoat for the malfeasance of various elected officials.
“”George Bush has fucked up so bad, he made it hard for a white man to run for president! People are like, "give me a black man, a white woman, a giraffe, a zebra...ANYTHING but another white man! That last one fucked up my roof!"
|—Chris Rock, Kill the Messenger|
Bush finished at 36th place in poll of 65 historians conducted by C-SPAN. He beat out luminary presidents such as Warren G. Harding, Millard Fillmore, and James Buchanan. The overall ranking was averaged from scores given in ten areas. Some examples:
- 40th in economic management. He beat out the father of the Great Depression, Herbert Hoover, but couldn't quite get past the guy who died after only a month in office (William Henry Harrison). This is unfair to Hoover since he came into office seven months before the Wall Street Crash of 1929, while Bush had nearly eight years before his disaster. Hoover simply bungled the management of the Depression, while Bush played an active role in triggering the Great Recession.
- 41st in international relations. He's dead last here unless you count his beating W.H. Harrison (see above).
- 37th in administrative skills. So much for that MBA.
Burning his bridges
“”The conservative think tank that fired me for criticizing George W. Bush has gone out of business. No loss to anyone
|—Bruce Bartlett, former economic advisor to Ronald Reagan|
Bush campaigned as an outsider (how the son of a former President pulled that off remains a mystery) in 2000. He campaigned on fear of terrorists and gays in 2004 and won with moderates, evangelicals, and neo-cons.
The GOP post-Bush saw the near collapse of their neoconservative wing in terms of influence: they were foreign policy wonks and the war was all their idea. The 2008 financial crisis badly damaged their libertarian/neoliberal wing. That's two of Reagan's three wings of conservatism gone. Trump campaigned heavily on driving the neocons out of 'his' party: See him trashing the Bush family in the primaries, and even attacking Hillary for voting "Yes" on Iraq. Trump stood out from the free market conservatives by pushing for protectionist trade policies. He even attacked hedge fund managers (in the primaries) and Wall Street (in the GE) for their role in the mortgage crisis.
Before 9/11 and Bush's presidency, a lot of immigrants were starting to vote Republican.
- If you were watching the debates on Univision, abortion was a top issue for Latinos watching the debates. The U.S. funds conservative churches in Central America and other parts of Latin America and they use the same playbook to a "T". Bush tried 3 times to give immigrants amnesty. The Republican Party wouldn't hear of it. Under Bush II, 3 million illegals were allowed in, benefiting the Administration's corporate friends, but not the Republican base. And the establishment wonders why Trump supporters hate them when they insist on lying about this and other issues. The xenophobia really ramped up after GWB's immigration reform bill died in the Senate.
- Conventional wisdom also over-estimated how reliable the Cuban demo was.
- Muslims have long skewed conservative, largely on religious grounds, but fled to the Democratic side when the right started treating them all as terrorists: From the racial profiling in the wake of 9/11, to that psycho Michelle Malkin encouraging people to rat on their neighbors.
No, really: many of today's Republicans now deride a POTUS they unanimously supported (or even wanted to make "president for life") as a RINO, having sold out all "true conservative principles."
This is yet another fit of wingnut negationism post-recession, spanning from Herbert Hoover's supposed crypto-socialism to Saint Reagan's spectacular efforts at fiscal restraint. Each time their ideas fail, they see the problem as being one of branding, rather than the ideas themselves being flawed. (Many of these people, by the way, declared they were "Tea Partiers" and "Taxed Enough Already" when their man lost again.) They are the German soldiers fleeing Berlin as the Allies approach, stopping only long enough to burn their uniforms.
In 2010, Bush published his memoirs, Decision Points, in which he defended using torture as an interrogation method (really pushing it there, are ya!) and described a bizarre moment when his mother showed him the fetus she'd miscarried. Also, of all the low points of his presidency, being called a racist by Kanye West was apparently the absolute worst, because it made him feel really sad inside.
However, in living up to his reputation that he'd never read a book with much depth, let alone written one, it turned out whole passages of his "memoir" were lifted wholesale from other books, including those written by former aides.
Irony, guilt or change-of-heart?
“”04/17/2014 - George W. Bush Debuts New Paintings of Dogs, Friends, Ghost of Iraqi Child That Follows Him Everywhere
He also paints pictures of wounded soldiers (his bad), the White House dog
Checkers Tony Barney, and other assorted crap. Fittingly, it appears that they were also mostly copied off of the google. The ones of himself in the shower are especially disturbing.
- Dick Cheney — Cyborg. Currently rocking the J.R. Ewing look (as expected) and playing an advisory role in the Trump admin.
- Karl Rove — Criminal who has avoided summons to appear before Congress.
- Paul Wolfowitz — Architect of the Iraq War and the man who brought much of the Bush staff together. When an Army General asked for more troops, Wolfie and Rumsfeld laughed in his face. Right before they demoted him.
- Donald Rumsfeld — Torturing POWs? There's an app for that! Forget the Iraqis; he was a bigger threat to U.S. soldiers. (He actually had to resign after a long while.)
Captain PhasmaCondi "Warrior Princess" Rice — Toothy Chevron executive. When Katrina hit New Orleans, she used it as an excuse to go shopping? (Not a good look for the highest-ranking African-American.)
- John Ashcroft — Ultra-religious Attorney General who covered a naked breast at the Justice Department. prosecuted Martha Stewart, sings, and authored the PATRIOT Act.
- Alberto Gonzales — You thought Ashcroft was bad? This guy ensured, by any means he knew how, that the United States would use torture. Fired attorneys at the Justice Department for not prosecuting Democrats enough or being loyal enough to Bush's agenda.
- John "I Don't Do Carrots" Bolton — In his short time as U.N. Ambassador, the oh-so-diplomatic Bolton was known for his out-of-control temper and for acting rude to foreign leaders. He was resoundingly hated by everyone and had to be chased out of D.C. Trump was supposed to move us away from the blood-thirsty, neocon warmongers, and now he's floating Bolton's name for a position. Bolton, Wolfowitz, Cheney, Rice... Funny how old names keep popping back up lately.
- Mission accomplished
- Bush Derangement Syndrome
- REAL ID Act
- Guantanamo Bay
- Rick Perry — Lieutenant Governor (and successor) in Texas, who is in many ways Bush on steroids.
- Stephen Harper — In the US, they have rednecks. In Canada, they have slednecks.
- Tony Abbott — And in Australia, they have bogans.
- "Great Moments in Presidential Speeches" (Late Show with David Letterman) - In case any of us ever forget.
- You're Welcome, America.
- Sadly, this may be less satire than you would think.
- Bush reflects on his time in office near the end of his term
- Some news articles and blog posts on how Dubya let his belief in Gawd influence his presidency:
- The context is that Dubya finished an interview about shutting off a dam to save endangered fish. He didn't want to, surprise. After that, he oddly went back to the podium and said the quote, and ended on that note. Still makes no sense.
- Steven Waldman, "Heaven Sent: Does God endorse George Bush?", Slate.
- Reviews of Oliver Stone's W.
- Viewpoint: Why Was the Biggest Protest in World History Ignored? Time
- The Women's Marches may have been the largest demonstration in US history Vox
- Bush's Ten Flip-Flops, CBS News
- Here, have a sound bite
- Remarks made by Mary Mornin and George Bush on his "
Let's Destroy Social SecurityStrengthening Social Security" Tour ("Get any sleep? LOL!")
- Lauren Victoria Burke, "Obama's Vacations? Of Any President, Bush Racked Up the Most", Politic365
- Michael Hirsh, "George W. Bush: He Gave Rise to the Tea Party", National journal.
- Hamilton, William, "Bush Began to Plan War Three Months After 9/11", WaPo 17 April 2004; Page A01.
- Richard A. Oppel, Jr. and Jim Yardley, "THE 2000 CAMPAIGN: THE TEXAS GOVERNOR; Bush Calls Himself Reformer; the Record Shows the Label May Be a Stretch", NYT 20 March 2000.
- Mintz, John, "George W. Bush: The Record in Texas", NYT 21 April 2000.
- Carney, James, "George W's Love-Hate Affair with Yale", TIME 23 May 2001.
- George Lardner, Jr. and Lois Romano, "At Height of Vietnam, Bush Picks Guard", WaPo July 28, 1999; Page A1.
- George Lardner, Jr. and Lois Romano, "Bush Name Helps Fuel Oil Dealings", WaPo July 30, 1999; Page A1. Harkan energy was actual insider trading. He should have gone to prison.
- Verhovek, Sam Howe, "THE 1994 ELECTIONS: THE NATION THE BUSHES; Texas Elects George W. While Florida Rejects Jeb", NYT 9 November 1994.
- Berlow, Alan, "The Texas Clemency Memos", The Atlantic July/August 2003.
- Josh Roglin and Eli Lake, "CIA Torture Report: Bush Was Kept in the Dark for Years", Bloomberg 9.9.14.
- Bouie, Jamelle, "Fool Me Once", Slate 6.6.14. Bouie: "If we lived in a reasonable world, [Douglas] Feith would be barred from talking on the subject of Iraq. As it stands, he’s making the rounds of commentary."
- Baker Peter, "The Final Insult in the Bush-Cheney Marriage", New York Times 10.10.13.
- Farney, Dennis, "Bush Picks Cheney as Running Mate; A Move That May Present a Gamble", WSJ (Updated 7/26/00 1:30 a.m. ET).
- Fallows, James, "John McCain: 'You Should Be Ashamed'", Atlantic 12.2.10.
- Indecision 2000
- Belle, Nicole, "Ralph Nader Sends Open Letter To President Bush: 'The Country You Destroyed'", Crooks and Liars (1/05/14 at 2:25am).
- Thomas, Helen, "No wonder Bush doesn't connect with the rest of the country", Seattle Post-Intelligencer 14 October 2003.
- Woodward, Bob, "Greenspan Is Critical Of Bush in Memoir", WaPo 15 September 2007.
- Bedard, Paul, "Michael Brown: 'Fratboy' Bush 'Didn't Get' Katrina", U.S. News (10 June 2011, 12:11 p.m.).
- Sheryl Gay Goldberg and Jim Rutenberg, "As G.O.P. Mopes, Bush Adds the Duties of Optimist in Chief", NYT 23 October 2006.
- Andrews, Edmund J. "A ‘Disappointed’ Greenspan Lashes Out at Bush’s Economic Policies", 17 September 2007.
- Jo Becker, Sheryl Gay Stolberg and Stephen Labaton, "White House Philosophy Stoked Mortgage Bonfire", NYT 12.20.08.
- Hagan, Joe, "Bush in the Wilderness - Jeb Bush's Complicated Legacy", New York Magazine 10.22.12.
- Richard Kogan and Matt Fiedler, "From Surplus to Deficit", Center on Budget and Policy Priorities 12.13.06.
- Vikas Bajaj and Ian Austen, "Dollar Falls to New Low Against the Euro", NYT 9.21.07.
- Irwin, Neil, "Aughts were a lost decade for U.S. economy, workers", WaPo 2 January 2010.
- Dickinson, Tim, "Six Years of Deceit", Rolling Stone 6.28.07.
- Stein, Rob, "Health bill restores $250 million in abstinence-education funds", WaPo 3.27.10.
- In Global Battle on AIDS, Bush Creates Legacy, The New York Times
- Jeremy Mainer and Judith Graham, "Experts rip Rove stem cell remark", Chicago Tribune 19 July 2006.
- "NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND ACT: Enhancements in the Department of Education's Review Process Could Improve State Academic Assessments", Government Accountability Office 9.24.09.
- David, Owen, "No Test Left Behind", TPM.
- Pear, Robert, "Education Chief Calls Union Terrorists, Then Recants", NYT 2.25.05.
- Katherine Skiba and Angela Caputo, "Dennis Hastert had multiple sources of income after leaving Congress", Chicago Tribune 21 September 2017.
- Silverstein, Stuart, "This Is Why Your Drug Prescriptions Cost So Damn Much", Mother Jones (21 October 2016, 10:00am).
- "Barbara Bush Calls Evacuees Better Off", NYT 9.7.05.
- "Bush tour a 'photo op': Louisiana senator", SMH (4 September 2005, 11:35AM).
- Cornwell, Rupert, "'Hurricane Katrina: The storm that shamed America", Independent 8.19.10.
- Daren Fonda and Rita Healey, "How Reliable Is Brown's Resume?", TIME 8 September 2005.
- Dickerson, John, "Dangling Man: Michael Brown twists slowly in the wind", Slate (8 September 2005, 7:16 PM_.
- Hsu, Spencer S., "FEMA Knew Of Toxic Gas In Trailers", WaPo 20 July 2007.
- "Louisiana governor seeks Katrina probe after comments", Reuters (1/23/07 7:35pm EST). Blanco: "They were trying to get at me, but they hurt our people. They were playing politics while our people were dying."
- Roth, Zachary, "Jindal Admits Katrina Story Was False", TPM (2/27/09, 4:39 PM EST).
- "Gov. Bobby Jindal's writing on 'exorcism' gets new attention", Times-Picayune via Associated Press (3 August 2012, 7:30 PM).
- Ydtie, John, "No Title? No Easy Access to Post-Katrina Aid", NPR (28 April 2008, 1:55 PM ET).
- Filosa, Gwen, "Post-Hurricane Katrina housing costs put many on the edge", Times-Picayune (14 September 2010, 9:00 AM ).
- Brown, Emma, "Katrina swept away New Orleans’ school system, ushering in new era", WaPo 3 September 2015.
- Flavelle, Christopher, "Trump FEMA Chief Supports Cutting Coverage for Flood-Prone Homes", Bloomberg (23 August 2017, 1:00 AM PDT).
- Ferguson, Niall. The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World (New York: Allan Lane, 2009), p.267.
- Bull, Alister, "Timothy Geithner Accused Of Alerting Banks To 2007 Interest Rate Cut For 2nd Time", HuffPo (19 January 2013, 11:59 pm ET).
- Cassidy, John, "Bailing Out", New Yorker 29 September 2008.
- David Cho, Lori Montgomery, and Shailagh Murray, "Obama Picks N.Y. Fed President Geithner as Treasury Secretary", WaPo 22 November 2008.
- Michael A. Fletcher and Charles Babington, "Miers, Under Fire From Right, Withdrawn as Court Nominee", WaPO 28 October 2005.
- Allen, Mike, "Dobson: What Rove Said About Miers", TIME 11 October 2005.
- Kane, Paul, "West Wing Aides Cited for Contempt", WaPo 15 February 2008.
- Fletcher, Michael A., "Few Black Churches Get Funds" WaPo 9.19.06.
- Coan, Andrew B., "A license to preach", L.A. Times 2.22.07.
- Pear, Robert, "From Bush, Foe of Earmarks, Similar Items", NYT 10 Febuary 2008.
- Mercia, Dan, "Longing for pork: Could earmarks help Congress get things done?", CNN (updated 17 October 2013, 4:57 PM ET.
- Hudak, John, "Lessons from the Shutdown: Pork and Earmarks Help Break Gridlock", Brookings Institute 30 October 2013.
- Kevin Bogardus and Manu Raju, "Bush earmarks plan roils Dems, fractures GOP", The Hill (15 January 2008, 6:38 PM EST).
- "Global Public Opinion in the Bush Years (2001-2008)", Pew Research 12.18.08.
- "Attitudes toward the United States", Pew Research 7.18.13.
- Whitlock, Craig, "Warm Welcome Awaits Germany's New Leader", WaPo 1.13.06.
- George W. Bush: Hey C Students, You Can Be President
- "Bush and Enron's collapse", 11 January 2002.
- Harrington, Walt, "Dubya and Me", American Scholar 25 August 2011.
- Vendantam, Shankar, "Bush and Counterfactual Confidence", WaPo 30 July 2007.
- Schmitt, Eric, "THREATS AND RESPONSES: MILITARY SPENDING; Pentagon Contradicts General On Iraq Occupation Force's Size", NYT 28 Febuary 2003.
- Anderson, Jake, "Ex-CIA Chief: Bush and Cheney Knew 9/11 Was Imminent, Concealed Intelligence", Antimedia 11.18.15.
- Hassan, Mehdi, "Bin Laden should have been dead long ago": Mehdi Hasan on the CIA hunt", New Statesman 5.9.11.
- Eichenwald, Kurt, "The Deafness Before the Storm", New York Times 9.10.12.
- Dickinson, Tim, "Memo: Bush Determined to Attack Iraq", Rolling Stone 26 March 2007.
- Coera, Gordon, "Bin Laden's Tora Bora escape, just months after 9/11", BBC 21 July 2011.
- Gall, Carlotta, "What Pakistan Knew About Bin Laden", NYT 19 March 2014.
- Reynolds, Mara, "Bush 'Not Concerned' About Bin Laden in '02", L.A. Times 14 October 2004.
- Craig, Tim, "An offshoot of al-Qaeda is regrouping in Pakistan", WaPO 3 June 2016.
- Milbank, Dana, "Bush Defends Assertions of Iraq-Al Qaeda Relationship" WaPo 6.18.04.
- Newell, Jim, "George W. Bush Asked Jacques Chirac To Invade Iraq With Him Because Of Biblical Alien Space Monsters", Wonkette (8/6/09 at 2:57pm).
- "Bush Sought 'Way' To Invade Iraq?", 60 Minutes1.09.04.
- "Two Years Before 9/11, Candidate Bush was Already Talking Privately About Attacking Iraq, According to His Former Ghost Writer", Common Dreams 10.28.04.
- Baker, Russ, "Two Years Before 9/11, Candidate Bush was Already Talking Privately About Attacking Iraq, According to His Former Ghost Writer", Common Dreams 10.28.04.
- Heilbrun, Jacob, "What a Long, Strange Trip It's Been", WaPo 2.3.08; Page BW08.
- Shane, Scott, "Robert Gates, a Cautious Player From a Past Bush Team", NYT 11.9.06.
- Warrick, Joby, "Lacking Biolabs, Trailers Carried Case for War", WaPo 4.12.06.
- Martin Chulov and Helen Pidd, "Defector admits to WMD lies that triggered Iraq war", The Guardian (2/15/11 07:58 EST).
- Mikkelson, David, "Have Your Yellowcake", Snopes.
- Firestone, David, "THREATS AND RESPONSES: FEUDING ALLIES; 3 Countries' U.S. Criticism Brings Anger In Congress", NYT 2.13.03. With enemies, you know where you stand. But with neutrals, who knows?
- Seelye, Katherine Q. "Gore Says Bush Betrayed the U.S. by Using 9/11 as a Reason for War in Iraq", NYT 2.9.04.
- Goldenberg, Suzanne, "Iraq war my biggest regret, Bush admits", The Guardian (12/1/08 19.01 EST).
- Cassino, Dan, "Ignorance, Partisanship Drive False Beliefs about Obama, Iraq."
- Mak Tim, "Amnesty International: Arrest Bush", Politico (Updated 10/13/11 08:27 AM EDT).
- Ridley, Yvonne, "Bush Convicted of War Crimes in Absentia", Foreign Policy Journal 5.12.12.
- Marquant, Robert, "Dutch still wincing at Bush-era 'Invasion of The Hague Act'", Christian Science Monitor 13 February 2009.
- Lawyer: Iraqi shoe-thrower to be released early, NBC News via Associated Press (Updated 8/29/2009 at 10:50 AM ET).
- "Zaidi shoes destroyed after Bush attack ", PressTV (12/18/08 at 6:24 PM GMT).
- Thoma, Mark, "Did the Bush Tax Cuts Lead to Economic Growth?", CBS (30m November 2010, 2:43 PM).
- Glass, Andrew, "Bush signs bank bailout", Politico 3 October 2008.
- The Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2002-2011 , Congressional Budget Office 1 January 2000.
- Owen, Sue, "Paul Sadler says national debt doubled under George W. Bush", PolitiFact (19 July 2012, 5:36 p.m.).
- Thompson, Mark, "The $1 Trillion Bill for Bush's War on Terror", TIME 26 December 2008. Merry Christmas.
- Stiglitz, Joseph E., "The Economic Consequences of Mr. Bush", Vanity Fair (7 November 2007, 12:00 am).
- Preston, Julia, "Homeland Security Cancels ‘Virtual Fence’ After $1 Billion Is Spent", NYT 6.14.11.
- "Report Shows African Americans Lost Half Their Wealth Due to Housing Crisis and Unemployment", National Low Incoming Housing Coalition 30 August 2013.
- Burger, Timothy M., "Inside George W. Bush’s Closet", Politico July/August 2014.
- Alan Cooperman and Thomas B. Edsall, "Evangelicals Say They Led Charge For the GOP", NYT November 8, 2004; Page A01.
- Armbinder, Marc, "Bush Campaign Chief and Former RNC Chair Ken Mehlman: I'm Gay", Atlantic 25 August 2010.
- Foer, Franklin,"The Source of the Trouble", NY Mag.
- Don Van Natta, Jr., Adam Liptak, and Clifford J. Levy, "The Miller Case: A Notebook, a Cause, a Jail Cell and a Deal", NYT 16 October 2005.
- MacAskill, Ewen, "Former Bush press secretary claims Iraq war fuelled by propaganda", Guardian (28 May 2008, 1:51 EDT).
- Mendoza, Martha, "AP: New Details on Tillman's Death", WaPo via Associated Press (27 July 2007, 1:48 AM).
- Redford, Patrick, "Stop Using Pat Tillman", Deadspin (25 September 2017, 2:33pm).
- "Key Players in the CIA Leak Investigation", WaPo (6/3/07 at 11:53 a.m.).
- Loven, Jennifer, "Putin Comes to Maine Sunday to See Bush", WaPo via Associated Press (6/30/07 at 5:53 PM).
- Brinkley, Joel, "U.S. VS. MICROSOFT: THE LOBBYING; A Huge 4-Year Crusade Gets Credit for a Coup", WaPo 9.7.01.
- Weisman, Jonathan, "Skepticism of Bush's Social Security Plan Is Growing", WaPo 3.15.05; Page A01.
- Bovard, James "Quarantining dissent / How the Secret Service protects Bush from free speech", San Francisco Chronicle (4 January 2004, 4:00am). Calling it a "Free Speech Zone" is pretty Orwellian.
- Savage, Charlie, "Scandal puts spotlight on Christian law school", Boston News via Boston Globe, 4.8.07.
- Burleigh, Nina, "The George W. Bush White House 'Lost' 22 Million Emails", Newsweek (9/12/16 at 7:31 AM).
- Carl Huse and David D. Kirkpatrick, "Congress Passes and Bush Signs Legislation on Schiavo Case", NYT 3.21.05.
- Judge Rules Bush Advisers Can’t Ignore Subpoenas, The New York Times
- Justice Says CIA Destroyed 92 Tapes, Wall Street Journal
- Savage, Charlie, "George W. Bush Made Retroactive N.S.A. ‘Fix’ After Hospital Room Showdown", NYT 20 September 2015.
- Kurtz, Howard, "Jeff Gannon Admits Past 'Mistakes,' Berates Critics", WaPo 2.19.05; Page C01.
- Flynt, Larry, "John R. Bolton Court Divorce Records Show His First Wife Fled Home When He Was Traveling Abroad", via Scoop 13 May 2005.
- Weisman, Jonathan, "Bush to Give Up $6,000 In Abramoff Contributions", WaPO 1.5.06.
- Nizza, Mike, "The Story Ends for the ‘D.C. Madam’", WaPo 5.1.08. at 5:25 PM.
- Savage, Charlie, "Sex, Drug Use and Graft Cited in Interior Department", NYT 9.10.08.
- Bush Visits the Islamic Centre, 2001.
- Bartlett, Bruce, "Medicare Part D: Republican Budget-Busting", NYT 19 November 2013, 12:11pm).
- Silverstein, Stuart, "This Is Why Your Drug Prescriptions Cost So Damn Much", Mother Jones (21 October 2016, 10:00 AM).
- Bartlett, Bruce, "Medicare Part D: Republican Budget-Busting", NYT (11/19/13 at 12:01 am).
- Trujillo, Mario, "GOP: NASA on 'journey to nowhere'", The Hill (10 October 2015, 9:32 AM EDT).
- Glass, Andrew, "Bush reads ‘The Pet Goat’ to schoolchildren, Sept. 11, 2001", Politico (09/11/15 at 1:30 AM EDT).
- Was George W. Bush the worst president ever?, The Week
- List of presidential rankings, NBC News
- Bartlett, 2:22 PM - 7 Jul 2017 Tweet, @BRuceBArtlett.
- Nagourney, Adam, "'Moral Values' Carried Bush, Rove Says", NYT 10 November 2004.
- Byrnes, Jesse, "Trump on Bush going into Iraq: 'They lied'", The Hill (13 February 2016, 9:47 PM EST)
- Sullivan, Sean, "Trump excuses Mike Pence’s Iraq War vote — but slams Hillary Clinton for voting the same way", WaPo July 2016.
- Schroeder, Peter, "Trump keeps Wall Street guessing", The Hill (7 July 2016, 6:00 AM EDT.)
- Lynch, Sarah N. "Trump says tax code is letting hedge funds 'get away with murder'", Reuters (23 August 2015, 8:59 AM).
- Michael Hoefer, Nancy Rytina, and Bryan C. Baker, "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2008", Department of Homeland Security Feb 2009.
- Noah Bierman and Brian Bennett, "Elite Republicans tried to ignore them. Now they're shaping Donald Trump's immigration policy", LA Times (4 July 2016, 3:00am).
- DeFrancesco Soto, Victoria, "Remember When The GOP Actually Courted Latinos?", TPM (9/4/15, 6:00 AM).
- "Karl Rove Says GOP Is ‘Doomed’ Without Embracing Hispanic Vote", CBS (10/16/12 10:58 PM).
- Fund, John, "Romney's Hispanic Disaster", National Review Online (11/9/12, 10:30 AM).
- Jazayerli, Rany, "How the Republican Party alienated the once reliable Muslim voting bloc"', WaPo 11.16.02.
- Gongloff, Mark, "Bush says he inherited recession", CNN 8.7.02.
- Baragona, Justin, "Of Course! Rush Limbaugh Blames George W. Bush’s Great Recession On President Obama ", PoliticusUSA 8.28.14.
- Saad, Lydia, "Bush Still Gets More Blame for Economy Than Obama", Gallup 4.21.10.
- Lamarque, Kevin, "Most say Bush to blame for weak U.S. economy, poll finds", Reuters 5.15.12.
- Boyd, Sam, "AT LEAST HE'S HONEST.", American Prospect 8.23.07.
- Here, here, and here.
- "Neo Culpa", David Rose, Vanity Fair. November 5, 2006 (VF's probably regretting this.)
- "Wait, Bush is okay now?", The Economist 4.17.10.
- Rich, Frank, "Journal; And the Winner Is . . . George W. Bush", NYT 28 August 1999.
- Charles, Ron, "Bush’s 9/11 school visit pushed ‘Pet Goat’ into spotlight", 9.9.11.
- George Bush accused of borrowing from other books in his memoirs, The Guardian
- Allen, Mike, George and Laura Bush open clinic in Africa, Politico (Updated 07/04/12 01:09 PM EDT.
- Schultz, Colin, "How to Get a Solo Show as an Amateur Artist: First, Serve Two Terms As President…" Smithsonian Mag 4.9.14.
- Mills, Nicholaus, "Punished for telling truth about Iraq war", CNN (Updated 20 March 2013, 7:53 AM ET).
- I’ve done business, politics, and war. Now I’m trying my hand at mobile gaming! The devs have managed to string along Rumsfeld through 172 builds and the better part of 2 years...for a Solitaire game. For once, the workers are exploiting the lack of knowledge of the capitalist.
- Geiger, Kim, "Condoleezza Rice regrets vacationing, shoe-shopping during Katrina", L.A. Times 1.1.11.
- Ashcroft protects the boobies.
- Nahal Toosi and Madeline Conway, "Trump's flirtation with Bolton sends shivers through Senate", Politico (14 December 2016, 5:10 AM EST).
- Glasser, Susan B., " Why Paul Wolfowitz Is Optimistic About Trump", Politico 24 April 24, 2017.
- Johnson, Eliana, "Cheney emerges as surprise Trump surrogate", Politico (12/16/16 at 01:44 PM EST).
- Jagannathan, Meera, "Condoleezza Rice argues tearing down slave owners’ statues is ‘sanitizing’ history", NY Daily News (8 May 2017, 1:58 PM).
|Presidents of the United States|
| Washington (n/a) - J. Adams (Fed.) - Jefferson (Dem-Rep) - Madison (Dem-Rep) - Monroe (Dem-Rep) - J.Q. Adams (Dem-Rep) - Jackson (D) - Van Buren (D) - Harrison (Whig) - Tyler (Whig) - Polk (D) - Taylor (Whig) - Fillmore (Whig) - Pierce (D) - Buchanan (D) - Lincoln (R) - A. Johnson (D*) - Grant (R) - Hayes (R) - Garfield (R) - Arthur (R) - Cleveland (D) - Harrison (R) - Cleveland (D) again - McKinley (R) - T. Roosevelt (R) - Taft (R) - Wilson (D) - Harding (R) - Coolidge (R) - Hoover (R) - F.D. Roosevelt (D) - Truman (D) - Eisenhower (R) - Kennedy (D) - L.B. Johnson (D) - Nixon (R) - Ford (R) - Carter (D) - Reagan (R) - G.H.W. Bush (R) - Clinton (D) - G.W. Bush (R) - Obama (D) - Trump (R) (incumbent)
*Ran for VP on the "National Union" ticket together with Lincoln but was otherwise a lifelong Democrat