2021 U.S. Capitol riot
| A guide to|
|Hail to the Chief?|
|Persons of interest|
“”Yesterday, in my view: One of the darkest days in the history of our nation. An unprecedented assault on our democracy. An assault literally on the citadel of liberty, and the United States Capitol itself. An assault on the rule of law. An assault on the most sacred of American undertakings; ratifying the will of the people, and choosing the leadership of their government.
|—President Joe Biden|
The 2021 U.S. Capitol riot, also known as the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol, the 2021 attempted coup in the United States and the 2021 insurrection at the United States Capitol, was a coup attempt that took place at Capitol Hill on January 6, 2021. As the US Congress was about to certify former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr.'s defeat of President and sore loser Donald J. Trump in the 2020 presidential election, a group of a few thousand far-right pro-Trump terrorists, paramilitaries, rioters, and "patriots" stormed the fucking Capitol building, demanding that Congress subvert the will of voters they didn't like and declare Trump the winner. The building was trashed and vandalized by the insurrectionists, resulting in dozens of injuries and the deaths of four rioters and one police officer. Most of the rioters had attended a "
Enslave Save America March" (and rally) at the National Mall that morning, where Trump urged his supporters to "fight like hell" and Rudy Giuliani asserted that "trial by combat" was the only way to "save" America from the radical anti-American/commie/SJW/anti-white/Cultural Marxist/antifa/BLM/ DA JOOZ "globalists", or some trumped-up bullshit like that.[note 1] This event is arguably the most terrifying disruption in the day-to-day functioning of Congress since 1954, when a small group of Puerto Rican terrorists shot five Representatives, and definitely had the potential to become oh so much worse. As a result, Trump and his buddies were widely seen as being indirectly, if not directly, responsible for the carnage and terrorism that occurred — by even some of Trump's most obsequious of loyalists. Indeed, much of his White House Cabinet resigned in disgrace over the next few days.
The riot had a massive effect on the the U.S. government, the Republican Party, the United States as a whole, and of course, the Trump presidency, whose end was fast approaching. Following the failed coup, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-California) and now-Senate Majority leader Chuck Schumer (D-New York) called for Trump to either resign or be removed from office, with the support of even a few less-than-crazy Republican Congresspeople. Many of the Republicans who added fuel to the conspiracies and second McCarthyite Red Scare that led to this event, such as Ted Cruz (R-Texas), Lindsey Graham (R-South Carolina), the outgoing David Perdue and Kelly Loeffler[note 2] (both R-Georgia), and Faux News pundits such as Tucker Carlson and Sean Hannity, suddenly turned their heads and pretended they had nothing to do with the conspiracy theories that led to the violence taking place. Nothing.
Trump was impeached for inciting the riot on January 13, 2021, making him the first President in American history to be impeached not once, but twice.[note 3] While the vote to convict him likely won't happen until after Biden's inauguration, the Senate can still bar him from running for office again in 2024 and nullify his ability to hand out pardons like candy. To date, it is the only time in history that a President has incited an attack on the Capitol, and only the second time that the Capitol was breached after British soldiers stormed it in 1814 during the War of 1812, over 200 years prior.
Trump, who had helped instigate the incident along with several Republican politicians and right-wing personalities, finally conceded the election (which he had previously refused to do even as he lost case after case after unsubstantiated legal case) before being banned from Twitter and most social media.
- 1 Um... What the fuck just happened?
- 2 Aftermath
- 3 Reactions
- 4 Conspiracy theories/fallacious arguments
- 5 Gallery of shame
- 6 Symbols of shame
- 7 See also
- 8 External links
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
Um... What the fuck just happened?
Here is the complete timeline of the events leading up to January 6.
Trump's attempts to overturn the election
- See the Wikipedia article on Attempts to overturn the 2020 United States presidential election.
Trump's refusal to accept an election loss under any circumstances can be traced all the way back to the 2016 election, when he repeatedly implied he would never accept the outcome if Hillary Clinton won the election.
Trump's shameless attempts to rig the 2020 election in his favor against his own people's wishes had begun long before even the first early votes were cast. Over the three months leading up to Election Day on November 3, he had publicly insisted on numerous occasions that mail-in votes were "insecure", and that "Democrats would try to steal the election". He sowed even more division through his many public statements, woo-pushing and dangerous information about COVID-19, which ranged from refusing to wear a face mask in public to claiming that injecting oneself with Lysol cures corona, holding enormous (mostly unmasked/not socially-distanced)
superspreaders campaign rallies, and encouraging his supporters to "liberate" states from partial lockdowns — all while repeatedly, consistently tweeting to his followers that the virus was no big deal. The logical conclusion from all of this is that Republicans largely took the pandemic less seriously and were far less likely to vote by mail than Democrats were. (If they weren't already predisposed towards trying to sow doubt about America's democratic system, Trump made sure they were by first casting doubt on mail-in ballots). As even someone with Trump's level of intelligence could clearly see this, his next course of action was to sabotage the postal system by appointing campaign donor and crony Louis DeJoy as Postmaster General, who was alleged to have financial conflicts of interest in running the post office. Under his tenure, mail deliveries were slowed dramatically under the guise of saving money, and mail dropboxes and sorting machines were systematically culled, especially in swing states and minority-majority areas. Trump also refused to boost funding for the Postal Service, because without that money they could not conduct universal mail-in voting.
Following Trump's 2020 election loss, his (as well as other) lawyers filed and lost over 60 lawsuits in an attempt to throw out ballots in swing states and subvert the will of the voters, alleging widespread election fraud while refusing to provide any evidence — all just to scam his deluded supporters out of their hard-earned money en masse. To put it simply, this kind of strategy was paraphrased by Roger Stone in early 2019: "When you don't have evidence, you use theatrics."[note 4] As the lawsuits failed and the vote certification process moved forward, Trump grew increasingly desperate to chisel himself out a victory. Just four days before the riots, Trump threatened Republican Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger to get him to "find 11,780 votes" (one more than Biden had won the state by) for him — a scandal that would have practically torpedoed the career of just about any other politician.
January 6 was the day the Electoral College votes were being officially tallied and was basically the last possible moment when any objections to an incoming President's victory could be filed. Indeed, many Trump supporters, including the man himself, wanted Vice President Mike Pence to overturn the election results that day — a power he, for obvious reasons, likely did not even constitutionally have to begin with. Numerous Senators, notably Ted Cruz and Josh Hawley (Republican-Missouri), filed a challenge to the certification of Arizona's votes just before the mob stormed the Capitol and would challenge Pennsylvania's results even after the riots had occurred.[note 5]
Preparation for the insurrection
“”Stop calling this a march, or rally, or a protest. Go there ready for war. We get our President or we die.
|—anonymous poster on TheDonald.win|
“”If they ‘certify’ biden, we storm capitol hill. Executions on the steps.
|—anonymous poster on TheDonald.win|
There were several websites that insurrectionists used to communicate with each other for planning and coordination, both before and during the riot, including on Telegram, Parler, Gab, WildProtest.com, TheDonald.win, and Zello In the case of Gab, a hacker stole 70Gb of data from the site some time after the insurrection, including public and private data. TheDonald.win website was where people went after Reddit shut down /r/The_Donald in 2019 due to inciitment of violence. TheDonald.win was hosted and moderated by Jody Williams. Williams claimed that he was appalled by the comments that he saw on his site (racism, white supremacy, threats, Holocaust denial, and QAnon), his inability to fully moderate them, and the events of January 6, but nonetheless did not shut the site down until some time after January 21. A consequence of TheDonald.win being an open website was that quite a bit of information was archived by Advance Democracy, which provided a 135-page to The Washington Post. Much of the planning for January 6 on TheDonald.win did eventuate during the insurrection:
- Debate over whether to construct a gallows or a guillotine (a gallows was decided upon)
- A map of the Capitol, including tunnel locations
- Discussion of how to sneak guns into Washington, DC
March for Trump/Save America rally
“”This historic event will likely be one of the largest and most consequential in American history
|—Donald J. Trump, December 19, 2020|
Immediately preceding the rally on January 5, the Republican Attorneys General Association (RAGA) used an unaffiliated non-profit fundraiser called the Rule of Law Defense Fund (RLDF) to pay for a robocall that featured false, inflammatory language such as:
RLDF was one of the rally's sponsors. RAGA director Adam Piper resigned on January 11 amid much criticism for this robocall.
As soon as the tweet was posted, crowds began to gather at around 4:30 at the Ellipse, a park located just south of the White House. Eventually, protesters wearing bulletproof vests and helmets with flashlights attached even in broad daylight began showing up in thousands.
The March for Trump/Save America rally initially started out as a normal, peaceful protest that preceded an unorganized march to the U.S. Capitol building on January 6, 2021. On January 1, a permit was granted to the rally organizer "Women for America First", listing speakers including Rudy Giuliani, Roger Stone and Diamond & Silk. The "most visible financial backer of Women for America First" was Mike Lindell, though he claimed not to have supported the organization subsequent to December 14, 2020. Although the rally was specifically titled "March for Trump", the permit stated that the Women for America First would not be conducting an organized march after the rally ended, but that participants may leave to attend rallies at the U.S. Capitol. The currently known sponsors of the rally were:
- Black Conservatives Fund, a dark money PAC which links to an inactive Twitter account owned by Sharon Middleton
- Eighty Percent Coalition, founded by Cindy Chafian
- Moms for America, another Schlafly-oriented group, run by Kimberly Fletcher
- Mike Lindell, rabid Trump supporter and owner of MyPillow
- Oath Keepers, a self-identified militia
- Peaceably Gather, run by pastor Brian Gibson
- Phyllis Schlafly Eagles, Phyllis Schlafly's sons' organization that split from the anti-Trump Eagle Forum now run by the her daughter
- Rule of Law Defense Fund, the most ironically named, associated with the Republican Attorneys General Association. RLDF's chair, Alabama Attorney General Steve Marshall, claimed he was unaware of his association's involvement.
- Stop the Steal, run by Ali Alexander
- Tea Party Patriots, part of the Tea Party movement
- Turning Point Action, run by Charlie Kirk
- Wild Protest, a shadowy group with unknown participants whose website was promptly shut down after the riots
- Women for America First, a dark money non-profit run by Tea Partier Amy Kremer and her daughter Kylie Jane Kremer.
Additionally, Alex Jones said that he pledged $50,000 in seed money and that he arranged for Publix heiress and major Trump donor Julie Jenkins Fancelli to pay for $300,000 of the $500,000 total raised for the event.
At around 10:20, Trump gave a speech that would later come to be regarded as the moment the violence was incited. He and Giuliani each delivered rambling speeches calling on the mass of supporters to march to the Capitol. Among the attendees were a mix of rank-and-file Trump supporters, QAnoners and members of more overtly extremist far-right groups (e.g. the Three Percenters and Oath Keepers militas, Nick Fuentes and his "Groypers", Baked Alaska, Black Hebrew Israelites, Neo-Confederates, and Neo-Nazis) — all of whom had traveled to D.C. from around the country. Many were former or off-duty police officers and military personnel. Several Confederate battle flags were present, marking the first time such flags had ever been flown inside the Capitol.[note 6]
According to Wild Protest, the invited speakers were:
- Ali Alexander
- Megan Barth, executive director of the Benjamin Rush Society
- Lauren Boebert, Representative-Elect (R-CO) and QAnon kook
- Alex Bruesewitz, CEO of consulting firm X Strategies
- Tim Canova, law professor and politician
- Matt Couch, The DC Patriot
- Michael Coudrey, chair and CEO of Pharos Investment Group
- Mark Finchem, State Representative (R-AZ)
- Austen Fletcher, TPUSA
- Kimberly Fletcher, Moms for America
- Joe Flynn (Michael Flynn's brother)
- Simone Gold, quack doctor
- Lance Gooden, Representative (R-TX)
- Paul Gosar, Representative (R-AZ)
- Marjorie Taylor Greene, Representative-Elect and QAnon kook (R-GA)
- Arina Grossu, director for the Center for Human Dignity (a pro-life group) at the Family Research Council
- Jim Hoft, The Gateway Pundit
- Courtney Holland, conservative commentator
- Jason Jones, pro-life activist
- Vernon Jones, ex-State Representative (GA)
- Anthony Kern, ex-State Representative (R-AZ)
- Ed Martin, President of Phyllis Schlafly Eagles
- Jenny Beth Martin, co-founder and national coordinator of the Tea Party Patriots
- Doug Mastriano, State Senator (R-PA)
- Shemeka Michelle, #WalkAway advocate
- Rogan O'Handley
- C. J. Pearson, pundit
- Andrew Pollack
- Scott Presler, professional concern troll
- Ricky Rebel (Ricky Godinez)
- Sabo, right-wing street artist
- John Schlafly, gay son of Phyllis Schlafly
- Ian Smith, trying to recall the Governor of New Jersey because of COVID pandemic regulations
- Roger Stone, ratfucker. Stone is associated with Stop the Steal, and he has raised funds to pay Oath Keepers militia for security at events near the Capitol on January 5 and 6.
- Brandon Straka, launched the #WalkAway campaign
- Melissa Tate, instigated hydroxychloroquine kookery
- Rose Tennet, conservative personality
- Maggie VandenBerghe, actor
- Robert M. Weaver, failed nominee Director of the Indian Health Service of HHS
- Lucian Wintrich, formerly a journalist for the Gateway Pundit
Tea Party Patriots leader Jenny Beth Martin claimed that her organization gave no financial support for the rally, despite them being listed as an organizer and herself being listed as an invited speaker; Martin did not actually speak at the rally. At least six current or former members of the Council for National Policy were involved in organizing the rally, but CNP Executive Director Bob McEwen said his group was not involved.
Chapman University law professor John Eastman, who spoke at the rally, was forced to resign after being accused by university members of incitement.
Despite Trump having authorized Operation Warp Speed to rapidly develop COVID vaccines in the US, the anti-vaxx group United Freedom Super PAC actively promoted the January 6 event and included speakers on a sideshow stage. The speakers included Del Bigtree, Ty Bollinger, Mikki Willis (producer of Plandemic), David Martin (featured in Plandemic, Mike Smith (creator of the QAnon-promoting film Out of The Shadows), and Roger Stone. Willis was also filmed near the front of the breach of one of the Capitol doors, but not as far as is known entering the Capitol. Willis was also filmed praising the insurrection as it was still happening. Alex Jones also appeared at the Capitol on January 6 and spoke in Washington at a January 3 Washington rally against vaccines. In case there's any doubt that the sideshow was sanctioned by the main event, Stop the Steal organizer Alexander Ali spoke at a January 5 event while introducing Simone Gold, where he referred to not just fighting the election results but also against "medical tyranny", an anti-vaxxer code-word.
Two Minutes Hate
Before Trump regaled his followers with venom and hatred (à la Two Minutes Hate), they were primed with a short video. Though relatively short, it is packed with fascist imagery plainly meant to inspire those there that a violent overthrowing of multi-cultural democracy was necessary. Some particular highlights:
- The first five frames of the film feature a shadowed picture of Trump from the nose up, the camera slowly zooming in on his face, followed by an image of the Capitol Building, the Hollywood sign, and two empty parliament buildings, identified as the UN General Assembly and the EU Parliament. The image of Trump evokes strength; the zoom and the cut to the Capitol building make clear Trump is focused on that as his target. The other three frames play into a common theme of right-wing conspiracies, Jewish control of the media and global governing bodies.
- The next few frames feature a voiceover by Trump of his inauguration speech, "For too long, a small group in our nation’s capital has reaped the rewards of government, while the people have borne the cost," while showing an image of Biden with a vacant expression, implying that he is not the one in control. The next two frames send a clear message: the real puppet masters are the Jews. The one immediately after is of Chuck Schumer wearing a Kente cloth, implying both Jewish control and Jewish collaboration with Black liberation. The next frame is a wide shot of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi at a podium flanked by two House Representatives, Rep. Jerry Nadler and Rep. Adam Schiff, both Jewish. The implication is that Pelosi is also controlled by the Jews. This is followed again by Trump's Inauguration speech, "The establishment protected itself, but not the citizens of this our country," then sounds of gunshots and images of dead soldiers returning home, homeless encampments, and emblematic pictures of white America, American flags and pick-up trucks, damaged by rural decay. Again from Trump, "This all ends right here, right now.” It's clear who is responsible, and the film makes clear, Trump is the man who will hold those responsible to account.
- The next few sections come right from the authoritarian playbook. Triumphant music plays over images of military equipment, Trump at the Army-Navy football game, teeming supporters at Trump rallies, women crying in awe of Trump. He is the national father whom everyone adores. More military equipment, more factories, more trucks, Trump at the Lincoln Memorial, black and white supporters embrace. The father made all of this happen. More military equipment, then the mood shifts, showing Bill Barr being sworn in followed by Biden smirking. Biden laughs in the face of American justice.
- The last few frames show loss: American cities empty, white women trapped in their homes. For one second, Scrabble pieces spell out "FEAR". Then more loss: empty school desks, "Closed" signs, then images of the Supreme Court building and the Black Lives Matter demonstrators, on a street that reads, "DEFUND THE POLICE". While America is idle, Black people seek to rid you of protection from the father's greatest accomplishment, nominating three justices to the Supreme Court. An image of Biden speaking to a solitary man (weakness), then more glorious Trump images: rising stocks, more military equipment, black and white embrace while wearing shirts that say "JESUS SAVES", closing with an image of Trump, showing steely resolve.
Everything about this video, Jason Stanley notes, borrows from the fascist framework. It features a patriarchal cult leader promising revival from undefined humiliation inflicted by a multi-cultural elite bent upon destroying the "True Nation". It brings together the ideologies that have been building in America since the Ku Klux Klan gained power and Henry Ford published "The International Jew": Jews support Black liberation, control the media and seek to destroy white history.
Siege of the US Capitol
While there was no permit for (or even organization of) a march into the actual Capitol building, there were significant comments made in social media in the days leading up to the March for Trump rally that called for a march from the Ellipse to the building. There were also calls for marching to the Capitol during the rally, notably by Trump himself, who stated, "we're going to walk down Pennsylvania Avenue — I love Pennsylvania Avenue — and we're going to the Capitol and we're going to try and give [Republicans] the kind of pride and boldness that they need to take back our country. So let's walk down Pennsylvania Avenue. I want to thank you all. God bless you and God bless America. Thank you all for being here, this is incredible." An additional instruction to march on the Capitol was made by Mo Brooks, the U.S. Congressional Representative from Alabama, who told rally attendees to "Stop by the Capitol".
The rallies were organized in part by right-wing personality Ali Alexander, best known for his association with Jacob Wohl and Laura Loomer. Alexander claimed he had help from Republican Reps. Paul Gosar (R-AZ), Andy Biggs (R-AZ), and Mo Brooks (R-AL). Charlie Kirk of Turning Point USA claimed in a tweet to have organized "80+ buses full of patriots" to D.C. Alex Jones of InfoWars notoriety, who later claimed the riot was set up by Antifa agents provocateurs, was also present and claims to have helped pay for the rally in question.
Marchers arrived at the grounds of the Capitol building around 1 p.m. ET on January 6, 2020, and quickly began clashing with police, pushing through security barriers and interacting violently with Capitol police who were trying to prevent unauthorized access to the Capitol grounds. Shortly after 2 p.m. ET, they began to climb the building and break windows, at which point they had successfully gained access to the building. At that time, Congressional sessions on the floor of the House and Senate were proceeding with arguments concerning the objection to the electoral vote count for the state of Arizona. The Congressional sessions were interrupted at around 2:13 p.m. ET when the Senators and Representatives were informed that the rioters had gotten inside the Capitol, and Vice President Pence and congressional members were evacuated. Congress and staffers were evacuated via an underground tunnel to a secure location while rioters breached the building. An armed standoff at the door to the House took place at 3 p.m. ET, during which a rioter was shot and killed. Members of the siege also gained access to the floor of the Senate chamber and various offices in the Capitol building, including the offices of U.S. Representative Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi. Rioters proceeded to vandalize Congressional offices and chambers, breaking a litany of federal laws in the process. In a stunning lack of operations security, many rioters did not wear masks and livestreamed or posted their activities to social media.
For anyone claiming the rioters were "peaceful", a number had built a fucking gallows and others were chanting their intention to outright lynch Pence (who didn't rig the election for Trump) and Pelosi (for opposing Trump in general). Peaceful, friendly, civil-disobedient types these were not.
Paul Blart: National Mall Cop
The response to the violence by law enforcement was completely abysmal. Police presence outside the Capitol was extremely limited, with no dogs, mounted officers, or manned perimeter, only a small line on the building's steps that was quickly outnumbered and overwhelmed by the mob. Not only that, but many cops were downright friendly towards the rioters, with one video showing police removing crowd control barriers and allowing the mob to freely enter the Capitol.
As it became clear that Capitol police were unable and/or unwilling to contain the situation, there were bipartisan calls for Trump to deploy the National Guard. The deployment of the Guard was delayed, and the Pentagon prevented D.C. guardsmen from receiving ammunition or riot gear or sharing equipment with local law enforcement because crowd control wasn't part of the mission and the Pentagon disliked the "optics" of armed soldiers in the Capitol. It eventually took three hours for police and the Guard to retake the Capitol.
The half-assed response to the riot received bipartisan criticism and resulted in the resignation of both Capitol Police Chief Steven Sund and the sergeants-at-arms of both houses of Congress. Much of the most vocal criticism came from racial justice activists, who contrasted the kid gloves used by law enforcement to handle a violent mob storming the freaking Capitol building with the heavily militarized response to the predominantly peaceful Black Lives Matter protests of the previous summer.
Any other U.S. President would have condemned this fascist coup in the strongest possible terms. However, Trump isn't like any other U.S. President. He started the night with a fairly tame tweet telling the aforementioned fascists to "support the police" and to "respect our great men and women in blue". The closest thing to a condemnation of these actions was him saying "No violence!" Keep in mind this is the same guy who said "when the looting starts the shooting starts" (a racist dog whistle aimed at African Americans) on the exact same platform, because, as we all know, looting a store is so much worse than attempting to overthrow a democratically-elected government.[citation NOT needed] This was followed by a video from the White House where Trump calls for calm while continuing to push the bullshit conspiracy that the election was "stolen" from him, the same conspiracy that caused this brouhaha in the first place. Eventually after
he came to his senses and realized the damage he had caused Pence presumably threatened to kick him in the balls, Trump put out a video condemning the coup attempt and conceding to Biden, confirming there would be a "smooth transition of power" to the Biden administration. Hilarity ensued on the likes of Parler and 4chan as Trumpists no doubt felt like they were watching the fall of the Roman Empire. But fortunately for them and unfortunately for the rest of us, Trump immediately contradicted himself and tweeted about how the rioters were "great patriots" and again spouted the same "fraudulent election" nonsense that started it all. This was finally enough for Twitter, who perma-banned his account because of the real fear of more political violence and the possibility of lawsuits against Twitter. Later that week, Facebook and Instagram banned him indefinitely from their respective platforms.
The botched response of the National Guard raised even more disturbing questions. You see, Washington DC isn't like any other part of the U.S. Since it isn't a state, its National Guard is controlled by the Department of Defense, which is subordinate to the President. As the attempted fascist coup was occurring, many observers noticed that the National Guard wasn't responding to this very quickly; this was strange, as when BLM protestors were outside the Capitol during the summer, the National Guard was out in force and, notably, used tear gas and rubber bullets to expel peaceful protesters from Lafayette Square in June so that Trump could walk to a nearby church for a photo op.  It later emerged that Trump was "hesitant" (i.e. "not going") to send them in, and in the end, Pence was the one who made the call. By the time the National Guard arrived, it was too late; the damage had been done. The fact that Trump wouldn't send in the National Guard when his supporters were attempting an insurrection despite being more than willing to do the same to BLM just for a photo op was yet another damning indictment of Bunker Boy's presidency.
Many of the rioters who broke into the Capitol are being arrested for federal crimes. This has been especially easy since few of the rioters wore anything like a mask which could conceal their identities. Many of them identified themselves on video or livestream and posted pictures on social media, effectively getting self-doxxed. Among them were Derrick Evans, a lawmaker from West Virginia who was forced to resign, and Rick Saccone, a candidate from Pennsylvania's 18th Congressional district who lost to Conor Lamb. As a result of inciting the attack, Donald Trump, as well as over 70,000 other accounts related to QAnon, was permanently suspended from Twitter.
Casualties and damage
"When the looting starts, the shooting starts!" ...due to which five people were killed in the event. One was shot by police, three more died due to apparent medical emergencies, and a Capitol Police officer died a day after the riots. The formermost, Ashli Babbitt, has already been claimed as a martyr by the far-right.
- Brian D. Sicknick — 42, a Capitol Police officer who died a day later from unknown causes. He was himself a Trump supporter.
- Ashli Elizabeth Babbitt - 35, an Air Force veteran and QAnon follower who was
killed by a flashbangshot by police while attempting to breach the House floor.
- Rosanne Boyland — 34, a Trump supporter and QAnon follower from Kennesaw, Georgia, who was trampled to death.
- Kevin Greeson — 55, a Trump supporter from Athens, Alabama, who died
after tasing himself in the ballsof a heart attack.
- Benjamin Philips — 50, a Trump supporter from Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, and owner of several pro-Trump websites who died of a stroke.
Dozens of Capitol police were injured, including one officer who was stabbed repeatedly with an American flagpole while lying on the steps. Two D.C. police officers who responded to the riot committed suicide in the following days.
Known or charged participants
“”We are ready for the rioters, this week I organized an alliance between Oath Keepers, Florida 3%ers, and Proud Boys. We have decided to work together and shut this shit down.
|—Kelly Meggs, who faces conspiracy charges, on Facebook, December 19, 2020|
“”Then wait for the 6th when we are all in DC to insurrection
|—Kelly Meggs, Facebook, December 26, 2020|
As of March 2021, among those charged with Federal crimes, there were at least 18 associated with QAnon, at 17 associated with the Proud Boys, at least 13 associated with the Oath Keepers, and "at least 14% of those charged had possible ties to the military or to law enforcement."
There were rioters from at least 46 states, as well as from DC.[note 7] As of March 2021, more than 400 people are expected to be charged with crimes at the federal level, one of largest criminal probes in US history. The alleged crimes include a wide range of offenses from the serious to the relatively minor:
As of March 2021, sedition remains another possible serious charge for some of the participants.
- Aiding and Abetting
- Assaulting, Resisting or Impeding Certain Officers
- Assault on a Federal Officer with a Dangerous or Deadly Weapon
- Using a Dangerous Weapon
- Carrying a Pistol without a License Outside Home or Place of Business
- Civil Disorder
- Conspiracy to Impede or Injure Officer
- More than a dozen Oath Keepers have been charged with conspiracy, one of a group of nine alleged conspirators who claimed that 50 to 100 Oath Keepers were planning to travel to DC to "make it wild".
- More than twenty Proud Boys have been charged with conspiracy
- Curfew violation
- Demonstrating, or Picketing in a Capitol Building
- Destruction of Government Property
- Disorderly and Disruptive Conduct in a Restricted Building
- Disorderly Conduct in a Capitol Building
- Entering and Remaining in a Restricted Building or Grounds
- Entering and Remaining on the Floor of Congress
- Forcibly assaulted, resisted, opposed, impeded, intimidated, or interfered with any officer or employee of the United States or of any agency in any branch of the United States Government
- Impeding Passage Through the Capitol Grounds or Buildings
- Knowingly Entering or Remaining in any Restricted Building or Grounds Without Lawful Authority
- Making interstate threats to Speaker Nancy Pelosi
- Obstruction of an Official Proceeding
- Parading, Demonstrating, or Picketing in a Capitol Building
- Possession of a Large Capacity Ammunition Feeding Device
- Theft of Government Property
- Threatening to assault a Federal Law Enforcement Officer
- Threats in Interstate Commerce
- Unlawful Activities on Capitol Grounds, Parades, Assemblages and Display of Flags
- Unlawful Entry on Restricted Building or Grounds
- Unlawful Possession of a Firearm on Capitol Grounds or Buildings
- Violent Entry and Disorderly Conduct in a Capitol Building
- Willfully and knowingly utter loud, threatening, or abusive language, or engage in disorderly or disruptive conduct, at any place in the Grounds or in any of the Capitol Buildings…
Because five people died as a result of events on January 6, it is possible that people could be charged with murder because of the 'felony murder rule'. The federal felony murder statute can be triggered when someone commits any of several crimes (burglary is most likely in this case) in which someone else committed a murder; the burglar can then under specific conditions be charged and convicted of murder.
The relatively large number of off-duty police officers who are being investigated and in some cases arrested is remarkable because police departments are in many of these cases turning in their own to the FBI, breaking with the notorious "blue wall of silence".
Several anti-abortion activists were known to have been present at the insurrection, which given that there has been a conspiracist thread (white genocide) running through part of the anti-abortion movement dating back to the KKK's heday, should not be a surprise since QAnon, a driver of the insurrection, reflects back virtually every conspiracy theory. Known anti-abortion activists at the insurrection were:
- "John Brockhoeft, who was convicted of firebombing a Planned Parenthood clinic in Cincinnati, in 1985, and of conspiring to bomb another abortion clinic in Pensacola, in 1988, live-streamed from outside the Capitol."
- Derrick Evans, a member of the West Virginia House of Delegates, resigned after being charged with illegally entering the Capitol. He had frequently harassed staff at West Virginia's sole clinic.
- Leo Brent Bozell IV, son of L. Brent Bozell III, and grandson of L. Brent Bozell, Jr. who was an anti-abortion activist
- Christine Priola held an anti-abortion sign at the insurrection, wrote a resignation letter that indicated she believed in QAnon ("to expose the global evil of human trafficking and pedophilia", etc.), charged with violent entry and disorderly conduct in the Capitol
Numerous outlets, journalists, academics, lawmakers, pundits, and even members of Trump's own administration denounced his actions on January 6 as an attempted coup. The Senate hearing about certifying the election results that ensued was fraught with much anger at the wannabe dictator from both sides. Analysts criticized all who still refused to believe Trump had the capacity for a coup attempt following the wake of this day. Even previously loyalist Republicans and pro-Trump news outlets were disgusted by the treasonous act. Calls to impeach Trump immediately came not just from mainstream media outlets such as Nation,  Mother Jones (who correctly called Trump a "terrorist leader"), Slate, Time The Atlantic, and The New York Times, but also from right-leaning outlets like the National Review  and The American Conservative. Not only did the NAACP and the Lincoln Project call for the immediate impeachment of Trump, but the frickin' National Association of Manufacturers even suggested that Vice President Pence evoke the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution to remove Trump from office.
After tolerating Trump shamelessly stretching the norms of major social media platforms' terms of service to their very limits for over a decade, this was finally enough for the moderation teams of said platforms to take meaningful action. Twitter locked Trump's account for 12 hours, and Snapchat also locked his account. But surprisingly enough, it was Facebook that finally tired of Trump's bullshit the most, removing him from both their platform and Instagram "indefinitely and for at least the next two weeks until the peaceful transition of power is complete". On January 8 2021, Twitter finally had enough of the wannabe-dictator's bullshit, permanently suspending @realdonaldtrump. Twitter also removed tweets whining about mUh fReEzEpEaCh that functioned as attempts at ban evasion from @POTUS, and permanently suspended @TeamTrump.
As for the Trump 'philosophy', this was the death knell. The riots had not only given every non-idiot left in America a wake-up call to how utterly dangerous the already historically-unpopular president was beyond any reasonable doubt,[note 8] but also resulted in many being people axed from social media sites, and even got the legs of the wannabe far-right social media site Parler (in practice an ID harvesting operation funded by the same people who funded Cambridge Analytica) metaphorically sawed off. Likewise, 8chan, the far-right imageboard and primary source of the QAnon theories (rechristened to 8kun), had lost its clearnet domain, and is currently slated to go Tor-only "soon".
Again, this bears repeating just in case you didn't get the memo: Trump's Twitter is FINALLY GONE![note 9] Now that we have your attention, this also means the Mango Messiah's influence has been greatly diminished, as his inane Twitter babbling gave him a lot of power which has now been stripped from him. And the Facebook ban? That's a second shot to the liver. Overall, Trump's banishment from social media had a HUUUGE impact on social media disinformation — San Francisco analytics firm Zignal Labs found that online disinformation about election fraud plunged by 73 percent after Trump's suspension.
Many Trump officials resigned[note 10] over this event, a clear signal that this riot bigly inconvenienced Trump and broken the back of his entire online presence. Why? Just to be extra clear, the Capitol riot can now be cited as an example at any time, anywhere, by any person, as the ultimate reason why Trump is one of the most dangerous figures to ever hold public office in the United States of America. It also exposes the tatters of the Republican Party as having no position at all besides the raw desire for power; it can no longer claim to even be the party of 'law and order'.
Representative Bennie Thompson (D-MS) filed a lawsuit against Trump and Giuliani, and members of the Proud Boys and Oath Keepers, accusing them of conspiring in violation of the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871. In the case of Trump, this could be considered a case of karma since his father was very likely a klansman. The NAACP also sued Trump and the GOP in December 2020 under the Klan Act and the Voting Rights Act, "alleging that they conspired to interfere with the civil rights of Black voters in Michigan."
It remains to be seen whether and how other countries in the world will be affected by this. It certainly presents a stark warning about the dangers of authoritarianism, but the reaction may be quite mixed. That being said, it has already managed to kick a little sense into many of the less-than-competent leaders of democracies across the world, such as
literal strawman Trump's long-lost twin Boris Johnson and the UK Conservative Party.
Furthermore, it is now clear once and for all that what happened on January 6, 2021, will not be forgotten by American history. This is most likely for the better in the future, as the union can no longer pretend to be immune to the rise of fascism, let alone ignore its past in slavery and the Civil War and similar events.[note 11] It will likely mark the US for years, if not decades, to come.
After the insurrection, various parties called for the impeachment of the president, including historians, congresspeople and governors. On January 11, David Cicilline (D-RI) introduced articles of impeachment against Trump. On January 13, 2021, the House of Representatives voted to impeach Trump 232-197, marking the first time in American history that a president has been impeached twice. Unlike last time, when only Democratic House members voted to impeach Trump, this time ten Republicans joined as well, with four abstaining.
Speaking of McConnell, it also didn't help that the
true POTUS much-hated Kentucky senator, in spite of all his faults, finally had enough, calling on his Republican colleagues to "vote with their conscience", which is likely politicalese for suppressing the will to care about the "party line", and might have also been perceived as a threat to vote for conviction himself.
Trump's impeachment defense amounted to two main arguments. The first is that his actions on and leading up to January 6th are protected by the First Amendment. The second is that it's unconstitutional to impeach/convict a President after they leave office. These are both, in two words, complete hogwash. The first is wrong because the First Amendment doesn't protect the President from the Senate convicting them and barring them from holding office. Even if it did apply, there are strong arguments that his actions constitute illegal incitement under the Brandenburg Standard. The second is utterly spurious because Trump was impeached before he left office. There is also precedent for holders of public offices being impeached or tried after they left office or were expelled. Furthermore, the Senate doesn't determine whether an action is constitutional or not; that can only be done by the Supreme Court after the fact.
A dramatic difference in the quality of each side's cases in the impeachment trial was evident from the first day, February 9. During the opening debate over the rules of the trial, the House impeachment managers relied upon presenting the facts of Trump's words and the rioters' actions and noted that accepting the Trump team's spurious arguments for the trial being unconstitutional would create a "January exception" and give presidents impunity for high crimes and misdemeanors committed in their final weeks in office. Trump's defenders, meanwhile, gave a weak, rambling rebuttal that espoused those same spurious arguments and digressed into a myriad of random subjects. The trial moved forward. The prosecution presented even more detailed evidence of Trump's responsibility, using his own words and actions from the election to the day of the riot, and of the danger that the Senators themselves had been placed in by the mob. The defense attempted to downplay Trump's rhetoric by equivocating it with other "robust rhetoric" by Democratic politicians, often out of context, and random civilian celebrities who had expressed antipathy to Trump (ignoring the fact that none of those statements were made to a seething mob of thousands of partisans blocks away from the Capitol while Electoral College votes were being certified)
On February 13th, 2021 the trial ended with a Senate vote. While Trump was again acquited, unlike last time however, 7 Republicans[note 12] chose to convict Donald Trump, resulting in a vote of 57-43. Hypocritically, afterwards, Mitch McConnell, who had chosen to acquit Trump of the actions proceeded to declare him guilty of the accusations, claimed that Trump was still responsible for inciting the attack. One can only wonder why McConnell chose not to convict Trump in the trial.[note 13] Trump wasn't even grateful for McConnell's vote.
Conspiracy theories/fallacious arguments
It wasn't an insurrection attempt because they "weren't smart enough"
This didn’t seem like an armed insurrection to me. When you hear the word ‘armed,’ don’t you think of firearms? Here’s the questions I would have liked to ask: How many firearms were confiscated? How many shots were fired?
To call that an armed insurrection, it was the most pitiful armed insurrection anyone could possibly imagine.
These claims go against the cold hard and substantial evidence of the insurrection attempt: massive photo and video evidence, hundreds of arrests at the Capitol, violent attacks on police, violent entry into the Capitol by the mob, five deaths, two suicides by police officers shortly afterwards, thefts and destruction of government property
Furthermore, "Guns, bombs and stun guns were seized from members of the mob, while other rioters used wrenches, clubs and flagpoles as weapons. An officer has said that police 'had been seizing guns all day.'"
It was staged
Yes, just over one month after the insurrection, conspiracy nuts already began making this claim. Perhaps the most notable proponent of this absurd notion would be Mike Shirkey, the Republican Michigan State Senate Majority Leader. His evidence was that there wasn't enough security involved. He also accused then-US Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell (R-Kentucky) of being complicit in it, suggesting that he might have had something to do with the low level of security.
While there is a grain of truth in that many of the Capitol police officers either just stood by or were even complicit in the riots (which led to the dismissal of several officers and the suspension and pending investigation of many more), to use this as evidence that the riot was staged would be a fallacy. In reality, the poor response was largely due to just poor planning, with the police preparing for a smaller crowd and for stabbings and fistfights rather than the wide variety of weapons that the rioters actually brought with them, despite the rather transparent warning signs from alt-tech social media sites like Parler, already indicating a much more credible threat. Additionally, initial requests to send the National Guard, which would have been better equipped to handle the situation, were denied by the federal government (specifically the Department of Defense). So while there is some evidence that some parts of the federal government may have been complicit or at least looking the other way, to truly believe the riots were staged, you'd have to believe all the rioters were participants, when there is no real evidence that they are actors and many have ties to the far right or the Republican Party going back years. Also, there's no real motive provided for why they would stage it; if it was to make Trump or conservatives look bad, that wouldn't make sense since the people with evidence of complicities or looking the other way are in the Trump administration or otherwise overwhelmingly conservative.
But, but, antifadidit!
To the surprise of no one, Republican allies of President Trump wasted no time propagating the absurd conspiracy theory that the militant far-left movement Antifa were responsible for provoking the mob that attacked the Capitol.
Arizona Rep. Paul Gosar promoted the conspiracy theory on Twitter on January 6:
This has all the hallmarks of Antifa provocation.
Please, don't be like #FakeNewsMedia, don't rush to judgment on assault on Capitol. Wait for investigation. All may not be (and likely is not) what appears. Evidence growing that fascist ANTIFA orchestrated Capitol attack with clever mob control tactics.
Rep. Matt Gaetz (R-Florida) went even further, citing on the House floor a now-recanted article from The Washington Times that made an unsubstantiated claim about a facial recognition firm identifying Antifa supporters among the rioters who stormed the Capitol.
The lie was amplified by the usual crowd of webshites, including Conservapedia and NaturalNews. Conservative radio blowhard Mark Levin told his listeners, "None of you had anything to do with it." Greg Kelly told listeners on Newsmax, "These people don't look like Trump supporters." On Fox News, Laura Ingraham called out unspecified "reports" of Antifa involvement in the riots. Fox News hosts Tucker Carlson and Brit Hume also spread the conspiracy theory. MyPillow manufacturer Mike Lindell stated on Newsmax that "there were probably some undercover Antifa people that dressed as Trump people." Media conglomerate Sinclair Broadcast Group, which owns hundreds of television stations across the country, sent its affiliates a news report by James Rosen suggesting without evidence that the riot was caused by "far-left infiltrators."
All of this is bullshit. The firm cited by The Washington Times has told news outlets that the story is false. The FBI has identified no Antifa presence in the crowd, and many of those identified and later arrested are all Neo-Nazis, QAnon freaks, Proud Boys, and members of other right-wing extremist groups. Hell, there were even actual GOP legislators, including the aforementioned Derrick Evans and Rick Saccone, who were in the crowd.
But the tattoo!
One common piece of "evidence" used to paint the crowd as Antifa involves a photograph of a man in a yellow sweatshirt with a tattoo on his left hand. Due to the quality of the image, some viral tweets misinterpreted the tattoo to be a stylized hammer and sickle, thereby proving there were leftists in the crowd. However, the tattoo is actually that of the "Outsider's Mark" from the video game Dishonored, and not a Communist symbol.
Jacob A. Chansley, aka "QAnon Shaman", aka Jake Angeli, is a far-right conspiracy nut from Phoenix, Arizona, who was at both the Capitol riot and at a BLM rally a few months prior. However, he was also present at many a far-right rally before. Contrary to what many of his fellow alt-righters like to claim, there is no reason to believe he was at the BLM rally as anything other than a counter-protestor; indeed, he was really upset when he was called a member of Antifa. Angeli's Lawyer, Al Watkins, said that Chansley was just accepting President Trump's invitation, and asked Trump to pardon him for his actions on January 6, 2021.
But Trump wasn't responsible!
During the impeachment debate, Rep. Brian Mast (R-Florida) floated the theory that the rioters weren't acting on Trump's behalf or request. This is fallacious however because several the rioters, including QAnon Shaman, have said that they went to the Capitol on Trump's instigation. Also, in announcing the event, Trump had tweeted, "Big protest in D.C. on January 6th. Be there, will be wild!"
Another argument is that Trump didn't incite the riot from his speech that day because there was preplanning by the rioters. Donald Trump Jr., Representative Scott Perry (R-Pa.), Representative Lee Zeldin (R-N.Y.), and conservative journalist David Martosko have floated this idea. This amounts to a strawman argument because no one has claimed that Trump incited the riot solely based on his speech that shortly preceded it, but rather that it was the totality of Trump's actions and speech up to and including that day, which included support for violence by his admirers.
Trump's longtime enabler, Mitch McConnell, is not buying this steaming pile of bullshit. He threw Trump under the bus on this one, and has even said before the Senate, "The mob was fed lies. They were provoked by the president and other powerful people." He later, however, voted to acquit the former President.
And, of course, there was pathetic chatter that Trump specifically intended a peaceful demonstration and discouraged his followers taking violent actions—solely on the grounds that, in the middle of an entire speech of inflammatory rhetoric, he once mentioned "peacefully and patriotically make your voices heard."
Someone got tased in the balls!
It was widely circulated that during the protest, one man died of a heart attack after tasing himself in the balls. The man died of a heart attack but did not taser himself.
Flag torn down
Another story that was widely spread around were that protesters tore down a US flag and replaced it with a Trump flag. According to Snopes, the evidence for this one is inconclusive.
Gallery of shame
Symbols of shame
- Proud Boys' (PB) logo with "Stand Back Stand By" (taken from a Trump speech)
- Betsy Ross' flag (co-opted by white supremacists)
- The co-opted "OK" hand sign
- "1776" clothing, referring to the American Revolution, but co-opted by Proud Boys leader Enrique Tarrio's shop of the same name.
- Three Percenter symbols that include the Roman numeral "III"
- QAnon symbols, typically represented as "Q"
- Oath Keepers
- Confederate flags
- America First or "AF", the name of Nick Fuentes' podcast
- Pepe the Frog
- Kekistan flag
- A hangman's noose, referencing the "Day of the Rope"
- Norse mythology, exemplified by the Mjöllnir and valknut of the Q Shaman. The Q Shaman's fur and horns were also meant to refer to (erroneous) popular conception of Germanic warriors.
- Aaron Mostofsky, son of a judge on the Brooklyn Supreme Court, also wore furs and bore wooden staff, meant to refer to Germanic warriors. The irony must have been lost on Mostofsky, who is ethnically Jewish. Mostofsky was also seen calmly sitting inside the Capitol while a man with a Confederate flag, who could easily have been a Klansman, strode past him.
- A man dressed as "Captain Moroni, a military commander who supposedly lived in the first century BCE" who existed only in Mormon mythology. Presumably, the deluded dude is a DezNat.
- Online preparations for the January 6 event made reference to Julius Cesar's successful coup in January 49 BCE.
- One of the rioters held a sign with "Trump’s face Photoshopped over an image of the character Maximus from the 2000 historical drama film Gladiator with the words: 'THE DIE IS CAST! CROSS THE RUBICON, PRESIDENT TRUMP!!!'"
- A man dressed as a Spartan warrior based on the film 300, implying that the riot would be just like "King Leonidas of Sparta and a force of 300 men fight the Persians at Thermopylae in 480 B.C."
- The phrase "μολὼν λαβέ" was also seen on a black flag. The phrase was supposedly given by "King Leonidas I of Sparta when the Achaemenid Persian shah Xerxes I ordered him and his army to hand over their weapons before the Battle of Thermopylai in 480 BCE. The phrase literally means 'Having come, take' and refers to the weapons that Xerxes reportedly asked Leonidas to hand over." The phrase was not recorded contemporaneously but rather 500 years after the fact, so is almost certainly hagiographical.
- The "thin blue line" flag
- Flags from a variety of countries and one ex-country (Canada, Cuba, Georgia,[note 14] India, Israel, South Korea, and South Vietnam) and states
- Trump campaign flag
- US Marine Corps flag
- Culpeper Minutemen flag (a variant of the Gadsden flag)
- Ichthys, the Christian fish symbol
- South Carolina Navy ensign, used during the Revolutionary and Civil wars
- Trump portrayed as Rambo
- "Unleash the Kraken" from Trump lawyer Sidney Powell's fevered gibberish
- "Gays for Trump"
- The state flag of the Pahlavi Dynasty (carried by Iranian-Americans)
- "Jesus Saves" banner
- American Revolutionary War uniform replica
- 2018 United States mail bombing attempts
- Authoritarianism of Donald Trump
- Boogaloo boys
- Militia movement
- Proud Boys
- Q Shaman
- Unite the Right
- Trump-Ukraine scandal
- Fox News host calls Trump supporters at Capitol riots ‘freaks’ in furious rant
- Trump’s speech that ‘incited’ Capitol violence: Full transcript
- Capitol Hill Siege, a central database of court records related to the events of January 6, 2021
- Seditionist.Info, a central database of "arrested, wanted or known seditionists" involved in the riot
- Incitement Timeline: Year of Trump’s Actions Leading to the Attack on the Capitol by Ryan Goodman et al. (January 11, 2021) Just Security
- Investigations regarding violence at the Capitol, United States Department of Justice
- It’s Time for Justice, Not Healing. (January 20, 2021) Foreign Policy
- No pun intended (see, we used lower case!).
- Both of whom only did the performative 180° turns to save their 'legacies', because of the whole "history remembers the last thing a politician does" deal, as well as the fact that the former's term had already expired.
- All 222 Democrats voted for impeachment along with 10 Republicans, while four Republicans abstained from voting.
- The original saying is, "When the facts are on your side, pound the facts. When the law is on your side, pound the law. When neither is on your side, pound the table."
- Kelly Loeffler initially planned to object to Georgia as well but decided against it after the coup attempt.
- The red flag with the blue "X" with stars on it, contrary to a common misconception among even these neoconfederates, was not the CSA's national flag.
- Thus far, there are no known rioters from Minnesota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, or Vermont.
- Other heinous crimes could be drowned out with vocal meandering. This? No, you can't ignore this even if you tried to.
- We can't believe it either.
- Not as brave as it sounds, as if Trump hadn't done enough already. That's as brave as getting out of a car going 1 mph.
- Not to mention its long history with genocides (of Native Americans) — an all-time favorite pastime of dictators.
- Mitt Romney convicted again with Richard Burr, Susan Collins, Bill Cassidy, Lisa Murkowski, Ben Sasse and Pat Toomey joining him.
- Cause he lacks any moral conviction except the accumulation of power.
- Some cracker didn't know the difference between Georgia and Georgia!
- Trump’s last days and the echo of one specific Hitler analogy by Ishaan Tharoor (Jan. 14, 2021 at 9:00 p.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- Biden: Capitol attack 'one of the darkest days' in US history. CNN
- Family of rioter who tased himself to death: a "wonderful father and husband who loved life...loved his job and his coworkers and he loved his dogs. Kevin had a history of high blood pressure, and in the midst of the excitement, suffered a heart attack." by Kurt Andersen (3:25 PM · Jan 8, 2021) Twitter (archived from January 8, 2021.
- Did Man at Capitol Riot Die After Accidentally Tasing Himself? Five persons died in conjunction with the Capitol riot, but some reports surrounding their deaths weren't entirely accurate. by Madison Dapcevich (10 January 2021) Snopes.
- Pelosi and Schumer call for Trump’s immediate removal. CNBC, 7 January 2021.
- Trump impeached for 'inciting' US Capitol riot. BBC, 13 January 2021.
- faces Senate trial after historic second impeachment. CBS News. 14 January 2021.
- US Capitol's last breach was more than 200 years ago. The Guardian.
- Trump publicly acknowledges he won't serve a second term a day after inciting mob by Kevin Liptak et al. (Updated 10:58 PM ET, Thu January 7, 2021) CNN.
- The scary part of an unpredictable President by Yascha Mounk (Updated 8:36 AM EST, Fri November 11, 2016) CNN.
- On Election Day, Trump still signaling he may not accept results by Andrew Kaczynski & Nathan McDermott (Updated 10:37 PM EST, Tue November 8, 2016) CNN.
- Postmaster General Louis DeJoy Should Resign Over ‘Obvious Financial Conflicts Of Interest,’ Experts Testify by Alison Durkee (Sep 14, 2020,01:07pm EDT) Forbes.
- Grace Panetta, Trump admits he's refusing to fund the US Postal Service to sabotage mail-in voting. MSN, 13 August 2020.
- See the Wikipedia article on Post-election lawsuits related to the 2020 United States presidential election.
- Stone: When you don't have evidence, you use theatrics (Jan 26, 2019) CNN.
- Legal Advice: Pound the Facts, Pound the Law, Pound the Table Quote Investigator.
- ‘Find the fraud’: details emerge of another Trump call to Georgia officials. Associated Press in Georgia via The Guardian, 10 January 2021.
- Courtney Weaver, Donald Trump pressures Mike Pence to overturn election result. Archived from the original at Financial Times, 5 January 2021.
- TheDonald’s owner speaks out on why he finally pulled plug on hate-filled site: The Army veteran, a site moderator who owned its domain, watched with growing alarm as racism, threats and QAnon references flourished on the pro-Trump site. His former co-moderators called him a ‘sellout’ who went ‘rogue’ after internal schism. by Craig Timberg & Drew Harwell (Feb. 5, 2021 at 10:26 a.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- 'Be There. Will Be Wild!': Trump All but Circled the Date: Inside Trump supporters’ online echo chambers, the chaos of Jan. 6 could be seen coming. People posted their plans to come to Washington — and showed the weapons they would carry. by Dan Barry & Sheera Frenkel (Jan. 6, 2021; Updated Jan. 8, 2021) The New York Times.
- Revealed: walkie-talkie app Zello hosted far-right groups who stormed Capitol: Audio and chat logs show insurrectionists communicated via the app, which has avoided proactive content moderation by Micah Loewinger & Hampton Stall (13 Jan 2021 21.24 EST) The Guardian.
- Hackers steal 70GB of data from far-right social network Gab: The stolen data contains nearly 100,000 private messages from Gab users by Danny Bradbury (1 Mar 2021) IT Pro.
- Reddit quarantines Trump subreddit r/The_Donald for violent comments by Adi Robertson (Jun 26, 2019, 2:10pm EDT) The Verge.
- TheDonald.win (archived from January 21, 2021).
- Gallows or guillotines? The chilling debate on TheDonald.win before the Capitol siege. Users discussed how to bring guns into D.C., how to attack police officers and what kind of zip ties would most effectively subdue members of Congress who voted to certify the election of Joe Biden by Craig Timberg (April 15, 2021 at 10:00 a.m. PDT) The Washington Post.
- China Is Asshole (Oct 19, 2019) YouTube.
- Rallies ahead of Capitol riot were planned by established Washington insiders by Robert O'Harrow Jr. (Jan. 17, 2021 at 5:00 a.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- White House Advisor Peter Navarro Releases Dubious Voter Fraud Report by Joe Walsh (Dec 17, 2020,06:10pm EST) Forbes.
- This might be the most embarrassing document created by a White House staffer by Philip Bump (Dec. 18, 2020 at 11:10 a.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- Peter Navarro releases 36-page report alleging election fraud 'more than sufficient' to swing victory to Trump https://washex.am/3nwaBCe . A great report by Peter. Statistically impossible to have lost the 2020 Election. Big protest in D.C. on January 6th. Be there, will be wild! by Donald J. Trump (December 19, 2020) Twitter (archived from January 8, 2021).
- Republican Attorneys General Dark Money Group Organized Protest Preceding Capitol Mob Attack by Jamie Corey (January 7, 2021) Documented.
- How a sparse protest became a Capitol Hill riot by Tina Nguyen & Daniel Lippman (01/06/2021 07:52 PM EST) Politico.
- Here's What We Know About the Pro-Trump Rallies That Have Permits by Andrew Baeujon (5 January 2021) The Washington Post.
- Before the Capitol Riot, Calls for Cash and Talk of Revolution: A network of far-right agitators across the country spent weeks organizing and raising money for a mass action to overturn President Trump’s election loss. by David D. Kirkpatrick et al. (Jan. 16, 2021) The New York Times.
- March for Trump (archived from November 27, 2020).
- United States Department of the Interior, Public Gathering Permit for Women For America First, 1 January 2021.
- of the Pre-Attack Rally Have Taken Down Their Websites. Don’t Forget Who They Were. Here are the organizers of the event that led to the assault on the Capitol. by David Corn (January 12, 2021) Mother Jones.
- Websites For The Coup Rally Organizers Have Quietly Been Erased From The Web by Matt Shuham (January 8, 2021 4:58 p.m.) Talking Points Memo.
- About Us Black Conservatives Fund (archived from January 11, 2021).
- Sharon Middleton @blackfund Twitter (archived from 13 Jan 2021 21:10:48 UTC).
- Rally to Save America Eighty Percent Coalition (archived from January 13, 2021).
- David Corn, Sponsors of the Pre-Attack Rally Have Taken Down Their Websites. Don’t Forget Who They Were. Mother Jones, 12 January 2021.
- Joseph Tanfani, Michael Berens, and Ned Parker, How Trump’s pied pipers rallied a faithful mob to the Capitol. Reuters, 11 January 2021.
- David D. Kirkpatrick, Mike McIntire and Christiaan Triebert, Before the Capitol Riot, Calls for Cash and Talk of Revolution. The New York Times, 16 January 2021.
- Steve Marshall: Dark money group's involvement in pro-Trump rally was unauthorized by Brian Lyman (Published 11:48 a.m. CT Jan. 8, 2021; Updated 11:54 a.m. CT Jan. 8, 2021) Montgomery Advertiser.
- Jan. 6 Rally Funded by Top Trump Donor, Helped by Alex Jones, Organizers Say-Publix Super Markets heiress donated about $300,000 to the Ellipse event; far-right show host pledged seed money, organizers say by Shalini Ramachandran et al. (Updated Jan. 30, 2021 1:28 pm ET) The Wall Street Journal.
- Longtime Trump advisers connected to groups behind rally that led to Capitol attack by Will Steakin et al. (January 15, 2021, 7:13 AM) ABC News.
- Rudy Giuliani says pro-Trump rioters attacking US Capitol building are ‘on the right side of history’. The Independent UK. 6 January 2020.
- Off-duty police, firefighters under investigation in connection with U.S. Capitol riot by Maria Caspani (January 10, 202110:56 AM) Reuters.
- Off-duty police officers and members of the military are being investigated over the attack on the US Capitol by Tom Porter (Jan 11, 2021, 4:00 AM) Business Insider.
- Before Wednesday, insurgents waving Confederate flags hadn't been within 6 miles of the US Capitol by Eliott C. McLaughlin (Updated 2:44 PM ET, Thu January 7, 2021) CNN.
- President Trump Wants You in DC January 6 Wild Protest (archived from January 1, 2021).
- Barth explains how the group works with medical school students (April 18, 2011 12:00AM) Carolina Journal.
- QAnon goes to Washington: two supporters win seats in Congress: Believers in Deep State conspiracy enter halls of power by Katherine Tully-McManus (November 5, 2020 at 11:21am) Roll Call.
- Our Team X Strategies.
- Matt Couch Twitter (archived from January 5, 2021).
- Michael Coudrey Crunchbase.
- Austen Fletcher TPUSA (archived from November 15, 2020).
- @JosephJFlynn1 Twitter (archived From December 31, 2020).
- 'I do regret being there': Simone Gold, noted hydroxychloroquine advocate, was inside the Capitol during the riot by Neena Satija (Jan. 12, 2021 at 5:05 a.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- Arina Grossu The Federalist.
- Vernon Jones Ballotpedia.
- Anthony Kern Ballotpedia.
- Ed Martin #StopTheSteal Twitter (archived from January 7, 2021).
- Shemeka Michelle Let’s Loose at #WalkAway Rally in Beverly Hill (August 19, 2020) Totally LA (archived from December 16, 2020).
- Schlafly's Son, Out of the Closet by Laura Blumenfeld (September 19, 1992) The Washington Post.
- Man among men. FREE MAN. Proud American. Co-Owner @atilisgymbellmawr + @rockbottomnutrition 1st Phorm Athlete @1stphorm ❤️Analyn by Ian Smith, Instagram (archived from January 14, 2021).
- Support the Stop The Steal Security Project (archived from January 1, 2021).
- Roger Stone Did Something Wrong: Stone raised funds for "security" for January 6 events, mingled with Oath Keepers, and urged “an epic struggle” for Trump. by (January 27, 2021) Mother Jones.
- Pilar Melendez, Right-Wing Activist Banned From Airline for Not Wearing Mask Is Charged in Capitol Riots. The Daily Beast, 25 January 2021.
- Josh Gerstein, Stop the Steal organizer charged in Capitol riot. Politico, 25 January 2021.
- Who is Melissa Tate? Donald Trump’s retweet gains Twitter user thousands of comments by Feliz Mustafa (2020) HITC (archived from November 1, 2020).
- Maggie VandenBerghe IMDb.
- Eastman Out by Colleen Flaherty (January 15, 2021) Inside Higher Ed.
- Plandemic’s Mikki Willis Joins, Praises Violent Capitol Mob by Matthew Remski (January 11, 2021) Conspirituality.
- Leaders of the anti-vaccine movement used 'Stop the Steal' crusade to advance their own conspiracy theories by Curt Devine & Drew Griffin (Updated 8:37 AM ET, Fri February 5, 2021) CNN.
- Join us TODAY in Washington DC from 10AM-4PM at the US Capitol. We'll be speaking at the MAGA Freedom Rally with numerous patriots & freedom lovers. Get the details! ➡️ https://magafreedomrallydc.com This is literally a “once in a lifetime” event. Don’t miss it! See you there.] (04:00 - 6. Jan. 2021) by The Truth About Cancer (Ty & Charlene Bollinger) Twitter (archived from January 6, 2021).
- Inside ‘Out of Shadows’: The Bonkers Hollywood-Pedophilia ‘Documentary’ QAnon Loves by Tarpley Hitt (Updated Aug. 06, 2020 1:25PM ET / Published Aug. 06, 2020 4:47AM ET) Daily Beast.
- Prominent anti-vaccine figures pushed egregious misinformation about the COVID-19 vaccine live on Facebook and YouTube by Kayla Gogarty (01/11/21 10:00 AM EST) Media Matters for America.
- Mikki Willis speaking at MAGA event after storming the Capitol by Conspirituality (Jan 11, 2021) YouTube.
- Medical Tyranny Anti-Vaccine Covid-19 Virus Sticker RedBubble (archived from March 27, 2021).
- Movie at the Ellipse: A Study in Fascist Propaganda: Scholars on the Nazis and anti-Semitism have seen this before by Jason Stanley (February, 4 2020) Just Security.
- Jane Lytvynenko and Molly Hensley-Clancy, The Rioters Who Took Over The Capitol Have Been Planning Online In The Open For Weeks. Buzzfeed, 6 January 2021.
- Travis Andersen, Before mob stormed US Capitol, Trump told them to ‘fight like hell’. Boston Globe, 6 January 2021.
- Mo Brooks gives FIERY speech against anti-Trump Republicans, socialists. The Hill on YouTube, 6 January 2021.
- Capitol rioters came within a minute of reaching Pence, report sayss. NBC News.
- "‘Stop the Steal’ Organizer in Hiding After Denying Blame for Riot".
- "Charlie Kirk deletes tweet saying he sent ‘80+ buses full of patriots’ to D.C.".
- "Alex Jones claims he paid for rally that preceded Capitol riot".
- Ted Barrett, Manu Raju and Peter Nickeas, US Capitol secured, 4 dead after rioters stormed the halls of Congress to block Biden's win. CNN, 7 January 2021.
- Meg Wagner, Melissa Macaya, Mike Hayes, Melissa Mahtani, Veronica Rocha and Fernando Alfonso III, Congress finalizes Biden's win after riot disrupts Capitol. CNN, 7 January 2021.
- Tucker Higgins, Man photographed with foot on Pelosi’s desk during U.S. Capitol riot arrested. CNBC, 8 January 2021.
- Rioters built a gallows
- W.J. Hennigan and Vera Bergengruen, Insurrectionists Openly Planned for Weeks to Storm the Capitol. Why Were Police So Easily Overwhelmed? Time Magazine, 7 January 2021
- cevansavenger, Twitter, 6 January 2021.
- Paul Sonne, Peter Hermann, and Missy Ryan, Pentagon placed limits on D.C. Guard ahead of pro-Trump protests due to narrow mission Washington Post, 7 January 2021
- Police Failures Spur Resignations and Complaints of Double Standard New York Times, 7 January 2021
- Kimberly Dozer and Melissa Chan, Accusations of Bias, Racism Swirl Around Capitol Police After Mob Attack Time Magazine, 8 January 2021
- Annie Karni & Maggie Haberman, Trump openly condones supporters who violently stormed the Capitol, prompting Twitter to lock his account. The New York Times, 6 January 2021.
- The History Behind 'When The Looting Starts, The Shooting Starts' by Barbara Sprunt (May 29, 20201:13 PM ET)
- Connor Sephton, Trump condemns supporters who stormed US Capitol and concedes to Biden for first time. sky.com, 8 January 2021.
- Permanent suspension of @realDonaldTrump by Twitter Inc. (8 January 2021) Twitter (archived from 13 Jan 2021 15:58:55 UTC).
- Facebook bans Trump account indefinitely, along with Instagram
- Tom Gjelten, Peaceful Protesters Tear-Gassed To Clear Way for Trump Church Photo-Op. NPR, 1 June 2020.
- Kaitlan Collins, Zachary Cohen, Barbara Starr and Jennifer Hansler, Pence took lead as Trump initially resisted sending National Guard to Capitol. CNN, 7 January 2021.
- Maggie Astor, Derrick Evans, a West Virginia legislator who stormed the Capitol, has resigned. The New York Times, 9 January 2021.
- Jeff Himler, Rick Saccone resigns from Saint Vincent faculty in wake of Capitol trip. triblive.com, 7 January 2021.
- Marina Pitofsky, 70K QAnon Twitter accounts suspended in the wake of Capitol riot. The Hill, 11 January 2021.
- Marc Santora, Megan Specia and Mike Baker, Capitol Police Officer Dies From Injuries in Pro-Trump Rampage. The New York Times, 8 January 2021.
- Vera Bergengruen, 'Our First Martyr.' How Ashli Babbitt Is Being Turned Into a Far-Right Recruiting Tool. Time, 10 January 2021.
- Sudhin Thanawala, Stefanie Dazio and Jeff Martin, Rosanne Boyland, Trump supporter who died, followed QAnon conspiracy, family says. USA Today, 9 January 2021.
- Trump supporter Kevin Greeson’s wife said he didn’t tase himself when he had a heart attack and died. revolt.tv, 10 January 2021.
- He organized a bus of Trump supporters from Pa. for ‘the first day of the rest of our lives.’ He died in Washington. inquirer.com, 7 January 2021.
- Beaten, sprayed with mace and hit with stun guns: police describe injuries to dozens of officers during assault on U.S. Capitol by Peter Hermann & Julie Zauzmer (Jan. 11, 2021 at 4:22 p.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- Peter Hermann, D.C. police sent 850 officers to the Capitol during the insurrection, spent $8.8 million during week of Jan. 6. Archived from the original at The Washington Post, 26 January 2021.
- Annie Grayer,Two police officers died by suicide after responding to Capitol riot. CNN, 27 January 2021.
- New evidence suggests ‘alliance’ between Oath Keepers, Proud Boys ahead of Jan. 6: The evidence is the first to suggest coordination among the various extremist groups as they prepared to descend on Washington. by Kyle Cheney (03/24/2021 09:08 AM EDT; Updated: 03/24/2021 11:38 AM EDT) Politico.
- United States of America v. Kelly Meggs Case 1:21-cr-00028-APM Document 98 Filed 03/23/21.
- The Capitol Siege: The Arrested And Their Stories (Updated March 12, 202112:23 PM ET) NPR.
- Justice Dept. calls Jan. 6 ‘Capitol Attack’ probe one of largest in U.S. history, expects at least 400 to be charged by Spencer S. Hsu (March 12, 2021 at 4:28 p.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- Investigations regarding violence at the Capitol. United States Department of Justice.
- Capitol Hill Siege, George Washington University Program on Extremism.
In keeping with our tradition of providing primary source documents to the research community and the public at large, The Program on Extremism has launched a project to create a central database of court records related to the events of January 6, 2021. This page will be updated as additional individuals are charged with criminal activities and new records are introduced into the criminal justice system.
- Sedition charges for Capitol rioters? What it would mean, historically speaking. by Aaron Blake (March 22, 2021 at 8:48 a.m. PDT) The Washington Post.
- Proud Boys conspired in multiple encrypted channels ahead of Jan. 6 riot, fearing criminal gang charges, U.S. alleges by Spencer S. Hsu & Rachel Weiner (March 18, 2021 at 5:08 p.m. PDT) The Washington Post.
- U.S. alleges wider Oath Keepers conspiracy, adds more defendants in Jan. 6 Capitol riot by Spencer S. Hsu & Rachel Weiner (Feb. 19, 2021 at 4:15 p.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- Felony Murder and the Storming of the Capitol by Carissa Byrne Hessick (January 14, 2021, 9:19 AM) Lawfare.
- ‘Front of the pack’: Off-duty Pa. officer charged at police during the Capitol riots, FBI says by Hannah Knowles (Feb. 20, 2021 at 9:06 p.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- The Link Between the Capitol Riot and Anti-Abortion Extremism by Jessica Winter (March 11, 2021) The New Yorker.
- "This Is a Coup," David A. Graham, The Atlantic
- "Now Is It a Coup?" David Rosenberg, MotherJones.
- "Donald Trump's American carnage ends with a coup attempt," John Avlon, CNN
- "This Is a Coup. Why Were Experts So Reluctant to See It Coming?" Paul Musgrave, Foreign Policy.
- "GOP lawmaker on violence at Capitol: 'This is a coup attempt," Justine Coleman, The Hill
- "Impeach Trump Immediately" by John Nichols, Nation, 2021 January 6
- "Donald Trump Is Now a Terrorist Leader" by David Corn, Mother Jones, 2021 January 6
- "Remove Trump Now" by Jeremy Stahl, Slate, 2021 January 6
- "We Must Impeach Donald Trump Again" by David French, Time, 2021 January 6
- "Impeach Trump Again" by Yoni Appelbaum, The Atlantic, 2021 January 6
- "Impeach and Convict. Right Now." by Bret Stephens, New York Times, 2021 January 6
- "Trump Must Pay" by Matt Continetti, National Review, 2021 January 6
- "Remove Trump From Office" by Daniel Larison, 2021 January 6
- "Impeach Trump Immediately", NAACP.org
- "Lincoln Project adds to impeachment calls" by Justine Coleman, The Hill, 2021 January 6
- "National Association of Manufacturers suggests Pence invoke the 25th Amendment" by Ursula Perano, Axios, 2021 January 6
- "Twitter locks Trump out over election fraud tweets amid Capitol siege" by Ina Fried, Axios, 2021 January 6
- "Snapchat locks Trump's account amid chaos in Washington" by SaraFischer, Axios, 2021 January 6
- "Facebook and Instagram Ban Trump Indefinitely after Violent Riots by Andrew Griffin, Independent, 2021 January 7
- "Twitter Bans President Trump, Citing 'Risk Of Further Incitement Of Violence'" by Bobby Allyn and Tamara Keith, NPR, 2021 January 8
- Twitter is deleting Trump’s attempts to circumvent ban. The Verge. 8 January 2021.
- Amazon Will Suspend Hosting For Pro-Trump Social Network Parler, Buzzfeed
- We were notified that Parler was using a free trial of Okta's product and we have terminated Parler's access to the Okta platform. While we support organizations across the political spectrum, our platform will not be used for threats of violence and illegal activity. by @Okta (12:54 AM - 10 Jan 2021) Twitter (archived from January 12, 2021).
- @RealOGAnonymous: BREAKING - @twilio has cut services with Parler, registration is now inoperable due to SMS capabilities being lost. Thank you, Twilio. Let us hope other vendors follow suit., Twitter
- @RealOGAnonymous (image transcribed): Hello, we wanted to share an update that Zendesk will be suspending Parler's account effectie 11:59 p.m. on January 10, 2021 as a result of violations of our User Content and Conduct Policy
- What to know about Parler, the social-media platform that is now attracting millions of Trump supporters by Alex Newhouse (Last Updated: Nov. 30, 2020 at 11:18 a.m. ET; First Published: Nov. 27, 2020 at 12:12 p.m. ET) Market Watch.
- @fr_brennan: BREAKING: because of an anonymous tip via email I can confirm that @LimTheNick has failed to keep 8kun online during the latest onslaught of deplatforming. The platform will be going Tor only "soon". Twitter (note: LimTheNick is the CEO of VanwaTech, the provider providing hosting to 8kun.)
- "Misinformation dropped dramatically the week after Twitter banned Trump" by Elizabeth Dwoskin and Craig Timberg, Washington Post, 2021 January 16
- Here are all the Trump officials who have resigned since the Capitol riot. yahoo!news
- See the Wikipedia article on Law and order (politics).
- The 150-year-old Ku Klux Klan Act being used against Trump in Capitol attack by Erick Trickey (Feb. 18, 2021 at 4:00 a.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- NAACP files suit accusing Trump, GOP of violating KKK Act by Harper Neidig (12/22/20 11:37 AM EST) The Hill.
- Boris Johnson condemns ‘disgraceful’ Trump riots as Washington descends into chaos. EXPRESS.
- Barbara Sprunt, Pelosi, Schumer Join Chorus Of Calls For Invocation Of 25th Amendment Against Trump. NPR, January 7, 2021.
- Ross A. Lincoln, Growing Number of Republicans, Democrats Call for Trump’s Resignation or Impeachment. thewrap.com, 6 January 2021.
- Illinois governor calls for Trump’s impeachment, removal from office. hoiabc.com, 6 January 2021.
- Bill Chappell, House Impeaches Trump A 2nd Time, Citing Insurrection At U.S. Capitol. NPR, 13 January 2021.
- John Eligon and Thomas Kaplan, These Are the Republicans Who Supported Impeaching Trump. The New York Times, 23 January 2021.
- Mitch McConnell tells Republicans to 'vote with their conscience' ahead of President Donald Trump's second impeachment trial. msn
- Constitutional Law Scholars on President Trump’s First Amendment Defense. Retrieved from New York Times, 5 February, 2021. PDF.
- Trump Impeachment Trial After Term Ends Is Backed by History, Bloomberg Politics. 14 January, 2021.
- [https://www.politico.com/video/2021/02/12/trump-impeachment-defense-team-shows-9-plus-minute-compilation-of-dems-using-word-fight-131676 Trump impeachment defense team shows 9-plus minute compilation of Dems using the word "fight". Politico, 12 Feb 2021.
- With Republican firewall, U.S. Senate acquits Trump of inciting deadly Capitol riot, Reuters
- Caroline Kelly and Brian Rokus,Trump rips McConnell in lengthy statement after being acquitted in impeachment trial, CNN 16 Feb. 2021
- Ron Johnson and the emerging hoax-ification of the Capitol riot by Aaron Blake (Feb. 16, 2021 at 9:12 a.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- Tucker Carlson Thinks Everybody’s Too Upset About Trump Supporters Invading the Capitol: Tucker thinks it's silly that everyone is so worked up about the attempt by a conservative mob to seize control of the U.S. government by Phil Owen (January 19, 2021 @ 7:21 PM; Last Updated: January 19, 2021 @ 8:10 PM) The Wrap.
- Stop Calling It an 'Insurrection' by Kurt Schlicter (Posted: Feb 11, 2021 12:01 AM) Townhall.com (archived from February 11, 2021).
- We got to hold this door': How battered D.C. police made a stand against the Capitol mob by Peter Hermann (January 14, 2021) The Washington Post.
- Jaclyn Diaz, Michigan's Top Republican Falsely Calls U.S. Capitol Attack A 'Hoax', NPR 10 Feb 2021
- Gino Spocchia, Six police officers dismissed over Capitol riot, The Independent 19 Feb 2021
- Anna North, Police bias explains the Capitol riot, Vox 12 Jan. 2021
- Laura Wainman, Gov. Hogan: Leaders of Congress 'pleaded' with Maryland to send aid to the Capitol, WUSA9 7 Jan. 2021
- , Twitter, 6 January 2021.
- , Twitter, 7 January 2021.
- Rowan Scarborough, Facial recognition firm claims Antifa infiltrated Trump protesters who stormed Capitol. Archived from the original at The Washington Times, 7 January 2021.
- Left-wing violence in the Trump era (2021), Conservapedia.
- First extremist in Capitol building siege is identified as BLM/Antifa activist: “We gotta f***ing rip Trump right outta that office!” NaturalNews, 8 January 2021.
- David Folkenflik and Tom Dreisbach, After Deadly Capitol Riot, Fox News Stays Silent On Stars' Incendiary Rhetoric NPR, 13 January 2021.
- on Twitter, 6 January 2021: "Do not be surprised if we learn in the days ahead that the Trump rioters were infiltrated by leftist extremists. Note: this is not to excuse any of them."
- Jeremy Barr, Not all Trump supporters’: Conservative media tries to shift blame, cast doubt on identity of Capitol invaders. Archived from the original at The Washington Post, 7 January 2021.
- Holmes Lybrand and Tara Subramaniam, Fact checking Republicans' unsubstantiated claims that Antifa infiltrated Capitol riot. CNN, 8 January 2021.
- We looked for antifa at the Capitol — we couldn’t find any by Adriana Usero (Jan. 9, 2021 at 12:00 a.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- Brianna Reeves, "Dishonored Devs Respond To Outsider Tattoo Spotted At US Capitol Riot." ScreenRant, 10 January 2021
- Fact check: Man with painted face wearing fur and horns rallied for Trump and QAnon, not Antifa or BLM. Reuters, 6 January 2021.
- The 'Q Shaman' who stormed the Capitol is upset Trump supporters are claiming he's 'Antifa' in disguise Yahoo! News, 11 January 2021.
- Ashley Cole, St. Louis lawyer representing Capitol rioter seen in viral photos says Trump should pardon him. fox61.com, 14 January 2021.
- The worst defenses of Trump on the Capitol riot by Aaron Blake (Jan. 15, 2021 at 9:53 a.m. PST) The Washington Post.
- ‘No Regrets’: A Capitol Rioter Tells His Story From Inside by William Turton (January 12, 2021, 3:00 AM PST) Bloomberg.
- Peter Navarro releases 36-page report alleging election fraud 'more than sufficient' to swing victory to Trump https://t.co/D8KrMHnFdK. A great report by Peter. Statistically impossible to have lost the 2020 Election. Big protest in D.C. on January 6th. Be there, will be wild! (Dec 19th 2020 - 1:42:42 AM EST) Trump Twitter Archive.
- The only good Democrat is a dead Democrat.' ‘When the looting starts, the shooting starts.’ Twice in 25 hours, Trump tweets conspicuous allusions to violence. by Aaron Blake (May 29, 2020 at 7:10 a.m. PDT) The Washington Post.
- How Mitch McConnell Became Trump’s Enabler-in-Chief The Senate Majority Leader’s refusal to rein in the President is looking riskier than ever. by Jane Mayer (April 12, 2020) The New Yorker.
- Trump provoked deadly Capitol riot, Senate GOP leader Mitch McConnell says by Kevin Breuninger (Published Tue, Jan 19 202112:17 PM ESTUpdated Tue, Jan 19 20211:31 PM EST) CNBC.
- Rumor Alert: Was a Trump Flag Raised To Replace American Flag at US Capitol? The video is real, but it's difficult to tell exactly what it shows. by Dan Evon (6 January 2021) Snopes.
- How the FBI tracked 'Camp Auschwitz' Capitol rioter to Newport News: Robert Keith Packer was seen wearing the same 'Camp Auschwitz' shirt at a store in Hampton Roads. by Dan Kennedy (Published: 7:50 AM EST January 14, 2021; Updated: 9:44 AM EST January 14, 2021) WVEC-TV.
- Identifying far-right symbols that appeared at the U.S. Capitol riot (Updated Jan. 15 at 2:56 p.m.) The Washington Post.
- Here's What the Costumes and Flags on Display at the Pro-Trump Insurrection Mean by Spencer Alexander McDaniel (January 8, 2021) Tales of Times Forgotten.
- Decoding the flags and banners seen at the Capitol Hill insurrection Anne Quito & Amanda Shendruk (January 7, 2021) Quartz.
- Search: 1776 1776.shop (archived from January 16, 2021).
- See the Wikipedia article on Julius Caesar.
- DESTROY THE REPUBLIC cuz reasons r/ParlerWatch (January 2020) Reddit.
- 300 IMDb.
- Statement of Facts Complaint w/Arrest Warrant against Richard Michetti. Case 1:21-mj-00238-GMH Document 1-1 (2/17/2021). See photo at the end.
- See the Wikipedia article on Gadsden flag.